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交叉口混合交通流元胞自动机模型及仿真研究

张兴强 汪滢 胡庆华

引用本文:
Citation:

交叉口混合交通流元胞自动机模型及仿真研究

张兴强, 汪滢, 胡庆华

Research and simulation on cellular automaton model of mixed traffic flow at intersection

Zhang Xing-Qiang, Wang Ying, Hu Qing-Hua
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  • 本文以右转机动车和直行自行车为对象研究交叉口混合交通流特性. 基于交叉口机非干扰特性,将机动车元胞模型和自行车元胞模型进行了耦合,建立了考虑自行车穿越机动车延时、机动车穿越自行车间隙和冲突区占据处置等规则的交叉口混合交通流元胞自动机模型(NS-BCA). 对右转机动车与直行自行车混合交通流进行了仿真,从流量-车辆到达率关系、交通流相位相变、交通流相位-到达率-混合交通流状态等方面研究了交叉口混合交通流的机非干扰机理.
    In this paper, right-turning vehicle and straight-going bicycle are regarded as the objects for studying the mixed traffic flow characteristics at the intersection. Based on vehicle-bicycle interference characteristics, and the coupling between the vehicle cellular automaton model and the bicycle cellular automaton model, a kind of cellular automaton model (NS-BCA) is presented to analyze the mixed traffic flow of intersection, in which the delay rules of bicycle through vehicle, the gap rules of vehicle through bicycle, and the disposal rules of the occupied conflict zone are taken into consideration. The mixed traffic flow of the right-turning vehicle and the straight-going bicycle is simulated, and the vehicle-non vehicle interference mechanism in mixed traffic flow at the intersection is investigated according to the relationship between traffic volume and arriving rate, transformation of traffic flow phases, the relationship among traffic flow phase, arriving rate and state of mixed traffic flow.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:61104163)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61104163).
    [1]

    Hossain M, McDonald M 1998 Environ. and Urban Systems 22(5) 89

    [2]

    Jiang R, Jia B, Wu Q S 2004 Phys. A 37 2063

    [3]

    Meng J P, Dai S Q, Dong L Y, Zhang J F 2007 Physics A 38 0470

    [4]

    Li X G, Gao Z X, Jia B, Zhao X M 2009 International Journal of Modern Physics. 20 209

    [5]

    Xiao R J, Kong L J, Liu M R 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 740 (in Chinese) [肖瑞杰, 孔令江, 刘慕仁 2007 物理学报 56 740]

    [6]

    Tian H H, Xue Y, Kang S J, Liang Y J 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 4506 (in Chinese) [田欢欢, 薛郁, 康三军, 梁玉娟 2009 物理学报 58 4506]

    [7]

    Wen J, Tian H H, Kang S J, Xue Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 7693 (in Chinese) [温坚, 田欢欢, 康三军, 薛郁 2010 物理学报 59 7693]

    [8]

    Zhang X Q, Chen P, Wang Zh 2012 Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology 21 196

    [9]

    Qiang Y S, Shi P J, Zeng Q, Ma C X, Lin F, Sun P, Yin X T 2009 Chinese Physics B 18 4037

    [10]

    Jia B, Gao Z Y, Li K P, Li X G 2007 Models and simulations of traffic system based on the theory of cellular automaton (Beijing: Science Press) (in Chinese) [贾斌, 高自友, 李克平, 李新刚 2007 基于元胞自动机的交通系统建模与模拟(北京:科学出版社)]

    [11]

    Nishinari K, Takahashi D 1998 Phys. A 31 5439

  • [1]

    Hossain M, McDonald M 1998 Environ. and Urban Systems 22(5) 89

    [2]

    Jiang R, Jia B, Wu Q S 2004 Phys. A 37 2063

    [3]

    Meng J P, Dai S Q, Dong L Y, Zhang J F 2007 Physics A 38 0470

    [4]

    Li X G, Gao Z X, Jia B, Zhao X M 2009 International Journal of Modern Physics. 20 209

    [5]

    Xiao R J, Kong L J, Liu M R 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 740 (in Chinese) [肖瑞杰, 孔令江, 刘慕仁 2007 物理学报 56 740]

    [6]

    Tian H H, Xue Y, Kang S J, Liang Y J 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 4506 (in Chinese) [田欢欢, 薛郁, 康三军, 梁玉娟 2009 物理学报 58 4506]

    [7]

    Wen J, Tian H H, Kang S J, Xue Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 7693 (in Chinese) [温坚, 田欢欢, 康三军, 薛郁 2010 物理学报 59 7693]

    [8]

    Zhang X Q, Chen P, Wang Zh 2012 Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology 21 196

    [9]

    Qiang Y S, Shi P J, Zeng Q, Ma C X, Lin F, Sun P, Yin X T 2009 Chinese Physics B 18 4037

    [10]

    Jia B, Gao Z Y, Li K P, Li X G 2007 Models and simulations of traffic system based on the theory of cellular automaton (Beijing: Science Press) (in Chinese) [贾斌, 高自友, 李克平, 李新刚 2007 基于元胞自动机的交通系统建模与模拟(北京:科学出版社)]

    [11]

    Nishinari K, Takahashi D 1998 Phys. A 31 5439

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-07-22
  • 修回日期:  2013-09-23
  • 刊出日期:  2014-01-05

交叉口混合交通流元胞自动机模型及仿真研究

  • 1. 北京交通大学交通运输学院, 城市交通复杂系统理论与技术教育部重点实验室, 北京 100044;
  • 2. 天津经济技术开发区西区办公室, 天津 300462
    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:61104163)资助的课题.

摘要: 本文以右转机动车和直行自行车为对象研究交叉口混合交通流特性. 基于交叉口机非干扰特性,将机动车元胞模型和自行车元胞模型进行了耦合,建立了考虑自行车穿越机动车延时、机动车穿越自行车间隙和冲突区占据处置等规则的交叉口混合交通流元胞自动机模型(NS-BCA). 对右转机动车与直行自行车混合交通流进行了仿真,从流量-车辆到达率关系、交通流相位相变、交通流相位-到达率-混合交通流状态等方面研究了交叉口混合交通流的机非干扰机理.

English Abstract

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