Search

Article

x

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

High order harmonics generation by relativistically circularly polarized laser-solid interaction

Cai Huai-Peng1\2 Gao Jian1\2 Li Bo-Yuan1\2 Liu Feng1\2 Chen Li-Ming1\2\3 Yuan Xiao-Hui1\2 Chen Min1\2 Sheng Zheng-Ming1\2\4\5 Zhang Jie1\2\3

High order harmonics generation by relativistically circularly polarized laser-solid interaction

Cai Huai-Peng1\2, Gao Jian1\2, Li Bo-Yuan1\2, Liu Feng1\2, Chen Li-Ming1\2\3, Yuan Xiao-Hui1\2, Chen Min1\2, Sheng Zheng-Ming1\2\4\5, Zhang Jie1\2\3
PDF
Get Citation
  • Coherent extreme ultra-violet (XUV) and soft X-ray light with attosecond duration enable the time-resolved study of electron dynamics in a completely new regime. High order harmonic generation (HHG) from the highly nonlinear process of relativistically intense laser interactions with solid-density plasma offers a very new way to generate such a light source. In this paper, we study the HHG by a relativistically circularly polarized femtosecond laser interacting with solid-density plasma. The experiment is carried out by using a 200 TW Ti:sapphire laser system at the Laboratory for Laser Plasmas in Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. The laser system can deliver laser pulses at 800 nm with a pulse duration (full width at half maximum, FWHM) of 25 fs and repetition rate of 10 Hz. The circularly polarized laser beam with an energy of 460 mJ is used in the experiment and focused by an F/4 off-axis parabolic mirror at an incidence angle of 40 with respect to the glass target. The focal spot diameter is 6 m (FWHM) with 25% energy enclosed, giving a calculated peak intensity of 1.61019 W/cm2. We detect high order harmonics by a flat-field spectrometer. The experimental results show that high order harmonic radiation can also be efficiently generated by a circularly polarized laser at a lager incidence angle, which provides a straightforward way to obtain a circularly polarized XUV light source. Different plasma density scale lengths are obtained by introducing a prepulse with different delays. We study the dependence of HHG efficiency on plasma density scale length by the circularly polarized laser, and find an optimal density scale length to exist. The influence of laser polarization and plasma density scale length on HHG are studied by two-dimensional (2D) PIC simulations. The good agreement is found between the 2D PIC simulations and experimental results. We plan to measure the polarization characteristics of high order harmonic produced by the interaction of circularly polarized lasers with solid target in the future. It is expected to obtain a compact coherent circularly polarized XUV light source, which can be used to study the ultra-fast dynamic process of magnetic materials.
      Corresponding author: Liu Feng1\2, liuf001@sjtu.edu.cn;lmchen@iphy.ac.cn ; Chen Li-Ming1\2\3, liuf001@sjtu.edu.cn;lmchen@iphy.ac.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2013CBA01504), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11721091, 11305103, 11775144), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai, China (Grant Nos. 18ZR1419200, 13ZR1456300), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2017M621443).
    [1]

    Goulielmakis E, Schultze M, Hofstetter M, Yakovlev V S, Gagnon J, Uiberacker M, Aquila A L, Gullikson E M, Attwood D T, Kienberger R, Krausz F, Kleineberg U 2008 Science 320 1614

    [2]

    Ravasio A, Gauthier D, Maia F R, Billon M, Caumes J P, Garzella D, Géléoc M, Gobert O, Hergott J F, Pena A M, Perez H, Carré B, Bourhis E, Gierak J, Madouri A, Mailly D, Schiedt B, Fajardo M, Gautier J, Zeitoun P, Bucksbaum P H, Hajdu J, Merdji H 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 028104

    [3]

    Shaw B H, Tilborg J V, Sokollik T, Schroeder C B, Mckinney W R, Artemiev N A, Yashchuk V V, Gullikson E M, Leemans W P 2013 J. Appl. Phys. 114 043106

    [4]

    Fan T T, Grychtol P, Knut R, Carlos H G, Hickstein D D, Zusin D, Gentry C, Dollar F J, Mancuso C A, Hogle C W, Kfir O, Legut D, Carva K, Ellis J L, Dorney K M, Chen C, Shpyrko O G, Fullerton E E, Cohen O, Oppeneer P M, Miloševic D B, Becker A, Agnieszka A, Becker J, Popmintchev T, Murnane M M, Kapteyn H C 2015 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 112 14206

    [5]

    Kfir O, Grychtol P, Turgut E, Knut R, Zusin D, Popmintchev D, Popmintchev T, Nembach H, Justin M, Shaw, Fleischer A, Kapteyn H, Murnane M, Cohen O 2015 Nat. Photon. 9 99

    [6]

    Cireasa R, Boguslavskiy A E, Pons B, Wong M C H, Descamps D, Petit S, Ruf H, Thiré N, Ferré A, Suarez J, Higuet J, Schmidt B E, Alharbi A F, Légaré F, Blanchet V, Fabre B, Patchkovskii S, Smirnova O, Mairesse Y, Bhardwaj V R 2015 Nat. Phys. 11 654

    [7]

    Allaria E, Diviacco B, Callegari C, Finetti C, Mahieu B, Viefhaus J, Zangrando M, de Ninno G, Lambert G, Ferrari E, Buck J, Ilchen M, Vodungbo B, Mahne N, Svetina C, Spezzani C, Mitri S D, Penco G, Trovó M, Fawley W M, Rebernik P R, Gauthier D, Grazioli C, Coreno M, Ressel B, Kivimäki A, Mazza T, Glaser L, Scholz F, Seltmann J, Gessler P, Grnert J, de Fanis A, Meyer M, Knie A, Moeller S P, Raimondi L, Capotondi F, Pedersoli E, Plekan O, Danailov M B, Demidovich A, Nikolov I, Abrami A, Gautier J, Lning J, Zeitoun P, Giannessi L 2014 Phys. Rev. X 4 041040

    [8]

    Kim I J, Kim C M, Kim H T, Lee G H, Lee Y S, Park J Y, Cho D J, Nam C H 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 243901

    [9]

    Bocoum M, Thévenet M, Böhle F, Beaurepaire B, Vernier A, Jullien A 2016 Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 185001

    [10]

    Lavocat-Dubuis X, Matte J P 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 093105

    [11]

    Li K, Zhang J, Yu W 2003 Acta Phys. Sin. 52 1412 (in Chinese)[李昆, 张杰, 余玮 2003 物理学报 52 1412]

    [12]

    Zhang Q J, Sheng Z M, Zhang J 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 2180 (in Chinese)[张秋菊, 盛正明, 张杰 2004 物理学报 53 2180]

    [13]

    Cerchez M, Giesecke A L, Peth C, Toncian M, Albertazzi B, Fuchs J, Willi O, Toncian T 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 065003

    [14]

    Quéré F, Thaury C, Monot P, Dobosz S, Martin P, Geindre J P, Audebert P 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 125004

    [15]

    Bulanov S V, Naumova N M, Pegoraro F 1994 Phys. Plasma 1 745

    [16]

    Baeva T, Gordienko S, Pukhov A 2006 Phys. Rev. E 74 046404

    [17]

    Sheng Z M, Mima K, Zhang J, Sanuki H 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 095003

    [18]

    Easter J H, Nees J A, Hou B X, Mordovanakis A, Mourou G, Thomas A G R, Krushelnick K 2013 New J. Phys. 15 025035

    [19]

    Rykovanov S, Geissler M, Meyer-Ter-Vehn J, Tsakiris G 2008 New J. Phys. 10 025025

    [20]

    Yeung M, Bierbach J, Eckner E, Rykovanov S, Kuschel S, Sävert A, Forster M, Rödel C, Paulus G G, Cousens S, Coughlan M, Dromey B, Zepf M 2015 Phys. Rev. Lett. 115 193903

    [21]

    Chen Z Y, Li X Y, Li B Y, Chen M, Liu F 2018 Opt. Express 26 4572

    [22]

    Chen Z Y, Pukhov A 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 12515

    [23]

    Gao J, Liu F, Ge X L, Deng Y Q, Fang Y, Wei W Q, Yang S, Yuan X H, Chen M, Sheng Z M, Zhang J 2017 Chin. Opt. Lett. 15 081902

    [24]

    Ge X L, Fang Y, Yang S, Wei W Q, Liu F, Yuan P, Ma J G, Zhao L, Yuan X H, Zhang J 2018 Chin. Opt. Lett. 16 013201

  • [1]

    Goulielmakis E, Schultze M, Hofstetter M, Yakovlev V S, Gagnon J, Uiberacker M, Aquila A L, Gullikson E M, Attwood D T, Kienberger R, Krausz F, Kleineberg U 2008 Science 320 1614

    [2]

    Ravasio A, Gauthier D, Maia F R, Billon M, Caumes J P, Garzella D, Géléoc M, Gobert O, Hergott J F, Pena A M, Perez H, Carré B, Bourhis E, Gierak J, Madouri A, Mailly D, Schiedt B, Fajardo M, Gautier J, Zeitoun P, Bucksbaum P H, Hajdu J, Merdji H 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 028104

    [3]

    Shaw B H, Tilborg J V, Sokollik T, Schroeder C B, Mckinney W R, Artemiev N A, Yashchuk V V, Gullikson E M, Leemans W P 2013 J. Appl. Phys. 114 043106

    [4]

    Fan T T, Grychtol P, Knut R, Carlos H G, Hickstein D D, Zusin D, Gentry C, Dollar F J, Mancuso C A, Hogle C W, Kfir O, Legut D, Carva K, Ellis J L, Dorney K M, Chen C, Shpyrko O G, Fullerton E E, Cohen O, Oppeneer P M, Miloševic D B, Becker A, Agnieszka A, Becker J, Popmintchev T, Murnane M M, Kapteyn H C 2015 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 112 14206

    [5]

    Kfir O, Grychtol P, Turgut E, Knut R, Zusin D, Popmintchev D, Popmintchev T, Nembach H, Justin M, Shaw, Fleischer A, Kapteyn H, Murnane M, Cohen O 2015 Nat. Photon. 9 99

    [6]

    Cireasa R, Boguslavskiy A E, Pons B, Wong M C H, Descamps D, Petit S, Ruf H, Thiré N, Ferré A, Suarez J, Higuet J, Schmidt B E, Alharbi A F, Légaré F, Blanchet V, Fabre B, Patchkovskii S, Smirnova O, Mairesse Y, Bhardwaj V R 2015 Nat. Phys. 11 654

    [7]

    Allaria E, Diviacco B, Callegari C, Finetti C, Mahieu B, Viefhaus J, Zangrando M, de Ninno G, Lambert G, Ferrari E, Buck J, Ilchen M, Vodungbo B, Mahne N, Svetina C, Spezzani C, Mitri S D, Penco G, Trovó M, Fawley W M, Rebernik P R, Gauthier D, Grazioli C, Coreno M, Ressel B, Kivimäki A, Mazza T, Glaser L, Scholz F, Seltmann J, Gessler P, Grnert J, de Fanis A, Meyer M, Knie A, Moeller S P, Raimondi L, Capotondi F, Pedersoli E, Plekan O, Danailov M B, Demidovich A, Nikolov I, Abrami A, Gautier J, Lning J, Zeitoun P, Giannessi L 2014 Phys. Rev. X 4 041040

    [8]

    Kim I J, Kim C M, Kim H T, Lee G H, Lee Y S, Park J Y, Cho D J, Nam C H 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 243901

    [9]

    Bocoum M, Thévenet M, Böhle F, Beaurepaire B, Vernier A, Jullien A 2016 Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 185001

    [10]

    Lavocat-Dubuis X, Matte J P 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 093105

    [11]

    Li K, Zhang J, Yu W 2003 Acta Phys. Sin. 52 1412 (in Chinese)[李昆, 张杰, 余玮 2003 物理学报 52 1412]

    [12]

    Zhang Q J, Sheng Z M, Zhang J 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 2180 (in Chinese)[张秋菊, 盛正明, 张杰 2004 物理学报 53 2180]

    [13]

    Cerchez M, Giesecke A L, Peth C, Toncian M, Albertazzi B, Fuchs J, Willi O, Toncian T 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 065003

    [14]

    Quéré F, Thaury C, Monot P, Dobosz S, Martin P, Geindre J P, Audebert P 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 125004

    [15]

    Bulanov S V, Naumova N M, Pegoraro F 1994 Phys. Plasma 1 745

    [16]

    Baeva T, Gordienko S, Pukhov A 2006 Phys. Rev. E 74 046404

    [17]

    Sheng Z M, Mima K, Zhang J, Sanuki H 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 095003

    [18]

    Easter J H, Nees J A, Hou B X, Mordovanakis A, Mourou G, Thomas A G R, Krushelnick K 2013 New J. Phys. 15 025035

    [19]

    Rykovanov S, Geissler M, Meyer-Ter-Vehn J, Tsakiris G 2008 New J. Phys. 10 025025

    [20]

    Yeung M, Bierbach J, Eckner E, Rykovanov S, Kuschel S, Sävert A, Forster M, Rödel C, Paulus G G, Cousens S, Coughlan M, Dromey B, Zepf M 2015 Phys. Rev. Lett. 115 193903

    [21]

    Chen Z Y, Li X Y, Li B Y, Chen M, Liu F 2018 Opt. Express 26 4572

    [22]

    Chen Z Y, Pukhov A 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 12515

    [23]

    Gao J, Liu F, Ge X L, Deng Y Q, Fang Y, Wei W Q, Yang S, Yuan X H, Chen M, Sheng Z M, Zhang J 2017 Chin. Opt. Lett. 15 081902

    [24]

    Ge X L, Fang Y, Yang S, Wei W Q, Liu F, Yuan P, Ma J G, Zhao L, Yuan X H, Zhang J 2018 Chin. Opt. Lett. 16 013201

  • [1] Li Xia-Zhi, Zou De-Bin, Zhou Hong-Yu, Zhang Shi-Jie, Zhao Na, Yu De-Yao, Zhuo Hong-Bin. Effect of plasma grating roughness on high-order harmonic generation. Acta Physica Sinica, 2017, 66(24): 244209. doi: 10.7498/aps.66.244209
    [2] Gu Bin, Cui Lei, Teng Yu-Yong, Hu Yong-Jin, Zhao Jiang, Zeng Xiang-Hua. Effect of different laser polarization direction on high order harmonic generation of nitrogen molecule——A simulation via TDDFT. Acta Physica Sinica, 2006, 55(9): 4691-4694. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.4691
    [3] Wang Xiao-Juan, Cui Lei, Wang Fan, Zeng Xiang-Hua. Effect of laser polarization direction on high order harmonic generation of oxygen molecule——A simulation via TDDFT. Acta Physica Sinica, 2010, 59(1): 317-321. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.317
    [4] Luo Xiang-Yi, Liu Hai-Feng, Ben Shuai, Liu Xue-Shen. Enhancement of high-order harmonic generation from H2+ in near plasmon-enhanced laser field. Acta Physica Sinica, 2016, 65(12): 123201. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.123201
    [5] Zhang Feng-Shou, Cui Lei, Zeng Xiang-Hua, Gu Bin. High-order harmonic generation of hydrogen molecule irradiated by ultra-strong femto-second laser pulse——a simulation via TDDFT. Acta Physica Sinica, 2006, 55(6): 2972-2976. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.2972
    [6] Yin Chuan-Lei, Wang Wei-Min, Liao Guo-Qian, Li Meng-Chao, Li Yu-Tong, Zhang Jie. Ultrahigh-energy electron beam generated by ultra-intense circularly polarized laser pulses. Acta Physica Sinica, 2015, 64(14): 144102. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.144102
    [7] XIA JIANG-FAN, ZHANG JUN, ZHANG JIE. MODELING THE ASTROPHYSICAL DYNAMICAL PROCESS WITH LASER-PLASMAS. Acta Physica Sinica, 2001, 50(5): 994-1000. doi: 10.7498/aps.50.994
    [8] Yan Chun-Yan, Zhang Qiu-Ju. Strong monochromatic harmonics generated by the interaction of two counter-propagating pulses with a foil target. Acta Physica Sinica, 2010, 59(1): 322-328. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.322
    [9] Zhang Chun-Li, Feng Zhi-Bo, Qi Yue-Ying, Che Ji-Xin. High order harmonic generation from a two-dimensional model H atom in arbitrary polarized laser. Acta Physica Sinica, 2011, 60(8): 083201. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.083201
    [10] Extreme Ultraviolet Polarization Vortex Beam Based on High Harmonic Generation. Acta Physica Sinica, 2020, (): . doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20190834
    [11] Guan Zhong, Li Wei, Wang Guo-Li, Zhou Xiao-Xin. Study of high-order harmonic generation in crystals exposed to laser fields. Acta Physica Sinica, 2016, 65(6): 063201. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.063201
    [12] Li Peng-Cheng, Zhou Xiao-Xin, Li Hui-Shan. Role of potential function in high order harmonic generation of model hydrogen atoms in intense laser field. Acta Physica Sinica, 2009, 58(11): 7633-7639. doi: 10.7498/aps.58.7633
    [13] Zhang Qiu-Ju, Sheng Zheng-Ming, Zhang Jie. Redshift of harmonics by laser interaction with solid target. Acta Physica Sinica, 2004, 53(7): 2180-2183. doi: 10.7498/aps.53.2180
    [14] Cheng Chun-Zhi, Zhou Xiao-Xin, Cao Wei-Jun. The relationship between conversion efficiency of high-order harmonic generation from atom and wavelength in two-color combined fields. Acta Physica Sinica, 2011, 60(5): 054210. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.054210
    [15] Lu Fa-Ming, Xia Yuan-Qin, Zhang Sheng, Chen De-Ying. Investigation of tunable coherent XUV light source by high harmonics generation using intense femtosecond laser pulses in Ne. Acta Physica Sinica, 2013, 62(2): 024212. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.024212
    [16] Wang Li-Feng, He Xin-Kui, Teng Hao, Yun Chen-Xia, Zhang Wei, Wei Zhi-Yi. Tunable optimization of high-order harmonic generation driven by 5 fs laser pulses. Acta Physica Sinica, 2014, 63(22): 224103. doi: 10.7498/aps.63.224103
    [17] Yu We, Li Kun, Zhang Jie. High-order harmonic generation by laser interaction with solid target using movi ng mirror model. Acta Physica Sinica, 2003, 52(6): 1412-1417. doi: 10.7498/aps.52.1412
    [18] Zhang Chun-Li, Liu Xue-Shen, Ding Pei-Zhu, Qi Yue-Ying. The enhancement of efficiency of high-order harmonic generation in two-color laser field. Acta Physica Sinica, 2007, 56(2): 774-780. doi: 10.7498/aps.56.774
    [19] Zhao Song-Feng, Jin Cheng, Zhou Xiao-Xin. Investigation of high order harmonic generation and ionization of model hydrogen atoms and real hydrogen atom in intense laser field. Acta Physica Sinica, 2006, 55(8): 4078-4085. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.4078
    [20] Cheng Chun-Zhi, Zhou Xiao-Xin, Li Peng-Cheng. The wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generationand attosecond pulses from atom in infrared laser field. Acta Physica Sinica, 2011, 60(3): 033203. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.033203
  • Citation:
Metrics
  • Abstract views:  199
  • PDF Downloads:  43
  • Cited By: 0
Publishing process
  • Received Date:  22 August 2018
  • Accepted Date:  07 September 2018
  • Published Online:  05 November 2018

High order harmonics generation by relativistically circularly polarized laser-solid interaction

    Corresponding author: Liu Feng1\2liuf001@sjtu.edu.cn;lmchen@iphy.ac.cn
    Corresponding author: Chen Li-Ming1\2\3liuf001@sjtu.edu.cn;lmchen@iphy.ac.cn
  • 1. Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas(Ministry of Education), School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
  • 2. IFSA Collaborative Innovation Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
  • 3. Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
  • 4. Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G40 NG, UK;
  • 5. Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2013CBA01504), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11721091, 11305103, 11775144), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai, China (Grant Nos. 18ZR1419200, 13ZR1456300), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2017M621443).

Abstract: Coherent extreme ultra-violet (XUV) and soft X-ray light with attosecond duration enable the time-resolved study of electron dynamics in a completely new regime. High order harmonic generation (HHG) from the highly nonlinear process of relativistically intense laser interactions with solid-density plasma offers a very new way to generate such a light source. In this paper, we study the HHG by a relativistically circularly polarized femtosecond laser interacting with solid-density plasma. The experiment is carried out by using a 200 TW Ti:sapphire laser system at the Laboratory for Laser Plasmas in Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. The laser system can deliver laser pulses at 800 nm with a pulse duration (full width at half maximum, FWHM) of 25 fs and repetition rate of 10 Hz. The circularly polarized laser beam with an energy of 460 mJ is used in the experiment and focused by an F/4 off-axis parabolic mirror at an incidence angle of 40 with respect to the glass target. The focal spot diameter is 6 m (FWHM) with 25% energy enclosed, giving a calculated peak intensity of 1.61019 W/cm2. We detect high order harmonics by a flat-field spectrometer. The experimental results show that high order harmonic radiation can also be efficiently generated by a circularly polarized laser at a lager incidence angle, which provides a straightforward way to obtain a circularly polarized XUV light source. Different plasma density scale lengths are obtained by introducing a prepulse with different delays. We study the dependence of HHG efficiency on plasma density scale length by the circularly polarized laser, and find an optimal density scale length to exist. The influence of laser polarization and plasma density scale length on HHG are studied by two-dimensional (2D) PIC simulations. The good agreement is found between the 2D PIC simulations and experimental results. We plan to measure the polarization characteristics of high order harmonic produced by the interaction of circularly polarized lasers with solid target in the future. It is expected to obtain a compact coherent circularly polarized XUV light source, which can be used to study the ultra-fast dynamic process of magnetic materials.

Reference (24)

Catalog

    /

    返回文章
    返回