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量子计算与量子模拟

范桁

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量子计算与量子模拟

范桁

Quantum computation and quantum simulation

Fan Heng
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  • 量子计算和量子模拟在过去的几年里发展迅速,今后涉及多量子比特的量子计算和量子模拟将是一个发展的重点.本文回顾了该领域的主要进展,包括量子多体模拟、量子计算、量子计算模拟器、量子计算云平台、量子软件等内容,其中量子多体模拟又涵盖量子多体动力学、时间晶体及多体局域化、量子统计和量子化学等的模拟.这些研究方向的回顾是基于对现阶段量子计算和量子模拟研究特点的考虑,即量子比特数处于中等规模而量子操控精度还不具有大规模逻辑门实现的能力,研究处于基础科研和实用化的过渡阶段,因此综述的内容主要还是希望管窥今后的发展.
    In past few years, quantum computation and quantum simulation have been developed rapidly. The research on quantum computation and quantum simulation involving medium scale number of qubits will have a development priority. In this paper, we review recent developments in those directions. The review will include quantum simulation of many-body system, quantum computation, digital quantum simulators and cloud quantum computation platforms, and quantum software. The quantum simulation of many-body system will include the simulation of quantum dynamics, time crystal and many-body localization, quantum statistical physics and quantum chemistry. The review of those results is based on our consideration to the current characteristics of quantum computation and quantum simulation. Specifically, the number of available qubits is on a medium scale from dozens to several hundreds, the fidelity of the quantum logic gate is not high enough for several thousand of operations. In this sense, the present research is at the stage from fundamental explorations to practical applications. With these in mind, we hope that this review can be helpful for the future study in quantum computation and quantum simulation.
      通信作者: 范桁, hfan@iphy.ac.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(批准号:2016YFA0302104,2016YFA0300600)、国家自然科学基金(批准号:91536108,11774406)和中国科学院先导培育项目(批准号:XDPB08-3)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Fan Heng, hfan@iphy.ac.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Key RD Program of China (Grant Nos. 2016YFA0302104, 2016YFA0300600), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91536108, 11774406), and the Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDPB08-3).
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    Feynman R P 1982 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 21 467

    [2]

    Bernie H, Schwartz S, Keesling A, Levine H, Omran A, Pichler H, Choi S, Zibrov A S, Endres M, Greiner M, Vuletić V, Lukin M D 2017 Nature 551 579

    [3]

    Zhang J, Pagano G, Hess P W, Kyprianidi A, Becker P, Kaplan H, Gorshkov A V, Gong Z X, Monroe C 2017 Nature 551 601

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    Heyl M, Polkovnikov A, Kehrein S 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 135704

    [5]

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    Yao N Y, Potter A C, Potimiche I D, Vishwanath A 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 030401

    [7]

    Zhang J, Hess P W, Kyprianidis A, Becker P, Lee A, Smith J, Pagano G, Potirniche I D, Potter A C, Vishwanath A, Yao N Y, Monroe C 2017 Nature 543 217

    [8]

    Choi S, Choi J, Landig R, Kucsko G, Zhou H, Isoya J, Jelezko F, Onoda S, Sumiya H, Khemani V, Keyserlingk C, Yao N Y, Demler E, Lukin M D 2017 Nature 543 221

    [9]

    Schreiber M, Hodgman S S, Bordia P, Lschen H P, Fischer M H, Vosk R, Altman E, Schneider U, Bloch I 2015 Science 349 842

    [10]

    Alvarez G A, Suter D, Kaiser R M 2015 Science 349 846

    [11]

    Choi J Y, Hild S, Zeiher J, Schau P, Rubio-Abadal A, Yefsah T, Khemani V, Huse D A, Bloch I, Gross C 2016 Science 352 1547

    [12]

    Smith J, Richerme P, Neyenhuis B, Hess P W, Hauke P, Heyl M, Huse M A, Monroe C 2016 Nat. Phys. 12 907

    [13]

    Xu K, Chen J J, Zeng Y, Zhang Y R, Song C, Liu W, Guo Q, Zhang P, Xu D, Deng H, Huang K, Wang H, Zhu X, Zheng D, Fan H 2018 Phys. Rev. Lett. 120 050507

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    Liao H J, Xie Z Y, Chen J, Liu Z Y, Xie H D, Huang R Z, Normand B, Xiang T 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 137202

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    Chong F T, Franklin D, Martonosi M 2017 Nature 549 180

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-04-17
  • 修回日期:  2018-04-30
  • 刊出日期:  2019-06-20

量子计算与量子模拟

  • 1. 中国科学院物理研究所, 固态量子信息与计算实验室, 北京 100190;
  • 2. 中国科学院大学, 拓扑量子计算卓越创新中心, 北京 100190
  • 通信作者: 范桁, hfan@iphy.ac.cn
    基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(批准号:2016YFA0302104,2016YFA0300600)、国家自然科学基金(批准号:91536108,11774406)和中国科学院先导培育项目(批准号:XDPB08-3)资助的课题.

摘要: 量子计算和量子模拟在过去的几年里发展迅速,今后涉及多量子比特的量子计算和量子模拟将是一个发展的重点.本文回顾了该领域的主要进展,包括量子多体模拟、量子计算、量子计算模拟器、量子计算云平台、量子软件等内容,其中量子多体模拟又涵盖量子多体动力学、时间晶体及多体局域化、量子统计和量子化学等的模拟.这些研究方向的回顾是基于对现阶段量子计算和量子模拟研究特点的考虑,即量子比特数处于中等规模而量子操控精度还不具有大规模逻辑门实现的能力,研究处于基础科研和实用化的过渡阶段,因此综述的内容主要还是希望管窥今后的发展.

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