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基于大基模体积的10 mJ飞秒钛宝石激光再生放大器

杨帅帅 滕浩 何鹏 黄杭东 王兆华 董全力 魏志义

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基于大基模体积的10 mJ飞秒钛宝石激光再生放大器

杨帅帅, 滕浩, 何鹏, 黄杭东, 王兆华, 董全力, 魏志义

10 mJ femtosecond Ti: Sapphire regenerative amplifier with large mode size

Yang Shuai-Shuai, Teng Hao, He Peng, Huang Hang-Dong, Wang Zhao-Hua, Dong Quan-Li, Wei Zhi-Yi
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  • 文章报导了基于大基模体积的高能量飞秒钛宝石激光再生放大器的设计与实验研究,在重复频率10 Hz、抽运能量60 mJ的激励下,得到了单脉冲能量17.4 mJ的种子脉冲放大结果,压缩后的脉冲宽度为40.6 fs,能量为13.9 mJ.借助于此大基模体积再生腔,仅增加一级多通放大,实现了峰值功率达1.9 TW飞秒激光脉冲输出.结果表明,大模体积再生放大不仅降低了后续放大对抽运能量的要求,也可以单独压缩实现再生腔直接输出10 mJ量级的飞秒激光脉冲,是大能量高峰值功率飞秒激光系统的优质前端.
    With advent of chirped-pulse amplification, the peak power of femtosecond laser pulse was reached to petawatt (PW) or hundreds of terawatt (TW). Many progresses of high-field physics and ultrafast dynamics in matter are achieved using TW or PW laser. Pre-amplifier is an exponential growth amplifier which is also a bridge between oscillator and power amplifier. The best choice of pre-amplifier is amplification in regenerative cavity, due to its high stability and beam quality. The quality of pre-amplified laser pulse is significant to efficiency and beam quality of the successive power amplifier. High energy pre-amplifier with high beam quality will reduce the requirement of pump laser in final power amplifier. But typical regenerative amplifier only support low output energy of few millijoule. Higher energy from only one regenerative amplifier is crucial to whole laser system. High energy regenerative amplifier can be achieved by increasing the size of TEM00 in cavity. A new femtosecond Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier with large mode size was demonstrated in this letter. The regenerative cavity is designed as stable linear resonator in which end mirrors are planar, the diameter of beam waist in Ti:sapphire crystal is larger than 2 mm, which can support high energy pulse amplified in cavity. By matching the focal spot of pump laser with the size of mode and optimization of cavity, the output laser energy up to 17.4 mJ was achieved under the pump energy of 60 mJ at repetition rate of 10 Hz, which corresponds to the efficiency of 29%. The amplified laser pulse from regenerative amplifier was compressed in a grating-pair compressor. By carefully alignment of incident angle and distance between the two gratings of compressor, the shortest pulses duration of 40.6 fs and energy of 13.9 mJ are obtained, which is a little bit longer than Fourier-transform limit based on spectrum of laser. The dispersion in the CPA laser system was also analyzed, after optimization of compressor, there are still high order dispersions uncompensated, which results in the duration of compressed pulses longer than Fourier-transform limit. Based on this large mode size regenerative amplifier, peak power of 1.9 TW laser pulses which compressed pulse energy of 81.4 mJ in 43 fs were also further realized by following only one stage of multipass amplifier. The beam quality (M2) was measured to be 1.6 and 1.5 in X and Y directions respectively, and the energy stability is 2.15% (rms). The results show that this large mode size regenerative amplifier is an ideal choice of pre-amplifier in TW laser system.
      Corresponding author: Teng Hao, hteng@iphy.ac.cn;qldong@iphy.ac.cn;zywei@iphy.ac.cn ; Dong Quan-Li, hteng@iphy.ac.cn;qldong@iphy.ac.cn;zywei@iphy.ac.cn ; Wei Zhi-Yi, hteng@iphy.ac.cn;qldong@iphy.ac.cn;zywei@iphy.ac.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the Special Foundation of State Major Scientific Instrument and Equipment Development of China (Grant No. 2012YQ12004701), the State Key Development Program for Basic Research of China (Grant No. 2013CB922401), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11474002, 11674386).
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    [2]

    Strickland D, Mourou G 1985 Opt. Commun. 55 219

    [3]

    Wang Z H, Liu C, Shen Z W, Zhang Q, Teng H, Wei Z Y 2011 Opt. Lett. 36 3194

    [4]

    Yu T J, Lee S K, Sung J H, Yoon J W, Jeong T M, Lee J 2012 Opt. Express 20 10807

    [5]

    Chu Y X, Gan Z B, Liang X Y, Yu L H, Lu X M, Wang C, Wang X L, Xu L, Lu H H, Yin D J, Leng Y X, Li R X, Xu Z Z 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 5011

    [6]

    Frantz L M, Nodvik J S 1963 J. Appl. Phys. 34 2346

    [7]

    Lowdermilk W H, Murray J E 1980 J. Appl. Phys. 51 2436

    [8]

    Koechner W 2005 Solid-State Laser Engineering (6th Ed. ) (Berlin: Springer) p156

    [9]

    Yanovsky V, Kalinchenko G., Reed S, Rousseau P, Chvykov V 2007 Acta Horticulturae 18 193

    [10]

    Liebetrau H, Hornung M, Keppler S, Hellwing M, Kessler A, Schorcht F 2016 Opt. Lett. 41 3006

    [11]

    Takeuchi S, Kobayashi T 1994 Opt. Commun. 109 518

    [12]

    Nabekawa Y, Kuramoto Y, Togashi T, Sekikawa T, Watanabe S 1998 Opt. Lett. 23 1384

    [13]

    Zhang J, Suzuki M, Baba M, Wei Z, Wang Z, Wang P, Zhang J, Zheng J, Kuroda H 2007 Appl. Opt. 46 2498

    [14]

    Chen S, Chen S, Chini M, Wang H, Yun C, Mashiko H, Wu Y, Chang Z 2009 Appl. Opt. 48 5692

    [15]

    Takada H, Torizuka K 2006 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 12 201

    [16]

    Amani E A, Nabekawa Y, Ishikawa K L, Takahashi H, Midorikawa K 2008 Opt. Express 16 13431

    [17]

    Shen Z W, Wang Z H, Fan H T, Qin S, Teng H, He P, Wei Z Y 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 104211 (in Chinese) [沈忠伟, 王兆华, 范海涛, 秦爽, 滕浩, 何鹏, 魏志义 2014 物理学报 63 104211]

    [18]

    He P, Teng H, Zhang N H, Liu Y Y, Wang Z H, Wei Z Y 2016 Acta Phys. Sin. 65 244201 (in Chinese) [何鹏, 滕浩, 张宁华, 刘阳阳, 王兆华, 魏志义 2016 物理学报 65 244201]

    [19]

    Matras G, Huot N, Baubeau E, Audouard E 2007 Opt. Express 15 7528

    [20]

    Xu Z, Yang X, Vlgroux L, Saviot F, Zhou J, Zhang Z, Wang Y, Zhang W 2000 Science China Mathematics 43 533

    [21]

    Leng Y X, Lin L H, Xu Z Z 2002 Acta Optica Sinica 22 170 (in Chinese) [冷雨欣, 林礼煌, 徐至展 2002 光学学报 22 170]

    [22]

    Itatani J, Faure J, Nantel M, Mourou G, Watanabe S 1998 Opt. Commun. 148 70

    [23]

    Barty C P, Guo T, Le B C, Raksi F, Rose-Petruck C, Squier J, Wilson K R, Yakovlev V V, Yamakawa K 1996 Opt. Lett. 21 668

    [24]

    Tokita S, Kobayashi T 2008 Opt. Express 16 14875

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    Kiriyama H, Inoue N, Akahane Y, Yamakawa K 2006 Opt. Express 14 438

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    [28]

    Nabekawa Y, Eilanlou A A, Furukawa Y, Ishikawa K L, Takahashi H, Midorikawa K 2010 Appl. Phys. B 101 523

    [29]

    Zhang W, Teng H, Wang Z H, Shen Z W, Liu C, Wei Z Y 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 104211 (in Chinese) [张伟, 滕浩, 王兆华, 沈忠伟, 刘成, 魏志义 2013 物理学报 62 104211]

    [30]

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    [31]

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    [32]

    Yamakawa K, Barty C P 2003 Opt. Lett. 28 2402

    [33]

    Ito S, Ishikawa H, Miura T, Takasago K, Endo A, Torizuka K 2003 Appl. Phys. B 76 497

    [34]

    Shang L J 2003 Acta Phys. Sin. 52 1408 (in Chinese) [尚连聚 2003 物理学报 52 1408]

    [35]

    Tian J R, Han H N, Zhao Y Y, Wang P, Zhang W, Wei Z Y 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 4725 (in Chinese) [田金荣, 韩海年, 赵研英, 王鹏, 张炜, 魏志义 2006 物理学报 55 4725]

    [36]

    Song Y R, Zhang Z G, Wang Q Y 2003 Acta Phys. Sin. 52 581 (in Chinese) [宋晏蓉, 张志刚, 王清月 2003 物理学报 52 581]

    [37]

    Cao D M, Wei Z Y, Teng H, Xia J F, Zhang J, Hou X 2000 Acta Phys. Sin. 49 1202 (in Chinese) [曹东茂, 魏志义, 滕浩, 夏江帆, 张杰, 侯洵 2000 物理学报 49 1202]

    [38]

    Zhou J, Peatross J, Murnane M M, Kapteyn H C, Christov I P 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 752

    [39]

    Remington B A, Drake R P, Takabe H, Arnett D 1999 Phys. Plasmas 7 1641

    [40]

    Clark E L, Krushelnick K, Zepf M, Beg F N, Tatarakis M, Machacek A, Santala M I, Watts I, Norreys P A, Dangor A E 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 1654

    [41]

    Zhang J, Hao Z Q, Yuan X H, Zheng Z Y, Zhang Z, Yu J 2006 Chinese Journal of Quantum Electronics 23 282 (in Chinese) [张杰, 郝作强, 远晓辉, 郑志远, 张喆, 俞进 2006 量子电子学报 23 282]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-01-25
  • 修回日期:  2017-04-20
  • 刊出日期:  2017-05-05

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