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双色场控制与测量原子分子超快电子动力学过程的研究进展

刘灿东 贾正茂 郑颖辉 葛晓春 曾志男 李儒新

引用本文:
Citation:

双色场控制与测量原子分子超快电子动力学过程的研究进展

刘灿东, 贾正茂, 郑颖辉, 葛晓春, 曾志男, 李儒新

Research progress of the control and measurement of the atomic and molecular ultrafast electron dynamics using two-color field

Liu Can-Dong, Jia Zheng-Mao, Zheng Ying-Hui, Ge Xiao-Chun, Zeng Zhi-Nan, Li Ru-Xin
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  • 超短超快激光脉冲的出现为人们探索原子分子中超快电子动力学过程提供了强有力的工具.阿秒脉冲和强激光脉冲电场整形技术能够获得电子波包在亚飞秒时间尺度的动力学信息,发展出了一系列阿秒超快光谱学技术,如阿秒条纹相机、阿秒瞬态吸收谱等,成功地应用于原子、分子和固体中电子运动的探测.其中双色激光场就是通过电场整形技术实现电子相干运动控制和探测的一种重要手段,本文综述了中科院上海光机所强场激光物理国家重点实验室近几年来在双色场控制与测量原子分子超快过程方面的研究工作.
    The advent of the ultrafast laser pulse provides the powerful and efficient tool for probing the ultrafast electron dynamics in atoms and molecules. The various nonlinear process induced by the laser-matter interaction allows one to obtain the electron motion information on the sub-femtosecond time scale. A series of the ultrafast spectroscopic technique, such as attosecond streak camera, attosecond transient absorption spectrum, and etc., have been successfully applied to the probe of electron dynamics in atoms, molecules, and solids. Using two-color field is one of the significant methods to achieve the coherent control and exploring of the electron motion. This paper summarizes recent research activities in the field of the atomic and molecular ultrafast process investigated in State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, including the detection of the electron dynamics of the multi-bound states, measurement of the carrier envelope phase (CEP) and the phase of the attosecond pulse, and the ultrafast electron control with the THz/UV and MIR/IR field. To measure the dynamics of the multi-bound states, a broadband attosecond pulse can be used to ionize the electrons after it is excited by the pump laser. By changing the delay between the pump laser and the attosecond pulse, the measured electrons ionized by the broadband xuv attosecond pulse can present the multi-bound states dynamics simultaneously. The XUV/IR scheme is popularly used in attosecond dynamics measurement. But usually, the IR field is not very strong. We find that, if the IR field is strong enough to induce the above threshold ionization (ATI), the interference between the ATI electron and the electron from XUV pulse can be used to measure the CEP of the attosecond XUV pulse. Besides, if the electron ionized by attosecond pulse can be pushed back to the nuclei, the emission from the recombination can be used to determine the spectral phase of the attosecond pulse, which is an all-optical measurement. We also investigate the two color scheme of THz/UV and MIR/IR fields. With THz/UV two color scheme, very high electron localization can be achieved duration molecular dissociation when we use the UV pulse to excite the electron and the THz pulse to control the following electron movement. When we use the MIR/IR field to control the electron motion during the high harmonic generation, the recollision can be greatly decreased and the single attosecond pulse can be produced with multi-cycle MIR laser field.
      通信作者: 曾志男, zhinan_zeng@mail.siom.ac.cn;ruxinli@mail.shcnc.ac.cn ; 李儒新, zhinan_zeng@mail.siom.ac.cn;ruxinli@mail.shcnc.ac.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:11127901,61521093 11227902,11404356,11274325,11574332,1151101142)、国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2011CB808103)、上海市扬帆计划项目(批准号:14YF1406000)、上海市科委科技基金(批准号:12QA1403700)、上海光学精密机械研究所青年特聘研究员项目(批准号:1401561J00)和中国科学院青年创新促进会项目资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Zeng Zhi-Nan, zhinan_zeng@mail.siom.ac.cn;ruxinli@mail.shcnc.ac.cn ; Li Ru-Xin, zhinan_zeng@mail.siom.ac.cn;ruxinli@mail.shcnc.ac.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11127901, 61521093, 11227902, 11404356, 11274325, 11574332, 1151101142), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2011CB808103), the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality Sailing Project, China (Grant No. 14YF1406000), Shanghai Commission of Science and Technology, China (Grant No. 12QA1403700) the Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics Specialized Research Fund, China (Grant No. 1401561J00), and the Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS.
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    Zewail A H 2000Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 39 587

    [2]

    Ivanov M Y, Kienberger R, Scrinzi A, Villeneuve D M 2006J. Phys. B:At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39 R1

    [3]

    Nisoli M, Sansone G 2009Prog. Quantum Electron. 33 17

    [4]

    Krausz F, Ivanov M 2009Rev. Mod. Phys. 81 163

    [5]

    Agostini P, DiMauro L F 2004Rep. Prog. Phys. 67 813

    [6]

    Sansone G, Poletto L, Nisoli M 2011Nature Photon. 5 655

    [7]

    Hentschel M, Kienberger R, Spielmann C, Reider G A, Miloševic N, Brabec T, Corkum P B, Heinzmann U, Drescher M, Krausz F 2001Nature 414 509

    [8]

    Goulielmakis E, Schultze M, Hofstetter M, Yakovlev V S, Gagnon J, Uiberacker M, Aquila A L, Gullikson E M, Attwood D T, Kienberger R, Krausz F, Kleineberg U 2008Science 320 1614

    [9]

    Zeng Z N, Cheng Y, Song X, Li R, Xu Z 2007Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 203901

    [10]

    Lan P F, Lu P X, Cao W, Li Y H, Wang X L 2007Phys. Rev. A 76 011402

    [11]

    Zheng Y H, Zeng Z N, Li X F, Chen X W, Liu P, Xiong H, Lu H, Zhao S T, Wei P F, Zhang L, Wang Z G, Liu J, Cheng Y, Li R X, Xu Z Z 2008Opt. Lett. 33 234

    [12]

    Ferrari F, Calegari F, Lucchini M, Vozzi C, Stagira S, Sansone G, Nisoli M 2010Nature Photon. 4 875

    [13]

    Corkum P B, Burnett N H, Ivanov M Y 1994Opt. Lett. 19 1870

    [14]

    Sansone G, Benedetti E, Calegari F, Vozzi C, Avaldi L, Flammini R, Poletto L, Villoresi P Altucci C, Velotta R, Stagira S, De Silvestri S, Nisoli M 2006Science 314 443

    [15]

    Mashiko H, Gilbertson S, Li C, Khan S, Shakya M, Moon E, Chang Z 2008Phys. Rev. Lett 100 103906

    [16]

    Feng X, Gilbertson S, Mashiko H, Wang H, Khan S, Chini M, Wu Y, Zhao K, Chang Z 2009Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 183901

    [17]

    Vincenti H, Quéré F 2012Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 113904

    [18]

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    [19]

    Xie X, Scrinzi A, Wickenhauser M, Baltuška A, Barth I, Kitzler M 2008Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 033901

    [20]

    Liu C, Nisoli M 2012Phys. Rev. A 85 013418

    [21]

    Yuan K, Bandrau A 2013Phys. Rev. Lett 110 023003

    [22]

    Medišauskas L, Wragg J, Hart H, Ivanov M 2015Phys. Rev. Lett. 115 153001

    [23]

    Hickstein D, Dollar F, Grychtol P, Ellis J, Knut R, García C, Zusin D, Gentry C, Shaw J, Fan T, Dorney K, Becker A, Becker A, Kapteyn H, Murnane M, Durfee C 2015Nature Photon. 9 743

    [24]

    Mairesse Y, Quéré F 2005Phys. Rev. A 71 011410

    [25]

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    [26]

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    [27]

    Nagele S, Pazourek R, Feist J, Doblhoff-Dier K, Lemell C, Tökési K, Burgdörfer J 2011J. Phys. B 44 081001

    [28]

    Pazourek R, Nagele S, Burgdörfer J 2015Rev. Mod. Phys. 87 765

    [29]

    Mauritsson J, Remetter T, Swoboda M, Klnder K, L'Huillier A, Schafer K, Ghafur O, Kelkensberg F, Siu W, Johnsson P, Vrakking M, Znakovskaya I, Uphues T, Zherebtsov S, Kling M, Lépine F, Benedetti E, Ferrari F, Sansone G, Nisoli M 2010Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 053001

    [30]

    Sansone G, Kelkensberg F, Pérez J, Morales F, Kling M, Siu W, Ghafur O, Johnsson P, Swoboda M, Benedetti E, Ferrari F, Lépine F, Sanz-Vicario J, Zherebtsov S, Znakovskaya I, L'Huillier A, Ivanov M, Nisoli M, Martín F, Vrakking M 2010Nature 465 763

    [31]

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    [32]

    Calegari F, Ayuso D, Trabattoni A, Belshaw L, Camillis S, Anumula S, Frassetto F, Poletto L, Palacios A, Decleva P, Greenwood J, Martín F, Nisoli M 2014Science 346 336

    [33]

    Yasuo N, Furukawa Y, Okino T, Eilanlou A, Takahashi E, Yamanouchi K, Midorikawa K 2015Nature Commun. 6 8197

    [34]

    Goulielmakis E, Loh Z, Wirth A, Santra R, Rohringer N, Yakovlev V, Zherebtsov S, Pfeifer T, Azzeer A, Kling M, Leone S, Krausz F 2010Nature 466 739

    [35]

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    [36]

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    Cao W, Warrick E, Neumark D, Leone S 2016New. J. Phys. 18 013041

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    [40]

    Bækhøj J, Yue L, Madsen L 2015Phys. Rev. A 91 043408

    [41]

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    [42]

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    Liu C, Reduzzi M, Trabattoni A, Sunilkumar A, Dubrouil A, Calegari F, Nisoli M, Sansone G 2013Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 123901

    [52]

    Paulus G, Nicklich W, Xu H, Lambropoulos P, Walther H 1994Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 2851

    [53]

    Paulus G, Becker W, Nicklich W, Walther H 1994J. Phys. B 27 L703

    [54]

    Kim K, Zhang C, Shiner A, Kirkwood S, Frumker E, Gariepy G, Naumov A, Villeneuve D, Corkum P 2013Nat. Phys. 9 159

    [55]

    Liu C, Zeng Z, Li R, Xu Z, Nisoli M 2015Opt. Express 23 9858

    [56]

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    Liu C, Li R, Zeng Z, Zheng Y, Liu P, Xu Z 2010Opt. Lett. 35 2618

    [58]

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    [59]

    He F, Ruiz C, Becker A 2007Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 083002

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    Liu K, Zhang Q, Lu P 2012Phys. Rev. A 86 033410

    [61]

    Lan P, Takahashi E, Midorikawa K 2012Phys. Rev. A 86 013418

    [62]

    Jia Z, Zeng Z, Li R, Xu Z, Deng Y 2014Phys. Rev. A 89 023419

    [63]

    Corkum P 2011Phys. Today 64 36

    [64]

    Smirnova O, Mairesse Y, Patchkovskii S, Dudovich N, Villeneuve D, Corkum P, Ivanov M 2009Nature 460 972

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    Mairesse Y, Higuet J, Dudovich N, Shafir D, Fabre B, M'evel E, Constant E, Patchkovskii S, Walters Z, Ivanov M, Smirnova O 2010Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 213601

    [66]

    Itatani J, Levesque J, Zeidler D, Niikura H, P'epin H, Kieffer J, Corkum P, Villeneuve D 2004Nature 432 867

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    Zheng Y, Diao H, Zeng Z, Ge X, Li R, Xu Z 2015Phys. Rev. A 92 033417

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-09-14
  • 修回日期:  2016-10-17
  • 刊出日期:  2016-11-05

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