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无铅和少铅的有机-无机杂化钙钛矿太阳电池研究进展

陈亮 张利伟 陈永生

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无铅和少铅的有机-无机杂化钙钛矿太阳电池研究进展

陈亮, 张利伟, 陈永生

Progress in Pb-free and less-Pb organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells

Chen Liang, Zhang Li-Wei, Chen Yong-Sheng
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  • 基于有机-无机杂化卤化铅材料的钙钛矿太阳电池的转换效率在短短几年内已迅速突破22%,为未来能源问题的解决带来了曙光,同时也引起了高度重视.但紧随其后的商品化、产业化发展需求极大地增加了对绿色、无毒的高效无铅钙钛矿太阳电池进行研究和开发的重要性和紧迫性.为进一步加快环境友好型钙钛矿太阳电池的研发进度,对目前无铅和少铅钙钛矿太阳电池的发展现状进行了综述.着重讨论了替代元素种类及其浓度、制备工艺等对薄膜和电池性能的影响,以期对电池的工作机理、替代元素的作用机理有更加深刻的认识,为新型环保、高效的钙钛矿太阳电池的制备提供指导.
    The conversion efficiencies of perovskite solar cells based on organic-inorganic hybrid metal halide materials have broken through 22% in just a few years, which provides a ray of hope in solving the future energy problem, and receives great attention and research enthusiasm from the academic circle. However, what is followed is commercialization and industrialization process, which will greatly enhance the importance and urgency of the research and development of the green, non-toxic, highly-efficient, and lead-free perovskite solar cells. In order to speed up the development of these environment-friendly perovskite solar cells, we summarize the recent research progress in the perovskite solar cells from the two categories of Pb-free and less-Pb materials. In the Pb-free aspect Sn-based perovskite solar cells are emphatically introduced. A maximum efficiency of 8.12% is obtained for the solar cells based on FA0.75MA0.25SnI3, but it lags far behind the Pb-based competitors. This may be caused mainly by the oxidation of Sn2+ ions and the band mismatch with carrier transport materials, etc. So, for further improving the efficiency, it is very important to optimize the device structure and material properties, and understand the role played by Sn4+ ions in films. In addition, more attention should be paid to the inorganic halide double perovskite materials as potential solutions for the toxicity and stability issues. In the less-Pb part, Sn-doping contributes to a large reduction of lead content in the film, and a maximum efficiency of 17.6% for the (FASnI3)0.6(MAPbI3)0.4 perovskite solar cells is achieved with good long-term stability. What is even more interesting is that it can be utilized to construct tandem cells through the bandgap regulation after doping. However, it is very difficult to determine the optimum Sn-doping ratio. More systematic, rigorous and normative experiments are extremely necessary to reveal the interaction mechanism between Pb2+ and Sn2+. For other doped elements, the effects of their concentrations on the properties of thin films and the performance of solar cells are also emphatically discussed, and it is very urgent to have a further understanding of the working principles of devices and the fundamental functions of substitution elements. Thus, this review highlights the recent research efforts in the development of Pb-free and less-Pb perovskite solar cells and also provides a perspective of future development of new environment-friendly and high performance perovskite solar cells.
      通信作者: 陈永生, chysh2003@zzu.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:61574129)和河南省基础与前沿计划(批准号:152300410035)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Chen Yong-Sheng, chysh2003@zzu.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61574129) and the Basic and Frontier Project of Henan Province, China (Grant No. 152300410035).
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-09-04
  • 修回日期:  2017-09-30
  • 刊出日期:  2019-01-20

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