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Atmospheric temperature profiles estimated by the vertical wind speed observed by MST radar

Qing Hai-Yin Zhang Yuan-Nong Zhou Chen Zhao Zheng-Yu Chen Gang

Atmospheric temperature profiles estimated by the vertical wind speed observed by MST radar

Qing Hai-Yin, Zhang Yuan-Nong, Zhou Chen, Zhao Zheng-Yu, Chen Gang
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  • Atmospheric temperature is an important parameter for studying the process of atmospheric dynamics and photochemistry, and is a significant sign of the atmospheric vertical stratification structure. It is a challenge in atmospheric science research to obtain temperature profiles with high space-time resolution all the time. MST (mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere) radar, which is the modern large-scale ground-based radio remote sensing equipment, can measure 3D atmospheric winds with high space-time resolution and unattended 24 hours a day. This paper uses the time series of vertical wind observed by MST radar to make spectral analysis and calculate B-V (Brunt-Väisälä) frequency. Then this paper builds the discrete model of temperature inversion based on the relationship between B-V frequency and temperature. Compared with actual measurement of temperature from radiosondes, the agreement between the radiosonde profile and the profile from MST radar data is quite good. Furthermore, the Richardson number can also be obtained by using the B-V frequency and horizontal winds, which can judge the atmospheric stability, quantize many of the dynamic characteristics, and explain the wave phenomenon. So the acquisition of B-V frequency is MST radar's another outstanding contribution to atmospheric dynamics research. It can accurately calculate the atmospheric temperature profiles and attain dynamic stability parameters.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41204111).
    [1]

    Chen X, Wang X, Wu K, Cheng Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 7327(in Chinese) [陈曦, 王霞, 吴锴, 成永红 2010 物理学报 59 7332]

    [2]

    Bi Y, Liao M, Zhang P, Feng G 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 159301 (in Chinese) [毕研盟, 廖蜜, 张鹏, 马刚 2013 物理学报 62 159301]

    [3]

    Liu X Q, Hu S X, Weng N Q, Li C, Hu H L, Zhang Y C 2006 Journal of Atmospheric and Environmental Optics 1 188 (in Chinese) [刘小勤, 胡顺星, 翁宁泉, 李深, 胡欢陵, 张寅超 2006 大气与环境光学学报 1 188]

    [4]

    Zhao J N, Ai Y, Wang J F 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 129401 (in Chinese) [赵江南, 艾勇, 王敬芳 2013 物理学报 62 129401]

    [5]

    Peng C, Zhang Z Q 2012 Meteorological Monthly 38 1033 (in Chinese) [彭冲, 张祖强 2012 气象 38 1033]

    [6]

    Li W, Xing Y, Ma S Q 2009 Meteorological Monthly 35 97 (in Chinese) [李伟, 邢毅, 马舒庆 2009 气象 35 97]

    [7]

    Bu L, Guo J, Tian L, Huang X, Liu B, Feng Y 2010 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 22 1449 (in Chinese) [卜令兵, 郭劲秋, 田力, 黄兴友, 刘博, 冯永伟 2010 强激光与粒子束 22 1449]

    [8]

    Jiang Y, Sheng Z, Shi H Q 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 039205 (in Chinese) [江宇, 盛峥, 石汉青 2013 物理学报 62 039205]

    [9]

    Xu Z Y, Liu W Q, Liu J G, He J F, Yao L, Ruan J, Chen J Y, Li H, Yuan S, Geng H, Kan R F 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 234204 (in Chinese) [许振宇, 刘文清, 刘建国, 何俊峰, 姚路, 阮俊, 陈玖英, 李晗, 袁松, 耿辉, 阐瑞峰 2012 物理学报 61 234204]

    [10]

    Zhu H C, Zhang C M, Jian X H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 893(in Chinese) [朱化春, 张淳民, 简小华 2010 物理学报 59 898]

    [11]

    Wang M, Hu S X, Fang X 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 5091(in Chinese) [王敏, 胡顺星, 方欣 2009 物理学报 58 5097]

    [12]

    Zhi R, Gong Z Q, Zheng Z H 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 2113(in Chinese) [支蓉, 龚志强, 郑志海 2009 物理学报 58 2120]

    [13]

    Liu D, Wang F, Huang Q X 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 4812(in Chinese) [刘冬, 王飞, 黄群星 2008 物理学报 57 4816]

    [14]

    Han L S, Zhu H L, Zhang C 2013 Chin. Phys. Lett. 30 108501

    [15]

    Rudiger R, Jurgen K, Jurgen R 1986 IEEE T. Geosci. Remote. 24 966

    [16]

    Hocking W K, Kelley M, Rogers R 2001 Radio Sci. 36 1839

    [17]

    Rao P B, Jain A R, Kishore P 1995 Radio Sci. 30 1125

    [18]

    Fukao S, Hashiguchi H, Yamamoto M 2003 Radio Sci. 38 1053

    [19]

    Phillip B, Chilson, Sheila K 1999 Radio Sci. 34 427

    [20]

    Shoichiro F, Toru S, Toshitaka T 1985 Radio Sci. 20 1155

    [21]

    Rttger J, Liu C H, Chao J K 1990 Radio Sci. 25 487

    [22]

    Zhao Z, Chen G, Li C 2011 XXXth URSI Istanbul, Aug. 13~ 20, 2011 p1-4

    [23]

    Wang C 2012 Chinese J. Space Sci. 30 382

    [24]

    Zhao Z, Zhou C, Qing H 2013 Radio Sci. 48 326

    [25]

    Eswaraiah M, Venkat S, Ratnam 2011 J. Geophys Res. 116 D 22117

    [26]

    Chen, Hassen S 2008 Radio Sci. 43 RS 4020

    [27]

    Revathy K, Prabhakaran Nair S R, Krisha Murthy B V 1996 Geoghys. Res. Lett. 23 285

    [28]

    Picone J M, Hedin A E, Drob D P, Aikin A C 2002 J. Geophys Res. 107 A12, SIA-15

    [29]

    Sanjay K, Krishna Murthy B V, Narayana Rao D, Venkat Ratnam M, Parameswaran K, Rajeev K, Suresh Raju C, Kusuma G 2008 J. Geophys Res. 113 D7

    [30]

    Cui X P 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 2304

    [31]

    Li Z L 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 4074

    [32]

    Sasi M N, Krishna Murthy B V, Geetha R, Satheesan K, Parameswaran K, Rajeev K, Sunilkumar S V 2003 Adv. Space Res. 32 813

    [33]

    Ramkumar T K, Niranjan kumar K, Sanjay K 2010 J. Geophys Res. 115 D24

    [34]

    Sunilkumar S V, Parameswaran K 2005 J. Geophys Res. 110 D13

    [35]

    Parameswaran K, Sasi M N, Geetha R, Prabha R, Deepa V, Krishna B V 2000 J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phy. 62 1327

    [36]

    Hocking W K 1997 Radio Sci. 32 6

    [37]

    Zhang S D, Yi fan, Huang C M, Chen Z Y 2008 Ann. Geoghys. 26 2005

    [38]

    Siddarth S D, Ghosh A K, Satheesan K, Jain A R, Uma K N 2010 Radio Sci. 45 4

    [39]

    Bijoy V, Sunilkumar S V, Parameswaran K 2009 J. Geophys Res. 114 D8

    [40]

    Padmavati K, Ramachandran S, Bhavani Kumar Y, Narayana Rao D 2008 J. Geophys Res. 113 D17

    [41]

    Satheesan K, Krishna Murthy B V 2005 J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phy. 67 878

    [42]

    Satheesan K, Krishna Murthy B V 2004 Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 130 599

    [43]

    Parameswaran K, SunilKumar S V, Krishna Murthy B V, Satheesan K 2003 Atmos. Res. 69 29

    [44]

    Satheesan K, Krishna Murthy B V 2002 J. Geophys Res. 107 D1

    [45]

    Kim K, Jung E, Bernard C, Heo B 2001 J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 79 1093

    [46]

    Andreas M, Phillip B, David A, Robert D 2001 Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 127 572

  • [1]

    Chen X, Wang X, Wu K, Cheng Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 7327(in Chinese) [陈曦, 王霞, 吴锴, 成永红 2010 物理学报 59 7332]

    [2]

    Bi Y, Liao M, Zhang P, Feng G 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 159301 (in Chinese) [毕研盟, 廖蜜, 张鹏, 马刚 2013 物理学报 62 159301]

    [3]

    Liu X Q, Hu S X, Weng N Q, Li C, Hu H L, Zhang Y C 2006 Journal of Atmospheric and Environmental Optics 1 188 (in Chinese) [刘小勤, 胡顺星, 翁宁泉, 李深, 胡欢陵, 张寅超 2006 大气与环境光学学报 1 188]

    [4]

    Zhao J N, Ai Y, Wang J F 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 129401 (in Chinese) [赵江南, 艾勇, 王敬芳 2013 物理学报 62 129401]

    [5]

    Peng C, Zhang Z Q 2012 Meteorological Monthly 38 1033 (in Chinese) [彭冲, 张祖强 2012 气象 38 1033]

    [6]

    Li W, Xing Y, Ma S Q 2009 Meteorological Monthly 35 97 (in Chinese) [李伟, 邢毅, 马舒庆 2009 气象 35 97]

    [7]

    Bu L, Guo J, Tian L, Huang X, Liu B, Feng Y 2010 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 22 1449 (in Chinese) [卜令兵, 郭劲秋, 田力, 黄兴友, 刘博, 冯永伟 2010 强激光与粒子束 22 1449]

    [8]

    Jiang Y, Sheng Z, Shi H Q 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 039205 (in Chinese) [江宇, 盛峥, 石汉青 2013 物理学报 62 039205]

    [9]

    Xu Z Y, Liu W Q, Liu J G, He J F, Yao L, Ruan J, Chen J Y, Li H, Yuan S, Geng H, Kan R F 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 234204 (in Chinese) [许振宇, 刘文清, 刘建国, 何俊峰, 姚路, 阮俊, 陈玖英, 李晗, 袁松, 耿辉, 阐瑞峰 2012 物理学报 61 234204]

    [10]

    Zhu H C, Zhang C M, Jian X H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 893(in Chinese) [朱化春, 张淳民, 简小华 2010 物理学报 59 898]

    [11]

    Wang M, Hu S X, Fang X 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 5091(in Chinese) [王敏, 胡顺星, 方欣 2009 物理学报 58 5097]

    [12]

    Zhi R, Gong Z Q, Zheng Z H 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 2113(in Chinese) [支蓉, 龚志强, 郑志海 2009 物理学报 58 2120]

    [13]

    Liu D, Wang F, Huang Q X 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 4812(in Chinese) [刘冬, 王飞, 黄群星 2008 物理学报 57 4816]

    [14]

    Han L S, Zhu H L, Zhang C 2013 Chin. Phys. Lett. 30 108501

    [15]

    Rudiger R, Jurgen K, Jurgen R 1986 IEEE T. Geosci. Remote. 24 966

    [16]

    Hocking W K, Kelley M, Rogers R 2001 Radio Sci. 36 1839

    [17]

    Rao P B, Jain A R, Kishore P 1995 Radio Sci. 30 1125

    [18]

    Fukao S, Hashiguchi H, Yamamoto M 2003 Radio Sci. 38 1053

    [19]

    Phillip B, Chilson, Sheila K 1999 Radio Sci. 34 427

    [20]

    Shoichiro F, Toru S, Toshitaka T 1985 Radio Sci. 20 1155

    [21]

    Rttger J, Liu C H, Chao J K 1990 Radio Sci. 25 487

    [22]

    Zhao Z, Chen G, Li C 2011 XXXth URSI Istanbul, Aug. 13~ 20, 2011 p1-4

    [23]

    Wang C 2012 Chinese J. Space Sci. 30 382

    [24]

    Zhao Z, Zhou C, Qing H 2013 Radio Sci. 48 326

    [25]

    Eswaraiah M, Venkat S, Ratnam 2011 J. Geophys Res. 116 D 22117

    [26]

    Chen, Hassen S 2008 Radio Sci. 43 RS 4020

    [27]

    Revathy K, Prabhakaran Nair S R, Krisha Murthy B V 1996 Geoghys. Res. Lett. 23 285

    [28]

    Picone J M, Hedin A E, Drob D P, Aikin A C 2002 J. Geophys Res. 107 A12, SIA-15

    [29]

    Sanjay K, Krishna Murthy B V, Narayana Rao D, Venkat Ratnam M, Parameswaran K, Rajeev K, Suresh Raju C, Kusuma G 2008 J. Geophys Res. 113 D7

    [30]

    Cui X P 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 2304

    [31]

    Li Z L 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 4074

    [32]

    Sasi M N, Krishna Murthy B V, Geetha R, Satheesan K, Parameswaran K, Rajeev K, Sunilkumar S V 2003 Adv. Space Res. 32 813

    [33]

    Ramkumar T K, Niranjan kumar K, Sanjay K 2010 J. Geophys Res. 115 D24

    [34]

    Sunilkumar S V, Parameswaran K 2005 J. Geophys Res. 110 D13

    [35]

    Parameswaran K, Sasi M N, Geetha R, Prabha R, Deepa V, Krishna B V 2000 J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phy. 62 1327

    [36]

    Hocking W K 1997 Radio Sci. 32 6

    [37]

    Zhang S D, Yi fan, Huang C M, Chen Z Y 2008 Ann. Geoghys. 26 2005

    [38]

    Siddarth S D, Ghosh A K, Satheesan K, Jain A R, Uma K N 2010 Radio Sci. 45 4

    [39]

    Bijoy V, Sunilkumar S V, Parameswaran K 2009 J. Geophys Res. 114 D8

    [40]

    Padmavati K, Ramachandran S, Bhavani Kumar Y, Narayana Rao D 2008 J. Geophys Res. 113 D17

    [41]

    Satheesan K, Krishna Murthy B V 2005 J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phy. 67 878

    [42]

    Satheesan K, Krishna Murthy B V 2004 Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 130 599

    [43]

    Parameswaran K, SunilKumar S V, Krishna Murthy B V, Satheesan K 2003 Atmos. Res. 69 29

    [44]

    Satheesan K, Krishna Murthy B V 2002 J. Geophys Res. 107 D1

    [45]

    Kim K, Jung E, Bernard C, Heo B 2001 J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 79 1093

    [46]

    Andreas M, Phillip B, David A, Robert D 2001 Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 127 572

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  • Received Date:  17 November 2013
  • Accepted Date:  17 December 2013
  • Published Online:  05 May 2014

Atmospheric temperature profiles estimated by the vertical wind speed observed by MST radar

  • 1. School of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41204111).

Abstract: Atmospheric temperature is an important parameter for studying the process of atmospheric dynamics and photochemistry, and is a significant sign of the atmospheric vertical stratification structure. It is a challenge in atmospheric science research to obtain temperature profiles with high space-time resolution all the time. MST (mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere) radar, which is the modern large-scale ground-based radio remote sensing equipment, can measure 3D atmospheric winds with high space-time resolution and unattended 24 hours a day. This paper uses the time series of vertical wind observed by MST radar to make spectral analysis and calculate B-V (Brunt-Väisälä) frequency. Then this paper builds the discrete model of temperature inversion based on the relationship between B-V frequency and temperature. Compared with actual measurement of temperature from radiosondes, the agreement between the radiosonde profile and the profile from MST radar data is quite good. Furthermore, the Richardson number can also be obtained by using the B-V frequency and horizontal winds, which can judge the atmospheric stability, quantize many of the dynamic characteristics, and explain the wave phenomenon. So the acquisition of B-V frequency is MST radar's another outstanding contribution to atmospheric dynamics research. It can accurately calculate the atmospheric temperature profiles and attain dynamic stability parameters.

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