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Numerical simulation on the early dynamics of barium clouds released in the ionosphere

Hu Yao-Gai Zhao Zheng-Yu Zhang Yuan-Nong

Numerical simulation on the early dynamics of barium clouds released in the ionosphere

Hu Yao-Gai, Zhao Zheng-Yu, Zhang Yuan-Nong
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  • Based on a neutral barium cloud diffusion model, considering the oxidation and ionization loss of barium atoms, the early (t 100 s) evolution characeristics, morphologies, brightnesses and electronic density distributions of barium clouds released in the ionosphere are discussed in this paper. The numerical simulation results are presented for the early dynamics of barium clouds with different released masses (1, 10 kg), different release altitudes (250, 300 km), and different initial shape factors (1, 10).
    • Funds: Project supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2010AA8093202) and the Fundamental Scientific Research Foundation for the Central Universities of China (Grant No. 3103001).
    [1]

    Bernhard P A 1979 J. Geophys. Res. 84 793

    [2]

    Hu Y G, Zhao Z Y, Zhang Y N 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 8293 (in Chinese) [胡耀垓, 赵正予, 张援农 2010 物理学报 59 8293]

    [3]

    Hu Y G, Zhao Z Y, Xiang W, Zhang Y N 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 099402 (in Chinese) [胡耀垓, 赵正予, 项薇, 张援农 2011 物理学报 60 099402]

    [4]

    Lüst R 2002 The Century of Space Science (Volume I) (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers) p179

    [5]

    Bernhardt P A, Roussel-Dupre R A, Pongratz M B 1987 J. Geophys. Res. 92 5777

    [6]

    Bernhardt P A 1992 Phys. Fluid B 4 2249

    [7]

    Delamere P A, Stenbaek-Nielsen H C, Hampton D L, Wescott E M 1996 J. Geophys. Res. 101 17243

    [8]

    Delamere P A, Swift D W, Stenbaek-Nielsen H C 2001 J. Geophys. Res. 106 21289

    [9]

    Gatsonis N A, Hastings D E 1991 J. Geophys. Res. 96 7623

    [10]

    Lüst R 1972 New Sci. 1 154

    [11]

    Ma T Z, Schunk R W 1991 J. Geophys. Res. 96 5793

    [12]

    Ma T Z, Schunk R W 1993 J. Geophys. Res. 98 323

    [13]

    Reasoner D L 1992 J. Spacecraft Rockets 29 580

    [14]

    Schunk R W, Szuszczewicz E P 1988 J. Geophys. Res. 93 12901

    [15]

    Schunk R W, Szuszczewicz E P 1991 J. Geophys. Res. 96 1337

    [16]

    Zalesak S T, Drake J F, Huba J D 1988 Radio Sci. 23 591

    [17]

    Zalesak S T, Drake J F, Huba J D 1990 Geophys. Res. Lett. 17 1597

    [18]

    Bernhardt P A, Swartz W E, Kelly M C, Sulzer M P, Noble S T 1988 Astron. Lett. Commun. 27 183

    [19]

    Xu R L, Wu F, Lin D C 1994 Adv. Space Res. 15 139

    [20]

    Li L, Xu R L 2002 Chin. Phys. Lett. 19 1214

    [21]

    Bilitza D, Reinisch B W 2008 Adv. Space Res. 42 599

    [22]

    Hedin A E 1991 J. Geophys. Res. 96 1159

  • [1]

    Bernhard P A 1979 J. Geophys. Res. 84 793

    [2]

    Hu Y G, Zhao Z Y, Zhang Y N 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 8293 (in Chinese) [胡耀垓, 赵正予, 张援农 2010 物理学报 59 8293]

    [3]

    Hu Y G, Zhao Z Y, Xiang W, Zhang Y N 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 099402 (in Chinese) [胡耀垓, 赵正予, 项薇, 张援农 2011 物理学报 60 099402]

    [4]

    Lüst R 2002 The Century of Space Science (Volume I) (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers) p179

    [5]

    Bernhardt P A, Roussel-Dupre R A, Pongratz M B 1987 J. Geophys. Res. 92 5777

    [6]

    Bernhardt P A 1992 Phys. Fluid B 4 2249

    [7]

    Delamere P A, Stenbaek-Nielsen H C, Hampton D L, Wescott E M 1996 J. Geophys. Res. 101 17243

    [8]

    Delamere P A, Swift D W, Stenbaek-Nielsen H C 2001 J. Geophys. Res. 106 21289

    [9]

    Gatsonis N A, Hastings D E 1991 J. Geophys. Res. 96 7623

    [10]

    Lüst R 1972 New Sci. 1 154

    [11]

    Ma T Z, Schunk R W 1991 J. Geophys. Res. 96 5793

    [12]

    Ma T Z, Schunk R W 1993 J. Geophys. Res. 98 323

    [13]

    Reasoner D L 1992 J. Spacecraft Rockets 29 580

    [14]

    Schunk R W, Szuszczewicz E P 1988 J. Geophys. Res. 93 12901

    [15]

    Schunk R W, Szuszczewicz E P 1991 J. Geophys. Res. 96 1337

    [16]

    Zalesak S T, Drake J F, Huba J D 1988 Radio Sci. 23 591

    [17]

    Zalesak S T, Drake J F, Huba J D 1990 Geophys. Res. Lett. 17 1597

    [18]

    Bernhardt P A, Swartz W E, Kelly M C, Sulzer M P, Noble S T 1988 Astron. Lett. Commun. 27 183

    [19]

    Xu R L, Wu F, Lin D C 1994 Adv. Space Res. 15 139

    [20]

    Li L, Xu R L 2002 Chin. Phys. Lett. 19 1214

    [21]

    Bilitza D, Reinisch B W 2008 Adv. Space Res. 42 599

    [22]

    Hedin A E 1991 J. Geophys. Res. 96 1159

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    [5] Zhang Meng, Yao Ruo-He, Liu Yu-Rong. A channel thermal noise model of nanoscaled metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor. Acta Physica Sinica, 2020, 69(5): 057101. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20191512
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  • Received Date:  16 July 2011
  • Accepted Date:  28 April 2012
  • Published Online:  20 April 2012

Numerical simulation on the early dynamics of barium clouds released in the ionosphere

  • 1. College of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2010AA8093202) and the Fundamental Scientific Research Foundation for the Central Universities of China (Grant No. 3103001).

Abstract: Based on a neutral barium cloud diffusion model, considering the oxidation and ionization loss of barium atoms, the early (t 100 s) evolution characeristics, morphologies, brightnesses and electronic density distributions of barium clouds released in the ionosphere are discussed in this paper. The numerical simulation results are presented for the early dynamics of barium clouds with different released masses (1, 10 kg), different release altitudes (250, 300 km), and different initial shape factors (1, 10).

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