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Z箍缩动态黑腔冲击波辐射图像诊断

蒙世坚 黄展常 甯家敏 胡青元 叶繁 秦义 许泽平 徐荣昆

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Z箍缩动态黑腔冲击波辐射图像诊断

蒙世坚, 黄展常, 甯家敏, 胡青元, 叶繁, 秦义, 许泽平, 徐荣昆

Shock X-ray emission image measurement in Z-pinch dynamic hohlraum

Meng Shi-Jian, Huang Zhan-Chang, Ning Jia-Min, Hu Qing-Yuan, Ye Fan, Qin Yi, Xu Ze-Ping, Xu Rong-Kun
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  • 在聚龙一号装置上开展了单层钨丝阵加载重泡沫的动态黑腔实验, 初步研究了Z 箍缩动态黑腔中冲击波传播和黑腔形成的物理过程. 获得了冲击波辐射环的演化图像, 分析了丝阵等离子体与泡沫的作用过程及动态黑腔内的辐射特性. 测得冲击波的向心传播速度为(14.21.7) cm/s, 冲击波平均宽度为0.8-0.9 mm. 冲击波辐射环的发光强度沿角向分布的标准偏差约为10%, 中心黑腔区的标准偏差约为4.2%.
    Owing to high efficiency for delivering thermal radiation from Z-pinch plasma to an inertial fusion capsule, Z-pinch dynamic hohlraum (ZPDH) is a promising indirect-drive inertial confinement fusion (ICF) approach. ZPDH is created by accelerating an annular tungsten Z-pinch plasma radially inward to an internal low density convertor. The collision launches a radiating shock traveling inward. Radiations emitted from the shock, after being trapped and thermalized by the optically thick tungsten plasma, drive the internal fusion capsule to implode. In our previous experiments, shock propagating process has never been imaged or even never been formed, due to low drive current (about 1.3 MA). In this paper, the ZPDH has a load of single tungsten wire array embedded in a cylindrical 16 mg/cm3 C15H20O6 foam, and the tungsten wire array is explored using JuLong-1 facility (also named PTS facility) driven by current with a peak value of 7-8 MA and rising time of 60-70 ns (from 10% to 90%). Several results are presented for improving the understanding of the physics of the shock propagating and hohlraum forming. For the high optical depth in tungsten plasmas around the foam, radially directly diagnosing hohlraum radiation distribution along axis is impossible. The most convenient way to diagnose the radiation symmetry and the shock evolution is to take the end-on X-ray images. The time-resolved X-ray images of annular radiating shock evolution, which are performed with a 10-frame time-gated X-ray pinhole camera located at 0 with respect to the Z-pinch axis, are obtained for the first time in China. By analyzing the radial X-ray emission power waveform and intensity distribution of end-on radiation image, the process of wire array plasma impacting on the foam convertor and properties of dynamic hohlraum radiation are discussed. The shock emission structures are found to be circular, similar to the results predicted theoretically. The shock velocity which seems to be constant in the whole process of inward propagating is linearly fitted to be (14.21.7) cm/s. The annular width of shock emission is 0.8-0.9 mm, which is inferred from the full width at half maximum of radial lineout of end-on X-ray image at time t=-11.9 ns and the blurring effect of shock velocity. The radiation symmetry is assessed by statistic property of mean intensity of 36 sectors of end-on X-ray image evenly divided by 10. The standard deviation of azimuthal shock emission intensity is 10% while that of hohlraum region prior to shock impact is 4.2%. The azimuthal symmetry improvement from shock emission to hohlraum radiation is a piece of exciting news for ZPDH driven ICF.
      通信作者: 蒙世坚, mengsj04@163.com
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11135007, 11305154)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Meng Shi-Jian, mengsj04@163.com
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11135007, 11305154).
    [1]

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    [2]

    Nash T J, Derzon M S, Chandler G A, Leeper R, Fehl D, Lash J, Ruiz C, Cooper G, Seaman J F, McGurn J, Lazier S, Torres J, Jobe D, Gilliland T, Hurst M, Mock R, Ryan P, Nielsen D, Armijo J, McKenney J, Hawn R, Hebron D, MacFarlane J J, Petersen D, Bowers R, Matuska W, Ryutov D D 1999 Phys. Plasmas 6 2023

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    Slutz S A, Bailey J E, Chandler G A, Bennett G R, Cooper G, Lash J S, Lazier S, Lake P, Lemke R W, Mehlhorn T A, Nash T J, Nielson D S, McGurn J, Moore T C, Ruiz C L, Schroen D G, Torres J, Varnum W, Vesey R A 2003 Phys. Plasmas 10 1875

    [4]

    Bailey J E, Chandler G A, Slutz S A, Bennett G R, Cooper G, Lash J S, Lazier S, Lemke R, Nash T J, Nielsen D S, Moore T C, Ruiz C L, Schroen D G, Smelser R, Torres J, Vesey R A 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 095004

    [5]

    Bailey J E, Chandler G A, Mancini R C, Slutz S A, Rochau G A, Bump M, Buris-Mog T J, Cooper G, Dunham G, Golovkin I, Kilkenny J D, Lake P W, Leeper R J, Lemke R, MacFarlane J J, Mehlhorn T A, Moore T C, Nash T J, Nikroo A, Nielsen D S, Peterson K L, Ruiz C L, Schroen D G, Steinman D, Varnum W 2006 Phys. Plasmas 13 056301

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    Sanford T W L, Nash T J, Mock R C, Apruzese J P, Peterson D L 2006 Phys. Plasmas 13 012701

    [7]

    Rochau G A, Bailey J E, Maron Y, Chandler G A, Dunham G S, Fisher D V, Fisher V I, Lemke R W, MacFarlane J J, Peterson K J, Schroen D G, Slutz S A, Stambulchik E 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 125004

    [8]

    Slutz S A, Peterson K J, Vesey R A, Lemke R W, Bailey J E, Varnum W, Ruiz C L, Cooper G W, Chandler G A, Rochau G A, Mehlhorn T A 2006 Phys. Plasmas 13 102701

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    Chen F X, Feng J H, Li L B, Yang J L, Zhou L, Xu R K, Xu Z P 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 045204 (in Chinese) [陈法新, 冯璟华, 李林波, 杨建伦, 周林, 徐荣昆, 许泽平 2013 物理学报 62 045204]

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    Jiang S Q, Ning J M, Chen F X, Ye F, Xue F B, Li L B, Yang J L, Chen J C, Zhou L, Qin Y, Li Z H, Xu R K, Xu Z P 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 155203 (in Chinese) [蒋树庆, 甯家敏, 陈法新, 叶繁, 薛飞彪, 李林波, 杨建伦, 陈进川, 周林, 秦义, 李正宏, 徐荣昆, 许泽平 2013 物理学报 62 155203]

    [11]

    Xiao D L, Ding N, Ye F, Ning J M, Hu Q Y, Chen F X, Qin Y, Xu R K, Li Z H, Sun S K 2014 Phys. Plasmas 21 042704

    [12]

    Xiao D L, Sun S K, Zhao X K, Ding N, Wu J M, Dai Z H, Yin L, Zhang Y, Xue C 2015 Phys. Plasmas 22 052709

    [13]

    Dan J K, Ren X D, Huang X B, Zhang S Q, Zhou S T, Duan S C, Ou Y K, Cai H C, Wei B, Ji C, He A, Xia M H, Feng S P, Wang M, Xie W P 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 245201 (in Chinese) [但加坤, 任晓东, 黄显宾, 张思群, 周少彤, 段书超, 欧阳凯, 蔡红春, 卫兵, 计策, 何安, 夏明鹤, 丰树平, 王勐, 谢卫平 2013 物理学报 62 245201]

  • [1]

    Leaper R J, Alberts T E, Asay J R, Baca P M, Baker K L, Breeze S P, Chandler G A, Cook D L, Cooper G W, Deeney C, Derzon M S, Douglas M R, Fehl D L, Gilliland T, Hebron D E, Hurst M J, Jobe D O, Kellogg J W, Lash J S, Lazier S E, Matzen M K, McDaniel D H, McGurn J S, Mehlhorn T A, Moats A R, Mock R C, Muron D J, Nash T J, Olson R E, Porter J L, Quintenz J P, Reyes P V, Ruggles L E, Ruiz C L, Sanford T W L, Schmidlapp F A, Seamen J F, Spielman R B, Stark M A, Struve K W, Stygar W A, Tibbetts-Russell D R, Torres J A, Vargas T, Wagoner T C, Wakefield C, Hammer J H, Ryutov D D, Tabak M, Wilks S C, Bowers R L, McLenithan K D, Peterson D L 1999 Nucl. Fusion 39 1283

    [2]

    Nash T J, Derzon M S, Chandler G A, Leeper R, Fehl D, Lash J, Ruiz C, Cooper G, Seaman J F, McGurn J, Lazier S, Torres J, Jobe D, Gilliland T, Hurst M, Mock R, Ryan P, Nielsen D, Armijo J, McKenney J, Hawn R, Hebron D, MacFarlane J J, Petersen D, Bowers R, Matuska W, Ryutov D D 1999 Phys. Plasmas 6 2023

    [3]

    Slutz S A, Bailey J E, Chandler G A, Bennett G R, Cooper G, Lash J S, Lazier S, Lake P, Lemke R W, Mehlhorn T A, Nash T J, Nielson D S, McGurn J, Moore T C, Ruiz C L, Schroen D G, Torres J, Varnum W, Vesey R A 2003 Phys. Plasmas 10 1875

    [4]

    Bailey J E, Chandler G A, Slutz S A, Bennett G R, Cooper G, Lash J S, Lazier S, Lemke R, Nash T J, Nielsen D S, Moore T C, Ruiz C L, Schroen D G, Smelser R, Torres J, Vesey R A 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 095004

    [5]

    Bailey J E, Chandler G A, Mancini R C, Slutz S A, Rochau G A, Bump M, Buris-Mog T J, Cooper G, Dunham G, Golovkin I, Kilkenny J D, Lake P W, Leeper R J, Lemke R, MacFarlane J J, Mehlhorn T A, Moore T C, Nash T J, Nikroo A, Nielsen D S, Peterson K L, Ruiz C L, Schroen D G, Steinman D, Varnum W 2006 Phys. Plasmas 13 056301

    [6]

    Sanford T W L, Nash T J, Mock R C, Apruzese J P, Peterson D L 2006 Phys. Plasmas 13 012701

    [7]

    Rochau G A, Bailey J E, Maron Y, Chandler G A, Dunham G S, Fisher D V, Fisher V I, Lemke R W, MacFarlane J J, Peterson K J, Schroen D G, Slutz S A, Stambulchik E 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 125004

    [8]

    Slutz S A, Peterson K J, Vesey R A, Lemke R W, Bailey J E, Varnum W, Ruiz C L, Cooper G W, Chandler G A, Rochau G A, Mehlhorn T A 2006 Phys. Plasmas 13 102701

    [9]

    Chen F X, Feng J H, Li L B, Yang J L, Zhou L, Xu R K, Xu Z P 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 045204 (in Chinese) [陈法新, 冯璟华, 李林波, 杨建伦, 周林, 徐荣昆, 许泽平 2013 物理学报 62 045204]

    [10]

    Jiang S Q, Ning J M, Chen F X, Ye F, Xue F B, Li L B, Yang J L, Chen J C, Zhou L, Qin Y, Li Z H, Xu R K, Xu Z P 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 155203 (in Chinese) [蒋树庆, 甯家敏, 陈法新, 叶繁, 薛飞彪, 李林波, 杨建伦, 陈进川, 周林, 秦义, 李正宏, 徐荣昆, 许泽平 2013 物理学报 62 155203]

    [11]

    Xiao D L, Ding N, Ye F, Ning J M, Hu Q Y, Chen F X, Qin Y, Xu R K, Li Z H, Sun S K 2014 Phys. Plasmas 21 042704

    [12]

    Xiao D L, Sun S K, Zhao X K, Ding N, Wu J M, Dai Z H, Yin L, Zhang Y, Xue C 2015 Phys. Plasmas 22 052709

    [13]

    Dan J K, Ren X D, Huang X B, Zhang S Q, Zhou S T, Duan S C, Ou Y K, Cai H C, Wei B, Ji C, He A, Xia M H, Feng S P, Wang M, Xie W P 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 245201 (in Chinese) [但加坤, 任晓东, 黄显宾, 张思群, 周少彤, 段书超, 欧阳凯, 蔡红春, 卫兵, 计策, 何安, 夏明鹤, 丰树平, 王勐, 谢卫平 2013 物理学报 62 245201]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-12-08
  • 修回日期:  2016-01-12
  • 刊出日期:  2016-04-05

Z箍缩动态黑腔冲击波辐射图像诊断

  • 1. 中国工程物理研究院核物理与化学研究所, 绵阳 621900
  • 通信作者: 蒙世坚, mengsj04@163.com
    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11135007, 11305154)资助的课题.

摘要: 在聚龙一号装置上开展了单层钨丝阵加载重泡沫的动态黑腔实验, 初步研究了Z 箍缩动态黑腔中冲击波传播和黑腔形成的物理过程. 获得了冲击波辐射环的演化图像, 分析了丝阵等离子体与泡沫的作用过程及动态黑腔内的辐射特性. 测得冲击波的向心传播速度为(14.21.7) cm/s, 冲击波平均宽度为0.8-0.9 mm. 冲击波辐射环的发光强度沿角向分布的标准偏差约为10%, 中心黑腔区的标准偏差约为4.2%.

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