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Metalloporphyrin bonded SiO2 organic-inorganic materials and their strong nonlinear refractive index

Wang Dong-Jie Zhang Xiao-He Xia Hai-Ping

Metalloporphyrin bonded SiO2 organic-inorganic materials and their strong nonlinear refractive index

Wang Dong-Jie, Zhang Xiao-He, Xia Hai-Ping
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  • Copper metalloporphyrin was bonded to 3-aminopropltriethoxysilane (NH2(CH2)3Si(OC2H5)3, KH550) by the chemical reaction between the carboxyl group of Cu(Ⅱ) meso-Tertra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphine (Cu(Ⅱ)-TCPP) and amino-group of KH550. The copper metalloporphyrin was connected to gel network after the hydrolysis and condensation of the product. The reaction product of different concentrations was hybridized with 3-glycidoxypropltrimethoxysilane (CH2OCHCH2O(CH2)3Si(OCH3)3, KH560) with sol-gel processing to form sol-gel inorganic material, which has good physical-chemical and optical properties. The cross-linkage of Cu(Ⅱ)-TCPP and KH550 was estimated and confirmed with FT-IR spectroscopy. The state of metalloporphyrin molecules was investiaged by UV/VIS spectra. It was found that the Cu(Ⅱ)-TCPP exists mainly in the state of monomer. Nonlinear optical properties of samples was studied by Z-scan technique using Ti:Sapphire femto-second laser pluses. The nonlinear refractive index n2 reached -1.1161×10-16 m2/W.
    • Funds:
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    Chen H X, Yan M, Sun W B 2002 New Chem. Mater. 30 35 (in Chinese) [陈红祥、 严 煤、 孙文博 2002 化工新型材料 30 35]

    [2]

    Blau W, Byrne H, Dennis W M, Kelly J M 1985 Opt.Commun. 56 25

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    Rao S V, Naga Srinivas N K M, Rao D N, Giribabu L, Maiya B G, Philip R, Kumar G R 2000 Opt. Commun. 182 255

    [4]

    Chen Y M, Wang Y X, Jiang L, Zhang X R, Yang J Y, Li Y L, Song Y L 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 995 (in Chinese) [陈玉明、 王玉晓、 蒋 礼、 张学如、 杨俊义、 李玉良、 宋瑛林 2009 物理学报 58 995]

    [5]

    Zhang B, Liu Z B, Chen S Q, Zhou W Y, Zang W P, Tian J G, Luo D B, Zhu Z A 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 5252 (in Chinese) [张 冰、 刘智波、 陈树琪、 周文远、 臧维平、 田建国、 罗代兵、 朱志昂 2007 物理学报 56 5252]

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    Yang M, Si J H, Wang Y X, Li C F 1995 Acta Phys. Sin. 44 419 (in Chinese) [杨 淼、 司金海、 王玉晓、 李淳飞 1995 物理学报 44 419]

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    Dou K, Sun X D, Wang X J, Parkhill R, Guo Y, Knobbe E T 1999 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35 1004

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    Sinha A K, Bihari B, Mandal B K, Chen L 1995 Macromolecules 28 5681

    [9]

    Xia H P, Pu B Y, Zhang Y P, Zhang J L, Fang J H, Wang C K 2000 Chin. Sci. Bull. 45 1225 (in Chinese) [夏海平、 浦炳 寅、 张约品、 章践立、 房江华、 王存宽 2000 科学通报 45 1225] 〖10] Xia H P, Masayuki N 2000 Opt. Mater. 45 93

    [10]

    Dai S X, Xu T F, Nie Q H, Chen Y F, Chen F F, Shen X, Wang X S, Zhang X H 2007 J. Wuhan. Univ. Technol. 29 25 (in Chinese) [戴世勋、 徐铁峰、 聂秋华、 陈燕飞、 陈飞飞、 沈 祥、 王训四、 章向华 2007 武汉理工大学学报 29 25 ]

    [11]

    Mansoor S B, Said A A, Wei T H, Hagan D J, Stryland E W V 1990 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26 760

    [12]

    Wan Q, Wang T H, Lin C L 2003 Nanotech. 14 L15

    [13]

    Xiao W N, Li R H, Zeng X R, Zhou D J, Zhou J Y 2000 Acta Phys. Sin. 49 1086 (in Chinese) [肖万能、 李润华、 曾学然、 周达君、 周建英 2000 物理学报 49 1086]

    [14]

    Kobayashi T, Kurokawa F, Uyeda N, Suito E 1970 Spectrochim. Acta Part A 26 1305

    [15]

    Cho H S, Rhee H, Song J K, Min C K, Takase M, Aratani N, Cho S, Osuka A, Joo T, Kim D 2003 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125 5850

    [16]

    Nakazaki J, Senshu Y, Segawa H 2005 Poly. 24 2538

    [17]

    Lei H, Huang Z L, Wang H Z 2003 Physics 32 19 (in Chinese) [雷 虹、 黄振立、 汪河洲 2003 物理 32 19]

    [18]

    Gayathri C, Ramalingam A 2007 Spectrochim. Acta Part A 68 578

  • [1]

    Chen H X, Yan M, Sun W B 2002 New Chem. Mater. 30 35 (in Chinese) [陈红祥、 严 煤、 孙文博 2002 化工新型材料 30 35]

    [2]

    Blau W, Byrne H, Dennis W M, Kelly J M 1985 Opt.Commun. 56 25

    [3]

    Rao S V, Naga Srinivas N K M, Rao D N, Giribabu L, Maiya B G, Philip R, Kumar G R 2000 Opt. Commun. 182 255

    [4]

    Chen Y M, Wang Y X, Jiang L, Zhang X R, Yang J Y, Li Y L, Song Y L 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 995 (in Chinese) [陈玉明、 王玉晓、 蒋 礼、 张学如、 杨俊义、 李玉良、 宋瑛林 2009 物理学报 58 995]

    [5]

    Zhang B, Liu Z B, Chen S Q, Zhou W Y, Zang W P, Tian J G, Luo D B, Zhu Z A 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 5252 (in Chinese) [张 冰、 刘智波、 陈树琪、 周文远、 臧维平、 田建国、 罗代兵、 朱志昂 2007 物理学报 56 5252]

    [6]

    Yang M, Si J H, Wang Y X, Li C F 1995 Acta Phys. Sin. 44 419 (in Chinese) [杨 淼、 司金海、 王玉晓、 李淳飞 1995 物理学报 44 419]

    [7]

    Dou K, Sun X D, Wang X J, Parkhill R, Guo Y, Knobbe E T 1999 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35 1004

    [8]

    Sinha A K, Bihari B, Mandal B K, Chen L 1995 Macromolecules 28 5681

    [9]

    Xia H P, Pu B Y, Zhang Y P, Zhang J L, Fang J H, Wang C K 2000 Chin. Sci. Bull. 45 1225 (in Chinese) [夏海平、 浦炳 寅、 张约品、 章践立、 房江华、 王存宽 2000 科学通报 45 1225] 〖10] Xia H P, Masayuki N 2000 Opt. Mater. 45 93

    [10]

    Dai S X, Xu T F, Nie Q H, Chen Y F, Chen F F, Shen X, Wang X S, Zhang X H 2007 J. Wuhan. Univ. Technol. 29 25 (in Chinese) [戴世勋、 徐铁峰、 聂秋华、 陈燕飞、 陈飞飞、 沈 祥、 王训四、 章向华 2007 武汉理工大学学报 29 25 ]

    [11]

    Mansoor S B, Said A A, Wei T H, Hagan D J, Stryland E W V 1990 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26 760

    [12]

    Wan Q, Wang T H, Lin C L 2003 Nanotech. 14 L15

    [13]

    Xiao W N, Li R H, Zeng X R, Zhou D J, Zhou J Y 2000 Acta Phys. Sin. 49 1086 (in Chinese) [肖万能、 李润华、 曾学然、 周达君、 周建英 2000 物理学报 49 1086]

    [14]

    Kobayashi T, Kurokawa F, Uyeda N, Suito E 1970 Spectrochim. Acta Part A 26 1305

    [15]

    Cho H S, Rhee H, Song J K, Min C K, Takase M, Aratani N, Cho S, Osuka A, Joo T, Kim D 2003 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125 5850

    [16]

    Nakazaki J, Senshu Y, Segawa H 2005 Poly. 24 2538

    [17]

    Lei H, Huang Z L, Wang H Z 2003 Physics 32 19 (in Chinese) [雷 虹、 黄振立、 汪河洲 2003 物理 32 19]

    [18]

    Gayathri C, Ramalingam A 2007 Spectrochim. Acta Part A 68 578

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  • Received Date:  24 March 2010
  • Accepted Date:  04 May 2010
  • Published Online:  15 February 2011

Metalloporphyrin bonded SiO2 organic-inorganic materials and their strong nonlinear refractive index

  • 1. (1)Faculty of Materials Science and Chemica Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China; (2)Key Laboratory of Photo-Electronic Functional Materials, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China

Abstract: Copper metalloporphyrin was bonded to 3-aminopropltriethoxysilane (NH2(CH2)3Si(OC2H5)3, KH550) by the chemical reaction between the carboxyl group of Cu(Ⅱ) meso-Tertra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphine (Cu(Ⅱ)-TCPP) and amino-group of KH550. The copper metalloporphyrin was connected to gel network after the hydrolysis and condensation of the product. The reaction product of different concentrations was hybridized with 3-glycidoxypropltrimethoxysilane (CH2OCHCH2O(CH2)3Si(OCH3)3, KH560) with sol-gel processing to form sol-gel inorganic material, which has good physical-chemical and optical properties. The cross-linkage of Cu(Ⅱ)-TCPP and KH550 was estimated and confirmed with FT-IR spectroscopy. The state of metalloporphyrin molecules was investiaged by UV/VIS spectra. It was found that the Cu(Ⅱ)-TCPP exists mainly in the state of monomer. Nonlinear optical properties of samples was studied by Z-scan technique using Ti:Sapphire femto-second laser pluses. The nonlinear refractive index n2 reached -1.1161×10-16 m2/W.

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