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隔离段激波串流场特征的试验研究进展

易仕和 陈植

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Citation:

隔离段激波串流场特征的试验研究进展

易仕和, 陈植

Review of recent experimental studies of the shock train flow field in the isolator

Yi Shi-He, Chen Zhi
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  • 高超声速推进技术是国际前沿研究, 其中双模态超燃冲压发动机的发展受到极大关注. 作为超燃冲压发动机的重要部件, 隔离段对发动机的性能和高超声速飞行的实现至关重要, 其中所涉及的流动机理问题也极为复杂. 自从高超声速飞行的概念被提出和论证以来, 相关的理论、试验和仿真研究不断取得进展, 但是对其中的机理问题研究仍有待进一步深入. 本文将从试验研究的角度回顾并综述近年来超燃冲压发动机隔离段的研究进展, 结合精细流动测试技术(Nano-tracer Planar Laser Scattering, NPLS)的发展分析了隔离段流场特征, 包括了激波串流场复杂的三维时空结构特点、湍流特性、非线性迟滞运动、不启动流场特征以及激波前缘检测等. 从风洞设备、隔离段设计、测试技术等方面对隔离段的试验研究进行了分类比较和论述, 对今后隔离段试验研究提出了建议.
    Since the concept of hypersonic flight was proposed, progress of the related theory, experiments and simulations has been gained. As an important component of the scramjet engine, the isolator plays a key role in the engine performance and flight success. The flow mechanism it involves is very complicated. In the view point of experimental research, this paper reviews the recent progress of scramjet isolator studies, analyzes the features of the isolator flow based on fine flow diagnosis technique (nano-tracer planar laser scattering, NPLS), including the three-dimensional structures of the shock train flow field, turbulent characteristics, hysteresis motions, unstart flow and shock train leading edge detection. Studies of the isolator flow can be classified and discussed according to the wind tunnel facility, isolator design and measurement techniques. Based on this, suggestions for further research can be proposed.
      通信作者: 陈植, gfkdchenzhi@163.com
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(基金号: 11172326)、湖南省研究生创新项目(基金号: CX2012B002) 和国防技术大学优秀研究生创新项目(基金号: B120103)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Chen Zhi, gfkdchenzhi@163.com
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11172326), the Hunan Provincial Innovation Foundation for Postgraduate, China (Grant No. CX2012B002), and the Innovation Fund Program for Outstanding Postgraduate Students of NUDT, China (Grant No. B120103).
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  • [1]

    Curran E T, Stull F D 1964 USAF Tech. Rep RTD-TDR-63 4097

    [2]

    Curran E T 2001 J. Propul. Power 17 1138

    [3]

    Pratt D T, Heiser W H 1993 AIAA Paper 93 0358

    [4]

    Orton G F, Scuderi L F, Sanger P W, Artus J, Harsha P T, Laruelle G, Shkadov L H 1997 Airbreathing hypersonic aircraft and transatmospheric vehicles AIAA

    [5]

    Dustin M O, Cole G L 1973 NASA TM X 2739

    [6]

    Dustin M O, Cole G L, Neiner G H 1974 NASA TM X 3144

    [7]

    Cole G L, Neiner G H, Crosby M J 1969 NASA TN D 5606

    [8]

    Weber R J, Mackay J S 1958 NSAS TN 4386

    [9]

    Ferria 1968 J. AIRCRAFT 5 3

    [10]

    Walrtup P J, Billig F S 1973 AIAA J. 11 1404

    [11]

    Walrtup P J, Billig F S 1973 AIAA J. 11 1404

    [12]

    Le J L, Hu Y L, Liu L 2000 Experiments and Measurements in Fluid Mechanics 14 1 乐嘉陵, 胡欲立, 刘陵 2000 流体力学实验与测量 14 1

    [13]

    Pan Y, Liu W D, Wang Z G 2007 AIAA Paper 2007 5387

    [14]

    Li D P 2006 Ph. D. Dissertation (Changsha: National University of Defense Technology) (in Chinese) [李大鹏 2006 国防科学技术大学博士学位论文 (长沙:国防科学技术大学)]

    [15]

    Pan Y, Li D P, Liu W D, Wang Z G 2008 Explosion and Shock Waves 28 293 [潘余, 李大鹏, 刘卫东, 王振国 2008 爆炸与冲击 28 293]

    [16]

    Yi S H, Tian L F, Zhao Y X, He L 2011 Advances in Mechanics 41 379[易仕和, 田立丰, 赵玉新, 何霖 2011 力学进展 41 379]

    [17]

    Quan P C, Yi S H, Wu Y, Zhu Y Z, Chen Z 2013 Acta phys. Sin. 62 084703(in Chinese) [全鹏程, 易仕和, 武宇, 朱杨柱, 陈植 2013 物理学报 62 084703]

    [18]

    Matsuo K, Miyazato Y, Kim H D 1999 Prog Aerosp Sci. 35 33

    [19]

    Carroll B F, Dutton J C 1990 AIAA Paper 90 1455

    [20]

    Sajben M, Donovan J F, Morris M J 1990 J. Propul. Power 8 168

    [21]

    Bement D A, Stevens J R, Thompson M W 1990 26th Joint Propulsion Conference July 16-18, 1990 1 Orlando, FL

    [22]

    Grzona A, Olivier H 2011 Exp Fluids 51 621

    [23]

    Fotia M L, Driscoll J F 2011 AIAA Paper 2011 2222

    [24]

    Valdivia A, Yuceil K B, Wagne J L, Clemens NT, Dolling D S 2014 AIAA J 52 1207

    [25]

    Carroll B F, Dutton J C 1990 J Propul. Power 6 512

    [26]

    Zhao Y X, Yi S H, Tian L F, Cheng Z Y 2009 J. Sci. China Ser.E 52 3425

    [27]

    Le D B, Goyne C P, Krauss R H 2008 J. Propul. Power 24 1050

    [28]

    Fotia M L, Driscoll J F 2012 J. Propul. Power 28 83

    [29]

    Tani K, Kanda T, Akihisa D 2000 AIAA Paper 2000 0620

    [30]

    Tietz S, Chun J, Wolfersdorf J 2006 IAC-06-C4.5.05

    [31]

    Hu J C, Chang J T, Qin B, Wang L, Bao W, Qin J 2014 J. Aerosp. Eng. 04 014064

    [32]

    Hutchins K E, Akella M R, Clemens N T, Donbar J M, Gogineni S 2014 J. Propul. Power published online 18 July 2014

    [33]

    Wagner J L, Yuceil K B, Valdivia A, Clemens N T, Dolling D S 2009 AIAA J. 47 1528

    [34]

    Chang J T, Wang L, Bao W, Yang Q C, Qin J 2014 AIAA J 52 447

    [35]

    Paek R I 2010 Thesis of Department of the AIR Force Air University Air Force Institute of Technology

    [36]

    Bao W, Yang Q C, Chang J T, et al. 2013 J. Propul. Power 29 1224

    [37]

    Geerts J S, Yu K H 2012 AIAA Paper 2012 5891

    [38]

    Tan H J, Sun S 2008 J. Propul. Power 24 245

    [39]

    Carroll B F, Dutton J C 1990 AIAA Paper 90 1455

    [40]

    Matsuo K, Mochizuki H 1993 Fluids and Thermal Engineering 36 222

    [41]

    Li Z, Gao W, Jiang H, et al. 2013 AIAA J. 51 2485

    [42]

    Su W Y, Zhang K Y 2013 J Propul. Power 29 1391

    [43]

    Chang J T, Wang L, Yu D, Bao W 2012 AIAA Paper 2012 4150

    [44]

    Srikant S, Wagner J L, Valdivia A 2010 J. Propul. Power 26 1059

    [45]

    Hutzel J R, Decker D D, Donbar J M 2011 AIAA Paper 2011 2223

    [46]

    Wagner J L, Yuceil K B, Clemens N T 2010 AIAA J 48 1875

    [47]

    Hutchins K E 2011 Thesis Master of Science in engineering The University of Texas at Austin

    [48]

    Rodi P E, Emami S, Trexlert C A 1996 J. Propul. Power 12 486

    [49]

    Ashley J M, Szmuk M, Clemens N T 2014 AIAA Paper 2014 2935

    [50]

    Donbar J M, Linn G J, Srikant S, Akella M R 2010 AIAA Paper 2010 6557

    [51]

    Hutzel J R, Decker D D, Cobbz R G, Kingx P I, Veth M J 2011 AIAA Paper 2011 402

    [52]

    Le D B, Goyne C P, Krauss R H 2008 J. Propul. Power 24 1035

    [53]

    Chang J T, Zheng R S, Wang L, Bao W, Yu D 2014 Acta Astronautica 95 1424

    [54]

    Chang J, Li B, Bao W, Yu D 2012 Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineering. 226 1424

    [55]

    Lin K C, Tam C J, Jackson K, Kennedy P, Behdadnia R 2007 AIAA Paper 2007 5378

    [56]

    Weiss A, Olivier H 2012 Exp Fluids 52 273

    [57]

    Im S, Do H, Cappelli M A 2012 J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45 485202

    [58]

    Rice T 2003 AIAA Paper 2003 7041

    [59]

    Balu G, Gupta S, Srivastava N 2002 AIAA Paper 2002 4134

    [60]

    Reinartz B U, Herrmann C D, Ballmann J 2003 J. Propul. Power 19 870

    [61]

    Cox-Stouffer S K, Hagenmaier M A 2001 AIAA Paper 2001 0519

    [62]

    Chen Z, Yi S H, et al. 2014 Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 52 182

    [63]

    Fischer C, Olivier H 2014 AIAA J 52 757

    [64]

    Tan H J, Sun S, Huang H X 2012 Exp Fluids 53 1647

    [65]

    Tam C J, Hsu K Yu, Hagenmaier M, Raffoul C 2013 J. Propul. Power 29 1382

    [66]

    Valdivia A, Yuceil K B, Wagner J L, Clemens N T, Dolling D S 2009 AIAA Paper 2009 4022

    [67]

    Jang I, Pecnik R, Moin P 2010 Center for Turbulence Research Annual Research Briefs 2010 93

    [68]

    Do H, Im S, Mungal M G, Cappelli M A 2010 J Propul. Power 26 182

    [69]

    Tu Q Y, Segal C 2009 AIAA Paper 2009 4845

    [70]

    Tu Q Y, Segal C 2010 J Propul. Power 26 182

    [71]

    Kanda T, Chinzei N, Kudo K, et al 2004 J Propul. Power 20 760

    [72]

    Chen Z, Yi S H, Wu Y, Quan P C 2014 Journal of National University of Defense Technology 36 30

    [73]

    Denis S R, Brandstetter A, Kau H P 2003 AIAA Paper 2003 7048

    [74]

    Chen Z, Yi S H, Tian L F, He L, Zhu Y Z 2013 Shock Waves 23 299

    [75]

    Chen Z, Yi S H, He L, Tian L F, Zhu Y Z 2012 Chinese Science Bulletin 57 584

    [76]

    He L, Yi S H, Zhao Y X, Tian L F, Chen Z 2011 Chinese Science Bulletin 56 489

    [77]

    Zhao Y X, Yi S H, Tian L F, He L, Cheng Z Y 2010 Chinese Science Bulletin 55 2004

    [78]

    Tian L F, Yi S H, Zhao Y X, He L, Cheng Z Y 2009 Sci China Ser G 52 1357

    [79]

    Chen Z, Yi S H, He L, Zhu Y Z, Ge Y, Wu Y 2011 Chinese Science Bulletin 56 2320

    [80]

    Tian L F, Yi S H, Zhao Y X, He L, Chen Z 2011 Chinese Science Bulletin 56 2320]

    [81]

    Chen Z, Yi S H, Zhu Y Z, He L, Quan P C 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 188301 (in Chinese) [陈植, 易仕和, 朱杨柱, 何霖, 全鹏程 2014 物理学报 63 188301]

    [82]

    Geerts J S, Yu K H 2013 AIAA Paper 2013 3102

    [83]

    Rockwell Jr R D, Goyne C P, Rice B E, Kouchi T, McDaniel J C, Edwards J R 2014 J Propul. Power 30 530

    [84]

    Lindstrom C D, Jackson K R, Williams S, Givens R, Bailey W F, Tam C J, Terry W F 2009 AIAA J. 47 2368

    [85]

    Donbar J M, Brown M S, Linn G J 2012 AIAA Paper 2012 0331

    [86]

    Yi S H, He L, Chen Z, Zhao Y X, Tian L F, Zhu Y Z 2012 ZL201210377745.0(in Chinese) [易仕和, 何霖, 陈植, 赵玉新, 田立丰, 朱杨柱 2012 国家发明专利 ZL 201210377745.0]

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    Yi S H, Tian L F, Zhao Y X, He L, Chen Z 2012 ZL201210189662.9 (in Chinese) [易仕和, 田立丰, 赵玉新, 何霖, 陈植 2012 国家发明专利 ZL 201210189662.9]

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    Yi S H, He L, Chen Z, Zhao Y X, Tian L F 2011 ZL201110260544.8 (in Chinese) [易仕和, 何霖, 陈植 赵玉新, 田立丰 2011 国家发明专利 ZL201110260544.8]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-01-19
  • 修回日期:  2015-06-09
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-05

隔离段激波串流场特征的试验研究进展

  • 1. 国防科技大学航天科学与工程学院, 长沙 410073;
  • 2. 中国空气动力研究与发展中心, 高速空气动力研究所, 绵阳 621000
  • 通信作者: 陈植, gfkdchenzhi@163.com
    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(基金号: 11172326)、湖南省研究生创新项目(基金号: CX2012B002) 和国防技术大学优秀研究生创新项目(基金号: B120103)资助的课题.

摘要: 高超声速推进技术是国际前沿研究, 其中双模态超燃冲压发动机的发展受到极大关注. 作为超燃冲压发动机的重要部件, 隔离段对发动机的性能和高超声速飞行的实现至关重要, 其中所涉及的流动机理问题也极为复杂. 自从高超声速飞行的概念被提出和论证以来, 相关的理论、试验和仿真研究不断取得进展, 但是对其中的机理问题研究仍有待进一步深入. 本文将从试验研究的角度回顾并综述近年来超燃冲压发动机隔离段的研究进展, 结合精细流动测试技术(Nano-tracer Planar Laser Scattering, NPLS)的发展分析了隔离段流场特征, 包括了激波串流场复杂的三维时空结构特点、湍流特性、非线性迟滞运动、不启动流场特征以及激波前缘检测等. 从风洞设备、隔离段设计、测试技术等方面对隔离段的试验研究进行了分类比较和论述, 对今后隔离段试验研究提出了建议.

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