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Broadband low-RCS metamaterial absorber based on electromagnetic resonance separation

Yang Huan-Huan Cao Xiang-Yu Gao Jun Liu Tao Li Si-Jia Zhao Yi Yuan Zi-Dong Zhang Hao

Broadband low-RCS metamaterial absorber based on electromagnetic resonance separation

Yang Huan-Huan, Cao Xiang-Yu, Gao Jun, Liu Tao, Li Si-Jia, Zhao Yi, Yuan Zi-Dong, Zhang Hao
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  • We have designed and fabricated a broadband low radar cross section (RCS) metamaterial absorber with polarization-independent characteristic based on electromagnetic resonance. The absorbing mechanism is investigated by means of electric as well as magnetic field distributions and retrieval algorithm. Absorbing and RCS properties of this absorber are performed by waveguide experiment and free space measurements, respectively. Theoretical analysis indicates that the absorber can produce electric and magnetic resonances in different locations for fixed frequency, while for different frequencies, it can provide energy losses in different dielectric layers, which effectively lowers the electromagnetic couplings and consequently keep the strong absorbing properties in a wide frequency range. Experimental results show that the designed absorber with 3-layer structure achieves a frequency range which is 4.25 times as that of 1-layer absorber with absorptivity above 90%, its relative bandwidth for RCS reduction above 10dB is 5.1%. The cell size and thickness of the designed absorber are very small, i.e., 0.17 and 0.015 of the working wavelength. Thus the low-RCS property of the absorber is wide-angle and polarization-independent. In addition, the working frequency range of the absorber can be adjusted by properly designing the layers.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 60671001, 61271100), the Key Program of Natural Science Basic Research of Shaanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2010JZ010), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2012T50878), and the Natural Science Basic Research of Shanxi Province, China (Grant Nos. SJ08-ZT06, 2012JM8003).
    [1]

    Sievenpiper D, Zhang L J, Broas R F J, Alex’opolous N G, Yablonovitch E 1999 IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47 2059

    [2]

    Pendry J B 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 3966

    [3]

    Schurig D, Mock J J, Justice B J, Cummer S A, Pendry J B, Starr A F, Smith D R 2006 Science 314 977

    [4]

    Li W Q, Cao X Y, Gao J, Liu T, Yao X, Ma J J 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 154102 (in Chinese) [李文强, 曹祥玉, 高军, 刘涛, 姚旭, 马嘉俊 2012 物理学报 61 154102]

    [5]

    Landy N I, Sajuyigbe S, Mock J J, Smith D R, Padilla W J 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 207402

    [6]

    Huang L, Chowdhury D R, Ramani S, Reiten M T, Luo S N, Uaylor A J, Chen H T 2012 Opt. Lett. 37 154

    [7]

    Wang J, Chen Y T, Hao J M, Yan M, Qiu M 2011 J. Appl. Phys. 109 074510

    [8]

    Lin C H, Chern R L, Lin H Y 2011 Opt. Express 19 415

    [9]

    Liu T, Cao X Y, Gao J, Zheng Q Y, Li W Q 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 184101 (in Chinese) [刘涛, 曹祥玉, 高军, 郑秋容, 李文强 2012 物理学报 61 184101]

    [10]

    Yang H H, Cao X Y, Gao J, Liu T, Ma J J, Yao X, Li W Q 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 064103 (in Chinese) [杨欢欢, 曹祥玉, 高军, 刘涛, 马嘉俊, 姚旭, 李文强 2013 物理学报 62 064103]

    [11]

    Li S J, Cao X Y, Gao J, Liu T, Yang H H, Li W Q 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 124101 (in Chinese) [李思佳, 曹祥玉, 高军, 刘涛, 杨欢欢, 李文强 2013 物理学报 62 124101]

    [12]

    Tao H, Landy N I, Bingham C M 2008 Opt. Express 16 7181

    [13]

    Marcus D, Thomas K, Soukoulis C M 2009 Phys. Rev. B 79 033101

    [14]

    Luukkonen O, Filippo C, Agostino M, Sergei A T 2009 IEEE Trans. on Anten. and Propag. 57 3119

    [15]

    Wang B N, Koschny T, Soukoulis C M 2010 Phys. Optics 24 1

    [16]

    Landy N I, Bingham C M, Tyler T, Jokerst N, Smith D R, Padilla W J 2009 Phys. Rev. B 79 125104

    [17]

    Gu C, Qu S B, Pei Z B, Xu Z, Ma H, Lin B Q, Bai P, Peng W D 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 107801 (in Chinese) [顾超, 屈绍波, 裴志斌, 徐卓, 马华, 林宝勤, 柏鹏, 彭卫东 2011 物理学报 60 107801]

    [18]

    Lee J Y, Yoon Y J, Lim S J 2012 ETRI Journal 34 126

    [19]

    He X J, Wang Y, Wang J M, Gui T L 2011 Progress In Electromag. Research 115 381

    [20]

    Li H, Yuan L H, Zhou B, Shen X P, Cheng Q, Cui T J 2011 Journal of Applied Phys. 110 014909

    [21]

    Shen X P, Cui T J, Ye J X 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 058101 (in Chinese) [沈晓鹏, 崔铁军, 叶建祥 2012 物理学报 61 058101]

    [22]

    Su B, Gong B Y, Zhao X P 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 144203 (in Chinese) [苏斌, 龚伯仪, 赵晓鹏 2012 物理学报 61 144203]

    [23]

    Li L, Yang Y, Liang C H 2011 J. Appl. Phys. 110 063702

    [24]

    Zhu B, Huang C, Feng Y 2010 Progress In Electromag. Research 24 121

    [25]

    Yang Y J, Huang Y J, Wen G J, Zhong J P, Sun H B, Gordon O 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 038501

    [26]

    Zhu W R, Huang Y J, Rukhlenko I D, Wen G J and Premaratne M 2012 Opt. Express 20 6616

    [27]

    Luo H, Cheng Y Z, Gong R Z 2011 Eur. Phys. J. B 81 387

    [28]

    Luo H, Wang T, Gong R Z, Nie Y, Wang X 2011 Chin. Phys. Lett. 28 03420411

    [29]

    Ye Y Q, Jin Y, He S L 2009 Phys. Opt. 11 1

    [30]

    Bao S, Luo C R, Zhang Y P, Zhao X P 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 3187 (in Chinese) [保石, 罗春荣, 张燕萍, 赵晓鹏 2010 物理学报 59 3187]

    [31]

    Gu C, Qu S B, Pei Z B, Zhou H, Wang J 2010 Progress In Electromag. Research 17 171

    [32]

    Lee J Y, Lim S J 2011 Electro. Lett. 47 8

    [33]

    Huang Y J, Wen G J, Li J, Zhong J P, Wang P, Sun Y H, Gordon O, Zhu W R 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 117801

    [34]

    Smith D R, Vier D C, Koschny T, Soukoulis C M 2005 Phys. Rev. E 71 036617

    [35]

    Liu T, Cao X Y, Gao J, Zheng Q R, Li W Q, Yang H H 2013 IEEE Trans. on Anten. and Propag 61 2327

  • [1]

    Sievenpiper D, Zhang L J, Broas R F J, Alex’opolous N G, Yablonovitch E 1999 IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47 2059

    [2]

    Pendry J B 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 3966

    [3]

    Schurig D, Mock J J, Justice B J, Cummer S A, Pendry J B, Starr A F, Smith D R 2006 Science 314 977

    [4]

    Li W Q, Cao X Y, Gao J, Liu T, Yao X, Ma J J 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 154102 (in Chinese) [李文强, 曹祥玉, 高军, 刘涛, 姚旭, 马嘉俊 2012 物理学报 61 154102]

    [5]

    Landy N I, Sajuyigbe S, Mock J J, Smith D R, Padilla W J 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 207402

    [6]

    Huang L, Chowdhury D R, Ramani S, Reiten M T, Luo S N, Uaylor A J, Chen H T 2012 Opt. Lett. 37 154

    [7]

    Wang J, Chen Y T, Hao J M, Yan M, Qiu M 2011 J. Appl. Phys. 109 074510

    [8]

    Lin C H, Chern R L, Lin H Y 2011 Opt. Express 19 415

    [9]

    Liu T, Cao X Y, Gao J, Zheng Q Y, Li W Q 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 184101 (in Chinese) [刘涛, 曹祥玉, 高军, 郑秋容, 李文强 2012 物理学报 61 184101]

    [10]

    Yang H H, Cao X Y, Gao J, Liu T, Ma J J, Yao X, Li W Q 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 064103 (in Chinese) [杨欢欢, 曹祥玉, 高军, 刘涛, 马嘉俊, 姚旭, 李文强 2013 物理学报 62 064103]

    [11]

    Li S J, Cao X Y, Gao J, Liu T, Yang H H, Li W Q 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 124101 (in Chinese) [李思佳, 曹祥玉, 高军, 刘涛, 杨欢欢, 李文强 2013 物理学报 62 124101]

    [12]

    Tao H, Landy N I, Bingham C M 2008 Opt. Express 16 7181

    [13]

    Marcus D, Thomas K, Soukoulis C M 2009 Phys. Rev. B 79 033101

    [14]

    Luukkonen O, Filippo C, Agostino M, Sergei A T 2009 IEEE Trans. on Anten. and Propag. 57 3119

    [15]

    Wang B N, Koschny T, Soukoulis C M 2010 Phys. Optics 24 1

    [16]

    Landy N I, Bingham C M, Tyler T, Jokerst N, Smith D R, Padilla W J 2009 Phys. Rev. B 79 125104

    [17]

    Gu C, Qu S B, Pei Z B, Xu Z, Ma H, Lin B Q, Bai P, Peng W D 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 107801 (in Chinese) [顾超, 屈绍波, 裴志斌, 徐卓, 马华, 林宝勤, 柏鹏, 彭卫东 2011 物理学报 60 107801]

    [18]

    Lee J Y, Yoon Y J, Lim S J 2012 ETRI Journal 34 126

    [19]

    He X J, Wang Y, Wang J M, Gui T L 2011 Progress In Electromag. Research 115 381

    [20]

    Li H, Yuan L H, Zhou B, Shen X P, Cheng Q, Cui T J 2011 Journal of Applied Phys. 110 014909

    [21]

    Shen X P, Cui T J, Ye J X 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 058101 (in Chinese) [沈晓鹏, 崔铁军, 叶建祥 2012 物理学报 61 058101]

    [22]

    Su B, Gong B Y, Zhao X P 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 144203 (in Chinese) [苏斌, 龚伯仪, 赵晓鹏 2012 物理学报 61 144203]

    [23]

    Li L, Yang Y, Liang C H 2011 J. Appl. Phys. 110 063702

    [24]

    Zhu B, Huang C, Feng Y 2010 Progress In Electromag. Research 24 121

    [25]

    Yang Y J, Huang Y J, Wen G J, Zhong J P, Sun H B, Gordon O 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 038501

    [26]

    Zhu W R, Huang Y J, Rukhlenko I D, Wen G J and Premaratne M 2012 Opt. Express 20 6616

    [27]

    Luo H, Cheng Y Z, Gong R Z 2011 Eur. Phys. J. B 81 387

    [28]

    Luo H, Wang T, Gong R Z, Nie Y, Wang X 2011 Chin. Phys. Lett. 28 03420411

    [29]

    Ye Y Q, Jin Y, He S L 2009 Phys. Opt. 11 1

    [30]

    Bao S, Luo C R, Zhang Y P, Zhao X P 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 3187 (in Chinese) [保石, 罗春荣, 张燕萍, 赵晓鹏 2010 物理学报 59 3187]

    [31]

    Gu C, Qu S B, Pei Z B, Zhou H, Wang J 2010 Progress In Electromag. Research 17 171

    [32]

    Lee J Y, Lim S J 2011 Electro. Lett. 47 8

    [33]

    Huang Y J, Wen G J, Li J, Zhong J P, Wang P, Sun Y H, Gordon O, Zhu W R 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 117801

    [34]

    Smith D R, Vier D C, Koschny T, Soukoulis C M 2005 Phys. Rev. E 71 036617

    [35]

    Liu T, Cao X Y, Gao J, Zheng Q R, Li W Q, Yang H H 2013 IEEE Trans. on Anten. and Propag 61 2327

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  • Received Date:  31 May 2013
  • Accepted Date:  28 June 2013
  • Published Online:  05 November 2013

Broadband low-RCS metamaterial absorber based on electromagnetic resonance separation

  • 1. School of Information and Navigation of AFEU, Xi’an 710077, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 60671001, 61271100), the Key Program of Natural Science Basic Research of Shaanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2010JZ010), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2012T50878), and the Natural Science Basic Research of Shanxi Province, China (Grant Nos. SJ08-ZT06, 2012JM8003).

Abstract: We have designed and fabricated a broadband low radar cross section (RCS) metamaterial absorber with polarization-independent characteristic based on electromagnetic resonance. The absorbing mechanism is investigated by means of electric as well as magnetic field distributions and retrieval algorithm. Absorbing and RCS properties of this absorber are performed by waveguide experiment and free space measurements, respectively. Theoretical analysis indicates that the absorber can produce electric and magnetic resonances in different locations for fixed frequency, while for different frequencies, it can provide energy losses in different dielectric layers, which effectively lowers the electromagnetic couplings and consequently keep the strong absorbing properties in a wide frequency range. Experimental results show that the designed absorber with 3-layer structure achieves a frequency range which is 4.25 times as that of 1-layer absorber with absorptivity above 90%, its relative bandwidth for RCS reduction above 10dB is 5.1%. The cell size and thickness of the designed absorber are very small, i.e., 0.17 and 0.015 of the working wavelength. Thus the low-RCS property of the absorber is wide-angle and polarization-independent. In addition, the working frequency range of the absorber can be adjusted by properly designing the layers.

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