搜索

x

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

锶原子光晶格钟

林弋戈 方占军

引用本文:
Citation:

锶原子光晶格钟

林弋戈, 方占军

Strontium optical lattice clock

Lin Yi-Ge, Fang Zhan-Jun
PDF
导出引用
  • 进入21世纪以来,锶原子光晶格钟经历了快速的发展,系统频移的不确定度指标已经超越现有的秒定义基准铯原子喷泉钟,进入到10-18量级,体现了人类精密测量能力的最高水平,是精密测量物理的热点研究内容.本综述简要介绍了锶原子光晶格钟的发展水平;详细介绍了锶原子光晶格钟的各个组成部分和关键技术、如何进行精密光谱探测和闭环锁定以及各项系统频移的不确定度评估方法和锶原子跃迁绝对频率测量的方法等;最后简要介绍了锶光钟的应用和未来发展趋势.
    The strontium optical lattice clock has experienced a rapid development since the beginning of the 21st century. Its relative frequency uncertainty, on the order of 10-18, has surpassed that of the cesium fountain clock, the current primary standard for time and frequency. This supreme level of precision reflects one of the most advanced measurement capabilities of mankind. This article reviews the current progress of the strontium optical lattice clock, and describes its key components and techniques, including high-resolution spectroscopy, close-loop operation, evaluation of systematic shifts, and absolute frequency measurement. The applications and future outlook of the strontium clock are also summarized.
      通信作者: 方占军, zfang@nim.ac.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点研究发展计划(批准号:2016YFF0200201,2017YFA0304404)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:91336212,91436104,91736310)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Fang Zhan-Jun, zfang@nim.ac.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant Nos. 2016YFF0200201, 2017YFA0304404) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91336212, 91436104, 91736310).
    [1]

    Lombardi M A 2017 J. Res. NIST JRES 122 1

    [2]

    Essen L, Parry J V L 1957 Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 250 45

    [3]

    Ye J, Ma L S, Hall J L 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 270801

    [4]

    Clairon A, Laurent P, Santarelli G, Ghezali S, Lea S N, Bahoura M 1995 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44 128

    [5]

    Vian C, Rosenbusch P, Marion H, Bize S, Cacciapuoti L, Zhang S, Abgrall M, Chambon D, Maksimovic I, Laurent P, Santarelli G, Clairon A, Luiten A, Tobar M, Salomon C 2005 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54 833

    [6]

    Dehmelt H 1982 Thirty Fifth Annual Frequency Control Symposium Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, May 27-29, 1981 p596

    [7]

    Hall J L, Zhu M, Buch P 1989 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6 2194

    [8]

    Walls F L, Wineland D J, Drullinger R E 1978 Proc. 32nd Ann. Symp. Freq. Control Atlantic City, USA, May 31-June 2, 1978 453

    [9]

    Drever R W P, Hall J L, Kowalski F V, Hough J, Ford G M, Munley A J, Ward H 1983 Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 31 97

    [10]

    Evenson K M, Wells J S, Petersen F R, Danielson B L, Day G W 1973 Appl. Phys. Lett. 22 192

    [11]

    Jennings D A, Evenson K M, Knight D J E 1986 Proc. IEEE 74 168

    [12]

    Hall J L 2000 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6 1136

    [13]

    Hänsch T W 1990 Opt. Commun. 80 71

    [14]

    Diddams S A, Udem T, Bergquist J C, Curtis E A, Drullinger R E, Hollberg L, Itano W M, Lee W D, Oates C W, Vogel K R, Wineland D J 2001 Science 293 825

    [15]

    Chou C W, Hume D B, Koelemeij J C J, Wineland D J, Rosenband T 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 070802

    [16]

    Riehle F, Schnatz H, Lipphardt B, Zinner G, Trebst T, Helmcke J 1999 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48 613

    [17]

    Oates C W, Curtis E A, Hollberg L 2000 Opt. Lett. 25 1603

    [18]

    Katori H, Takamoto M, Pal’chikov V G, Ovsiannikov V D 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 173005

    [19]

    Itano W M, Bergquist J C, Bollinger J J, Gilligan J M, Heinzen D J, Moore F L, Raizen M G, Wineland D J 1993 Phys. Rev. A 47 3554

    [20]

    Jiang Y Y, Ludlow A D, Lemke N D, Fox R W, Sherman J A, Ma L S, Oates C W 2011 Nat. Photon. 5 158

    [21]

    Hinkley N, Sherman J A, Phillips N B, Schioppo M, Lemke N D, Beloy K, Pizzocaro M, Oates C W, Ludlow A D 2013 Science 341 1215

    [22]

    Bloom B J, Nicholson T L, Williams J R, Campbell S L, Bishof M, Zhang X, Zhang W, Bromley S L, Ye J 2014 Nature 506 71

    [23]

    Nicholson T L, Campbell S L, Hutson R B, Marti G E, Bloom B J, McNally R L, Zhang W, Barrett M D, Safronova M S, Strouse G F, Tew W L, Ye J 2015 Nat. Commun. 6 6896

    [24]

    Campbell S L, Hutson R B, Marti G E, Goban A, Oppong N D, McNally R L, Sonderhouse L, Robinson J M, Zhang W, Bloom B J, Ye J 2017 Science 358 90

    [25]

    Lin Y G, Wang Q, Li Y, Meng F, Lin B K, Zang E J, Sun Z, Fang F, Li T C, Fang Z J 2015 Chin. Phys. Lett. 32 090601

    [26]

    Gao Q, Zhou M, Han C, Li S, Zhang S, Yao Y, Li B, Qiao H, Ai D, Lou G, Zhang M, Jiang Y, Bi Z, Ma L, Xu X 2018 Sci. Rep. 8 8022

    [27]

    Liu H, Zhang X, Jiang K L, Wang J Q, Zhu Q, Xiong Z X, He L X, L B L 2017 Chin. Phys. Lett. 34 20601

    [28]

    Wang Y B, Yin M J, Ren J, Xu Q F, Lu B Q, Han J X, Guo Y, Chang H 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 023701

    [29]

    Fu X F, Fang S, Zhao R C, Zhang Y, Huang J C, Sun J F, Xu Z, Wang Y Z 2018 Chin. Opt. Lett. 16 060202

    [30]

    Jaseja T S, Javan A, Townes C H 1963 Phys. Rev. Lett. 10 165

    [31]

    Hall J 1969 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5 324

    [32]

    Black E D 2001 Am. J. Phys. 69 79

    [33]

    Wong N C, Hall J L 1985 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2 1527

    [34]

    Whittaker E A, Grebel H, Lotem H, Shum C M 1988 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5 1253

    [35]

    Salomon C, Hils D, Hall J L 1988 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5 1576

    [36]

    Zhu M, Hall J L 1992 Proceedings of the 1992 IEEE Frequency Control Symposium Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA, May 27-29, 1992 p44

    [37]

    Young B C, Cruz F C, Itano W M, Bergquist J C 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 3799

    [38]

    Fox R W 2008 Proc. SPIE 7099 70991R

    [39]

    Fox R W 2009 Opt. Express 17 15023

    [40]

    Zhao Y N, Zhang J, Stuhler J, Schuricht G, Lison F, Lu Z H, Wang L J 2010 Opt. Commun. 283 4696

    [41]

    Millo J, Abgrall M, Lours M, English E M L, Jiang H, Guéna J, Clairon A, Tobar M E, Bize S, Le Coq Y, Santarelli G 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 141105

    [42]

    Swallows M D, Martin M J, Bishof M, Benko C, Lin Y, Blatt S, Rey A M, Ye J 2012 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 59 416

    [43]

    Notcutt M, Ma L S, Ye J, Hall J L 2005 Opt. Lett. 30 1815

    [44]

    Chen L, Hall J, Ye J, Yang T, Zang E, Li T 2006 Phys. Rev. A 74 5

    [45]

    Nazarova T, Riehle F, Sterr U 2006 Appl. Phys. B 83 531

    [46]

    Ludlow A D, Huang X, Notcutt M, Zanon-Willette T, Foreman S M, Boyd M M, Blatt S, Ye J 2007 Opt. Lett. 32 641

    [47]

    Webster S A, Oxborrow M, Pugla S, Millo J, Gill P 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 033847

    [48]

    Leibrandt D R, Thorpe M J, Bergquist J C, Rosenband T 2011 Opt. Express 19 10278

    [49]

    Leibrandt D R, Thorpe M J, Notcutt M, Drullinger R E, Rosenband T, Bergquist J C 2011 Opt. Express 19 3471

    [50]

    Yang T, Li W B, Zang E J, Chen L S 2007 Chin. Phys. 16 1374

    [51]

    Jiang Y, Fang S, Bi Z, Xu X, Ma L 2010 Appl. Phys. B 98 61

    [52]

    Harry G M, Gretarsson A M, Saulson P R, Kittelberger S E, Penn S D, Startin W J, Rowan S, Fejer M M, Crooks D R M, Cagnoli G, Hough J, Nakagawa N 2002 Class. Quantum Gravity 19 897

    [53]

    Numata K, Kemery A, Camp J 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 250602

    [54]

    Notcutt M, Ma L S, Ludlow A D, Foreman S M, Ye J, Hall J L 2006 Phys. Rev. A 73 031804

    [55]

    Kessler T, Legero T, Sterr U 2012 JOSA B 29 178

    [56]

    Hagemann C, Grebing C, Kessler T, Falke S, Lemke N, Lisdat C, Schnatz H, Riehle F, Sterr U 2013 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 62 1556

    [57]

    Takamoto M, Ushijima I, Das M, Nemitz N, Ohkubo T, Yamanaka K, Ohmae N, Takano T, Akatsuka T, Yamaguchi A, Katori H 2015 Comptes Rendus Phys. 16 489

    [58]

    Nicholson T L, Martin M J, Williams J R, Bloom B J, Bishof M, Swallows M D, Campbell S L, Ye J 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 230801

    [59]

    Li Y, Lin Y G, Wang Q, Yang T, Sun Z, Zang E J, Fang Z J 2018 Chin. Opt. Lett. 16 051402

    [60]

    Bishof M, Zhang X, Martin M J, Ye J 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 093604

    [61]

    Häfner S, Falke S, Grebing C, Vogt S, Legero T, Merimaa M, Lisdat C, Sterr U 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 2112

    [62]

    Ma L S, Jungner P, Ye J, Hall J L 1994 Opt. Lett. 19 1777

    [63]

    Foreman S M, Holman K W, Hudson D D, Jones D J, Ye J 2007 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78 021101

    [64]

    Santarelli G, Laurent P, Lemonde P, Clairon A, Mann A G, Chang S, Luiten A N, Salomon C 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 4619

    [65]

    Reichert J, Holzwarth R, Udem T, Hänsch T W 1999 Opt. Commun. 172 59

    [66]

    Diddams S A, Jones D J, Ye J, Cundiff S T, Hall J L, Ranka J K, Windeler R S, Holzwarth R, Udem T, Hänsch T W 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 5102

    [67]

    Peters E, Diddams S A, Fendel P, Reinhardt S, Hänsch T W, Udem T 2009 Opt. Express 17 9183

    [68]

    Cingöz A, Yost D C, Allison T K, Ruehl A, Fermann M E, Hartl I, Ye J 2012 Nature 482 68

    [69]

    Takamoto M, Katori H 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 223001

    [70]

    Ido T, Katori H 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 053001

    [71]

    Ye J, Kimble H J, Katori H 2008 Science 320 1734

    [72]

    Brusch A, Le Targat R, Baillard X, Fouché M, Lemonde P 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 103003

    [73]

    Katori H 2002 Frequency Standards and Metrology–Proceedings of the 6th Symposium Fife, Scotland, September 9-14 2001 p323

    [74]

    Safronova M S, Kozlov M G, Clark C W 2012 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 59 439

    [75]

    Hachisu H, Miyagishi K, Porsev S G, Derevianko A, Ovsiannikov V D, Pal’chikov V G, Takamoto M, Katori H 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 053001

    [76]

    Petersen M, Chicireanu R, Dawkins S T, Magalhães D V, Mandache C, Le Coq Y, Clairon A, Bize S 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 183004

    [77]

    Santra R, Arimondo E, Ido T, Greene C H, Ye J 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 173002

    [78]

    Taichenachev A V, Yudin V I, Oates C W, Hoyt C W, Barber Z W, Hollberg L 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 083001

    [79]

    Poli N, Barber Z W, Lemke N D, Oates C W, Ma L S, Stalnaker J E, Fortier T M, Diddams S A, Hollberg L, Bergquist J C, Brusch A, Jefferts S, Heavner T, Parker T 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 050501

    [80]

    Lin Y G, Wang Q, Li Y, Lin B K, Wang S K, Meng F, Zhao Y, Cao J P, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2013 Chin. Phys. Lett. 30 014206

    [81]

    Ovsiannikov V D, Pal’chikov V G, Taichenachev A V, Yudin V I, Katori H, Takamoto M 2007 Phys. Rev. A 75 020501

    [82]

    Baillard X, Fouché M, Le Targat R, Westergaard P G, Lecallier A, Le Coq Y, Rovera G D, Bize S, Lemonde P 2007 Opt. Lett. 32 1812

    [83]

    Akatsuka T, Takamoto M, Katori H 2008 Nat. Phys. 4 954

    [84]

    Bober M, Morzyński P, Cygan A, Lisak D, Masłowski P, Prymaczek M, Piotr Wcisło, Ablewski P, Piwiński M, Wójtewicz S, Bielska K, Dobrosława Bartoszek-Bober, Trawiński R S, Zawada M, Ciuryło R, Zachorowski J, Marcin Piotrowski, Gawlik W, Ozimek F, Radzewicz C 2015 Meas. Sci. Technol. 26 075201

    [85]

    Ludlow A D, Boyd M M, Ye J, Peik E, Schmidt P O 2015 Rev. Mod. Phys. 87 637

    [86]

    Origlia S, Pramod M S, Schiller S, Singh Y, Bongs K, Schwarz R, Al-Masoudi A, Dörscher S, Herbers S, Häfner S, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2018 arXiv:1803.03157 [physics, physics:quant-ph] [2018-3-8]

    [87]

    Phillips W D, Metcalf H 1982 Phys. Rev. Lett. 48 596

    [88]

    Xu X Y, Wang W L, Zhou Q H, Li G H, Jiang H L, Chen L F, Ye J, Zhou Z H, Cai Y, Tang H Y, Zhou M 2009 Front. Phys. China 4 160

    [89]

    Wang S K, Wang Q, Lin Y G, Wang M M, Lin B K, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2009 Chin. Phys. Lett. 26 093202

    [90]

    Zhao P Y, Xiong Z X, Long Y, He L X, L B L 2009 Chin. Phys. Lett. 26 083702

    [91]

    Hill I R, Ovchinnikov Y B, Bridge E M, Curtis E A, Gill P 2014 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47 075006

    [92]

    Wang Q, Lin Y G, Gao F L, Li Y, Lin B K, Meng F, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2015 Chin. Phys. Lett. 32 100701

    [93]

    Koller S B, Grotti J, Vogt S, Al-Masoudi A, Dörscher S, Häfner S, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 073601

    [94]

    Li Y, Ido T, Eichler T, Katori H 2004 Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78 315

    [95]

    Ferrari G, Cancio P, Drullinger R, Giusfredi G, Poli N, Prevedelli M, Toninelli C, Tino G M 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 243002

    [96]

    Loftus T H, Ido T, Boyd M M, Ludlow A D, Ye J 2004 Phys. Rev. A 70 063413

    [97]

    Mukaiyama T, Katori H, Ido T, Li Y, Kuwata-Gonokami M 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 90 113002

    [98]

    Chanelière T, He L, Kaiser R, Wilkowski D 2008 Eur. Phys. J.: At. Mol. Opt. Plasma Phys. 46 507

    [99]

    Sterr U, Degenhardt C, Stoehr H, Lisdat C, Schnatz H, Helmcke J, Riehle F, Wilpers G, Oates C, Hollberg L 2004 Comptes Rendus Phys. 5 845

    [100]

    Boyd M M, Zelevinsky T, Ludlow A D, Foreman S M, Blatt S, Ido T, Ye J 2006 Science 314 1430

    [101]

    Blatt S, Thomsen J W, Campbell G K, Ludlow A D, Swallows M D, Martin M J, Boyd M M, Ye J 2009 Phys. Rev. A 80 052703

    [102]

    Martin M, Bishof M, Swallows M D, Zhang X, Benko C, von Stecher J, Gorshkov A V, Rey A M, Ye J 2013 Science 341 632

    [103]

    Matei D G, Legero T, Häfner S, Grebing C, Weyrich R, Zhang W, Sonderhouse L, Robinson J M, Ye J, Riehle F, Sterr U 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 263202

    [104]

    Derevianko A, Katori H 2011 Rev. Mod. Phys. 83 331

    [105]

    Boyd M, Zelevinsky T, Ludlow A, Blatt S, Zanon-Willette T, Foreman S, Ye J 2007 Phys. Rev. A 76 022510

    [106]

    Falke S, Schnatz H, Winfred J S R V, Middelmann T, Vogt S, Weyers S, Lipphardt B, Grosche G, Riehle F, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2011 Metrologia 48 399

    [107]

    Westergaard P G, Lodewyck J, Lorini L, Lecallier A, Burt E A, Zawada M, Millo J, Lemonde P 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 210801

    [108]

    Wang Q, Lin Y G, Li Y, Lin B K, Meng F, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2014 Chin. Phys. Lett. 31 123201

    [109]

    Campbell G K, Boyd M M, Thomsen J W, Martin M J, Blatt S, Swallows M D, Nicholson T L, Fortier T, Oates C W, Diddams S A, Lemke N D, Naidon P, Julienne P, Ye J, Ludlow A D 2009 Science 324 360

    [110]

    Ramsey N F 1950 Phys. Rev. 78 695

    [111]

    Campbell G K, Ludlow A D, Blatt S, Thomsen J W, Martin M J, de Miranda M H G, Zelevinsky T, Boyd M M, Ye J, Diddams S A, Heavner T P, Parker T E, Jefferts S R 2008 Metrologia 45 539

    [112]

    Ludlow A D, Zelevinsky T, Campbell G K, Blatt S, Boyd M M, de Miranda M H G, Martin M J, Thomsen J W, Foreman S M, Ye J, Fortier T M, Stalnaker J E, Diddams S A, Le Coq Y, Barber Z W, Poli N, Lemke N D, Beck K M, Oates C W 2008 Science 319 1805

    [113]

    Peik E, Schneider T, Tamm C 2006 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39 145

    [114]

    Dick G J, Greenhall C A 1998 Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium Pasadena, CA, USA, May 29, 1998 p99

    [115]

    Westergaard P, Lodewyck J, Lemonde P 2010 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57 623

    [116]

    Stefani F, Lopez O, Bercy A, Lee W K, Chardonnet C, Santarelli G, Pottie P E, Amy-Klein A 2015 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 32 787

    [117]

    Lopez O, Amy-Klein A, Lours M, Chardonnet C, Santarelli G 2010 Appl. Phys. B 98 723

    [118]

    Terra O, Grosche G, Predehl K, Holzwarth R, Legero T, Sterr U, Lipphardt B, Schnatz H 2009 Appl. Phys. B 97 541

    [119]

    Droste S, Ozimek F, Udem T, Predehl K, Hänsch T W, Schnatz H, Grosche G, Holzwarth R 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 110801

    [120]

    Ma C Q, Wu L F, Jiang Y Y, Yu H F, Bi Z Y, Ma L S 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 084209

    [121]

    Lisdat C, Grosche G, Quintin N, Shi C, Raupach S M F, Grebing C, Nicolodi D, Stefani F, Al-Masoudi A, Dörscher S, Häfner S, Robyr J L, Chiodo N, Bilicki S, Bookjans E, Koczwara A, Koke S, Kuhl A, Wiotte F, Meynadier F, Camisard E, Abgrall M, Lours M, Legero T, Schnatz H, Sterr U, Denker H, Chardonnet C, Coq Y L, Santarelli G, Amy-Klein A, Targat R L, Lodewyck J, Lopez O, Pottie P E 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 12443

    [122]

    Falke S, Misera M, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2012 Appl. Phys. B 107 301

    [123]

    Ye J, Peng J L, Jones R J, Holman K W, Hall J L, Jones D J, Diddams S A, Kitching J, Bize S, Bergquist J C, Hollberg L W, Robertsson L, Ma L S 2003 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20 1459

    [124]

    Wang B, Gao C, Chen W L, Miao J, Zhu X, Bai Y, Zhang J W, Feng Y Y, Li T C, Wang L J 2012 Sci. Rep. 2 556

    [125]

    Ye J, Cundiff S T 2005 Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation, and Applications (Norwell, MA: Springer Verlag) p18

    [126]

    Ma L S, Bi Z Y, Bartels A, Robertsson L, Zucco M, Windeler R S, Wilpers G, Oates C, Hollberg L, Diddams S A 2004 Science 303 1843

    [127]

    Fang S, Jiang Y Y, Chen H Q, Yao Y, Bi Z Y, Ma L S 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 084209

    [128]

    Benko C, Ruehl A, Martin M J, Eikema K S E, Fermann M E, Hartl I, Ye J 2012 Opt. Lett. 37 2196

    [129]

    Legero T, Lisdat C, Vellore Winfred J S R, Schnatz H, Grosche G, Riehle F, Sterr U 2009 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58 1252

    [130]

    Nicolodi D, Argence B, Zhang W, Targat R L, Santarelli G, Coq Y L 2014 Nat. Photon. 8 219

    [131]

    Leopardi H, Davila-Rodriguez J, Quinlan F, Olson J, Sherman J A, Diddams S A, Fortier T M 2017 Optica 4 879

    [132]

    Ohmae N, Kuse N, Fermann M E, Katori H 2017 Appl. Phys. Express 10 062503

    [133]

    Falke S, Lemke N, Grebing C, Lipphardt B, Weyers S, Gerginov V, Huntemann N, Hagemann C, Al-Masoudi A, Häfner S, Vogt S, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2014 New J. Phys. 16 073023

    [134]

    Lin Y G, Wang Q, Li Y, Meng F, Lin B K, Zang E J, Sun Z, Fang F, Li T C, Fang Z J 2016 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 723 012021

    [135]

    Hazlett E L, Zhang Y, Stites R W, Gibble K, O’Hara K M 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 160801

    [136]

    Lemke N D, von Stecher J, Sherman J A, Rey A M, Oates C W, Ludlow A D 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 103902

    [137]

    Swallows M D, Bishof M, Lin Y, Blatt S, Martin M J, Rey A M, Ye J 2011 Science 331 1043

    [138]

    Barber Z, Stalnaker J, Lemke N, Poli N, Oates C, Fortier T, Diddams S, Hollberg L, Hoyt C, Taichenachev A, Yudin V 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 103002

    [139]

    Brown R C, Phillips N B, Beloy K, McGrew W F, Schioppo M, Fasano R J, Milani G, Zhang X, Hinkley N, Leopardi H, Yoon T H, Nicolodi D, Fortier T M, Ludlow A D 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 119 253001

    [140]

    Itano W M, Lewis L L, Wineland D J 1982 Phys. Rev. A 25 1233

    [141]

    Hollberg L, Hall J L 1984 Phys. Rev. Lett. 53 230

    [142]

    Porsev S G, Derevianko A 2006 Phys. Rev. A 74 020502

    [143]

    Safronova M S, Porsev S G, Safronova U I, Kozlov M G, Clark C W 2013 Phys. Rev. A 87 012509

    [144]

    Yudin V I, Taichenachev A V, Okhapkin M V, Bagayev S N, Tamm C, Peik E, Huntemann N, Mehlstäubler T E, Riehle F 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 030801

    [145]

    Middelmann T, Lisdat C, Falke S, Winfred J S R V, Riehle F, Sterr U 2011 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 60 2550

    [146]

    Middelmann T, Falke S, Lisdat C, Sterr U 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 263004

    [147]

    Beloy K, Hinkley N, Phillips N B, Sherman J A, Schioppo M, Lehman J, Feldman A, Hanssen L M, Oates C W, Ludlow A D 2014 Phys. Rev. Lett. 113 260801

    [148]

    Lodewyck J, Zawada M, Lorini L, Gurov M, Lemonde P 2012 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 59 411

    [149]

    Beloy K, Zhang X, McGrew W F, Hinkley N, Yoon T H, Nicolodi D, Fasano R J, Schäffer S A, Brown R C, Ludlow A D 2018 Phys. Rev. Lett. 120 183201

    [150]

    Ushijima I, Takamoto M, Das M, Ohkubo T, Katori H 2015 Nat. Photon. 9 185

    [151]

    Bowden W, Hobson R, Huillery P, Gill P, Jones M P A, Hill I R 2017 Phys. Rev. A 96 023419

    [152]

    Baillard X, Fouché M, Le Targat R, Westergaard P G, Lecallier A, Chapelet F, Abgrall M, Rovera G D, Laurent P, Rosenbusch P, Bize S, Santarelli G, Clairon A, Lemonde P, Grosche G, Lipphardt B, Schnatz H 2008 Eur. Phys. J.: At. Mol. Opt. Plasma Phys. 48 11

    [153]

    Le Targat R, Lorini L, Le Coq Y, Zawada M, Guéna J, Abgrall M, Gurov M, Rosenbusch P, Rovera D G, Nagórny B, Gartman R, Westergaard P G, Tobar M E, Lours M, Santarelli G, Clairon A, Bize S, Laurent P, Lemonde P, Lodewyck J 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2109

    [154]

    Lodewyck J, Bilicki S, Bookjans E, Robyr J L, Shi C, Vallet G, Targat R L, Nicolodi D, Coq Y L, Guéna J, Abgrall M, Rosenbusch P, Bize S 2016 Metrologia 53 1123

    [155]

    Levine J 2008 Metrologia 45 S162

    [156]

    Fujieda M, Piester D, Gotoh T, Becker J, Aida M, Bauch A 2014 Metrologia 51 253

    [157]

    Hong F L, Musha M, Takamoto M, Inaba H, Yanagimachi S, Takamizawa A, Watabe K, Ikegami T, Imae M, Fujii Y, Amemiya M, Nakagawa K, Ueda K, Katori H 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 692

    [158]

    Hachisu H, Petit G, Nakagawa F, Hanado Y, Ido T 2017 Opt. Express 25 8511

    [159]

    Baynham C F A, Godun R M, Jones J M, King S A, Nisbet-Jones P B R, Baynes F, Rolland A, Baird P E G, Bongs K, Gill P, Margolis H S 2018 J. Mod. Opt. 65 585

    [160]

    Boyd M M, Ludlow A D, Blatt S, Foreman S M, Ido T, Zelevinsky T, Ye J 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 083002

    [161]

    Yamaguchi A, Shiga N, Nagano S, Li Y, Ishijima H, Hachisu H, Kumagai M, Ido T 2012 Appl. Phys. Express 5 022701

    [162]

    Akamatsu D, Inaba H, Hosaka K, Yasuda M, Onae A, Suzuyama T, Amemiya M, Hong F L 2014 Appl. Phys. Express 7 012401

    [163]

    Tanabe T, Akamatsu D, Kobayashi T, Takamizawa A, Yanagimachi S, Ikegami T, Suzuyama T, Inaba H, Okubo S, Yasuda M 2015 J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 84 115002

    [164]

    Grebing C, Al-Masoudi A, Dörscher S, Häfner S, Gerginov V, Weyers S, Lipphardt B, Riehle F, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2016 Optica 3 563

    [165]

    Hachisu H, Petit G, Ido T 2017 Appl. Phys. B 123 34

    [166]

    Szymaniec K, Park S E, Marra G, Chałupczak W 2010 Metrologia 47 363

    [167]

    Gerginov V, Nemitz N, Weyers S, Schröder R, Griebsch D, Wynands R 2010 Metrologia 47 65

    [168]

    Fang F, Li M S, Lin P W, Chen W L, Liu N F, Lin Y G, Wang P, Liu K, Suo R, Li T C 2015 Metrologia 52 454

    [169]

    Ido T, Hachisu H, Nakagawa F, Hanado Y 2016 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 723 012041

    [170]

    Yao J, Parker T E, Ashby N, Levine J 2018 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 65 127

    [171]

    Gill P 2011 Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 369 4109

    [172]

    Riehle F 2015 Comptes Rendus Physique 16 506

    [173]

    Chou C W, Hume D B, Rosenband T, Wineland D J 2010 Science 329 1630

    [174]

    Takano T, Takamoto M, Ushijima I, Ohmae N, Akatsuka T, Yamaguchi A, Kuroishi Y, Munekane H, Miyahara B, Katori H 2016 Nat. Photonics 10 662

    [175]

    Grotti J, Koller S, Vogt S, Häfner S, Sterr U, Lisdat C, Denker H, Voigt C, Timmen L, Rolland A, Baynes F N, Margolis H S, Zampaolo M, Thoumany P, Pizzocaro M, Rauf B, Bregolin F, Tampellini A, Barbieri P, Zucco M, Costanzo G A, Clivati C, Levi F, Calonico D 2018 Nat. Phys. 14 437

    [176]

    Shang H, Zhang X, Zhang S, Pan D, Chen H, Chen J 2017 Opt. Express 25 30459

    [177]

    Zhang S, Zhang X, Cui J, Jiang Z, Shang H, Zhu C, Chang P, Zhang L, Tu J, Chen J 2017 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 88 103106

    [178]

    Bize S, Diddams S A, Tanaka U, Tanner C E, Oskay W H, Drullinger R E, Parker T E, Heavner T P, Jefferts S R, Hollberg L, Itano W M, Bergquist J C 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 90 150802

    [179]

    Blatt S, Ludlow A D, Campbell G K, Thomsen J W, Zelevinsky T, Boyd M M, Ye J, Baillard X, Fouché M, Le Targat R, Brusch A, Lemonde P, Takamoto M, Hong F L, Katori H, Flambaum V V 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 140801

    [180]

    Ludlow A D, Blatt S, Zelevinsky T, Campbell G K, Martin M J, Thomsen J W, Boyd M M, Ye J 2008 Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 163 9

    [181]

    Rosenband T, Hume D B, Schmidt P O, Chou C W, Brusch A, Lorini L, Oskay W H, Drullinger R E, Fortier T M, Stalnaker J E, Diddams S A, Swann W C, Newbury N R, Itano W M, Wineland D J, Bergquist J C 2008 Science 319 1808

    [182]

    Derevianko A, Pospelov M 2014 Nat. Phys. 10 933

    [183]

    Arvanitaki A, Huang J, van Tilburg K 2015 Phys. Rev. D 91 015015

    [184]

    Katori H, Ido T, Kuwatagonokami M 1999 J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68 2479

    [185]

    Cole G D, Zhang W, Martin M J, Ye J, Aspelmeyer M 2013 Nat. Photonics 7 644

    [186]

    Cole G D, Zhang W, Bjork B J, Follman D, Heu P, Deutsch C, Sonderhouse L, Robinson J, Franz C, Alexandrovski A, Notcutt M, Heckl O H, Ye J, Aspelmeyer M 2016 Optica 3 647

    [187]

    Kessler T, Hagemann C, Grebing C, Legero T, Sterr U, Riehle F, Martin M J, Chen L, Ye J 2012 Nat. Photon. 6 687

    [188]

    Zhang W, Robinson J M, Sonderhouse L, Oelker E, Benko C, Hall J L, Legero T, Matei D G, Riehle F, Sterr U, Ye J 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 119 243601

    [189]

    Schioppo M, Brown R C, McGrew W F, Hinkley N, Fasano R J, Beloy K, Yoon T H, Milani G, Nicolodi D, Sherman J A, Phillips N B, Oates C W, Ludlow A D 2017 Nat. Photonics 11 48

    [190]

    Chen J, Chen X 2005 Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium Vancouver, Canada, August 29-31, 2005 p608

    [191]

    Bohnet J G, Chen Z, Weiner J M, Meiser D, Holland M J, Thompson J K 2012 Nature 484 78

    [192]

    Norcia M A, Cline J R K, Muniz J A, Robinson J M, Hutson R B, Goban A, Marti G E, Ye J, Thompson J K 2018 Phys. Rev. X 8 021036

  • [1]

    Lombardi M A 2017 J. Res. NIST JRES 122 1

    [2]

    Essen L, Parry J V L 1957 Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 250 45

    [3]

    Ye J, Ma L S, Hall J L 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 270801

    [4]

    Clairon A, Laurent P, Santarelli G, Ghezali S, Lea S N, Bahoura M 1995 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44 128

    [5]

    Vian C, Rosenbusch P, Marion H, Bize S, Cacciapuoti L, Zhang S, Abgrall M, Chambon D, Maksimovic I, Laurent P, Santarelli G, Clairon A, Luiten A, Tobar M, Salomon C 2005 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54 833

    [6]

    Dehmelt H 1982 Thirty Fifth Annual Frequency Control Symposium Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, May 27-29, 1981 p596

    [7]

    Hall J L, Zhu M, Buch P 1989 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6 2194

    [8]

    Walls F L, Wineland D J, Drullinger R E 1978 Proc. 32nd Ann. Symp. Freq. Control Atlantic City, USA, May 31-June 2, 1978 453

    [9]

    Drever R W P, Hall J L, Kowalski F V, Hough J, Ford G M, Munley A J, Ward H 1983 Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 31 97

    [10]

    Evenson K M, Wells J S, Petersen F R, Danielson B L, Day G W 1973 Appl. Phys. Lett. 22 192

    [11]

    Jennings D A, Evenson K M, Knight D J E 1986 Proc. IEEE 74 168

    [12]

    Hall J L 2000 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6 1136

    [13]

    Hänsch T W 1990 Opt. Commun. 80 71

    [14]

    Diddams S A, Udem T, Bergquist J C, Curtis E A, Drullinger R E, Hollberg L, Itano W M, Lee W D, Oates C W, Vogel K R, Wineland D J 2001 Science 293 825

    [15]

    Chou C W, Hume D B, Koelemeij J C J, Wineland D J, Rosenband T 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 070802

    [16]

    Riehle F, Schnatz H, Lipphardt B, Zinner G, Trebst T, Helmcke J 1999 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48 613

    [17]

    Oates C W, Curtis E A, Hollberg L 2000 Opt. Lett. 25 1603

    [18]

    Katori H, Takamoto M, Pal’chikov V G, Ovsiannikov V D 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 173005

    [19]

    Itano W M, Bergquist J C, Bollinger J J, Gilligan J M, Heinzen D J, Moore F L, Raizen M G, Wineland D J 1993 Phys. Rev. A 47 3554

    [20]

    Jiang Y Y, Ludlow A D, Lemke N D, Fox R W, Sherman J A, Ma L S, Oates C W 2011 Nat. Photon. 5 158

    [21]

    Hinkley N, Sherman J A, Phillips N B, Schioppo M, Lemke N D, Beloy K, Pizzocaro M, Oates C W, Ludlow A D 2013 Science 341 1215

    [22]

    Bloom B J, Nicholson T L, Williams J R, Campbell S L, Bishof M, Zhang X, Zhang W, Bromley S L, Ye J 2014 Nature 506 71

    [23]

    Nicholson T L, Campbell S L, Hutson R B, Marti G E, Bloom B J, McNally R L, Zhang W, Barrett M D, Safronova M S, Strouse G F, Tew W L, Ye J 2015 Nat. Commun. 6 6896

    [24]

    Campbell S L, Hutson R B, Marti G E, Goban A, Oppong N D, McNally R L, Sonderhouse L, Robinson J M, Zhang W, Bloom B J, Ye J 2017 Science 358 90

    [25]

    Lin Y G, Wang Q, Li Y, Meng F, Lin B K, Zang E J, Sun Z, Fang F, Li T C, Fang Z J 2015 Chin. Phys. Lett. 32 090601

    [26]

    Gao Q, Zhou M, Han C, Li S, Zhang S, Yao Y, Li B, Qiao H, Ai D, Lou G, Zhang M, Jiang Y, Bi Z, Ma L, Xu X 2018 Sci. Rep. 8 8022

    [27]

    Liu H, Zhang X, Jiang K L, Wang J Q, Zhu Q, Xiong Z X, He L X, L B L 2017 Chin. Phys. Lett. 34 20601

    [28]

    Wang Y B, Yin M J, Ren J, Xu Q F, Lu B Q, Han J X, Guo Y, Chang H 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 023701

    [29]

    Fu X F, Fang S, Zhao R C, Zhang Y, Huang J C, Sun J F, Xu Z, Wang Y Z 2018 Chin. Opt. Lett. 16 060202

    [30]

    Jaseja T S, Javan A, Townes C H 1963 Phys. Rev. Lett. 10 165

    [31]

    Hall J 1969 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5 324

    [32]

    Black E D 2001 Am. J. Phys. 69 79

    [33]

    Wong N C, Hall J L 1985 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2 1527

    [34]

    Whittaker E A, Grebel H, Lotem H, Shum C M 1988 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5 1253

    [35]

    Salomon C, Hils D, Hall J L 1988 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5 1576

    [36]

    Zhu M, Hall J L 1992 Proceedings of the 1992 IEEE Frequency Control Symposium Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA, May 27-29, 1992 p44

    [37]

    Young B C, Cruz F C, Itano W M, Bergquist J C 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 3799

    [38]

    Fox R W 2008 Proc. SPIE 7099 70991R

    [39]

    Fox R W 2009 Opt. Express 17 15023

    [40]

    Zhao Y N, Zhang J, Stuhler J, Schuricht G, Lison F, Lu Z H, Wang L J 2010 Opt. Commun. 283 4696

    [41]

    Millo J, Abgrall M, Lours M, English E M L, Jiang H, Guéna J, Clairon A, Tobar M E, Bize S, Le Coq Y, Santarelli G 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 141105

    [42]

    Swallows M D, Martin M J, Bishof M, Benko C, Lin Y, Blatt S, Rey A M, Ye J 2012 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 59 416

    [43]

    Notcutt M, Ma L S, Ye J, Hall J L 2005 Opt. Lett. 30 1815

    [44]

    Chen L, Hall J, Ye J, Yang T, Zang E, Li T 2006 Phys. Rev. A 74 5

    [45]

    Nazarova T, Riehle F, Sterr U 2006 Appl. Phys. B 83 531

    [46]

    Ludlow A D, Huang X, Notcutt M, Zanon-Willette T, Foreman S M, Boyd M M, Blatt S, Ye J 2007 Opt. Lett. 32 641

    [47]

    Webster S A, Oxborrow M, Pugla S, Millo J, Gill P 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 033847

    [48]

    Leibrandt D R, Thorpe M J, Bergquist J C, Rosenband T 2011 Opt. Express 19 10278

    [49]

    Leibrandt D R, Thorpe M J, Notcutt M, Drullinger R E, Rosenband T, Bergquist J C 2011 Opt. Express 19 3471

    [50]

    Yang T, Li W B, Zang E J, Chen L S 2007 Chin. Phys. 16 1374

    [51]

    Jiang Y, Fang S, Bi Z, Xu X, Ma L 2010 Appl. Phys. B 98 61

    [52]

    Harry G M, Gretarsson A M, Saulson P R, Kittelberger S E, Penn S D, Startin W J, Rowan S, Fejer M M, Crooks D R M, Cagnoli G, Hough J, Nakagawa N 2002 Class. Quantum Gravity 19 897

    [53]

    Numata K, Kemery A, Camp J 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 250602

    [54]

    Notcutt M, Ma L S, Ludlow A D, Foreman S M, Ye J, Hall J L 2006 Phys. Rev. A 73 031804

    [55]

    Kessler T, Legero T, Sterr U 2012 JOSA B 29 178

    [56]

    Hagemann C, Grebing C, Kessler T, Falke S, Lemke N, Lisdat C, Schnatz H, Riehle F, Sterr U 2013 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 62 1556

    [57]

    Takamoto M, Ushijima I, Das M, Nemitz N, Ohkubo T, Yamanaka K, Ohmae N, Takano T, Akatsuka T, Yamaguchi A, Katori H 2015 Comptes Rendus Phys. 16 489

    [58]

    Nicholson T L, Martin M J, Williams J R, Bloom B J, Bishof M, Swallows M D, Campbell S L, Ye J 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 230801

    [59]

    Li Y, Lin Y G, Wang Q, Yang T, Sun Z, Zang E J, Fang Z J 2018 Chin. Opt. Lett. 16 051402

    [60]

    Bishof M, Zhang X, Martin M J, Ye J 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 093604

    [61]

    Häfner S, Falke S, Grebing C, Vogt S, Legero T, Merimaa M, Lisdat C, Sterr U 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 2112

    [62]

    Ma L S, Jungner P, Ye J, Hall J L 1994 Opt. Lett. 19 1777

    [63]

    Foreman S M, Holman K W, Hudson D D, Jones D J, Ye J 2007 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78 021101

    [64]

    Santarelli G, Laurent P, Lemonde P, Clairon A, Mann A G, Chang S, Luiten A N, Salomon C 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 4619

    [65]

    Reichert J, Holzwarth R, Udem T, Hänsch T W 1999 Opt. Commun. 172 59

    [66]

    Diddams S A, Jones D J, Ye J, Cundiff S T, Hall J L, Ranka J K, Windeler R S, Holzwarth R, Udem T, Hänsch T W 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 5102

    [67]

    Peters E, Diddams S A, Fendel P, Reinhardt S, Hänsch T W, Udem T 2009 Opt. Express 17 9183

    [68]

    Cingöz A, Yost D C, Allison T K, Ruehl A, Fermann M E, Hartl I, Ye J 2012 Nature 482 68

    [69]

    Takamoto M, Katori H 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 223001

    [70]

    Ido T, Katori H 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 053001

    [71]

    Ye J, Kimble H J, Katori H 2008 Science 320 1734

    [72]

    Brusch A, Le Targat R, Baillard X, Fouché M, Lemonde P 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 103003

    [73]

    Katori H 2002 Frequency Standards and Metrology–Proceedings of the 6th Symposium Fife, Scotland, September 9-14 2001 p323

    [74]

    Safronova M S, Kozlov M G, Clark C W 2012 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 59 439

    [75]

    Hachisu H, Miyagishi K, Porsev S G, Derevianko A, Ovsiannikov V D, Pal’chikov V G, Takamoto M, Katori H 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 053001

    [76]

    Petersen M, Chicireanu R, Dawkins S T, Magalhães D V, Mandache C, Le Coq Y, Clairon A, Bize S 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 183004

    [77]

    Santra R, Arimondo E, Ido T, Greene C H, Ye J 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 173002

    [78]

    Taichenachev A V, Yudin V I, Oates C W, Hoyt C W, Barber Z W, Hollberg L 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 083001

    [79]

    Poli N, Barber Z W, Lemke N D, Oates C W, Ma L S, Stalnaker J E, Fortier T M, Diddams S A, Hollberg L, Bergquist J C, Brusch A, Jefferts S, Heavner T, Parker T 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 050501

    [80]

    Lin Y G, Wang Q, Li Y, Lin B K, Wang S K, Meng F, Zhao Y, Cao J P, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2013 Chin. Phys. Lett. 30 014206

    [81]

    Ovsiannikov V D, Pal’chikov V G, Taichenachev A V, Yudin V I, Katori H, Takamoto M 2007 Phys. Rev. A 75 020501

    [82]

    Baillard X, Fouché M, Le Targat R, Westergaard P G, Lecallier A, Le Coq Y, Rovera G D, Bize S, Lemonde P 2007 Opt. Lett. 32 1812

    [83]

    Akatsuka T, Takamoto M, Katori H 2008 Nat. Phys. 4 954

    [84]

    Bober M, Morzyński P, Cygan A, Lisak D, Masłowski P, Prymaczek M, Piotr Wcisło, Ablewski P, Piwiński M, Wójtewicz S, Bielska K, Dobrosława Bartoszek-Bober, Trawiński R S, Zawada M, Ciuryło R, Zachorowski J, Marcin Piotrowski, Gawlik W, Ozimek F, Radzewicz C 2015 Meas. Sci. Technol. 26 075201

    [85]

    Ludlow A D, Boyd M M, Ye J, Peik E, Schmidt P O 2015 Rev. Mod. Phys. 87 637

    [86]

    Origlia S, Pramod M S, Schiller S, Singh Y, Bongs K, Schwarz R, Al-Masoudi A, Dörscher S, Herbers S, Häfner S, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2018 arXiv:1803.03157 [physics, physics:quant-ph] [2018-3-8]

    [87]

    Phillips W D, Metcalf H 1982 Phys. Rev. Lett. 48 596

    [88]

    Xu X Y, Wang W L, Zhou Q H, Li G H, Jiang H L, Chen L F, Ye J, Zhou Z H, Cai Y, Tang H Y, Zhou M 2009 Front. Phys. China 4 160

    [89]

    Wang S K, Wang Q, Lin Y G, Wang M M, Lin B K, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2009 Chin. Phys. Lett. 26 093202

    [90]

    Zhao P Y, Xiong Z X, Long Y, He L X, L B L 2009 Chin. Phys. Lett. 26 083702

    [91]

    Hill I R, Ovchinnikov Y B, Bridge E M, Curtis E A, Gill P 2014 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 47 075006

    [92]

    Wang Q, Lin Y G, Gao F L, Li Y, Lin B K, Meng F, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2015 Chin. Phys. Lett. 32 100701

    [93]

    Koller S B, Grotti J, Vogt S, Al-Masoudi A, Dörscher S, Häfner S, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 073601

    [94]

    Li Y, Ido T, Eichler T, Katori H 2004 Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78 315

    [95]

    Ferrari G, Cancio P, Drullinger R, Giusfredi G, Poli N, Prevedelli M, Toninelli C, Tino G M 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 243002

    [96]

    Loftus T H, Ido T, Boyd M M, Ludlow A D, Ye J 2004 Phys. Rev. A 70 063413

    [97]

    Mukaiyama T, Katori H, Ido T, Li Y, Kuwata-Gonokami M 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 90 113002

    [98]

    Chanelière T, He L, Kaiser R, Wilkowski D 2008 Eur. Phys. J.: At. Mol. Opt. Plasma Phys. 46 507

    [99]

    Sterr U, Degenhardt C, Stoehr H, Lisdat C, Schnatz H, Helmcke J, Riehle F, Wilpers G, Oates C, Hollberg L 2004 Comptes Rendus Phys. 5 845

    [100]

    Boyd M M, Zelevinsky T, Ludlow A D, Foreman S M, Blatt S, Ido T, Ye J 2006 Science 314 1430

    [101]

    Blatt S, Thomsen J W, Campbell G K, Ludlow A D, Swallows M D, Martin M J, Boyd M M, Ye J 2009 Phys. Rev. A 80 052703

    [102]

    Martin M, Bishof M, Swallows M D, Zhang X, Benko C, von Stecher J, Gorshkov A V, Rey A M, Ye J 2013 Science 341 632

    [103]

    Matei D G, Legero T, Häfner S, Grebing C, Weyrich R, Zhang W, Sonderhouse L, Robinson J M, Ye J, Riehle F, Sterr U 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 263202

    [104]

    Derevianko A, Katori H 2011 Rev. Mod. Phys. 83 331

    [105]

    Boyd M, Zelevinsky T, Ludlow A, Blatt S, Zanon-Willette T, Foreman S, Ye J 2007 Phys. Rev. A 76 022510

    [106]

    Falke S, Schnatz H, Winfred J S R V, Middelmann T, Vogt S, Weyers S, Lipphardt B, Grosche G, Riehle F, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2011 Metrologia 48 399

    [107]

    Westergaard P G, Lodewyck J, Lorini L, Lecallier A, Burt E A, Zawada M, Millo J, Lemonde P 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 210801

    [108]

    Wang Q, Lin Y G, Li Y, Lin B K, Meng F, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2014 Chin. Phys. Lett. 31 123201

    [109]

    Campbell G K, Boyd M M, Thomsen J W, Martin M J, Blatt S, Swallows M D, Nicholson T L, Fortier T, Oates C W, Diddams S A, Lemke N D, Naidon P, Julienne P, Ye J, Ludlow A D 2009 Science 324 360

    [110]

    Ramsey N F 1950 Phys. Rev. 78 695

    [111]

    Campbell G K, Ludlow A D, Blatt S, Thomsen J W, Martin M J, de Miranda M H G, Zelevinsky T, Boyd M M, Ye J, Diddams S A, Heavner T P, Parker T E, Jefferts S R 2008 Metrologia 45 539

    [112]

    Ludlow A D, Zelevinsky T, Campbell G K, Blatt S, Boyd M M, de Miranda M H G, Martin M J, Thomsen J W, Foreman S M, Ye J, Fortier T M, Stalnaker J E, Diddams S A, Le Coq Y, Barber Z W, Poli N, Lemke N D, Beck K M, Oates C W 2008 Science 319 1805

    [113]

    Peik E, Schneider T, Tamm C 2006 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39 145

    [114]

    Dick G J, Greenhall C A 1998 Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium Pasadena, CA, USA, May 29, 1998 p99

    [115]

    Westergaard P, Lodewyck J, Lemonde P 2010 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57 623

    [116]

    Stefani F, Lopez O, Bercy A, Lee W K, Chardonnet C, Santarelli G, Pottie P E, Amy-Klein A 2015 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 32 787

    [117]

    Lopez O, Amy-Klein A, Lours M, Chardonnet C, Santarelli G 2010 Appl. Phys. B 98 723

    [118]

    Terra O, Grosche G, Predehl K, Holzwarth R, Legero T, Sterr U, Lipphardt B, Schnatz H 2009 Appl. Phys. B 97 541

    [119]

    Droste S, Ozimek F, Udem T, Predehl K, Hänsch T W, Schnatz H, Grosche G, Holzwarth R 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 110801

    [120]

    Ma C Q, Wu L F, Jiang Y Y, Yu H F, Bi Z Y, Ma L S 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 084209

    [121]

    Lisdat C, Grosche G, Quintin N, Shi C, Raupach S M F, Grebing C, Nicolodi D, Stefani F, Al-Masoudi A, Dörscher S, Häfner S, Robyr J L, Chiodo N, Bilicki S, Bookjans E, Koczwara A, Koke S, Kuhl A, Wiotte F, Meynadier F, Camisard E, Abgrall M, Lours M, Legero T, Schnatz H, Sterr U, Denker H, Chardonnet C, Coq Y L, Santarelli G, Amy-Klein A, Targat R L, Lodewyck J, Lopez O, Pottie P E 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 12443

    [122]

    Falke S, Misera M, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2012 Appl. Phys. B 107 301

    [123]

    Ye J, Peng J L, Jones R J, Holman K W, Hall J L, Jones D J, Diddams S A, Kitching J, Bize S, Bergquist J C, Hollberg L W, Robertsson L, Ma L S 2003 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20 1459

    [124]

    Wang B, Gao C, Chen W L, Miao J, Zhu X, Bai Y, Zhang J W, Feng Y Y, Li T C, Wang L J 2012 Sci. Rep. 2 556

    [125]

    Ye J, Cundiff S T 2005 Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation, and Applications (Norwell, MA: Springer Verlag) p18

    [126]

    Ma L S, Bi Z Y, Bartels A, Robertsson L, Zucco M, Windeler R S, Wilpers G, Oates C, Hollberg L, Diddams S A 2004 Science 303 1843

    [127]

    Fang S, Jiang Y Y, Chen H Q, Yao Y, Bi Z Y, Ma L S 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 084209

    [128]

    Benko C, Ruehl A, Martin M J, Eikema K S E, Fermann M E, Hartl I, Ye J 2012 Opt. Lett. 37 2196

    [129]

    Legero T, Lisdat C, Vellore Winfred J S R, Schnatz H, Grosche G, Riehle F, Sterr U 2009 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58 1252

    [130]

    Nicolodi D, Argence B, Zhang W, Targat R L, Santarelli G, Coq Y L 2014 Nat. Photon. 8 219

    [131]

    Leopardi H, Davila-Rodriguez J, Quinlan F, Olson J, Sherman J A, Diddams S A, Fortier T M 2017 Optica 4 879

    [132]

    Ohmae N, Kuse N, Fermann M E, Katori H 2017 Appl. Phys. Express 10 062503

    [133]

    Falke S, Lemke N, Grebing C, Lipphardt B, Weyers S, Gerginov V, Huntemann N, Hagemann C, Al-Masoudi A, Häfner S, Vogt S, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2014 New J. Phys. 16 073023

    [134]

    Lin Y G, Wang Q, Li Y, Meng F, Lin B K, Zang E J, Sun Z, Fang F, Li T C, Fang Z J 2016 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 723 012021

    [135]

    Hazlett E L, Zhang Y, Stites R W, Gibble K, O’Hara K M 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 160801

    [136]

    Lemke N D, von Stecher J, Sherman J A, Rey A M, Oates C W, Ludlow A D 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 103902

    [137]

    Swallows M D, Bishof M, Lin Y, Blatt S, Martin M J, Rey A M, Ye J 2011 Science 331 1043

    [138]

    Barber Z, Stalnaker J, Lemke N, Poli N, Oates C, Fortier T, Diddams S, Hollberg L, Hoyt C, Taichenachev A, Yudin V 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 103002

    [139]

    Brown R C, Phillips N B, Beloy K, McGrew W F, Schioppo M, Fasano R J, Milani G, Zhang X, Hinkley N, Leopardi H, Yoon T H, Nicolodi D, Fortier T M, Ludlow A D 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 119 253001

    [140]

    Itano W M, Lewis L L, Wineland D J 1982 Phys. Rev. A 25 1233

    [141]

    Hollberg L, Hall J L 1984 Phys. Rev. Lett. 53 230

    [142]

    Porsev S G, Derevianko A 2006 Phys. Rev. A 74 020502

    [143]

    Safronova M S, Porsev S G, Safronova U I, Kozlov M G, Clark C W 2013 Phys. Rev. A 87 012509

    [144]

    Yudin V I, Taichenachev A V, Okhapkin M V, Bagayev S N, Tamm C, Peik E, Huntemann N, Mehlstäubler T E, Riehle F 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 030801

    [145]

    Middelmann T, Lisdat C, Falke S, Winfred J S R V, Riehle F, Sterr U 2011 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 60 2550

    [146]

    Middelmann T, Falke S, Lisdat C, Sterr U 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 263004

    [147]

    Beloy K, Hinkley N, Phillips N B, Sherman J A, Schioppo M, Lehman J, Feldman A, Hanssen L M, Oates C W, Ludlow A D 2014 Phys. Rev. Lett. 113 260801

    [148]

    Lodewyck J, Zawada M, Lorini L, Gurov M, Lemonde P 2012 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 59 411

    [149]

    Beloy K, Zhang X, McGrew W F, Hinkley N, Yoon T H, Nicolodi D, Fasano R J, Schäffer S A, Brown R C, Ludlow A D 2018 Phys. Rev. Lett. 120 183201

    [150]

    Ushijima I, Takamoto M, Das M, Ohkubo T, Katori H 2015 Nat. Photon. 9 185

    [151]

    Bowden W, Hobson R, Huillery P, Gill P, Jones M P A, Hill I R 2017 Phys. Rev. A 96 023419

    [152]

    Baillard X, Fouché M, Le Targat R, Westergaard P G, Lecallier A, Chapelet F, Abgrall M, Rovera G D, Laurent P, Rosenbusch P, Bize S, Santarelli G, Clairon A, Lemonde P, Grosche G, Lipphardt B, Schnatz H 2008 Eur. Phys. J.: At. Mol. Opt. Plasma Phys. 48 11

    [153]

    Le Targat R, Lorini L, Le Coq Y, Zawada M, Guéna J, Abgrall M, Gurov M, Rosenbusch P, Rovera D G, Nagórny B, Gartman R, Westergaard P G, Tobar M E, Lours M, Santarelli G, Clairon A, Bize S, Laurent P, Lemonde P, Lodewyck J 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2109

    [154]

    Lodewyck J, Bilicki S, Bookjans E, Robyr J L, Shi C, Vallet G, Targat R L, Nicolodi D, Coq Y L, Guéna J, Abgrall M, Rosenbusch P, Bize S 2016 Metrologia 53 1123

    [155]

    Levine J 2008 Metrologia 45 S162

    [156]

    Fujieda M, Piester D, Gotoh T, Becker J, Aida M, Bauch A 2014 Metrologia 51 253

    [157]

    Hong F L, Musha M, Takamoto M, Inaba H, Yanagimachi S, Takamizawa A, Watabe K, Ikegami T, Imae M, Fujii Y, Amemiya M, Nakagawa K, Ueda K, Katori H 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 692

    [158]

    Hachisu H, Petit G, Nakagawa F, Hanado Y, Ido T 2017 Opt. Express 25 8511

    [159]

    Baynham C F A, Godun R M, Jones J M, King S A, Nisbet-Jones P B R, Baynes F, Rolland A, Baird P E G, Bongs K, Gill P, Margolis H S 2018 J. Mod. Opt. 65 585

    [160]

    Boyd M M, Ludlow A D, Blatt S, Foreman S M, Ido T, Zelevinsky T, Ye J 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 083002

    [161]

    Yamaguchi A, Shiga N, Nagano S, Li Y, Ishijima H, Hachisu H, Kumagai M, Ido T 2012 Appl. Phys. Express 5 022701

    [162]

    Akamatsu D, Inaba H, Hosaka K, Yasuda M, Onae A, Suzuyama T, Amemiya M, Hong F L 2014 Appl. Phys. Express 7 012401

    [163]

    Tanabe T, Akamatsu D, Kobayashi T, Takamizawa A, Yanagimachi S, Ikegami T, Suzuyama T, Inaba H, Okubo S, Yasuda M 2015 J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 84 115002

    [164]

    Grebing C, Al-Masoudi A, Dörscher S, Häfner S, Gerginov V, Weyers S, Lipphardt B, Riehle F, Sterr U, Lisdat C 2016 Optica 3 563

    [165]

    Hachisu H, Petit G, Ido T 2017 Appl. Phys. B 123 34

    [166]

    Szymaniec K, Park S E, Marra G, Chałupczak W 2010 Metrologia 47 363

    [167]

    Gerginov V, Nemitz N, Weyers S, Schröder R, Griebsch D, Wynands R 2010 Metrologia 47 65

    [168]

    Fang F, Li M S, Lin P W, Chen W L, Liu N F, Lin Y G, Wang P, Liu K, Suo R, Li T C 2015 Metrologia 52 454

    [169]

    Ido T, Hachisu H, Nakagawa F, Hanado Y 2016 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 723 012041

    [170]

    Yao J, Parker T E, Ashby N, Levine J 2018 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 65 127

    [171]

    Gill P 2011 Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 369 4109

    [172]

    Riehle F 2015 Comptes Rendus Physique 16 506

    [173]

    Chou C W, Hume D B, Rosenband T, Wineland D J 2010 Science 329 1630

    [174]

    Takano T, Takamoto M, Ushijima I, Ohmae N, Akatsuka T, Yamaguchi A, Kuroishi Y, Munekane H, Miyahara B, Katori H 2016 Nat. Photonics 10 662

    [175]

    Grotti J, Koller S, Vogt S, Häfner S, Sterr U, Lisdat C, Denker H, Voigt C, Timmen L, Rolland A, Baynes F N, Margolis H S, Zampaolo M, Thoumany P, Pizzocaro M, Rauf B, Bregolin F, Tampellini A, Barbieri P, Zucco M, Costanzo G A, Clivati C, Levi F, Calonico D 2018 Nat. Phys. 14 437

    [176]

    Shang H, Zhang X, Zhang S, Pan D, Chen H, Chen J 2017 Opt. Express 25 30459

    [177]

    Zhang S, Zhang X, Cui J, Jiang Z, Shang H, Zhu C, Chang P, Zhang L, Tu J, Chen J 2017 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 88 103106

    [178]

    Bize S, Diddams S A, Tanaka U, Tanner C E, Oskay W H, Drullinger R E, Parker T E, Heavner T P, Jefferts S R, Hollberg L, Itano W M, Bergquist J C 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 90 150802

    [179]

    Blatt S, Ludlow A D, Campbell G K, Thomsen J W, Zelevinsky T, Boyd M M, Ye J, Baillard X, Fouché M, Le Targat R, Brusch A, Lemonde P, Takamoto M, Hong F L, Katori H, Flambaum V V 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 140801

    [180]

    Ludlow A D, Blatt S, Zelevinsky T, Campbell G K, Martin M J, Thomsen J W, Boyd M M, Ye J 2008 Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 163 9

    [181]

    Rosenband T, Hume D B, Schmidt P O, Chou C W, Brusch A, Lorini L, Oskay W H, Drullinger R E, Fortier T M, Stalnaker J E, Diddams S A, Swann W C, Newbury N R, Itano W M, Wineland D J, Bergquist J C 2008 Science 319 1808

    [182]

    Derevianko A, Pospelov M 2014 Nat. Phys. 10 933

    [183]

    Arvanitaki A, Huang J, van Tilburg K 2015 Phys. Rev. D 91 015015

    [184]

    Katori H, Ido T, Kuwatagonokami M 1999 J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68 2479

    [185]

    Cole G D, Zhang W, Martin M J, Ye J, Aspelmeyer M 2013 Nat. Photonics 7 644

    [186]

    Cole G D, Zhang W, Bjork B J, Follman D, Heu P, Deutsch C, Sonderhouse L, Robinson J, Franz C, Alexandrovski A, Notcutt M, Heckl O H, Ye J, Aspelmeyer M 2016 Optica 3 647

    [187]

    Kessler T, Hagemann C, Grebing C, Legero T, Sterr U, Riehle F, Martin M J, Chen L, Ye J 2012 Nat. Photon. 6 687

    [188]

    Zhang W, Robinson J M, Sonderhouse L, Oelker E, Benko C, Hall J L, Legero T, Matei D G, Riehle F, Sterr U, Ye J 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 119 243601

    [189]

    Schioppo M, Brown R C, McGrew W F, Hinkley N, Fasano R J, Beloy K, Yoon T H, Milani G, Nicolodi D, Sherman J A, Phillips N B, Oates C W, Ludlow A D 2017 Nat. Photonics 11 48

    [190]

    Chen J, Chen X 2005 Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium Vancouver, Canada, August 29-31, 2005 p608

    [191]

    Bohnet J G, Chen Z, Weiner J M, Meiser D, Holland M J, Thompson J K 2012 Nature 484 78

    [192]

    Norcia M A, Cline J R K, Muniz J A, Robinson J M, Hutson R B, Goban A, Marti G E, Ye J, Thompson J K 2018 Phys. Rev. X 8 021036

  • [1] 王良伟, 刘方德, 李云达, 韩伟, 孟增明, 张靖. 基于空间光调制器构建二维任意形状的87Rb原子阵列. 物理学报, 2023, 72(6): 064201. doi: 10.7498/aps.72.20222096
    [2] 李婷, 汪涛, 王叶兵, 卢本全, 卢晓同, 尹默娟, 常宏. 浅光晶格中量子隧穿现象的实验观测. 物理学报, 2022, 71(7): 073701. doi: 10.7498/aps.71.20212038
    [3] 陈泽锐, 刘光存, 俞振华. 谐振子势阱中双费米原子光钟的碰撞频移. 物理学报, 2021, 70(18): 180602. doi: 10.7498/aps.70.20210243
    [4] 文凯, 王良伟, 周方, 陈良超, 王鹏军, 孟增明, 张靖. 超冷87Rb原子在二维光晶格中Mott绝缘态的实验实现. 物理学报, 2020, 69(19): 193201. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20200513
    [5] 赵兴东, 张莹莹, 刘伍明. 光晶格中超冷原子系统的磁激发. 物理学报, 2019, 68(4): 043703. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20190153
    [6] 卢晓同, 李婷, 孔德欢, 王叶兵, 常宏. 锶原子光晶格钟碰撞频移的测量. 物理学报, 2019, 68(23): 233401. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20191147
    [7] 李晓云, 孙博文, 许正倩, 陈静, 尹亚玲, 印建平. 基于调制光晶格的中性分子束光学Stark减速与囚禁的理论研究. 物理学报, 2018, 67(20): 203702. doi: 10.7498/aps.67.20181348
    [8] 魏春华, 颜树华, 杨俊, 王国超, 贾爱爱, 罗玉昆, 胡青青. 基于87Rb原子的大失谐光晶格的设计与操控. 物理学报, 2017, 66(1): 010701. doi: 10.7498/aps.66.010701
    [9] 尹毅, 张奕, 谭伯仲, 陈杰华, 顾思洪. 芯片原子钟相干布居囚禁谱线特性研究. 物理学报, 2015, 64(3): 034207. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.034207
    [10] 田晓, 王叶兵, 卢本全, 刘辉, 徐琴芳, 任洁, 尹默娟, 孔德欢, 常宏, 张首刚. 锶玻色子的“魔术”波长光晶格装载实验研究. 物理学报, 2015, 64(13): 130601. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.130601
    [11] 藤斐, 谢征微. 光晶格中双组分玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚系统的调制不稳定性. 物理学报, 2013, 62(2): 026701. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.026701
    [12] 余学才, 汪平和, 张利勋. 光晶格动量依赖偶极势中原子运动. 物理学报, 2013, 62(14): 144202. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.144202
    [13] 王叶兵, 陈洁, 田晓, 高峰, 常宏. 锶原子互组跃迁谱的实验研究. 物理学报, 2012, 61(2): 020601. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.020601
    [14] 高峰, 王叶兵, 田晓, 许朋, 常宏. 锶原子三重态谱线的观测及在光钟中的应用. 物理学报, 2012, 61(17): 173201. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.173201
    [15] 王心亮, 陈洁, 王叶兵, 高峰, 张首刚, 刘海峰, 常宏. 利用塞曼扫频法实现对减速锶原子束速度分布的直接测量. 物理学报, 2011, 60(10): 103201. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.103201
    [16] 徐志君, 刘夏吟. 光晶格中非相干超冷原子的密度关联效应. 物理学报, 2011, 60(12): 120305. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.120305
    [17] 张科智, 王建军, 刘国荣, 薛具奎. 两组分BECs在光晶格中的隧穿动力学及其周期调制效应. 物理学报, 2010, 59(5): 2952-2961. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.2952
    [18] 周骏, 任海东, 冯亚萍. 强非局域光晶格中空间孤子的脉动传播. 物理学报, 2010, 59(6): 3992-4000. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.3992
    [19] 黄劲松, 陈海峰, 谢征微. 光晶格中双组分偶极玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚体的调制不稳定性. 物理学报, 2008, 57(6): 3435-3439. doi: 10.7498/aps.57.3435
    [20] 徐志君, 程 成, 杨欢耸, 武 强, 熊宏伟. 三维光晶格中玻色凝聚气体基态波函数及干涉演化. 物理学报, 2004, 53(9): 2835-2842. doi: 10.7498/aps.53.2835
计量
  • 文章访问数:  8566
  • PDF下载量:  384
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-06-04
  • 修回日期:  2018-07-10
  • 刊出日期:  2019-08-20

/

返回文章
返回