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线焦斑X射线源成像

刘鑫 易明皓 郭金川

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线焦斑X射线源成像

刘鑫, 易明皓, 郭金川

Line focal X-ray source imaging

Liu Xin, Yi Ming-Hao, Guo Jin-Chuan
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  • 为解决普通X射线源光通量和空间相干性的矛盾,本文提出一种焦斑为线状的新型X射线源.理论上,本文所提的射线焦斑为理想的线,沿线方向上提供高通量光子;垂直线方向光源为空间相干光,可为系统提供高分辨率图像.沿着线方向上,图像会损失细节,为补偿该方向上图像的损失,利用旋转叠加的方法,重构出高分辨率图像.在频率域,分析了旋转叠加空间频率传递函数值的分布特性,其结果表明:相对单个图像,频率传递函数在频域的各个方向,传递函数特性有大幅度提高,从而可以传递图像高空间频率成分.基于普通X射线管,实现了该种射线源,并利用实验验证了该方法的有效性.
    High spatial coherent and bright X-ray beam is necessary condition for acquiring high quality radiography image. However, traditional X-ray tube can only provide high flux X-ray light or high spatial coherent light. In general, X-ray photons are generated by using energetic electrons with several tens or even hundreds keV to hit a target. Unfortunately, over 99% electron energy are converted into heat rather than the energy of X-ray photons. Thus, the heat dissipation of the target restricts the emission power and radiation flux. Increasing the emission area of X-ray can relieve the heat dissipation, but it would bring another serious problemlow spatial coherence that is in inverse proportion to emission area or focal spot. In order to solve the conflict between brightness and spatial coherence, an X-ray source with one-dimensional coherence is proposed in this work. The new X-ray source has a special focal spot where one side is small enough to ensure the spatial coherence and the perpendicular side is big enough to provide sufficient X-ray flux. In the direction of long side, the long size of focal spot will result in losing the image details. Consequently, an algorithm of superposition and rotation, in which many images with different rotation angles are added together, is proposed to retrieve the lost information. On the other hand, the spatial transfer function of superposition is analyzed in the frequency domain, and the result shows that the method of superposition can transfer more components of frequency than single image. Based on a traditional X-ray tube, a line focal spot source is designed and fabricated. Two series of experiments are performed for different destinations. After 17 images of a chip with different rotation angles and the line focal spot are collected, those images are rotated in the reverse direction and added together. The image of superposition clearly presents some details which are invisible in one of 17 images. At the same tube voltage and for the same object, some comparative experiments with micro-focus source, line focal spot source and normal focal spot source are presented. Compared with traditional X-ray tube, line focal spot source can provide high-resolution image. In the aspect of image visibility, the new source has definite advantages compared with micro-focus source, despite no improvement in imaging resolution. Finally, the reason for the difference in imaging resolution is discussed from the aspects of spatial coherence and light flux.
      通信作者: 郭金川, jcguo@szu.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2012CB825804)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:61571305,61101175)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Guo Jin-Chuan, jcguo@szu.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China(Grant No. 2012CB825804) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant Nos. 61571305, 61101175).
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    [2]

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    Paganin D, Mayo S C, Gureyev T E, Miller P R, Wilkins S W 2002 J. Microscopy 206 33

    [9]

    Wilkins S W, Gureyev T E, Gao D, Pogany A, Stevenson A W 1996 Nature 384 335

    [10]

    Momose A, Kawamoto S, Koyama I, Hamaishi Y, Takai K, Suzuki Y 2003 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42 L866

    [11]

    Weitkamp T, Diaz A, David C, Pfeiffer F, Stampanoni M, Cloetens P, Ziegler E 2005 Opt. Express 13 6296

    [12]

    Zhu P P, Zhang K, Wang Z L, Liu Y J, Liu X S, Wu Z Y, McDonald S A, Maronec F, Stampanonic F 2010 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107 13576

    [13]

    Berujon S, Ziegler E, Cerbino R, Peverini L 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 158102

    [14]

    Zanette I, Zdorab M C, Zhou T H, Burvall A, Larssond D H, Thibaultc P, Hertzd M H, Pfeiffera F 2015 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 112 12569

    [15]

    Munro P R, Ignatyev K, Speller R D, Olivo A 2012 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109 13922

    [16]

    Chapman D, Thomlinson W, Johnston R E, Washburn D, Pisano E, Gmr N, Zhong Z, Menk R H, Arfelli F, Sayers D 1997 Phys. Med. Biol. 42 2015

    [17]

    Toth R, Kieffer J C, Fourmaux S, Ozaki T, Krol A 2005 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76 083701

    [18]

    Mayo S C, Stevenson A W, Wilkins S W 2012 Materials 5 937

    [19]

    Gureyev T E, Mayo S C, Wilkins S, Paganin D M, Stevenson A W 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 86 5827

    [20]

    Born M, Wolf E 1999 Principles of Optics (Oxford:Cambridge University Press) p459

    [21]

    Liu X 2007 Ph. D. Dissertation (Wuhan:Huazhong University of Science and Technology)(in Chinese)[刘鑫2007博士学位论文(武汉:华中科技大学)]

  • [1]

    Huang J H, Du Y, Lei Y H, Liu X, Guo J C, Niu H B 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 168702(in Chinese)[黄建衡, 杜杨, 雷耀虎, 刘鑫, 郭金川, 牛憨笨2014物理学报63 168702]

    [2]

    Zhang X D, Xia C J, Xiao X H, Wang Y J 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 044501

    [3]

    Han Y, Li L, Yan B, Xi X Q, Hu G N 2015 Acta Phys. Sin 64 058704(in Chinese)[韩玉, 李磊, 闫镔, 席晓琦, 胡国恩2015物理学报64 058704]

    [4]

    Gureyev T E, Wilkins S W 1998 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15 579

    [5]

    Gureyev T E, Nesterets Y I, Stevenson A W, Miller P R, Pogany A, Wilkins S W 2008 Opt. Express 16 322

    [6]

    Pogany A, Gao D, Wilkins S W 1997 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68 2774

    [7]

    Nesterets Y I, Wilkins S W, Gureyev T E, Pogany A, Stevenson A W 2005 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76 093706

    [8]

    Paganin D, Mayo S C, Gureyev T E, Miller P R, Wilkins S W 2002 J. Microscopy 206 33

    [9]

    Wilkins S W, Gureyev T E, Gao D, Pogany A, Stevenson A W 1996 Nature 384 335

    [10]

    Momose A, Kawamoto S, Koyama I, Hamaishi Y, Takai K, Suzuki Y 2003 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42 L866

    [11]

    Weitkamp T, Diaz A, David C, Pfeiffer F, Stampanoni M, Cloetens P, Ziegler E 2005 Opt. Express 13 6296

    [12]

    Zhu P P, Zhang K, Wang Z L, Liu Y J, Liu X S, Wu Z Y, McDonald S A, Maronec F, Stampanonic F 2010 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107 13576

    [13]

    Berujon S, Ziegler E, Cerbino R, Peverini L 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 158102

    [14]

    Zanette I, Zdorab M C, Zhou T H, Burvall A, Larssond D H, Thibaultc P, Hertzd M H, Pfeiffera F 2015 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 112 12569

    [15]

    Munro P R, Ignatyev K, Speller R D, Olivo A 2012 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109 13922

    [16]

    Chapman D, Thomlinson W, Johnston R E, Washburn D, Pisano E, Gmr N, Zhong Z, Menk R H, Arfelli F, Sayers D 1997 Phys. Med. Biol. 42 2015

    [17]

    Toth R, Kieffer J C, Fourmaux S, Ozaki T, Krol A 2005 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76 083701

    [18]

    Mayo S C, Stevenson A W, Wilkins S W 2012 Materials 5 937

    [19]

    Gureyev T E, Mayo S C, Wilkins S, Paganin D M, Stevenson A W 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 86 5827

    [20]

    Born M, Wolf E 1999 Principles of Optics (Oxford:Cambridge University Press) p459

    [21]

    Liu X 2007 Ph. D. Dissertation (Wuhan:Huazhong University of Science and Technology)(in Chinese)[刘鑫2007博士学位论文(武汉:华中科技大学)]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-06-01
  • 修回日期:  2016-07-07
  • 刊出日期:  2016-11-05

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