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Coherent X-ray diffraction imaging and its applications in materials science and biology

Fan Jia-Dong Jiang Huai-Dong

Coherent X-ray diffraction imaging and its applications in materials science and biology

Fan Jia-Dong, Jiang Huai-Dong
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  • In site quantitative, high-contrast and high-resolution imaging of micro/nanoscale material is an important goal of the X-ray microscopy and imaging. A novel method which is called lensless imaging or coherent X-ray diffraction imaging, is a promising approach to solving these problems. In this review, a brief introduction to imaging theory and development of coherent X-ray diffraction imaging, and some typical applications in material science and biology are presented. For instance, two-dimensional (2D) imaging of Bi dopant distribution in a Si crystal, quantitative three-dimensional (3D) imaging of a GaN quantum dot with core shell structure, 2D imaging of stained Escherichia coli bacteria, nanoscale imaging and mechanisms of biomineralization of fish bones, 2D high-contrast imaging of an unstained herpes virus, 3D high-resolution imaging of an unstained yeast cell and in situ quantitative analysis are illuminated. Finally, the future prospect of coherent X-ray diffraction imaging is given. With the development of X-ray free electron lasers and combining cryogenic techniques with coherent X-ray diffraction microscopy, coherent diffraction imaging will be a powerful tool and widely used in materials science and biology.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51002089), the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. JQ201117), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20110131110016), the Independent Innovation Foundation of Shandong University, China (Grant No. 2010JQ004) and the Graduate Innovation Foundation of Shandong University, China (Grant No. yyx10104).
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  • Received Date:  19 April 2012
  • Accepted Date:  25 May 2012
  • Published Online:  05 November 2012

Coherent X-ray diffraction imaging and its applications in materials science and biology

  • 1. State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51002089), the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. JQ201117), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20110131110016), the Independent Innovation Foundation of Shandong University, China (Grant No. 2010JQ004) and the Graduate Innovation Foundation of Shandong University, China (Grant No. yyx10104).

Abstract: In site quantitative, high-contrast and high-resolution imaging of micro/nanoscale material is an important goal of the X-ray microscopy and imaging. A novel method which is called lensless imaging or coherent X-ray diffraction imaging, is a promising approach to solving these problems. In this review, a brief introduction to imaging theory and development of coherent X-ray diffraction imaging, and some typical applications in material science and biology are presented. For instance, two-dimensional (2D) imaging of Bi dopant distribution in a Si crystal, quantitative three-dimensional (3D) imaging of a GaN quantum dot with core shell structure, 2D imaging of stained Escherichia coli bacteria, nanoscale imaging and mechanisms of biomineralization of fish bones, 2D high-contrast imaging of an unstained herpes virus, 3D high-resolution imaging of an unstained yeast cell and in situ quantitative analysis are illuminated. Finally, the future prospect of coherent X-ray diffraction imaging is given. With the development of X-ray free electron lasers and combining cryogenic techniques with coherent X-ray diffraction microscopy, coherent diffraction imaging will be a powerful tool and widely used in materials science and biology.

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