搜索

x

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

利用衍射光栅探测涡旋光束轨道角动量态的研究进展

付时尧 高春清

引用本文:
Citation:

利用衍射光栅探测涡旋光束轨道角动量态的研究进展

付时尧, 高春清

Progress of detecting orbital angular momentum states of optical vortices through diffraction gratings

Fu Shi-Yao, Gao Chun-Qing
PDF
导出引用
  • 涡旋光束是一种携带有轨道角动量的光束,在光学扳手、光通信、旋转探测等领域具有重要的应用价值.由于轨道角动量态是涡旋光束的特征值,因此如何探测光束的轨道角动量态分布至关重要.国内外学者已经提出了多种探测涡旋光束的技术,如干涉法、衍射光栅法、多普勒分析法、超材料表面法等.这些技术中,衍射光栅测量法较为简单易行,应用较广.本综述主要介绍了几种当前利用衍射光栅测量涡旋光束轨道角动量态的主流方法,同时也介绍了如何利用衍射光栅来测量光束的轨道角动量谱.
    Optical vortices are a new kind of laser beam and receiving more and more attention currently.The complex amplitudes of optical vortices comprise a helical term exp (il),with l being the topological charge and the azimuthal angle.Each photon in optical vortices carries the orbital angular momentum (OAM) with a value of lħ,where ħ is the Planck's constant divided by 2.The topological charge l is the eigenvalue of optical vortices,and determines the helical wavefront distribution,thus also known as OAM state.Moreover,such an OAM state can be an infinite integer state. And vortices with various OAM states are orthogonal to each other,making it possible to be employed in high capacity data-transmission system.In addition,the above unique features contribute to their widely applications in lots of areas such as optical tweezers and spanners,rotation detection,quantum entanglement,etc.In these applications,detecting OAM states is basic,and greatly significant.Recently researchers have developed lots of approaches to detecting the OAM states,including the methods of interference,diffraction gratings,metasurface,etc.Of such approaches,the scheme of diffraction gratings is the simplest and most widely used,where one or more diffraction gratings are employed. When optical vortices propagate through such gratings,the OAM states are acquired immediately through capturing and analyzing the distinct OAM-related diffraction patterns.In this review,we focus on the techniques of detecting OAM states through diffraction gratings,which have been demonstrated by our group and other researchers.Some of the main detection gratings,including double-slit,triangle aperture and slit,angular slit,cylindrical lens,graduallychanging-period grating,annular grating,are introduced.In addition,schemes like composite fork grating,Dammann vortex grating and integrated Dammann grating,are presented to detect the OAM state for coaxial multiplexed vortices. Besides diagnosing OAM state,measuring the intensity proportion of each OAM channel,known as OAM spectrum, in multiplexed vortices is also necessary in some cases.Therefore we also introduce the ways to measure the OAM spectrum,e.g.the OAM mode sorter,the gray-scale algorithm.
      通信作者: 高春清, gao@bit.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2014CB340002,2014CB340004)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Gao Chun-Qing, gao@bit.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2014CB340002, 2014CB340004).
    [1]

    Yao A M, Padgett M J 2011 Adv. Opt. Photon. 3 161

    [2]

    Allen L, Beijersbergen M W, Spreeuw R J C, et al. 1992 Phys. Rev. A 45 8185

    [3]

    Volke-Sepulveda K, Garcs-Chvez V, Chvez-Cerda S, et al. 2002 J. Opt. B, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 4 S82

    [4]

    Vasara A, Turunen J, Friberg A T 1989 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6 1748

    [5]

    Kotlyar V V, Skidanov R V, Khonina S N, Soifer V A 2007 Opt. Lett. 32 742

    [6]

    Amos B, Gill P 1995 Meas. Sci. Technol. 6 248

    [7]

    Fu S, Gao C, Shi Y, et al. 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 1775

    [8]

    Liu S, Li P, Peng T, Zhao J 2012 Opt. Express 20 21715

    [9]

    Fu S, Zhang S, Gao C 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 30765

    [10]

    Wang J, Yang J Y, Fazal I M, et al. 2012 Nat. Photon. 6 488

    [11]

    Bozinovic N, Yue Y, Ren Y, et al. 2013 Science 340 1545

    [12]

    Willner A E, Huang H, Yan Y, et al. 2015 Adv. Opt. Photon. 7 66

    [13]

    Yu S 2015 Opt. Express 23 3075

    [14]

    Belmonte A, Rosales-Guzman C, Torres J P 2015 Optica 2 1002

    [15]

    Ryabtsev A, Pouya S, Safaripour A, et al. 2016 Opt. Express 24 11762

    [16]

    Lavery M P J, Speirits F C, Barnett S M, et al. 2013 Science 341 537

    [17]

    Fu S, Wang T, Zhang Z, Zhai Y, Gao C 2017 Opt. Express 25 20098

    [18]

    Basistiy I V, Bazhenov V, Soskin M S, et al. 1993 Opt. Commun. 103 422

    [19]

    Harris M, Hill C, Tapster P, et al. 1994 Phys. Rev. A 49 3119

    [20]

    Soskin M, Gorshkov V, Vasnetsov M, et al. 1997 Phys. Rev. A 56 4064

    [21]

    Leach J, Padgett M J, Barnett S M, et al. 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 88 257901

    [22]

    Wei H, Xue X, Leach J, Padgett M J, et al. 2003 Opt. Commun. 223 117

    [23]

    Leach J, Courtial J, Skeldon K, et al. 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 013601

    [24]

    Vasnetsov M V, Torres J P, Petrov D V, et al. 2003 Opt. Lett. 28 2285

    [25]

    Yu N, Capasso F 2014 Nat. Mater. 13 139

    [26]

    Jin J, Luo J, Zhang X, et al. 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 24286

    [27]

    Liu J, Min C, Lei T, et al. 2016 Opt. Express 24 212

    [28]

    Sztul H I, Alfano R R 2006 Opt. Lett. 31 999

    [29]

    Emile O, Emile J 2014 Appl. Phys. B 117 487

    [30]

    Hickmann J M, Fonseca E J, Soares W C, et al. 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 053904

    [31]

    Soares W C, Vidal I, Caetano D P, Fonseca E J, Chvez-Cerda S, Hickmann J M 2008 Frontiers in Optics Rochester, New York, United States, October 19-23, 2008 pFThO2

    [32]

    Stahl C, Gbur G 2016 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 33 1175

    [33]

    Liu Y, Tao H, Pu J, et al. 2011 Opt. Laser Technol. 43 1233

    [34]

    Liu R, Long J, Wang F, et al. 2013 J. Opt. 15 125712

    [35]

    Fu D, Chen D, Liu R, et al. 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 788

    [36]

    Zhu J, Zhang P, Fu D, et al. 2016 Photon. Res. 4 187

    [37]

    Beijersbergen M W, Allen L, van der Veen H E L O, Woerdman J P 1993 Opt. Commun. 96 123

    [38]

    Gao C, Wei G, Weber H 2001 Chin. Phys. Lett. 18 771

    [39]

    Gao M W, Gao C Q, He X Y, et al. 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 413 (in Chinese) [高明伟, 高春清, 何晓燕, 等 2004 物理学报 53 413]

    [40]

    Serna J, Encinas-Sanz F, Neme G 2001 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18 1726

    [41]

    Denisenko V G, Soskin M S, Vasnetsov M V 2002 Proc. SPIE 4607 54

    [42]

    Denisenko V, Shvedov V, Desyatnikov A S, Neshev D N, Krolikowski W, Volyar A, Soskin M, Kivshar Y S 2009 Opt. Express 17 23374

    [43]

    Alperin S N, Niederriter R D, Gopinath J T, et al. 2016 Opt. Lett. 41 5019

    [44]

    Vaity P, Banerji J, Singh R P 2013 Phys. Lett. A 377 1154

    [45]

    Chaitanya N A, Jabir M V, Samanta G K 2016 Opt. Lett. 41 1348

    [46]

    Dai K, Gao C, Zhong L, et al. 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 562

    [47]

    Li Y, Deng J, Li J, et al. 2016 IEEE Photon. J. 8 7902306

    [48]

    Fu S, Wang T, Gao Y, Gao C 2016 Chin. Opt. Lett. 14 080501

    [49]

    Zheng S, Wang J 2017 Sci. Rep. 7 40781

    [50]

    Gibson G, Courtial J, Barnett S, et al. 2004 Proc. SPIE 5550 p367

    [51]

    Gibson G, Courtial J, Padgett M, et al. 2004 Opt. Express 12 5448

    [52]

    Xin J T 2013 Ph. D. Dissertation (Beijing: Beijing Institute of Technology) (in Chinese) [辛璟焘 2013 博士学位论文 (北京: 北京理工大学)]

    [53]

    Moreno I, Davis J A, Pascoguin B M, et al. 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 2927

    [54]

    Zhang N, Burge R E, Yuan X C 2010 Opt. Lett. 35 3495

    [55]

    Fu S, Wang T, Zhang S, Gao C 2016 Appl. Opt. 55 1514

    [56]

    Berkhout G C, Lavery M P J, Courtial J, et al. 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 153601

    [57]

    Lavery M P J, Berkhout G C G, Courtial J, et al. 2011 J. Opt. 13 064006

    [58]

    Lavery M P J, Robertson D J, Berkhout G C G, et al. 2012 Opt. Express 20 2110

    [59]

    Mirhosseini M, Malik M, Shi Z, et al. 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2781

    [60]

    Fu S, Zhang S, Wang T, Gao C 2016 Opt. Express 24 6240

  • [1]

    Yao A M, Padgett M J 2011 Adv. Opt. Photon. 3 161

    [2]

    Allen L, Beijersbergen M W, Spreeuw R J C, et al. 1992 Phys. Rev. A 45 8185

    [3]

    Volke-Sepulveda K, Garcs-Chvez V, Chvez-Cerda S, et al. 2002 J. Opt. B, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 4 S82

    [4]

    Vasara A, Turunen J, Friberg A T 1989 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6 1748

    [5]

    Kotlyar V V, Skidanov R V, Khonina S N, Soifer V A 2007 Opt. Lett. 32 742

    [6]

    Amos B, Gill P 1995 Meas. Sci. Technol. 6 248

    [7]

    Fu S, Gao C, Shi Y, et al. 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 1775

    [8]

    Liu S, Li P, Peng T, Zhao J 2012 Opt. Express 20 21715

    [9]

    Fu S, Zhang S, Gao C 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 30765

    [10]

    Wang J, Yang J Y, Fazal I M, et al. 2012 Nat. Photon. 6 488

    [11]

    Bozinovic N, Yue Y, Ren Y, et al. 2013 Science 340 1545

    [12]

    Willner A E, Huang H, Yan Y, et al. 2015 Adv. Opt. Photon. 7 66

    [13]

    Yu S 2015 Opt. Express 23 3075

    [14]

    Belmonte A, Rosales-Guzman C, Torres J P 2015 Optica 2 1002

    [15]

    Ryabtsev A, Pouya S, Safaripour A, et al. 2016 Opt. Express 24 11762

    [16]

    Lavery M P J, Speirits F C, Barnett S M, et al. 2013 Science 341 537

    [17]

    Fu S, Wang T, Zhang Z, Zhai Y, Gao C 2017 Opt. Express 25 20098

    [18]

    Basistiy I V, Bazhenov V, Soskin M S, et al. 1993 Opt. Commun. 103 422

    [19]

    Harris M, Hill C, Tapster P, et al. 1994 Phys. Rev. A 49 3119

    [20]

    Soskin M, Gorshkov V, Vasnetsov M, et al. 1997 Phys. Rev. A 56 4064

    [21]

    Leach J, Padgett M J, Barnett S M, et al. 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 88 257901

    [22]

    Wei H, Xue X, Leach J, Padgett M J, et al. 2003 Opt. Commun. 223 117

    [23]

    Leach J, Courtial J, Skeldon K, et al. 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 013601

    [24]

    Vasnetsov M V, Torres J P, Petrov D V, et al. 2003 Opt. Lett. 28 2285

    [25]

    Yu N, Capasso F 2014 Nat. Mater. 13 139

    [26]

    Jin J, Luo J, Zhang X, et al. 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 24286

    [27]

    Liu J, Min C, Lei T, et al. 2016 Opt. Express 24 212

    [28]

    Sztul H I, Alfano R R 2006 Opt. Lett. 31 999

    [29]

    Emile O, Emile J 2014 Appl. Phys. B 117 487

    [30]

    Hickmann J M, Fonseca E J, Soares W C, et al. 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 053904

    [31]

    Soares W C, Vidal I, Caetano D P, Fonseca E J, Chvez-Cerda S, Hickmann J M 2008 Frontiers in Optics Rochester, New York, United States, October 19-23, 2008 pFThO2

    [32]

    Stahl C, Gbur G 2016 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 33 1175

    [33]

    Liu Y, Tao H, Pu J, et al. 2011 Opt. Laser Technol. 43 1233

    [34]

    Liu R, Long J, Wang F, et al. 2013 J. Opt. 15 125712

    [35]

    Fu D, Chen D, Liu R, et al. 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 788

    [36]

    Zhu J, Zhang P, Fu D, et al. 2016 Photon. Res. 4 187

    [37]

    Beijersbergen M W, Allen L, van der Veen H E L O, Woerdman J P 1993 Opt. Commun. 96 123

    [38]

    Gao C, Wei G, Weber H 2001 Chin. Phys. Lett. 18 771

    [39]

    Gao M W, Gao C Q, He X Y, et al. 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 413 (in Chinese) [高明伟, 高春清, 何晓燕, 等 2004 物理学报 53 413]

    [40]

    Serna J, Encinas-Sanz F, Neme G 2001 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18 1726

    [41]

    Denisenko V G, Soskin M S, Vasnetsov M V 2002 Proc. SPIE 4607 54

    [42]

    Denisenko V, Shvedov V, Desyatnikov A S, Neshev D N, Krolikowski W, Volyar A, Soskin M, Kivshar Y S 2009 Opt. Express 17 23374

    [43]

    Alperin S N, Niederriter R D, Gopinath J T, et al. 2016 Opt. Lett. 41 5019

    [44]

    Vaity P, Banerji J, Singh R P 2013 Phys. Lett. A 377 1154

    [45]

    Chaitanya N A, Jabir M V, Samanta G K 2016 Opt. Lett. 41 1348

    [46]

    Dai K, Gao C, Zhong L, et al. 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 562

    [47]

    Li Y, Deng J, Li J, et al. 2016 IEEE Photon. J. 8 7902306

    [48]

    Fu S, Wang T, Gao Y, Gao C 2016 Chin. Opt. Lett. 14 080501

    [49]

    Zheng S, Wang J 2017 Sci. Rep. 7 40781

    [50]

    Gibson G, Courtial J, Barnett S, et al. 2004 Proc. SPIE 5550 p367

    [51]

    Gibson G, Courtial J, Padgett M, et al. 2004 Opt. Express 12 5448

    [52]

    Xin J T 2013 Ph. D. Dissertation (Beijing: Beijing Institute of Technology) (in Chinese) [辛璟焘 2013 博士学位论文 (北京: 北京理工大学)]

    [53]

    Moreno I, Davis J A, Pascoguin B M, et al. 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 2927

    [54]

    Zhang N, Burge R E, Yuan X C 2010 Opt. Lett. 35 3495

    [55]

    Fu S, Wang T, Zhang S, Gao C 2016 Appl. Opt. 55 1514

    [56]

    Berkhout G C, Lavery M P J, Courtial J, et al. 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 153601

    [57]

    Lavery M P J, Berkhout G C G, Courtial J, et al. 2011 J. Opt. 13 064006

    [58]

    Lavery M P J, Robertson D J, Berkhout G C G, et al. 2012 Opt. Express 20 2110

    [59]

    Mirhosseini M, Malik M, Shi Z, et al. 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2781

    [60]

    Fu S, Zhang S, Wang T, Gao C 2016 Opt. Express 24 6240

  • [1] 刘瑞熙, 马磊. 海洋湍流对光子轨道角动量量子通信的影响. 物理学报, 2022, 71(1): 010304. doi: 10.7498/aps.71.20211146
    [2] 高喜, 唐李光. 基于双层超表面的宽带、高效透射型轨道角动量发生器. 物理学报, 2021, 70(3): 038101. doi: 10.7498/aps.70.20200975
    [3] 蒋基恒, 余世星, 寇娜, 丁召, 张正平. 基于平面相控阵的轨道角动量涡旋电磁波扫描特性. 物理学报, 2021, 70(23): 238401. doi: 10.7498/aps.70.20211119
    [4] 崔粲, 王智, 李强, 吴重庆, 王健. 长周期多芯手征光纤轨道角动量的调制. 物理学报, 2019, 68(6): 064211. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20182036
    [5] 吴文兵, 圣宗强, 吴宏伟. 平板式螺旋相位板的设计与应用. 物理学报, 2019, 68(5): 054102. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20181677
    [6] 范榕华, 郭邦红, 郭建军, 张程贤, 张文杰, 杜戈. 基于轨道角动量的多自由度W态纠缠系统. 物理学报, 2015, 64(14): 140301. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.140301
    [7] 施建珍, 杨深, 邹亚琪, 纪宪明, 印建平. 用四台阶相位板产生涡旋光束. 物理学报, 2015, 64(18): 184202. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.184202
    [8] 施建珍, 许田, 周巧巧, 纪宪明, 印建平. 用波晶片相位板产生角动量可调的无衍射涡旋空心光束. 物理学报, 2015, 64(23): 234209. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.234209
    [9] 柯熙政, 谌娟, 杨一明. 在大气湍流斜程传输中拉盖高斯光束的轨道角动量的研究. 物理学报, 2014, 63(15): 150301. doi: 10.7498/aps.63.150301
    [10] 李铁, 谌娟, 柯熙政, 吕宏. 大气信道中单光子轨道角动量纠缠特性的研究. 物理学报, 2012, 61(12): 124208. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.124208
    [11] 齐晓庆, 高春清, 辛璟焘, 张戈. 基于激光光束轨道角动量的8位数据信号产生与检测的实验研究. 物理学报, 2012, 61(17): 174204. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.174204
    [12] 齐晓庆, 高春清. 螺旋相位光束轨道角动量态测量的实验研究. 物理学报, 2011, 60(1): 014208. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.014208
    [13] 柯熙政, 卢宁, 杨秦岭. 单光子轨道角动量的传输特性研究. 物理学报, 2010, 59(9): 6159-6163. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.6159
    [14] 齐晓庆, 高春清, 刘义东. 利用相位型衍射光栅生成能量按比例分布的多个螺旋光束的研究. 物理学报, 2010, 59(1): 264-270. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.264
    [15] 刘曼, 陈小艺, 李海霞, 宋洪胜, 滕树云, 程传福. 利用干涉光场的相位涡旋测量拉盖尔-高斯光束的轨道角动量. 物理学报, 2010, 59(12): 8490-8498. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.8490
    [16] 吕宏, 柯熙政. 具有轨道角动量光束入射下的单球粒子散射研究. 物理学报, 2009, 58(12): 8302-8308. doi: 10.7498/aps.58.8302
    [17] 苏志锟, 王发强, 路轶群, 金锐博, 梁瑞生, 刘颂豪. 基于光子轨道角动量的密码通信方案研究. 物理学报, 2008, 57(5): 3016-3021. doi: 10.7498/aps.57.3016
    [18] 高明伟, 高春清, 林志锋. 扭转对称光束的产生及其变换过程中的轨道角动量传递. 物理学报, 2007, 56(4): 2184-2190. doi: 10.7498/aps.56.2184
    [19] 董一鸣, 徐云飞, 张 璋, 林 强. 复杂像散椭圆光束的轨道角动量的实验研究. 物理学报, 2006, 55(11): 5755-5759. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.5755
    [20] 高明伟, 高春清, 何晓燕, 李家泽, 魏光辉. 利用具有轨道角动量的光束实现微粒的旋转. 物理学报, 2004, 53(2): 413-417. doi: 10.7498/aps.53.413
计量
  • 文章访问数:  4263
  • PDF下载量:  537
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-08-27
  • 修回日期:  2017-10-10
  • 刊出日期:  2018-02-05

利用衍射光栅探测涡旋光束轨道角动量态的研究进展

  • 1. 北京理工大学光电学院, 北京 100081
  • 通信作者: 高春清, gao@bit.edu.cn
    基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2014CB340002,2014CB340004)资助的课题.

摘要: 涡旋光束是一种携带有轨道角动量的光束,在光学扳手、光通信、旋转探测等领域具有重要的应用价值.由于轨道角动量态是涡旋光束的特征值,因此如何探测光束的轨道角动量态分布至关重要.国内外学者已经提出了多种探测涡旋光束的技术,如干涉法、衍射光栅法、多普勒分析法、超材料表面法等.这些技术中,衍射光栅测量法较为简单易行,应用较广.本综述主要介绍了几种当前利用衍射光栅测量涡旋光束轨道角动量态的主流方法,同时也介绍了如何利用衍射光栅来测量光束的轨道角动量谱.

English Abstract

参考文献 (60)

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回