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Effects of oxide isolation layer on magnetic properties of L10 FePt film grown on Si substrate

Li Dan Li Guo-Qing

Effects of oxide isolation layer on magnetic properties of L10 FePt film grown on Si substrate

Li Dan, Li Guo-Qing
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  • Magnetic force microscope (MFM) is a powerful tool to subtly detect the stray field distribution of magnetic film or particles on a sub-micrometer scale. Due to its huge uniaxial magnetocrystalline anisotropy (Ku~7107 erg cm-3) and high Currie temperature (TC~500℃), FePt alloy in an L10 phase is expected to be coated on the MFM tip to display high coercive force (Hc) and to improve the magnetic stability and MFM resolution. A grain size of~3 nm will be enough to overcome the super paramagnetism. However, the growing fresh FePt films must experience a high temperature annealing (exceeding 700℃) in order to transform their structures thoroughly from a soft A1 phase into the desired hard L10 phase. This brings the risk of diffusion between FePt coating layer and the underneath Si cantilever. Several admixtures have been attempted by other researchers to obtain granular films with FePt grains separated by oxides, with the purpose to prevent the diffusion from happening between FePt and Si. But apparently, it will be very difficult to fabricate a separated FePt grain exactly on the top of MFM tip. This is a critical factor to affect the MFM resolution. And discussion about the influence of the interface diffusion is avoided in most of published papers. Alternatively, some oxide isolation layers with higher melting temperature can be useful for separating the top FePt film from the bottom Si crystal. In this paper, MgO and SiO2 are selected as isolation layers, deposited by magnetron sputtering. Subsequently, the FePt films are deposited at 400℃ and annealed at different temperatures (500℃ to 800℃) for 2 h. The experimental results indicate that the diffusion between FePt and Si substrate always occurs in the absence of any isolation layer, leading to a reluctant maximum Hc of~5 kOe for 50 nm FePt film. However, the coercive force could remarkably exceed 10 kOe if an isolation layer is used. In the case of MgO, a maximum Hc of~12.4 kOe for 50 nm FePt could be stably measured. However, the annealing temperature must be lower than 600℃ to hold back the occurrence of brittle cracks in isolation layer. Because of the smaller lattice mismatch and expansion coefficient difference between SiO2 isolation layer and Si substrate, the highest annealing temperature could exceed 800℃ when replacing MgO with SiO2. The Hc of FePt film could be adjusted in a range from~5 kOe to~15 kOe by changing the annealing temperature. These findings greatly benefit the fabrication of FePt-based MFM tips with high Hc. And it is expected to be able to effectively enhance the resolution of MFM image.
      Corresponding author: Li Guo-Qing, gqli@swu.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51071132).
    [1]

    Weller D, Mcdaniel T 2006 Advanced Magnetic Nanostructures-Media for Extremely High Density Recording (Boston MA: Springer) pp295-324

    [2]

    Suzuki T, Honda N, Ouchi K 1999 J. Appl. Phys. 85 4301

    [3]

    Moser A, Takano K, Margulies D T, Albrecht M, Sonobe Y, Ikeda Y, Sun S, Fullerton E E 2002 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35 R157

    [4]

    Piramanayagam S N, Srinivasan K 2009 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 321 485

    [5]

    Coffey K R, Parker M A, Howard J K 1995 IEEE Trans. Magn. 31 2737

    [6]

    Gibson G A, Schultz S 1993 J. Appl. Phys. 73 4516

    [7]

    Martin Y, Wickramasinghe H K 1987 Appl. Phys. Lett. 50 1455

    [8]

    Senz J J, Garcia N, Grtter P, Meyer E, Heinzelmann H, Wiesendanger R, Rosenthaler L, Hidber H R, Gntherodt H J 1987 J. Appl. Phys. 62 4293

    [9]

    Rugar D, Mamin H J, Guethner P, Lambert S E, Stern J E, McFadyen I, Yogi T 1990 J. Appl. Phys. 68 1169

    [10]

    Saito H, Miyazaki K, Ishio S 2002 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 240 73

    [11]

    Saito H, Sunahara R, Rheem Y, Ishio S 2005 IEEE Trans. Magn. 41 4394

    [12]

    Phillips G N, Siekman M, Abelmann L, Lodder J C 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. 81 865

    [13]

    Babcock K, Elings V, Dugas M, Loper S 1994 IEEE Trans. Magn. 30 4503

    [14]

    Amos N, Lavrenov A, Fernandez R, Ikkawi R, Litvinov D, Khizroev S 2009 J. Appl. Phys. 105 07D526

    [15]

    Amos N, Ikkawi R, Haddon R, Litvinov D, Khizroev S 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 203116

    [16]

    Zhang Y, Wan J, Skumryev V, Stoyanov S, Huang Y, Hadjipanayis G C, Weller D 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 5343

    [17]

    Luo C P, Liou S H, Gao L, Liu Y, Sellmyer D J 2000 Appl. Phys. Lett. 77 2225

    [18]

    Breitling A, Goll D 2008 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 320 1449

    [19]

    Bauer U, Przybylski M, Kirschner J, Beach G S 2012 Nano Lett. 12 1437

    [20]

    Seki T, Shima T, Takanashi K, Takahashi Y, Matsubara E, Hono K 2003 Appl. Phys. Lett. 82 2461

    [21]

    Sun A C, Kuo P C, Chen S C, Chou C Y, Huang H L, Hsu J H 2004 J. Appl. Phys. 95 7264

    [22]

    Takahashi Y K, Koyama T, Ohnuma M, Ohkubo T, Hono K 2004 J. Appl. Phys. 95 2690

    [23]

    Kuo C M, Kuo P C, Wu H C, Yao Y D, Lin C H 1999 J. Appl. Phys. 85 4886

    [24]

    Yan M L, Powers N, Sellmyer D J 2003 J. Appl. Phys. 93 8292

    [25]

    Li G Q, Takahoshi H, Ito H, Saito H, Ishio S, Shima T, Takanashi K 2003 J. Appl. Phys. 94 5672

    [26]

    Speliotis T, Varvaro G, Testa A M, Giannopoulos G, Agostinelli E, Li W, Hadjipanayis G, Niarchos D 2015 Appl. Surf. Sci. 337 118

    [27]

    Rasmussen P, Rui X, Shield J E 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 191915

    [28]

    Suzuki T, Yanase S, Honda N, Ouchi K 1999 J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 23 957

    [29]

    Li G Q, Zhu Y Y, Zhang Y, Zhao H J, Zeng D F, Li Y H, Lu W 2015 Appl. Phys. Lett. 106 082404

    [30]

    Li Y H, Zeng D F, Zhao H J, Du B, Wei J, Yoshimura S, Li G Q 2015 IEEE Trans. Magn. 51 4800503

    [31]

    Kaushik N, Sharma P, Tanaka S, Makino A, Esashi M 2015 Acta Phys. Pol. A 127 611

    [32]

    Makuta H, Iwama H, Shima T, Doi M 2017 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 56 055504

    [33]

    Schilling M, Ziemann P, Zhang Z, Biskupek J, Kaiser U, Wiedwald U 2016 Beilstein J. Nanotech. 7 591

  • [1]

    Weller D, Mcdaniel T 2006 Advanced Magnetic Nanostructures-Media for Extremely High Density Recording (Boston MA: Springer) pp295-324

    [2]

    Suzuki T, Honda N, Ouchi K 1999 J. Appl. Phys. 85 4301

    [3]

    Moser A, Takano K, Margulies D T, Albrecht M, Sonobe Y, Ikeda Y, Sun S, Fullerton E E 2002 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35 R157

    [4]

    Piramanayagam S N, Srinivasan K 2009 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 321 485

    [5]

    Coffey K R, Parker M A, Howard J K 1995 IEEE Trans. Magn. 31 2737

    [6]

    Gibson G A, Schultz S 1993 J. Appl. Phys. 73 4516

    [7]

    Martin Y, Wickramasinghe H K 1987 Appl. Phys. Lett. 50 1455

    [8]

    Senz J J, Garcia N, Grtter P, Meyer E, Heinzelmann H, Wiesendanger R, Rosenthaler L, Hidber H R, Gntherodt H J 1987 J. Appl. Phys. 62 4293

    [9]

    Rugar D, Mamin H J, Guethner P, Lambert S E, Stern J E, McFadyen I, Yogi T 1990 J. Appl. Phys. 68 1169

    [10]

    Saito H, Miyazaki K, Ishio S 2002 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 240 73

    [11]

    Saito H, Sunahara R, Rheem Y, Ishio S 2005 IEEE Trans. Magn. 41 4394

    [12]

    Phillips G N, Siekman M, Abelmann L, Lodder J C 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. 81 865

    [13]

    Babcock K, Elings V, Dugas M, Loper S 1994 IEEE Trans. Magn. 30 4503

    [14]

    Amos N, Lavrenov A, Fernandez R, Ikkawi R, Litvinov D, Khizroev S 2009 J. Appl. Phys. 105 07D526

    [15]

    Amos N, Ikkawi R, Haddon R, Litvinov D, Khizroev S 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 203116

    [16]

    Zhang Y, Wan J, Skumryev V, Stoyanov S, Huang Y, Hadjipanayis G C, Weller D 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 5343

    [17]

    Luo C P, Liou S H, Gao L, Liu Y, Sellmyer D J 2000 Appl. Phys. Lett. 77 2225

    [18]

    Breitling A, Goll D 2008 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 320 1449

    [19]

    Bauer U, Przybylski M, Kirschner J, Beach G S 2012 Nano Lett. 12 1437

    [20]

    Seki T, Shima T, Takanashi K, Takahashi Y, Matsubara E, Hono K 2003 Appl. Phys. Lett. 82 2461

    [21]

    Sun A C, Kuo P C, Chen S C, Chou C Y, Huang H L, Hsu J H 2004 J. Appl. Phys. 95 7264

    [22]

    Takahashi Y K, Koyama T, Ohnuma M, Ohkubo T, Hono K 2004 J. Appl. Phys. 95 2690

    [23]

    Kuo C M, Kuo P C, Wu H C, Yao Y D, Lin C H 1999 J. Appl. Phys. 85 4886

    [24]

    Yan M L, Powers N, Sellmyer D J 2003 J. Appl. Phys. 93 8292

    [25]

    Li G Q, Takahoshi H, Ito H, Saito H, Ishio S, Shima T, Takanashi K 2003 J. Appl. Phys. 94 5672

    [26]

    Speliotis T, Varvaro G, Testa A M, Giannopoulos G, Agostinelli E, Li W, Hadjipanayis G, Niarchos D 2015 Appl. Surf. Sci. 337 118

    [27]

    Rasmussen P, Rui X, Shield J E 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 191915

    [28]

    Suzuki T, Yanase S, Honda N, Ouchi K 1999 J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 23 957

    [29]

    Li G Q, Zhu Y Y, Zhang Y, Zhao H J, Zeng D F, Li Y H, Lu W 2015 Appl. Phys. Lett. 106 082404

    [30]

    Li Y H, Zeng D F, Zhao H J, Du B, Wei J, Yoshimura S, Li G Q 2015 IEEE Trans. Magn. 51 4800503

    [31]

    Kaushik N, Sharma P, Tanaka S, Makino A, Esashi M 2015 Acta Phys. Pol. A 127 611

    [32]

    Makuta H, Iwama H, Shima T, Doi M 2017 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 56 055504

    [33]

    Schilling M, Ziemann P, Zhang Z, Biskupek J, Kaiser U, Wiedwald U 2016 Beilstein J. Nanotech. 7 591

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  • Received Date:  05 March 2018
  • Accepted Date:  13 April 2018
  • Published Online:  05 August 2018

Effects of oxide isolation layer on magnetic properties of L10 FePt film grown on Si substrate

    Corresponding author: Li Guo-Qing, gqli@swu.edu.cn
  • 1. School of Physical Science and Technology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51071132).

Abstract: Magnetic force microscope (MFM) is a powerful tool to subtly detect the stray field distribution of magnetic film or particles on a sub-micrometer scale. Due to its huge uniaxial magnetocrystalline anisotropy (Ku~7107 erg cm-3) and high Currie temperature (TC~500℃), FePt alloy in an L10 phase is expected to be coated on the MFM tip to display high coercive force (Hc) and to improve the magnetic stability and MFM resolution. A grain size of~3 nm will be enough to overcome the super paramagnetism. However, the growing fresh FePt films must experience a high temperature annealing (exceeding 700℃) in order to transform their structures thoroughly from a soft A1 phase into the desired hard L10 phase. This brings the risk of diffusion between FePt coating layer and the underneath Si cantilever. Several admixtures have been attempted by other researchers to obtain granular films with FePt grains separated by oxides, with the purpose to prevent the diffusion from happening between FePt and Si. But apparently, it will be very difficult to fabricate a separated FePt grain exactly on the top of MFM tip. This is a critical factor to affect the MFM resolution. And discussion about the influence of the interface diffusion is avoided in most of published papers. Alternatively, some oxide isolation layers with higher melting temperature can be useful for separating the top FePt film from the bottom Si crystal. In this paper, MgO and SiO2 are selected as isolation layers, deposited by magnetron sputtering. Subsequently, the FePt films are deposited at 400℃ and annealed at different temperatures (500℃ to 800℃) for 2 h. The experimental results indicate that the diffusion between FePt and Si substrate always occurs in the absence of any isolation layer, leading to a reluctant maximum Hc of~5 kOe for 50 nm FePt film. However, the coercive force could remarkably exceed 10 kOe if an isolation layer is used. In the case of MgO, a maximum Hc of~12.4 kOe for 50 nm FePt could be stably measured. However, the annealing temperature must be lower than 600℃ to hold back the occurrence of brittle cracks in isolation layer. Because of the smaller lattice mismatch and expansion coefficient difference between SiO2 isolation layer and Si substrate, the highest annealing temperature could exceed 800℃ when replacing MgO with SiO2. The Hc of FePt film could be adjusted in a range from~5 kOe to~15 kOe by changing the annealing temperature. These findings greatly benefit the fabrication of FePt-based MFM tips with high Hc. And it is expected to be able to effectively enhance the resolution of MFM image.

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