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First-principles study on the doped concentration effect on electron lifespan and absorption spectrum of Eu-doping anatase TiO2

Li Cong Hou Qing-Yu Zhang Zhen-Duo Zhang Bing

First-principles study on the doped concentration effect on electron lifespan and absorption spectrum of Eu-doping anatase TiO2

Li Cong, Hou Qing-Yu, Zhang Zhen-Duo, Zhang Bing
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  • Based on first principles within the density-functional theory, we establish three different concentration Eu-doping anatase TiO2 models by using the plane-wave ultrasoft pseudopotential method. We calculate the density of states, the electron density difference, the band structure and the absorption spectrum. The results show that Eu creates an impurity level in the band gap of TiO2 and a redshift in absorption spectrum of anatase TiO2. By comparing the bands of anatase TiO2, with two different Eu-doping concentrations (1.39 at% and 2.08 at%) we find that more Eu atoms make the impurity level deeper, the recombination rate bigger, and the electron lifespan shorter.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (Grant No. 2010MS0801),and the Natural Inner mongolia autonomous region of College of Science and Technology research project, China (Grant No.NJ10073).
    [1]

    Fujishima A, Honda K 1972 Nature 238 37

    [2]

    Sanjinès R, Tang H, Berger H, Gozzo F, Margaritondo G, Lévy F 1994 J. Appl. Phys. 75 2945

    [3]

    Tang H, Prassd K, Sanjine`s R, Schmid PE, Levy F 1994 J. Appl. Phys. 75 2042

    [4]

    Forro L, Chauvet O, Emin D, Zuppiroli L 1994 J. Appl. Phys. 75 633

    [5]

    Keith M G, James R C 1992 Phys. Rev. B 46 1284

    [6]

    Huang C Y, Zhang L C, Li X H 2008 Chinese Journal of Catalysis29 2 (in Chinese) [黄翠英, 张澜萃, 李晓辉 2008 催化学报 29 2]

    [7]

    Setiawati E, Kawano K 2008 Journal of Alloys and Compounds 451 293

    [8]

    Prociow E L, Domaradzki J, Podhorodecki A, Borkowska A, Kaczmarek D, Misiewicz J 2007 Thin solid films 515 6344

    [9]

    Bian L, Song M X, Zhou T L, Zhao X Y, Dai Q Q 2009 Journal of Rare Earths 27 461

    [10]

    Hou Q Y, Zhang Y, Zhang T 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 3155 (in Chinese) [侯清玉, 张跃, 张涛 2008 物理学报 57 3155]

    [11]

    Zhao Z Y, Liu Q J, Zhang J, Zhu Z Q 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 6592 (in Chinese) [赵宗彦, 柳清菊, 张瑾, 朱忠其 2007 物理学报 56 6592]

    [12]

    Hou T H 2006 Ph. D. Dissertation (Chengdu: Sichuan Univer-sity) p51—52 (in Chinese) [侯廷红 2006 博士学位论文 (成都:四川大学) 第51--52页]

    [13]

    Masashi I, Li J G, Norio K, Yusuke M, Hiromi H, Takamasa I 2008 Thin Solid Films 516 6640

    [14]

    Zeng Q G, Ding Z J, Zhang Z M 2007 J. Mater Sci. 42 3778

    [15]

    Ska K Z 2001 J. Thin Solid Films. 391 229

    [16]

    Segall M D, Lindan P J D, Probert M J 2002 J. Phys. Cond. Matt.14 2717

    [17]

    Marlo M 2000 J. Phys. Rev. B 62 2899

    [18]

    Yanfa Y, AL-Jassim M M 2004 Phys. Rev. B 69 085204

    [19]

    Burdett J K, Hughbanks T 1987 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109 3639

    [20]

    Cui X Y, Medvedeva J E, Delley B, Freeman A J, Newman N, Stampfl C 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. E 95 25604

    [21]

    Wu Y C, Chen T S, Jie T, Li G H, Zheng Z X, Zhang L D 2005 Journal of f Unctional Materials Contents 36 124 (in Chinese) [吴玉程, 陈挺松, 解挺, 李广海, 郑治祥, 张立德 2008 功能材料 36 124]

    [22]

    Lu Q, Cheng X L, Yang X D, Fan Y H 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 2684 (in Chinese) [刘强, 程新路, 杨向东, 范勇恒 2009 物理学报 58 2684]

    [23]

    Chen S Y, Ting C C, Wei F 2003 Thin Solid Films 434 171

    [24]

    Perdew J P, Mel L 1983 Phys.Rev. Lett. 51 1884

    [25]

    Huang K, Han R Q 1988 Solid Physics 338 (in Chinese) [黄昆著、韩汝琦改编 1988 固体物理学 3第38页]

    [26]

    Zhang F C, Deng Z H, Yan J F, Yun J N, Zhang Z Y 2005 Electronic Components & Materials 24 4 (in Chinese) [张富春, 邓周虎, 阎军锋, 允江妮, 张志勇 2005 电子元件与材料 24 4]

    [27]

    Xu L, Tang C Q, Qian J 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 2721 (in Chi-nese) [徐凌, 唐超群, 钱俊 2009 物理学报 59 2721]

  • [1]

    Fujishima A, Honda K 1972 Nature 238 37

    [2]

    Sanjinès R, Tang H, Berger H, Gozzo F, Margaritondo G, Lévy F 1994 J. Appl. Phys. 75 2945

    [3]

    Tang H, Prassd K, Sanjine`s R, Schmid PE, Levy F 1994 J. Appl. Phys. 75 2042

    [4]

    Forro L, Chauvet O, Emin D, Zuppiroli L 1994 J. Appl. Phys. 75 633

    [5]

    Keith M G, James R C 1992 Phys. Rev. B 46 1284

    [6]

    Huang C Y, Zhang L C, Li X H 2008 Chinese Journal of Catalysis29 2 (in Chinese) [黄翠英, 张澜萃, 李晓辉 2008 催化学报 29 2]

    [7]

    Setiawati E, Kawano K 2008 Journal of Alloys and Compounds 451 293

    [8]

    Prociow E L, Domaradzki J, Podhorodecki A, Borkowska A, Kaczmarek D, Misiewicz J 2007 Thin solid films 515 6344

    [9]

    Bian L, Song M X, Zhou T L, Zhao X Y, Dai Q Q 2009 Journal of Rare Earths 27 461

    [10]

    Hou Q Y, Zhang Y, Zhang T 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 3155 (in Chinese) [侯清玉, 张跃, 张涛 2008 物理学报 57 3155]

    [11]

    Zhao Z Y, Liu Q J, Zhang J, Zhu Z Q 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 6592 (in Chinese) [赵宗彦, 柳清菊, 张瑾, 朱忠其 2007 物理学报 56 6592]

    [12]

    Hou T H 2006 Ph. D. Dissertation (Chengdu: Sichuan Univer-sity) p51—52 (in Chinese) [侯廷红 2006 博士学位论文 (成都:四川大学) 第51--52页]

    [13]

    Masashi I, Li J G, Norio K, Yusuke M, Hiromi H, Takamasa I 2008 Thin Solid Films 516 6640

    [14]

    Zeng Q G, Ding Z J, Zhang Z M 2007 J. Mater Sci. 42 3778

    [15]

    Ska K Z 2001 J. Thin Solid Films. 391 229

    [16]

    Segall M D, Lindan P J D, Probert M J 2002 J. Phys. Cond. Matt.14 2717

    [17]

    Marlo M 2000 J. Phys. Rev. B 62 2899

    [18]

    Yanfa Y, AL-Jassim M M 2004 Phys. Rev. B 69 085204

    [19]

    Burdett J K, Hughbanks T 1987 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109 3639

    [20]

    Cui X Y, Medvedeva J E, Delley B, Freeman A J, Newman N, Stampfl C 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. E 95 25604

    [21]

    Wu Y C, Chen T S, Jie T, Li G H, Zheng Z X, Zhang L D 2005 Journal of f Unctional Materials Contents 36 124 (in Chinese) [吴玉程, 陈挺松, 解挺, 李广海, 郑治祥, 张立德 2008 功能材料 36 124]

    [22]

    Lu Q, Cheng X L, Yang X D, Fan Y H 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 2684 (in Chinese) [刘强, 程新路, 杨向东, 范勇恒 2009 物理学报 58 2684]

    [23]

    Chen S Y, Ting C C, Wei F 2003 Thin Solid Films 434 171

    [24]

    Perdew J P, Mel L 1983 Phys.Rev. Lett. 51 1884

    [25]

    Huang K, Han R Q 1988 Solid Physics 338 (in Chinese) [黄昆著、韩汝琦改编 1988 固体物理学 3第38页]

    [26]

    Zhang F C, Deng Z H, Yan J F, Yun J N, Zhang Z Y 2005 Electronic Components & Materials 24 4 (in Chinese) [张富春, 邓周虎, 阎军锋, 允江妮, 张志勇 2005 电子元件与材料 24 4]

    [27]

    Xu L, Tang C Q, Qian J 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 2721 (in Chi-nese) [徐凌, 唐超群, 钱俊 2009 物理学报 59 2721]

  • [1] Lan Kang, Du Qian, Kang Li-Sha, Jiang Lu-Jing, Lin Zhen-Yu, Zhang Yan-Hui. The electron transfer properties of an open double quantum dot based on a quantum point contact. Acta Physica Sinica, 2020, 69(4): 1-11. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20191718
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  • Received Date:  24 June 2011
  • Accepted Date:  05 April 2012
  • Published Online:  05 April 2012

First-principles study on the doped concentration effect on electron lifespan and absorption spectrum of Eu-doping anatase TiO2

  • 1. College of Sciences, Inner Mongolia University of Technology, Hohhot 010051, China;
  • 2. Department of Physics, Mudanjiang Normal University, Mudanjiang 157012, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (Grant No. 2010MS0801),and the Natural Inner mongolia autonomous region of College of Science and Technology research project, China (Grant No.NJ10073).

Abstract: Based on first principles within the density-functional theory, we establish three different concentration Eu-doping anatase TiO2 models by using the plane-wave ultrasoft pseudopotential method. We calculate the density of states, the electron density difference, the band structure and the absorption spectrum. The results show that Eu creates an impurity level in the band gap of TiO2 and a redshift in absorption spectrum of anatase TiO2. By comparing the bands of anatase TiO2, with two different Eu-doping concentrations (1.39 at% and 2.08 at%) we find that more Eu atoms make the impurity level deeper, the recombination rate bigger, and the electron lifespan shorter.

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