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A technique for tunable microwave/millimeter-wave generation based on a polarization-stable dual-wavelength polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating laser

Pei Li Liu Guan-Hui Ning Ti-Gang Gao Song Li Jing Zhang Yi-Jun

A technique for tunable microwave/millimeter-wave generation based on a polarization-stable dual-wavelength polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating laser

Pei Li, Liu Guan-Hui, Ning Ti-Gang, Gao Song, Li Jing, Zhang Yi-Jun
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  • A technique for tunable microwave/millimeter-wave generation based on a polarization-stable dual-wavelength polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating (PMFBG) laser is proposed in which the frequency selecting of PMFBG is used to produce two polarization-stable lasing signals, the polarization scrambler is adopted to ensure the consistency of the orthogonal polarization's power, and then the beating frequency in high-speed photodetector is used to generate the microwave/millimeter-wave. Lateral strain loading on the PMFBG allows the frequency of the microwave/millimeter to be controlled. In the experiment, a scheme for tunable microwave/millimeter-wave generation based on a polarization-stable dual-wavelength PMFBG laser is produced, and the microwave signals of 20.407 GHz and 22.050 GHz are generated by different axial pulls loading on PMFBG. In the simulation, the millimeter-wave of 60 GHz is generated and transmission performance of the millimeter-wave in radio-over-fiber downlink is analyzed. The results show that the eye diagrams demodulated in the mobile station are excellent when the optical carrier which is modulated as the millimeter-wave sub-carrier transmits over 80 kilometers from center station to base station. The excellent performance of the system is verified.
      Corresponding author: Pei Li, lipei@bjtu.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 60837002) and the Fund for Doctoral Program of Ministry of Education of China (Grant No. 200800040002).
    [1]

    Li J, Ning T G, Pei L, Qi C H 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 3136

    [2]

    Li J, Ning T G, Pei L, Qi C H, Hu X D, Zhou Q 2010 Opt. Express 18 2503

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    Braun R P, Grosskopf G, Rohde D, Schmidt F 1998 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10 728

    [4]

    Bordonalli A C, Walton C, Seeds A J 1999 J. Lightwave Technol. 17 328

    [5]

    Johansson L A, Seeds A J 2000 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12 690

    [6]

    Leng J S, Lai Y C, Zhang W, Williams J A R 2006 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18 1729

    [7]

    Yang W, Liu Y, Xiao L F, Yang Z X, Pan J X 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 1030 (in Chinese) [杨薇, 刘迎, 肖立峰, 杨兆祥, 潘建旋 2010 物理学报 bf 59 1030]

    [8]

    Pei L, Zhao R F, Ning T G, Qi C H, Li Z X, Gao S 2010 Chin. J. Lasers 37 1028 (in Chinese) [裴丽, 赵瑞峰, 宁提纲, 祁春慧, 李卓轩, 高嵩 2010 中国激光 37 1028]

    [9]

    An S Y, Zeng X D 2004 Principle of PhotoDetector (Vol. 1) (Xi’an: Xidian University Press) p152 (in Chinese) [安毓英, 曾晓东 2004 光电探测原理(第一版) (西安:西安电子科技大学出版社) 第152页]

    [10]

    Wang W, Meng Z, Yang H Y, Li Z Z 2006 Sensor World 6 23 (in Chinese) [王伟, 孟洲, 杨华勇, 李智忠 2006 传感器世界 6 23]

    [11]

    Botero-Cadavid J F, Causado-Buelvas J D, Torres P 2010 J. Lightwave Technol. 28 1291

    [12]

    Xu O, Lu S H, Jian S S 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 6404 (in Chinese) [许鸥, 鲁韶华, 简水生 2008 物理学报 57 6404]

    [13]

    Wang J, Zheng K, Li J, Liu L S, Chen G X, Jian S S 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 7695 (in Chinese) [王静, 郑凯, 李坚, 刘利松, 陈根祥, 简水生 2009 物理学报 58 7695]

    [14]

    Xue L F, Zhang Q, Li F, Zhou Y, Liu Y L 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 014213 (in Chinese) [薛力芳, 张强, 李芳, 周燕, 刘育梁 2011 物理学报 60 014213]

    [15]

    Wu S Q, Pei L, Ning T G, Qi C H, Guo L 2009 Chin. J. lasers 36 2945 (in Chinese) [吴树强, 裴丽, 宁提纲, 祁春慧, 郭兰 2009 中国激光 36 2945]

    [16]

    Ji H C, Kim H, Chung Y C 2009 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21 9

    [17]

    Xin X J, Zhang L J, Liu B, Yu J J 2011 Opt. Express 19 7847

    [18]

    Liu B, Xin X J, Zhang L J, Yu J J, Zhang Q, Yu C X 2010 Opt. Express 18 2137

    [19]

    Li S Y, Zheng X P, Zhang H Y, Zhou B K 2011 Opt. Lett. 36 546

    [20]

    Li J, Ning T G, Pei L, Zhou Q, Hu X D, Qi C H, Gao S, Yang L 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 054203 (in Chinese) [李晶, 宁提纲, 裴丽, 周倩, 胡旭东, 祁春慧, 高嵩, 杨龙 2011 物理学报 60 054203]

  • [1]

    Li J, Ning T G, Pei L, Qi C H 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 3136

    [2]

    Li J, Ning T G, Pei L, Qi C H, Hu X D, Zhou Q 2010 Opt. Express 18 2503

    [3]

    Braun R P, Grosskopf G, Rohde D, Schmidt F 1998 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10 728

    [4]

    Bordonalli A C, Walton C, Seeds A J 1999 J. Lightwave Technol. 17 328

    [5]

    Johansson L A, Seeds A J 2000 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12 690

    [6]

    Leng J S, Lai Y C, Zhang W, Williams J A R 2006 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18 1729

    [7]

    Yang W, Liu Y, Xiao L F, Yang Z X, Pan J X 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 1030 (in Chinese) [杨薇, 刘迎, 肖立峰, 杨兆祥, 潘建旋 2010 物理学报 bf 59 1030]

    [8]

    Pei L, Zhao R F, Ning T G, Qi C H, Li Z X, Gao S 2010 Chin. J. Lasers 37 1028 (in Chinese) [裴丽, 赵瑞峰, 宁提纲, 祁春慧, 李卓轩, 高嵩 2010 中国激光 37 1028]

    [9]

    An S Y, Zeng X D 2004 Principle of PhotoDetector (Vol. 1) (Xi’an: Xidian University Press) p152 (in Chinese) [安毓英, 曾晓东 2004 光电探测原理(第一版) (西安:西安电子科技大学出版社) 第152页]

    [10]

    Wang W, Meng Z, Yang H Y, Li Z Z 2006 Sensor World 6 23 (in Chinese) [王伟, 孟洲, 杨华勇, 李智忠 2006 传感器世界 6 23]

    [11]

    Botero-Cadavid J F, Causado-Buelvas J D, Torres P 2010 J. Lightwave Technol. 28 1291

    [12]

    Xu O, Lu S H, Jian S S 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 6404 (in Chinese) [许鸥, 鲁韶华, 简水生 2008 物理学报 57 6404]

    [13]

    Wang J, Zheng K, Li J, Liu L S, Chen G X, Jian S S 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 7695 (in Chinese) [王静, 郑凯, 李坚, 刘利松, 陈根祥, 简水生 2009 物理学报 58 7695]

    [14]

    Xue L F, Zhang Q, Li F, Zhou Y, Liu Y L 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 014213 (in Chinese) [薛力芳, 张强, 李芳, 周燕, 刘育梁 2011 物理学报 60 014213]

    [15]

    Wu S Q, Pei L, Ning T G, Qi C H, Guo L 2009 Chin. J. lasers 36 2945 (in Chinese) [吴树强, 裴丽, 宁提纲, 祁春慧, 郭兰 2009 中国激光 36 2945]

    [16]

    Ji H C, Kim H, Chung Y C 2009 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21 9

    [17]

    Xin X J, Zhang L J, Liu B, Yu J J 2011 Opt. Express 19 7847

    [18]

    Liu B, Xin X J, Zhang L J, Yu J J, Zhang Q, Yu C X 2010 Opt. Express 18 2137

    [19]

    Li S Y, Zheng X P, Zhang H Y, Zhou B K 2011 Opt. Lett. 36 546

    [20]

    Li J, Ning T G, Pei L, Zhou Q, Hu X D, Qi C H, Gao S, Yang L 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 054203 (in Chinese) [李晶, 宁提纲, 裴丽, 周倩, 胡旭东, 祁春慧, 高嵩, 杨龙 2011 物理学报 60 054203]

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    [9] Gao Song, Pei Li, Ning Ti-Gang, Qi Chun-Hui, Liu Guan-Hui, Li Jing. Study on the polarization mismatch in micro/millimeter-wave generation employing optical self-heterodyning technology. Acta Physica Sinica, 2012, 61(12): 124204. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.124204
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  • Received Date:  03 June 2011
  • Accepted Date:  27 July 2011
  • Published Online:  20 March 2012

A technique for tunable microwave/millimeter-wave generation based on a polarization-stable dual-wavelength polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating laser

    Corresponding author: Pei Li, lipei@bjtu.edu.cn
  • 1. Institute of Lightwave Technology, Key Laboratory of All Optical Network and Advanced Telecommunication Network, Ministry of Education, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 60837002) and the Fund for Doctoral Program of Ministry of Education of China (Grant No. 200800040002).

Abstract: A technique for tunable microwave/millimeter-wave generation based on a polarization-stable dual-wavelength polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating (PMFBG) laser is proposed in which the frequency selecting of PMFBG is used to produce two polarization-stable lasing signals, the polarization scrambler is adopted to ensure the consistency of the orthogonal polarization's power, and then the beating frequency in high-speed photodetector is used to generate the microwave/millimeter-wave. Lateral strain loading on the PMFBG allows the frequency of the microwave/millimeter to be controlled. In the experiment, a scheme for tunable microwave/millimeter-wave generation based on a polarization-stable dual-wavelength PMFBG laser is produced, and the microwave signals of 20.407 GHz and 22.050 GHz are generated by different axial pulls loading on PMFBG. In the simulation, the millimeter-wave of 60 GHz is generated and transmission performance of the millimeter-wave in radio-over-fiber downlink is analyzed. The results show that the eye diagrams demodulated in the mobile station are excellent when the optical carrier which is modulated as the millimeter-wave sub-carrier transmits over 80 kilometers from center station to base station. The excellent performance of the system is verified.

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