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Experimental investigation of tin fragments mixing with gas subjected to laser driven shock

Xin Jian-Ting Zhao Yong-Qiang Chu Gen-Bai Xi Tao Shui Min Fan Wei He Wei-Hua Gu Yu-Qiu

Experimental investigation of tin fragments mixing with gas subjected to laser driven shock

Xin Jian-Ting, Zhao Yong-Qiang, Chu Gen-Bai, Xi Tao, Shui Min, Fan Wei, He Wei-Hua, Gu Yu-Qiu
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  • When a shock wave reflects from the free surface of a solid sample, fragments may be emitted from the surface. Understanding the process of the fragments mixing with gas is an important subject for current researches in inertial confinement fusion and high pressure science. Particularly, obtaining the fragments size and distribution is important for developing or validating the physical fragmentation model. At present, the reported quantitative data are less due to the great challenges in the time-resolved measurements of the fragments.#br#Recently, high-power laser has appeared as a promising shock loading means for fragment investigation. The advantages existing in such means mainly include small sample (~μm to mm-order), convenient dynamic diagnosis and soft recovery of fragments. Our group has performed the dynamic fragmentation experiments under laser shock loading metal. The ejected fragments under different loading pressures are softly recovered by low density medium of poly 4-methy1-1-pentene (PMP) foam. The sizes, shapes and penetration depths of the fragments are quantitatively analyzed by X-ray micro-tomography and the improved-watershed method.#br#This paper mainly reports the research advances in the process of the fragments mixing with gas. The laser-driven shock experiments of tin sample are performed at Shenguang-Ⅲ prototype laser facility. Under two typical loading pressures, the fragments mixed with gas (N2) are recovered by PMP foam with a density of 200 mg/cm3, and the pressure of gas is 1 atm. The high resolution reconstructed images of the recovered fragments provided by X-ray micro-tomography and computed tomography reconstruction show that the shapes of the fragments are almost homogeneous, and their sizes are in a range of about 1-20 micron. These images are very different from the images of the fragments recovered in vacuum under similar loading pressures. The observed fragments under loading pressure less than 10 GPa in vacuum are some thin layers, while the loading pressure is increased up to more than 30 GPa, a large number of small spherical particles are observed in the front of the recovery fragments, thin layers in the middle, and these spherical particles have diameters ranging from one dozen to several hundreds of micrometers. The sizes and number of fragments are analyzed by the improved watershed method. The resulting distribution of the fragments mixed with gas follows bilinear exponential distribution. Comprehensive analyses of former simulations and our experimental results show that the secondary fragmentation should occur in the process of the fragments mixing with gas.
      Corresponding author: He Wei-Hua, heweihua2004@sina.com;yqgu@caep.ac.cn ; Gu Yu-Qiu, heweihua2004@sina.com;yqgu@caep.ac.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the Science and Technology on Plasma Physics Laboratory, China (Grant No. 9140C680305140C 68289).
    [1]

    Walsh J M, Shreffler R G, Willig F J 1953 J. Appl. Phys. 24 349

    [2]

    Asay J R, Barker L M 1974 J. Appl. Phys. 45 2540

    [3]

    Andriot P, Chapron P, Olive F 1982 AIP Conf. Proc. 78 505

    [4]

    Ogorodnikov V A, Ivanov A G, Mikhailov A L, Kryukov N I, Tolochko A P, Golubev V A 1998 Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves 34 696

    [5]

    Zellner M B, Grover M, Hammerberg J E, Hixson R S, Iverson A J, Macrum G S, Morley K B, Obst A W, Olson R T, Payton J R, Rigg P A, Routley N, Stevens G D, Turley W D, Veeser L, Buttler W T 2007 J. Appl. Phys. 102 013522

    [6]

    Sorenson D S, Minich R W, Romero J L, Tunnell T W, Malone R M 2002 J. Appl. Phys. 92 5830

    [7]

    Signor L, Rességuier T D, Roy G, Dragon A, Lorca F 2007 AIP Conf. Proc. 955 593

    [8]

    Rességuier T D, Signor L, Dragon A, Boustie M, Berthe L 2008 Appl. Phys. Let. 92 131910

    [9]

    Signor L, Lescoute E, Loison D, Rességuier T D, Dragon A, Roy G 2010 EPJ Web Conf. 6 39012

    [10]

    Signor L, Rességuier T D, Dragon A, Roy G, Fanget A, Faessel M 2010 Int. J. Impact Eng. 37 887

    [11]

    Rességuier T D, Lescoute E, Chevalier J M, Maire P H, Breil J, Schurtz G 2012 AIP Conf. Proc. 1426 1015

    [12]

    Rességuier T D, Lescoute E, Sollier A, Prudhomme G, Mercier P 2014 J. Appl. Phys. 115 043525

    [13]

    Xin J T, Gu Y Q, Li P, Luo X, Jiang B B, Tan F, Han D, Wu Y Z, Zhao Z Q, Shu J Q, Zhang B H 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 236201(in Chinese)[辛建婷, 谷渝秋, 李平, 罗炫, 蒋柏斌, 谭放, 韩丹, 巫殷忠, 赵宗清, 粟敬钦, 张保汉2012物理学报 61 236201]

    [14]

    Xin J T, He W H, Shao J L, Li J, Wang P, Gu Y Q 2014 J. Phys. D:Appl. Phys. 47 325304

    [15]

    He W H, Xin J T, Chu G B, Li J, Shao J L, Lu F, Shui M, Qian F, Cao L F, Wang P, Gu Y Q 2014 Opt. Express 22 18924

    [16]

    hang L, Li M, Zhang Y Q, He J, Shen H H, Tao Y H, Tan F L, Zhao J H 2017 Chin. J. High Press. Phys. 31 187(in Chinese)[张黎, 李牧, 张永强, 贺佳, 沈欢欢, 陶彦辉, 谭福利, 赵剑衡2017高压物理学报 31 187]

    [17]

    Oró D M, Hammerberg J E, Buttler W T, Mariam F G, Morris C, Rousculp C, Stone J B 2012 AIP Conf. Proc. 1426 1351

    [18]

    Wang P, Sun H Q, Shao J L, Qin C S, Li X Z 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 234703(in Chinese)[王裴, 孙海权, 邵建立, 秦承森, 李欣竹2012物理学报 61 234703]

  • [1]

    Walsh J M, Shreffler R G, Willig F J 1953 J. Appl. Phys. 24 349

    [2]

    Asay J R, Barker L M 1974 J. Appl. Phys. 45 2540

    [3]

    Andriot P, Chapron P, Olive F 1982 AIP Conf. Proc. 78 505

    [4]

    Ogorodnikov V A, Ivanov A G, Mikhailov A L, Kryukov N I, Tolochko A P, Golubev V A 1998 Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves 34 696

    [5]

    Zellner M B, Grover M, Hammerberg J E, Hixson R S, Iverson A J, Macrum G S, Morley K B, Obst A W, Olson R T, Payton J R, Rigg P A, Routley N, Stevens G D, Turley W D, Veeser L, Buttler W T 2007 J. Appl. Phys. 102 013522

    [6]

    Sorenson D S, Minich R W, Romero J L, Tunnell T W, Malone R M 2002 J. Appl. Phys. 92 5830

    [7]

    Signor L, Rességuier T D, Roy G, Dragon A, Lorca F 2007 AIP Conf. Proc. 955 593

    [8]

    Rességuier T D, Signor L, Dragon A, Boustie M, Berthe L 2008 Appl. Phys. Let. 92 131910

    [9]

    Signor L, Lescoute E, Loison D, Rességuier T D, Dragon A, Roy G 2010 EPJ Web Conf. 6 39012

    [10]

    Signor L, Rességuier T D, Dragon A, Roy G, Fanget A, Faessel M 2010 Int. J. Impact Eng. 37 887

    [11]

    Rességuier T D, Lescoute E, Chevalier J M, Maire P H, Breil J, Schurtz G 2012 AIP Conf. Proc. 1426 1015

    [12]

    Rességuier T D, Lescoute E, Sollier A, Prudhomme G, Mercier P 2014 J. Appl. Phys. 115 043525

    [13]

    Xin J T, Gu Y Q, Li P, Luo X, Jiang B B, Tan F, Han D, Wu Y Z, Zhao Z Q, Shu J Q, Zhang B H 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 236201(in Chinese)[辛建婷, 谷渝秋, 李平, 罗炫, 蒋柏斌, 谭放, 韩丹, 巫殷忠, 赵宗清, 粟敬钦, 张保汉2012物理学报 61 236201]

    [14]

    Xin J T, He W H, Shao J L, Li J, Wang P, Gu Y Q 2014 J. Phys. D:Appl. Phys. 47 325304

    [15]

    He W H, Xin J T, Chu G B, Li J, Shao J L, Lu F, Shui M, Qian F, Cao L F, Wang P, Gu Y Q 2014 Opt. Express 22 18924

    [16]

    hang L, Li M, Zhang Y Q, He J, Shen H H, Tao Y H, Tan F L, Zhao J H 2017 Chin. J. High Press. Phys. 31 187(in Chinese)[张黎, 李牧, 张永强, 贺佳, 沈欢欢, 陶彦辉, 谭福利, 赵剑衡2017高压物理学报 31 187]

    [17]

    Oró D M, Hammerberg J E, Buttler W T, Mariam F G, Morris C, Rousculp C, Stone J B 2012 AIP Conf. Proc. 1426 1351

    [18]

    Wang P, Sun H Q, Shao J L, Qin C S, Li X Z 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 234703(in Chinese)[王裴, 孙海权, 邵建立, 秦承森, 李欣竹2012物理学报 61 234703]

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  • Received Date:  28 April 2017
  • Accepted Date:  06 June 2017
  • Published Online:  05 September 2017

Experimental investigation of tin fragments mixing with gas subjected to laser driven shock

Fund Project:  Project supported by the Science and Technology on Plasma Physics Laboratory, China (Grant No. 9140C680305140C 68289).

Abstract: When a shock wave reflects from the free surface of a solid sample, fragments may be emitted from the surface. Understanding the process of the fragments mixing with gas is an important subject for current researches in inertial confinement fusion and high pressure science. Particularly, obtaining the fragments size and distribution is important for developing or validating the physical fragmentation model. At present, the reported quantitative data are less due to the great challenges in the time-resolved measurements of the fragments.#br#Recently, high-power laser has appeared as a promising shock loading means for fragment investigation. The advantages existing in such means mainly include small sample (~μm to mm-order), convenient dynamic diagnosis and soft recovery of fragments. Our group has performed the dynamic fragmentation experiments under laser shock loading metal. The ejected fragments under different loading pressures are softly recovered by low density medium of poly 4-methy1-1-pentene (PMP) foam. The sizes, shapes and penetration depths of the fragments are quantitatively analyzed by X-ray micro-tomography and the improved-watershed method.#br#This paper mainly reports the research advances in the process of the fragments mixing with gas. The laser-driven shock experiments of tin sample are performed at Shenguang-Ⅲ prototype laser facility. Under two typical loading pressures, the fragments mixed with gas (N2) are recovered by PMP foam with a density of 200 mg/cm3, and the pressure of gas is 1 atm. The high resolution reconstructed images of the recovered fragments provided by X-ray micro-tomography and computed tomography reconstruction show that the shapes of the fragments are almost homogeneous, and their sizes are in a range of about 1-20 micron. These images are very different from the images of the fragments recovered in vacuum under similar loading pressures. The observed fragments under loading pressure less than 10 GPa in vacuum are some thin layers, while the loading pressure is increased up to more than 30 GPa, a large number of small spherical particles are observed in the front of the recovery fragments, thin layers in the middle, and these spherical particles have diameters ranging from one dozen to several hundreds of micrometers. The sizes and number of fragments are analyzed by the improved watershed method. The resulting distribution of the fragments mixed with gas follows bilinear exponential distribution. Comprehensive analyses of former simulations and our experimental results show that the secondary fragmentation should occur in the process of the fragments mixing with gas.

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