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锗在吸收边附近的压力-折射率系数

史文俊 易迎彦 黎敏

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锗在吸收边附近的压力-折射率系数

史文俊, 易迎彦, 黎敏

Pressure dependence of refractive index of Ge near the absorption edge

Shi Wen-Jun, Yi Ying-Yan, Li Min
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  • 目前半导体锗在吸收边附近(1550 nm)的压力-折射率系数在实验和理论上并未研究清楚. 本文通过测量在不同压力下镀在光纤端面的高结晶度锗薄膜的反射率,来计算得到锗在吸收边附近的压力-折射率系数. 本文的实验结果显示,锗在吸收边附近出现反常色散现象,即折射率随能量变化呈正相关,并且其压力-折射率系数出现反常,为正值,这是由于多晶结构中的激子吸收所引起. 通过引入描述激子色散的临界点模型,得到锗在吸收边附近的反常色散范围和压力-折射率系数呈正值的范围. 本文的结果将有助于基于锗薄膜的通信C波段光学器件的研究.
    Pressure-dependent refractive index of semiconductor germanium (Ge) near the absorption edge has not been well studied theoretically and experimentally to date. In this paper, we present a pressure-dependent refractive index of Ge film near its absorption threshold (about 1550 nm), deduced from the reflectivity of high crystalline Ge film coated on a fiber end. The thin Ge layer is deposited on one end of an optical fiber by using an E-beam evaporation machine equipped with a substrate heater of a quartz halogen lamp. In order to obtain high crystalline film, the quartz halogen lamp heater provides a constant substrate temperature of 450 ℃ during film deposition. After the film forming, the sample is transferred into a muffle furnace with a nitrogen atmosphere and annealed at 600 ℃ for 20 h to guarantee the formation of higher crystalline film. The process of light propagating through the optical fiber and reflecting from the Ge thin-film involves multi-beam interference. An abnormal dispersion is observed in the refractive index spectra of the polycrystalline Ge near the absorption edge. A comparison shows that the refractive index spectrum of the amorphous Ge is normal dispersion. Unlike previously reported results that the pressure-dependent refractive index had a negative value, in our experiment it is observed to be a positive value near the absorption edge. To better understand this phenomenon, we use a critical point model including the pressure effect to successfully fit the experimental data. We obtain an abnormal dispersion range of 1505-1585 nm and a range of negative value of pressure-dependent refractive index of 1500-1580 nm from the critical point model. In this paper, we adopt the method of high crystalline Ge film coated on a fiber end. This method has the advantages of small volume, high precision and strong stability, which can be used to measure the optical properties of many thin film materials under the different conditions (temperature, electric field or magnetic field, etc.). In this work, we obtain the refractive index of the Ge film and its pressure dependence near the C-band of the optical fiber communication, and these results are conducive to optimized design of the Ge-based optical systems near the C-band of the optical fiber communication.
      通信作者: 黎敏, Junewen_sean@163.com
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:61177076)和中央高校基本科研业务费(批准号:WUT2016IA009)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Li Min, Junewen_sean@163.com
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61177076) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (Grant No. WUT2016IA009).
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    Frey B J, Leviton D B, Madison T J 2006 Proc. SPIE 69 1235

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    Sorianello V, Perna A, Colace L 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 111115

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    Goi A R, Syassen K, Cardona M 1989 Phys. Rev. B 39 12921

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    Palik E D 1985 Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (New York: Academic Press) pp465-478

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    Goi A R, Syassen K, Cardona M 1989 Phys. Rev. B 39 12921

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-05-05
  • 修回日期:  2016-06-01
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-05

锗在吸收边附近的压力-折射率系数

    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:61177076)和中央高校基本科研业务费(批准号:WUT2016IA009)资助的课题.

摘要: 目前半导体锗在吸收边附近(1550 nm)的压力-折射率系数在实验和理论上并未研究清楚. 本文通过测量在不同压力下镀在光纤端面的高结晶度锗薄膜的反射率,来计算得到锗在吸收边附近的压力-折射率系数. 本文的实验结果显示,锗在吸收边附近出现反常色散现象,即折射率随能量变化呈正相关,并且其压力-折射率系数出现反常,为正值,这是由于多晶结构中的激子吸收所引起. 通过引入描述激子色散的临界点模型,得到锗在吸收边附近的反常色散范围和压力-折射率系数呈正值的范围. 本文的结果将有助于基于锗薄膜的通信C波段光学器件的研究.

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