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112型铁基化合物EuFeAs2的单晶生长与表征

于佳 刘通 赵康 潘伯津 穆青隔 阮彬彬 任治安

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112型铁基化合物EuFeAs2的单晶生长与表征

于佳, 刘通, 赵康, 潘伯津, 穆青隔, 阮彬彬, 任治安

Single crystal growth and characterization of the 112-type iron-pnictide EuFeAs2

Yu Jia, Liu Tong, Zhao Kang, Pan Bo-Jin, Mu Qing-Ge, Ruan Bin-Bin, Ren Zhi-An
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  • 铁基超导体中含有一类特殊的112型结构化合物,其层状结构中含有一层锯齿形的As链构型.本文报道了用CsCl助熔剂法生长新型铁基112型EuFeAs2母体单晶的具体方法,以及对该单晶的结构和物性的详细表征.通过能量色散X射线能谱扫描对单晶样品进行的化学成分分析,以及单晶X射线衍射的结构解析,确定该单晶样品属于EuFeAs2相,结构精修得到EuFeAs2具有空间群为Imm2(No.44)的正交晶体结构,晶格常数分别是a=21.285(9),b=3.9082(10),c=3.9752(9).通过低温电阻测量,发现在110 K附近和46 K附近存在两个异常电阻跳变.进一步分析表明,110 K附近存在两个邻近的相变,这两个相变与铁基母体材料中常见的结构相变和Fe2+的反铁磁相变相符合.结合磁化率测量分析,可知46 K附近的相变属于Eu2+的反铁磁相变.
    The 112-type (Ca, RE)FeAs2 (RE=rare earth) superconductors are very special among the iron-based superconductors for their particular crystal structures with arsenic chain configuration and attractive electronic phase diagram with the coexistence of superconductivity and antiferromagnetism upon carrier doping, while the chemical phases are absent for the low doping level or undoped parent compound. Here we report the single crystal growth method and physical characterizations for the newly discovered Eu 112 type parent compound EuFeAs2. The single crystal of EuFeAs2 is grown by high temperature solution method through using CsCl as the flux under the constant temperature of 800℃ with the molar ratio of the starting materials Eu:Fe:As:CsCl=1:1:4:18. The as-grown crystal is shinyplatelike piece with a typical size of 1 mm1 mm0.2 mm, and quite stable in air. The chemical composition of EuFeAs2 crystal is confirmed by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis at room temperature indicates that EuFeAs2 crystallizes into an orthorhombic crystal structure with the space group Imm2 (No. 44), and the refined lattice parameters are a=21.285(9) , b=3.9082(10) , c=3.9752(9) , which are different from those of the Ca 112 compound, but similar to those of unique zigzag As-As chain configuration presented in the layered crystal structure. Electrical resistivity measurements show three anomalies near 110 K, 98 K, and 46 K. The former two anomalies with relatively high temperature imply that the structural and antiferromagnetic transitions are related to Fe2+ sublattice, which is similar to other iron-based parent compounds. The low temperature anomaly at 46 K is attributed to the antiferromagnetic transition of Eu2+ sublattice, which is also confirmed by the corresponding transition observed in the direct current magnetic susceptibility measurement. The magnetic susceptibility of EuFeAs2 exhibits obvious anisotropy blow 46 K when the magnetic field is parallel or perpendicular to the bc plane, while the exact orientation of the Eu2+ moment needs further studying. The discovery of EuFeAs2 provides a new platform for further studying the unique crystal structure and electronic state phase diagrams in the 112-type iron-based superconducting family, and may shed new light on the correlations between superconductivity and magnetism.
      通信作者: 任治安, renzhian@iphy.ac.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2016YFA0300301)、国家自然科学基金(批准号:11474339,11774402)和中国科学院青年创新促进会优秀会员基金资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Ren Zhi-An, renzhian@iphy.ac.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0300301), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11474339, 11774402), and the Youth Innovation Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
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    Feng C, Ren Z, Xu S, Jiang S, Xu Z A, Cao G, Nowik I, Felner I, Matsubayashi K, Uwatoko Y 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 094426

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    Ballinger J, Wenger L E, Vohra Y K, Sefat A S 2012 J. Appl. Phys. 111 07E106

    [20]

    Sengupta K, Alzamora M, Fontes M B, Sampathkumaran E V, Ramos S M, Hering E N, Saitovitch E M B, Paulose P L, Ranganathan R, Doert T, Jemetio J P F 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 096004

    [21]

    Guguchia Z, Bosma S, Weyeneth S, Shengelaya A, Puzniak R, Bukowski Z, Karpinski J, Keller H 2011 Phys. Rev. B 84 144506

    [22]

    Xiao Y, Su Y, Meven M, Mittal R, Kumar C M N, Chatterji T, Price S, Persson J, Kumar N, Dhar S K, Thamizhavel A, Brueckel T 2009 Phys. Rev. B 80 174424

    [23]

    McGuire M A, Christianson A D, Sefat A S, Sales B C, Lumsden M D, Jin R, Payzant E A, Mandrus D, Luan Y, Keppens V, Varadarajan V, Brill J W, Hermann R P, Sougrati M T, Grandjean F, Long G J 2008 Phys. Rev. B 78 094517

  • [1]

    Kamihara Y, Watanabe T, Hirano M, Hosono H 2008 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130 3296

    [2]

    Chen X, Dai P, Feng D, Xiang T, Zhang F C 2014 Natl. Sci. Rev. 1 371

    [3]

    Chen H, Ren Y, Qiu Y, Bao W, Liu R H, Wu G, Wu T, Xie Y L, Wang X F, Huang Q, Chen X H 2009 EPL 85 17006

    [4]

    Luetkens H, Klauss H H, Kraken M, Litterst F J, Dellmann T, Klingeler R, Hess C, Khasanov R, Amato A, Baines C, Kosmala M, Schumann O J, Braden M, Hamann-Borrero J, Leps N, Kondrat A, Behr G, Werner J, Buchner B 2009 Nat. Mater. 8 305

    [5]

    Zhao J, Huang Q, de la Cruz C, Li S, Lynn J W, Chen Y, Green M A, Chen G F, Li G, Li Z, Luo J L, Wang N L, Dai P 2008 Nat. Mater. 7 953

    [6]

    Yakita H, Ogino H, Okada T, Yamamoto A, Kishio K, Tohei T, Ikuhara Y, Gotoh Y, Fujihisa H, Kataoka K, Eisaki H, Shimoyama J 2014 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136 846

    [7]

    Kawasaki S, Mabuchi T, Maeda S, Adachi T, Mizukami T, Kudo K, Nohara M, Zheng G Q 2015 Phys. Rev. B 92 180508

    [8]

    Li M Y, Liu Z T, Zhou W, Yang H F, Shen D W, Li W, Jiang J, Niu X H, Xie B P, Sun Y, Fan C C, Yao Q, Liu J S, Shi Z X, Xie X M 2015 Phys. Rev. B 91 045112

    [9]

    Rutzinger D, Bartsch C, Doerr M, Rosner H, Neu V, Doert T, Ruck M 2010 J. Solid State Chem. 183 510

    [10]

    Ni N, Allred J M, Chan B C, Cava R J 2011 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 108 E1019

    [11]

    Yu J, Liu T, Pan B J, Ruan B B, Wang X C, Mu Q G, Zhao K, Chen G F, Ren Z A 2017 Sci. Bull. 62 218

    [12]

    Yakita H, Ogino H, Sala A, Okada T, Yamamoto A, Kishio K, Iyo A, Eisaki H, Shimoyama J 2015 Physica C 518 14

    [13]

    Sun L, Guo J, Chen G, Chen X, Dong X, Lu W, Zhang C, Jiang Z, Zou Y, Zhang S, Huang Y, Wu Q, Dai X, Li Y, Liu J, Zhao Z 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 134509

    [14]

    Matsubayashi K, Munakata K, Isobe M, Katayama N, Ohgushi K, Ueda Y, Kawamura N, Mizumaki M, Ishimatsu N, Hedo M, Umehara I, Uwatoko Y 2011 Phys. Rev. B 84 024502

    [15]

    Jiang S, Liu C, Cao H B, Birol T, Allred J M, Tian W, Liu L, Cho K, Krogstad M J, Ma J, Taddei K M, Tanatar M A, Hoesch M, Prozorov R, Rosenkranz S, Uemura Y J, Kotliar G, Ni N 2016 Phys. Rev. B 93 054522

    [16]

    Koo J, Park J, Kook Cho S, Duk Kim K, Park S Y, Hee Jeong Y, Jun Park Y, Yeong Koo T, Hong K P, Lee C H, Kim J Y, Cho B K, Bong Lee K, Kim H J 2010 J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79 114708

    [17]

    Ren Z, Zhu Z, Jiang S, Xu X, Tao Q, Wang C, Feng C, Cao G, Xu Z A 2008 Phys. Rev. B 78 052501

    [18]

    Feng C, Ren Z, Xu S, Jiang S, Xu Z A, Cao G, Nowik I, Felner I, Matsubayashi K, Uwatoko Y 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 094426

    [19]

    Ballinger J, Wenger L E, Vohra Y K, Sefat A S 2012 J. Appl. Phys. 111 07E106

    [20]

    Sengupta K, Alzamora M, Fontes M B, Sampathkumaran E V, Ramos S M, Hering E N, Saitovitch E M B, Paulose P L, Ranganathan R, Doert T, Jemetio J P F 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 096004

    [21]

    Guguchia Z, Bosma S, Weyeneth S, Shengelaya A, Puzniak R, Bukowski Z, Karpinski J, Keller H 2011 Phys. Rev. B 84 144506

    [22]

    Xiao Y, Su Y, Meven M, Mittal R, Kumar C M N, Chatterji T, Price S, Persson J, Kumar N, Dhar S K, Thamizhavel A, Brueckel T 2009 Phys. Rev. B 80 174424

    [23]

    McGuire M A, Christianson A D, Sefat A S, Sales B C, Lumsden M D, Jin R, Payzant E A, Mandrus D, Luan Y, Keppens V, Varadarajan V, Brill J W, Hermann R P, Sougrati M T, Grandjean F, Long G J 2008 Phys. Rev. B 78 094517

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  • 收稿日期:  2018-07-20
  • 修回日期:  2018-08-10
  • 刊出日期:  2019-10-20

112型铁基化合物EuFeAs2的单晶生长与表征

  • 1. 中国科学院物理研究所, 北京凝聚态物理国家研究中心, 北京 100190;
  • 2. 中国科学院大学物理科学学院, 北京 100049;
  • 3. 量子物质科学协同创新中心, 北京 100190
  • 通信作者: 任治安, renzhian@iphy.ac.cn
    基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2016YFA0300301)、国家自然科学基金(批准号:11474339,11774402)和中国科学院青年创新促进会优秀会员基金资助的课题.

摘要: 铁基超导体中含有一类特殊的112型结构化合物,其层状结构中含有一层锯齿形的As链构型.本文报道了用CsCl助熔剂法生长新型铁基112型EuFeAs2母体单晶的具体方法,以及对该单晶的结构和物性的详细表征.通过能量色散X射线能谱扫描对单晶样品进行的化学成分分析,以及单晶X射线衍射的结构解析,确定该单晶样品属于EuFeAs2相,结构精修得到EuFeAs2具有空间群为Imm2(No.44)的正交晶体结构,晶格常数分别是a=21.285(9),b=3.9082(10),c=3.9752(9).通过低温电阻测量,发现在110 K附近和46 K附近存在两个异常电阻跳变.进一步分析表明,110 K附近存在两个邻近的相变,这两个相变与铁基母体材料中常见的结构相变和Fe2+的反铁磁相变相符合.结合磁化率测量分析,可知46 K附近的相变属于Eu2+的反铁磁相变.

English Abstract

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