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Optimization exploration of laser ablation propulsion performance of infrared dye doped glycidyl azide polymer

Luo Le-Le Dou Zhi-Guo Ye Ji-Fei

Optimization exploration of laser ablation propulsion performance of infrared dye doped glycidyl azide polymer

Luo Le-Le, Dou Zhi-Guo, Ye Ji-Fei
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  • The energetic polymer glycidyl azide polymer (GAP) is selected as the propellant of laser ablation micro thruster, and the effect of infrared dye doping on the propelling performance of laser ablative GAP is analyzed. By comparing the propulsion performance data with the plumes of infrared dyes doped GAP under different laser intensities, doping concentrations, target thickness and laser ablation modes, the optimization of the propulsion performance of infrared dye doped GAP is explored preliminarily. The experimental results show that the exponential attenuation characteristics of laser energy and the strong viscosity of GAP doped with infrared dye in the transmission mode lead to the existence of incomplete ablative GAP in the plume. The propulsion performances of GAP are influenced by the doping concentration of infrared dye and the thickness of propellant. Only when the target thickness is close to the laser absorption depth, can the mass of incomplete ablation along the direction of laser propagation be the least and can the laser energy be fully absorbed by the propellant to make the central ablation region reach the temperature threshold of the release of chemical energy. At the same time the optimum value of propulsion performance can be achieved. The GAP doped with infrared dyes in which laser ablation process follows the rule of absorbing laser energy first and spraying first is decomposed adequately under the reflection mode and the propelling performance is better than that in the transmission mode.
      Corresponding author: Dou Zhi-Guo, dou-zhiguo@tom.com
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11602304).
    [1]

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    Phipps C R, Luke J R 2003 Beamed Energy Propulsion (New York: AIP Publishing) pp230-239

    [3]

    Hong Y J 2013 J. Acad. Equipment 24 57 (in Chinese) [洪延姬 2003 装备学院学报 24 57]

    [4]

    Ye J F, Hong Y J, Wang G Y, Li N L 2011 Chin. Opt. 4 319 (in Chinese) [叶继飞, 洪延姬, 王广宇, 李南雷 2011 中国光学 4 319]

    [5]

    Phipps C R, Birkan M, Bohn W, Eckel H A, Horisawa H, Lippert T, Michaelis M, Rezunkov Y, Sasoh A, Schall W, Scharring S, Sinko J 2010 J. Propul. Power 26 609

    [6]

    Ye J F, Hong Y J, Wang G Y 2009 J. Propul. Technol. 30 751 (in Chinese) [叶继飞, 洪延姬, 王广宇 2009推进技术30 751]

    [7]

    Wang D K, Hong Y J, Wang G Y 2009 Laser J. 30 1 (in Chinese) [王殿恺, 洪延姬, 王广宇2009 激光杂志 30 1]

    [8]

    Zheng Z Y 2015 Laser Plasma Propulsion Technology (Beijing: Science Press) p31 (in Chinese) [郑志远 2015 激光等离子体推进技术 (北京: 科学出版社) 第31页]

    [9]

    Lippert T, Hauer M, Phipps C R, Wokaun A 2003 Appl. Phys. A 77 259

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    Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C R, Wokaun A 2007 Appl. Surf. Sci. 253 6409

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    Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C R, Wokaun A 2006 Proc. SPIE 6221 626114

    [12]

    Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C R, Wokaun A 2007 Appl. Surf. Sci. 253 7646

    [13]

    Cai J 2007 Ph. D. Dissertation (Heifei: University of Science and Technology of China) (in Chinese) [蔡建 2007 博士学位论文 (合肥: 中国科学技术大学)]

    [14]

    Chen G, Hong Y J, Ye J F 2016 Phys. Experiment 36 5 (in Chinese) [陈庚, 洪延姬, 叶继飞 2016物理实验36 5]

    [15]

    Anoop N A 2015 Ph. D. Dissertation (Cochin: Cochin University of Science Technology)

    [16]

    Tan R, Lin J, Hughes J, Pakhomov A V 2004 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion (Sendai: AIP) p122

    [17]

    Zheng Y J, Gong P, Tan R Q, Tang Z P, Ke C J, Cai J, Wan C Y, Hu X J, Yu Y N, Liu S M, Wu J, Zheng G, Zhou J W, L Y 2005 Chin. J. Laser 32 889 (in Chinese) [郑义军, 龚平, 谭荣清, 唐志平, 柯常军, 蔡建, 万重怡, 胡晓军, 于延宁, 刘世明, 吴瑾, 郑光, 周锦文, 吕岩 2005中国激光32 889]

    [18]

    Fardel R, Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C R, Fitz-Gerald J M, Wokaun A 2009 Appl. Phys. A 94 657

    [19]

    Liu K F 2015 M. S. Thesis (Beijing: Academy of Equipment) (in Chinese) [刘克非 2015 硕士学位论文(北京: 装备学院)

    [20]

    Phipps C R, Luke J R, Mcduff G G, Lippert T 2003 Appl. Phys. A 77 193

    [21]

    Luo L L, Dou Z G, Li N L 2017 Develop. Innovat. Mach. Electr. Products 30 70 (in Chinese) [罗乐乐, 窦志国, 李南雷 2017 机电产品开发与创新 30 70]

    [22]

    Phipps C R, Harrison R F, Shimada T, York G W, Turner T P, Corlis X F, Steele H S, Haynes L C, King T R 1990 Laser Part. Beams 8 281

  • [1]

    Phipps C R, Luke J R, Lippert T, Hauer M, Wokaun A 2004 J. Propul. Power 26 1000

    [2]

    Phipps C R, Luke J R 2003 Beamed Energy Propulsion (New York: AIP Publishing) pp230-239

    [3]

    Hong Y J 2013 J. Acad. Equipment 24 57 (in Chinese) [洪延姬 2003 装备学院学报 24 57]

    [4]

    Ye J F, Hong Y J, Wang G Y, Li N L 2011 Chin. Opt. 4 319 (in Chinese) [叶继飞, 洪延姬, 王广宇, 李南雷 2011 中国光学 4 319]

    [5]

    Phipps C R, Birkan M, Bohn W, Eckel H A, Horisawa H, Lippert T, Michaelis M, Rezunkov Y, Sasoh A, Schall W, Scharring S, Sinko J 2010 J. Propul. Power 26 609

    [6]

    Ye J F, Hong Y J, Wang G Y 2009 J. Propul. Technol. 30 751 (in Chinese) [叶继飞, 洪延姬, 王广宇 2009推进技术30 751]

    [7]

    Wang D K, Hong Y J, Wang G Y 2009 Laser J. 30 1 (in Chinese) [王殿恺, 洪延姬, 王广宇2009 激光杂志 30 1]

    [8]

    Zheng Z Y 2015 Laser Plasma Propulsion Technology (Beijing: Science Press) p31 (in Chinese) [郑志远 2015 激光等离子体推进技术 (北京: 科学出版社) 第31页]

    [9]

    Lippert T, Hauer M, Phipps C R, Wokaun A 2003 Appl. Phys. A 77 259

    [10]

    Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C R, Wokaun A 2007 Appl. Surf. Sci. 253 6409

    [11]

    Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C R, Wokaun A 2006 Proc. SPIE 6221 626114

    [12]

    Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C R, Wokaun A 2007 Appl. Surf. Sci. 253 7646

    [13]

    Cai J 2007 Ph. D. Dissertation (Heifei: University of Science and Technology of China) (in Chinese) [蔡建 2007 博士学位论文 (合肥: 中国科学技术大学)]

    [14]

    Chen G, Hong Y J, Ye J F 2016 Phys. Experiment 36 5 (in Chinese) [陈庚, 洪延姬, 叶继飞 2016物理实验36 5]

    [15]

    Anoop N A 2015 Ph. D. Dissertation (Cochin: Cochin University of Science Technology)

    [16]

    Tan R, Lin J, Hughes J, Pakhomov A V 2004 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion (Sendai: AIP) p122

    [17]

    Zheng Y J, Gong P, Tan R Q, Tang Z P, Ke C J, Cai J, Wan C Y, Hu X J, Yu Y N, Liu S M, Wu J, Zheng G, Zhou J W, L Y 2005 Chin. J. Laser 32 889 (in Chinese) [郑义军, 龚平, 谭荣清, 唐志平, 柯常军, 蔡建, 万重怡, 胡晓军, 于延宁, 刘世明, 吴瑾, 郑光, 周锦文, 吕岩 2005中国激光32 889]

    [18]

    Fardel R, Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C R, Fitz-Gerald J M, Wokaun A 2009 Appl. Phys. A 94 657

    [19]

    Liu K F 2015 M. S. Thesis (Beijing: Academy of Equipment) (in Chinese) [刘克非 2015 硕士学位论文(北京: 装备学院)

    [20]

    Phipps C R, Luke J R, Mcduff G G, Lippert T 2003 Appl. Phys. A 77 193

    [21]

    Luo L L, Dou Z G, Li N L 2017 Develop. Innovat. Mach. Electr. Products 30 70 (in Chinese) [罗乐乐, 窦志国, 李南雷 2017 机电产品开发与创新 30 70]

    [22]

    Phipps C R, Harrison R F, Shimada T, York G W, Turner T P, Corlis X F, Steele H S, Haynes L C, King T R 1990 Laser Part. Beams 8 281

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  • Received Date:  19 March 2018
  • Accepted Date:  14 June 2018
  • Published Online:  20 September 2018

Optimization exploration of laser ablation propulsion performance of infrared dye doped glycidyl azide polymer

    Corresponding author: Dou Zhi-Guo, dou-zhiguo@tom.com
  • 1. State Key Laboratory of Laser Propulsion and Application, Space Engineering University, Beijing 101416, China;
  • 2. Department of Basic Theories, Space Engineering University, Beijing 101416, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11602304).

Abstract: The energetic polymer glycidyl azide polymer (GAP) is selected as the propellant of laser ablation micro thruster, and the effect of infrared dye doping on the propelling performance of laser ablative GAP is analyzed. By comparing the propulsion performance data with the plumes of infrared dyes doped GAP under different laser intensities, doping concentrations, target thickness and laser ablation modes, the optimization of the propulsion performance of infrared dye doped GAP is explored preliminarily. The experimental results show that the exponential attenuation characteristics of laser energy and the strong viscosity of GAP doped with infrared dye in the transmission mode lead to the existence of incomplete ablative GAP in the plume. The propulsion performances of GAP are influenced by the doping concentration of infrared dye and the thickness of propellant. Only when the target thickness is close to the laser absorption depth, can the mass of incomplete ablation along the direction of laser propagation be the least and can the laser energy be fully absorbed by the propellant to make the central ablation region reach the temperature threshold of the release of chemical energy. At the same time the optimum value of propulsion performance can be achieved. The GAP doped with infrared dyes in which laser ablation process follows the rule of absorbing laser energy first and spraying first is decomposed adequately under the reflection mode and the propelling performance is better than that in the transmission mode.

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