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Influence of LiF and AlF3 on optical, spectroscopic, crystallization and structrural properties of Tm3+ doped fluorophosphate glass

Zhang Li-Yan Tian Ying Zhang Jun-Jie Hu Li-Li

Influence of LiF and AlF3 on optical, spectroscopic, crystallization and structrural properties of Tm3+ doped fluorophosphate glass

Zhang Li-Yan, Tian Ying, Zhang Jun-Jie, Hu Li-Li
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  • To balance the requirements for lifetime, cross section and crystallization stability in rare-earth-doped fluorophosphate(FP) glass, we studied the influence of LiF and AlF3 on the properties of FP. Results indicate that LiF plays an important role in improving the radiative lifetime of Tm3+, and the glass performs good crystallization stability with LiF proportion as high as 30mol%. Crystallization stability in high AlF3 glass is excellent but the radiative lifetime of Tm3+decreases fast. Emission cross section changes mildly with the variation of LiF and AlF3 proportions, so lifetime, cross section and crystallization stability can achieve their batter values through the ajustment of LiF and AlF3 proportions.Comparations between J-O parameters and several properties of the Tm3+ doped FP glass show that with AlF3 increasing, the overlap integral of 4f and 5d orbitals of the rare earth ions increases. Raman spectra testify the great variation of glass structure when LiF and AlF3 contents change largely.
    • Funds:
    [1]

    Zou X L, Toratani H 1996 Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 195 113

    [2]

    Zhao Y Y, Hou X, Chen W B 2006 Laser and Optoelectronics Progress 46 20 (in Chinese) [赵媛媛、 侯 霞、 陈卫标 2006 激光与光电子学进展 46 20]

    [3]

    Corrigan P, Martini R, Whittaker E A 2009 Optics Express 17 4355

    [4]

    Aggarwal I D, Shaw L B, Sanghera J S 2007 Proc. SPIE 6453 645312

    [5]

    Slobodtchikov E, Moulton P F 2007 Optical Society of America 140 3510

    [6]

    Jackson S D, King T A 1998 IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics 34 779

    [7]

    Tittel F K, Richter D, Fried A 2003 Appl. Phys. 89 445

    [8]

    Doualan J L, Girard S, Haquin H, Adam J L, Montagne J 2003 Optical Materials 24 563

    [9]

    Ghisler C, Luthy W, Weber H P 1995 IEEE Journal of quantum electronics 31 1877

    [10]

    Allain J Y, Monerie M, Poignan T 1991 Electron. Lett.21 1513

    [11]

    Chen G X, Jiang Z H, Yang G F, Yang Z M, Zhang Q Y 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 4200 (in Chinese) [陈敢新、姜中宏、杨钢锋、杨中民、张勤远 2007 物理学报 56 4200]

    [12]

    Chen G X, Zhang Q Y, Zhao C,Shi D M, Jiang Z H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 1321( in Chinese) [陈敢新、张勤远、赵 纯、石冬梅、姜中宏 2010 物理学报 59 1321]

    [13]

    Xu S Q, Jin S Z, Zhao S L, Zhang L Y, Wang B L,Wang W, Bao R Q,Zhang J 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 2714( in Chinese)[徐时清、金尚忠、赵士龙、张丽艳、王宝玲、王 玮、鲍仁强、章 珏 2007 物理学报 56 2714]

    [14]

    Pollnau M, Jackson S D 2003 Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources Sorokina I T, Vodopyanov K L (eds.) (Berlin: Springer) p233—234

    [15]

    Wu J F, Yao Z D, Zong J 2007 Optical Letters 32 638

    [16]

    Zhang L Y, Sun H T, Xu S Q, Li K F, Hu L L 2005 Solid State Communications 135 449

    [17]

    Reddy R R, Ahammed Y N, Azeem P A 2003 J. Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 77 149

    [18]

    Демкина Л.И (Translated by Xu C, Cheng S B, Yu J B) 1964 Исследование зависимости свойств от их состава(Beijing:National Defense Industry Press) p190-193(in Chinese)[捷姆金娜 著 许 超,程少柏,于继宾 译 1964 玻璃性质对其成分依从性的研究(北京:国防工业出版社)第190—193页]

    [19]

    Wang M, Yi L X, Chen Y K, Yu C L, Wang G N, Hu L L, Zhang J J 2009 Materials Chemistry and Physics 114 295

    [20]

    Wang M, Yi L X, Wang G N, Hu L L, Zhang J J 2009 Solid State Communications 149 1216

    [21]

    Tanabe S 1993 Physical Review B 47 2507

    [22]

    Scholze H (Translated by Huang Z B) 1984 Glass: Nature, Structure, and Properties (Beijing: China architecture and building press) p246—252 (in Chinese) [舒尔兹H 著 黄照柏 译 1984 玻璃的本质结构和性质 (北京:中国建筑工业出版社) 第246—252页]

    [23]

    Wang X Y, Lin H, Yang D L 2007 J. Appl. Phys. 101 113535-1

    [24]

    Tanabe S 1999 J. Non-Crys. Solids 259 1

    [25]

    Carnall W T, Fields P R, Rajnak K1968 J. Chem. Phys. 49 4424

    [26]

    Gao G J, Wang G N, Yu C L, Zhang J J, Hu L L 2009 J. Lumin. 129 1042

    [27]

    Jacobs R R, Weber M J 1976 IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics QE-12 102

  • [1]

    Zou X L, Toratani H 1996 Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 195 113

    [2]

    Zhao Y Y, Hou X, Chen W B 2006 Laser and Optoelectronics Progress 46 20 (in Chinese) [赵媛媛、 侯 霞、 陈卫标 2006 激光与光电子学进展 46 20]

    [3]

    Corrigan P, Martini R, Whittaker E A 2009 Optics Express 17 4355

    [4]

    Aggarwal I D, Shaw L B, Sanghera J S 2007 Proc. SPIE 6453 645312

    [5]

    Slobodtchikov E, Moulton P F 2007 Optical Society of America 140 3510

    [6]

    Jackson S D, King T A 1998 IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics 34 779

    [7]

    Tittel F K, Richter D, Fried A 2003 Appl. Phys. 89 445

    [8]

    Doualan J L, Girard S, Haquin H, Adam J L, Montagne J 2003 Optical Materials 24 563

    [9]

    Ghisler C, Luthy W, Weber H P 1995 IEEE Journal of quantum electronics 31 1877

    [10]

    Allain J Y, Monerie M, Poignan T 1991 Electron. Lett.21 1513

    [11]

    Chen G X, Jiang Z H, Yang G F, Yang Z M, Zhang Q Y 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 4200 (in Chinese) [陈敢新、姜中宏、杨钢锋、杨中民、张勤远 2007 物理学报 56 4200]

    [12]

    Chen G X, Zhang Q Y, Zhao C,Shi D M, Jiang Z H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 1321( in Chinese) [陈敢新、张勤远、赵 纯、石冬梅、姜中宏 2010 物理学报 59 1321]

    [13]

    Xu S Q, Jin S Z, Zhao S L, Zhang L Y, Wang B L,Wang W, Bao R Q,Zhang J 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 2714( in Chinese)[徐时清、金尚忠、赵士龙、张丽艳、王宝玲、王 玮、鲍仁强、章 珏 2007 物理学报 56 2714]

    [14]

    Pollnau M, Jackson S D 2003 Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources Sorokina I T, Vodopyanov K L (eds.) (Berlin: Springer) p233—234

    [15]

    Wu J F, Yao Z D, Zong J 2007 Optical Letters 32 638

    [16]

    Zhang L Y, Sun H T, Xu S Q, Li K F, Hu L L 2005 Solid State Communications 135 449

    [17]

    Reddy R R, Ahammed Y N, Azeem P A 2003 J. Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 77 149

    [18]

    Демкина Л.И (Translated by Xu C, Cheng S B, Yu J B) 1964 Исследование зависимости свойств от их состава(Beijing:National Defense Industry Press) p190-193(in Chinese)[捷姆金娜 著 许 超,程少柏,于继宾 译 1964 玻璃性质对其成分依从性的研究(北京:国防工业出版社)第190—193页]

    [19]

    Wang M, Yi L X, Chen Y K, Yu C L, Wang G N, Hu L L, Zhang J J 2009 Materials Chemistry and Physics 114 295

    [20]

    Wang M, Yi L X, Wang G N, Hu L L, Zhang J J 2009 Solid State Communications 149 1216

    [21]

    Tanabe S 1993 Physical Review B 47 2507

    [22]

    Scholze H (Translated by Huang Z B) 1984 Glass: Nature, Structure, and Properties (Beijing: China architecture and building press) p246—252 (in Chinese) [舒尔兹H 著 黄照柏 译 1984 玻璃的本质结构和性质 (北京:中国建筑工业出版社) 第246—252页]

    [23]

    Wang X Y, Lin H, Yang D L 2007 J. Appl. Phys. 101 113535-1

    [24]

    Tanabe S 1999 J. Non-Crys. Solids 259 1

    [25]

    Carnall W T, Fields P R, Rajnak K1968 J. Chem. Phys. 49 4424

    [26]

    Gao G J, Wang G N, Yu C L, Zhang J J, Hu L L 2009 J. Lumin. 129 1042

    [27]

    Jacobs R R, Weber M J 1976 IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics QE-12 102

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  • Received Date:  21 January 2010
  • Accepted Date:  12 March 2010
  • Published Online:  15 November 2010

Influence of LiF and AlF3 on optical, spectroscopic, crystallization and structrural properties of Tm3+ doped fluorophosphate glass

  • 1. Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800,China

Abstract: To balance the requirements for lifetime, cross section and crystallization stability in rare-earth-doped fluorophosphate(FP) glass, we studied the influence of LiF and AlF3 on the properties of FP. Results indicate that LiF plays an important role in improving the radiative lifetime of Tm3+, and the glass performs good crystallization stability with LiF proportion as high as 30mol%. Crystallization stability in high AlF3 glass is excellent but the radiative lifetime of Tm3+decreases fast. Emission cross section changes mildly with the variation of LiF and AlF3 proportions, so lifetime, cross section and crystallization stability can achieve their batter values through the ajustment of LiF and AlF3 proportions.Comparations between J-O parameters and several properties of the Tm3+ doped FP glass show that with AlF3 increasing, the overlap integral of 4f and 5d orbitals of the rare earth ions increases. Raman spectra testify the great variation of glass structure when LiF and AlF3 contents change largely.

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