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铁基超导中拓扑量子态研究进展

郝宁 胡江平

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铁基超导中拓扑量子态研究进展

郝宁, 胡江平

Research progress of topological quantum states in iron-based superconductor

Hao Ning, Hu Jiang-Ping
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  • 铁基超导体和拓扑量子材料是近年来凝聚态物理两个重要的前沿研究方向.铁基超导体中是否能衍生出非平庸的拓扑现象是一个非常有意义的问题.本文从晶体对称性、布里渊区高对称点附近的有效模型以及自旋轨道耦合相互作用三个方面具体分析了铁基超导的电子结构的基本特点.在此基础上,重点阐述铁基超导的正常态、临近超导的长程有序态以及超导态中非平庸的拓扑量子态是如何衍生的;具体介绍了相关的理论模型以及结果,回顾了相关的实验进展,展望了该领域的发展前景.
    Iron-based superconductors and topological quantum states have been two important research frontiers in condensed matter physics in recent years. It is a very significant question whether the nontrivial topological phenomena can occur in iron-based superconductors. In this paper, the basic characteristics of the electronic structure of iron-based superconducting are analyzed from three aspects:crystal symmetry, effective model near the high symmetry points in Brillouin zone, and spin-orbit coupling interaction. On this basis, this paper focuses on how the nontrivial topological quantum states occur in the normal state, the states with long-range order near superconducting state and the superconducting state. Furthermore, the relevant theoretical models and results are introduced in detail, the related experimental progress is reviewed, and the development in this field is prospected.
      通信作者: 郝宁, haon@hmfl.ac.cn;jphu@iphy.ac.cn ; 胡江平, haon@hmfl.ac.cn;jphu@iphy.ac.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点研究发展计划(批准号:2015CB921300,2017YFA0303100,2017YFA0303201)、国家自然科学基金(批准号:11674331,11334012)、中国科学院百人计划基金和中国科学院先导项目(批准号:XDB07000000)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Hao Ning, haon@hmfl.ac.cn;jphu@iphy.ac.cn ; Hu Jiang-Ping, haon@hmfl.ac.cn;jphu@iphy.ac.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Plan of China (Grant Nos. 2015CB921300, 2017YFA0303100, 2017YFA0303201), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11674331, 11334012), the 100 Talents Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDB07000000).
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-07-30
  • 修回日期:  2018-08-21
  • 刊出日期:  2019-10-20

铁基超导中拓扑量子态研究进展

  • 1. 中国科学院强磁场科学中心, 极端条件凝聚态物理安徽省重点实验室, 合肥 230031;
  • 2. 中国科学院物理研究所, 北京凝聚态物理国家研究中心, 北京 100190;
  • 3. 中国科学院大学, 卡弗里理论科学研究所, 北京 100190
  • 通信作者: 郝宁, haon@hmfl.ac.cn;jphu@iphy.ac.cn ; 胡江平, haon@hmfl.ac.cn;jphu@iphy.ac.cn
    基金项目: 国家重点研究发展计划(批准号:2015CB921300,2017YFA0303100,2017YFA0303201)、国家自然科学基金(批准号:11674331,11334012)、中国科学院百人计划基金和中国科学院先导项目(批准号:XDB07000000)资助的课题.

摘要: 铁基超导体和拓扑量子材料是近年来凝聚态物理两个重要的前沿研究方向.铁基超导体中是否能衍生出非平庸的拓扑现象是一个非常有意义的问题.本文从晶体对称性、布里渊区高对称点附近的有效模型以及自旋轨道耦合相互作用三个方面具体分析了铁基超导的电子结构的基本特点.在此基础上,重点阐述铁基超导的正常态、临近超导的长程有序态以及超导态中非平庸的拓扑量子态是如何衍生的;具体介绍了相关的理论模型以及结果,回顾了相关的实验进展,展望了该领域的发展前景.

English Abstract

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