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石墨烯等离激元的光学性质及其应用前景

杨晓霞 孔祥天 戴庆

石墨烯等离激元的光学性质及其应用前景

杨晓霞, 孔祥天, 戴庆
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  • 石墨烯等离激元由于其独特的电学可调性、本征低衰减以及局域光场高度增强等特性, 引起了广泛的关注并迅速成长为一门新的学科分支--石墨烯表面等离激元光子学. 本文介绍了石墨烯等离激元的一些基本性质, 包括色散关系、局域的等离激元和传导的等离激元以及石墨烯等离激元对其周边介电环境的敏感性等. 在此基础上, 进一步介绍了石墨烯等离激元在太赫兹到中红外频段的应用, 比如有源光调制器的一些功能器件和增强的红外光谱探测等.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51372045)资助的课题.
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    Prasad P N 2004 Nanophotonics (Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.) pp2-7, 129-149

    [2]

    Maier S A 2007 Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (New York: Springer-Verlag)

    [3]

    Tong L M, Xu H X 2012 Physics 41 582 (in Chinese) [童廉明, 徐红星 2012 物理 41 582]

    [4]

    Homola J, Yee S S, Gauglitz G 1999 Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54 3

    [5]

    Ozbay E 2006 Science 311 189

    [6]

    Barnes W L, Dereux A, Ebbesen T W 2003 Nature 424 824

    [7]

    Jablan M, Soljacic M, Buljan H 2013 Proc. IEEE 101 1689

    [8]

    Low T, Avouris P 2014 ACS Nano 2 1086

    [9]

    Grigorenko A N, Polini M, Novoselov K S 2012 Nat. Photon. 6 749

    [10]

    Maier S A 2012 Nat. Phys. 8 581

    [11]

    de Abajo F J G 2014 ACS Photon. 1 135

    [12]

    Stauber T 2014 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 26 123201

    [13]

    Bao Q L, Loh K P 2012 ACS Nano 6 3677

    [14]

    Ju L, Geng B S, Horng J, Girit C, Martin M, Hao Z, Bechtel H A, Liang X G, Zettl A, Shen Y R, Wang F 2011 Nat. Nanotechnol. 6 630

    [15]

    Woessner A, Lundeberg M B, Gao Y, Principi A, Alonso-González P, Carrega M, Watanabe K, Taniguchi T, Vignale G, Polini M, Hone J, Hillenbrand R, Koppens F H L 2014 Nat. Mater. DOI:10.1038/nmat4169

    [16]

    Chen J N, Badioli M, Alonso-Gonzalez P, Thongrattanasiri S, Huth F, Osmond J, Spasenovic M, Centeno A, Pesquera A, Godignon P, Elorza A Z, Camara N, de Abajo F J G, Hillenbrand R, Koppens F H L 2012 Nature 487 77

    [17]

    Novoselov K S, Geim A K, Morozov S V, Jiang D, Katsnelson M I, Grigorieva I V, Dubonos S V, Firsov A A 2005 Nature 438 197

    [18]

    Wang F, Zhang Y B, Tian C S, Girit C, Zettl A, Crommie M, Shen Y R 2008 Science 320 206

    [19]

    Gusynin V P, Sharapov S G, Carbotte J P 2007 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19 026222

    [20]

    Hwang E H, Das Sarma S 2007 Phys. Rev. B 75 205418

    [21]

    Jablan M, Buljan H, Soljacic M 2009 Phys. Rev. B 80 245435

    [22]

    Brar V W, Jang M S, Sherrott M, Lopez J J, Atwater H A 2013 Nano Lett. 13 2541

    [23]

    Fei Z, Rodin A S, Andreev G O, Bao W, McLeod A S, Wagner M, Zhang L M, Zhao Z, Thiemens M, Dominguez G, Fogler M M, Neto A H C, Lau C N, Keilmann F, Basov D N 2012 Nature 487 82

    [24]

    Fei Z, Rodin A S, Gannett W, Dai S, Regan W, Wagner M, Liu M K, McLeod A S, Dominguez G, Thiemens M, Castro NetoAntonio H, Keilmann F, Zettl A, Hillenbrand R, Fogler M M, Basov D N 2013 Nat. Nano 8 821

    [25]

    Keilmann F, Hillenbrand R 2004 Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 362 787

    [26]

    Hillenbrand R, Taubner T, Keilmann F 2002 Nature 418 159

    [27]

    Alonso-González P, Nikitin A Y, Golmar F, Centeno A, Pesquera A, Vélez S, Chen J, Navickaite G, Koppens F, Zurutuza A, Casanova F, Hueso L E, Hillenbrand R 2014 Science 344 1369

    [28]

    Ong Z Y, Fischetti M V 2012 Phys. Rev. B 86 165422

    [29]

    Liu Y, Willis R F 2010 Phys. Rev. B 81 081406

    [30]

    Koch R J, Seyller T, Schaefer J A 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 201413

    [31]

    Hwang E H, Sensarma R, Das Sarma S 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 195406

    [32]

    Jablan M, Soljačć M, Buljan H 2011 Phys. Rev. B 83 161409

    [33]

    Yang X, Kong X T, Bai B, Li Z, Hu H, Qiu X, Dai Q 2014 Small DOI: 101002/smll. 201400515

    [34]

    Fano U 1961 Phys. Rev. 124 1866

    [35]

    Harris S E 1997 Phys. Today 50 36

    [36]

    Christensen J, Manjavacas A, Thongrattanasiri S, Koppens F H L, de Abajo F J G 2012 ACS Nano 6 431

    [37]

    Yan H G, Low T, Zhu W J, Wu Y Q, Freitag M, Li X S, Guinea F, Avouris P, Xia F N 2013 Nat. Photon. 7 394

    [38]

    Vakil A, Engheta N 2011 Science 332 1291

    [39]

    Arrazola I, Hillenbrand R, Nikitin A Y 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 034507

    [40]

    Kong X T, Bai B, Dai Q 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 1

    [41]

    Gao W, Shi G, Jin Z, Shu J, Zhang Q, Vajtai R, Ajayan P M, Kono J, Xu Q 2013 Nano Lett. 13 3698

    [42]

    Thongrattanasiri S, Koppens F H L, de Abajo F J G 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 047401

    [43]

    Chen P Y, Alù A 2011 ACS Nano 5 5855

    [44]

    Farhat M, Rockstuhl C, Bağcँ H 2013 Opt. Express 21 12592

    [45]

    Chen L, Zhang T, Li X, Wang G 2013 Opt. Express 21 28628

    [46]

    Liu P H, Cai W, Wang L, Zhang X Z, Xu J J 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 153111

    [47]

    Ooi K J A, Chu H S, Bai P, Ang L K 2014 Opt. Lett. 39 1629

    [48]

    Nikitin A Y, Guinea F, Garcia-Vidal F J, Martin-Moreno L 2012 Phys. Rev. B 85 081405

    [49]

    Fang Z, Wang Y, Schlather A E, Liu Z, Ajayan P M, de Abajo F J G, Nordlander P, Zhu X, Halas N J 2013 Nano Lett. 14 299

    [50]

    Fang Z Y, Thongrattanasiri S, Schlather A, Liu Z, Ma L L, Wang Y M, Ajayan P M, Nordlander P, Halas N J, de Abajo F J G 2013 ACS Nano 7 2388

    [51]

    Yan H G, Li X S, Chandra B, Tulevski G, Wu Y Q, Freitag M, Zhu W J, Avouris P, Xia F N 2012 Nat. Nanotechnol. 7 330

    [52]

    Adato R, Yanik A A, Amsden J J, Kaplan D L, Omenetto F G, Hong M K, Erramilli S, Altug H 2009 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106 19227

    [53]

    Yan H, Low T, Guinea F, Xia F, Avouris P 2014 Nano Lett. 14 4581

    [54]

    Li Y, Yan H, Farmer D B, Meng X, Zhu W, Osgood R M, Heinz T F, Avouris P 2014 Nano Lett. 14 1573

    [55]

    Brar V W, Jang M S, Sherrott M, Kim S, Lopez J J, Kim L B, Choi M, Atwater H 2014 Nano Lett. 14 3876

    [56]

    Liu F, Cubukcu E 2013 Phys. Rev. B 88 115439

  • [1]

    Prasad P N 2004 Nanophotonics (Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.) pp2-7, 129-149

    [2]

    Maier S A 2007 Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (New York: Springer-Verlag)

    [3]

    Tong L M, Xu H X 2012 Physics 41 582 (in Chinese) [童廉明, 徐红星 2012 物理 41 582]

    [4]

    Homola J, Yee S S, Gauglitz G 1999 Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54 3

    [5]

    Ozbay E 2006 Science 311 189

    [6]

    Barnes W L, Dereux A, Ebbesen T W 2003 Nature 424 824

    [7]

    Jablan M, Soljacic M, Buljan H 2013 Proc. IEEE 101 1689

    [8]

    Low T, Avouris P 2014 ACS Nano 2 1086

    [9]

    Grigorenko A N, Polini M, Novoselov K S 2012 Nat. Photon. 6 749

    [10]

    Maier S A 2012 Nat. Phys. 8 581

    [11]

    de Abajo F J G 2014 ACS Photon. 1 135

    [12]

    Stauber T 2014 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 26 123201

    [13]

    Bao Q L, Loh K P 2012 ACS Nano 6 3677

    [14]

    Ju L, Geng B S, Horng J, Girit C, Martin M, Hao Z, Bechtel H A, Liang X G, Zettl A, Shen Y R, Wang F 2011 Nat. Nanotechnol. 6 630

    [15]

    Woessner A, Lundeberg M B, Gao Y, Principi A, Alonso-González P, Carrega M, Watanabe K, Taniguchi T, Vignale G, Polini M, Hone J, Hillenbrand R, Koppens F H L 2014 Nat. Mater. DOI:10.1038/nmat4169

    [16]

    Chen J N, Badioli M, Alonso-Gonzalez P, Thongrattanasiri S, Huth F, Osmond J, Spasenovic M, Centeno A, Pesquera A, Godignon P, Elorza A Z, Camara N, de Abajo F J G, Hillenbrand R, Koppens F H L 2012 Nature 487 77

    [17]

    Novoselov K S, Geim A K, Morozov S V, Jiang D, Katsnelson M I, Grigorieva I V, Dubonos S V, Firsov A A 2005 Nature 438 197

    [18]

    Wang F, Zhang Y B, Tian C S, Girit C, Zettl A, Crommie M, Shen Y R 2008 Science 320 206

    [19]

    Gusynin V P, Sharapov S G, Carbotte J P 2007 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19 026222

    [20]

    Hwang E H, Das Sarma S 2007 Phys. Rev. B 75 205418

    [21]

    Jablan M, Buljan H, Soljacic M 2009 Phys. Rev. B 80 245435

    [22]

    Brar V W, Jang M S, Sherrott M, Lopez J J, Atwater H A 2013 Nano Lett. 13 2541

    [23]

    Fei Z, Rodin A S, Andreev G O, Bao W, McLeod A S, Wagner M, Zhang L M, Zhao Z, Thiemens M, Dominguez G, Fogler M M, Neto A H C, Lau C N, Keilmann F, Basov D N 2012 Nature 487 82

    [24]

    Fei Z, Rodin A S, Gannett W, Dai S, Regan W, Wagner M, Liu M K, McLeod A S, Dominguez G, Thiemens M, Castro NetoAntonio H, Keilmann F, Zettl A, Hillenbrand R, Fogler M M, Basov D N 2013 Nat. Nano 8 821

    [25]

    Keilmann F, Hillenbrand R 2004 Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 362 787

    [26]

    Hillenbrand R, Taubner T, Keilmann F 2002 Nature 418 159

    [27]

    Alonso-González P, Nikitin A Y, Golmar F, Centeno A, Pesquera A, Vélez S, Chen J, Navickaite G, Koppens F, Zurutuza A, Casanova F, Hueso L E, Hillenbrand R 2014 Science 344 1369

    [28]

    Ong Z Y, Fischetti M V 2012 Phys. Rev. B 86 165422

    [29]

    Liu Y, Willis R F 2010 Phys. Rev. B 81 081406

    [30]

    Koch R J, Seyller T, Schaefer J A 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 201413

    [31]

    Hwang E H, Sensarma R, Das Sarma S 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 195406

    [32]

    Jablan M, Soljačć M, Buljan H 2011 Phys. Rev. B 83 161409

    [33]

    Yang X, Kong X T, Bai B, Li Z, Hu H, Qiu X, Dai Q 2014 Small DOI: 101002/smll. 201400515

    [34]

    Fano U 1961 Phys. Rev. 124 1866

    [35]

    Harris S E 1997 Phys. Today 50 36

    [36]

    Christensen J, Manjavacas A, Thongrattanasiri S, Koppens F H L, de Abajo F J G 2012 ACS Nano 6 431

    [37]

    Yan H G, Low T, Zhu W J, Wu Y Q, Freitag M, Li X S, Guinea F, Avouris P, Xia F N 2013 Nat. Photon. 7 394

    [38]

    Vakil A, Engheta N 2011 Science 332 1291

    [39]

    Arrazola I, Hillenbrand R, Nikitin A Y 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 034507

    [40]

    Kong X T, Bai B, Dai Q 2015 Opt. Lett. 40 1

    [41]

    Gao W, Shi G, Jin Z, Shu J, Zhang Q, Vajtai R, Ajayan P M, Kono J, Xu Q 2013 Nano Lett. 13 3698

    [42]

    Thongrattanasiri S, Koppens F H L, de Abajo F J G 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 047401

    [43]

    Chen P Y, Alù A 2011 ACS Nano 5 5855

    [44]

    Farhat M, Rockstuhl C, Bağcँ H 2013 Opt. Express 21 12592

    [45]

    Chen L, Zhang T, Li X, Wang G 2013 Opt. Express 21 28628

    [46]

    Liu P H, Cai W, Wang L, Zhang X Z, Xu J J 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 153111

    [47]

    Ooi K J A, Chu H S, Bai P, Ang L K 2014 Opt. Lett. 39 1629

    [48]

    Nikitin A Y, Guinea F, Garcia-Vidal F J, Martin-Moreno L 2012 Phys. Rev. B 85 081405

    [49]

    Fang Z, Wang Y, Schlather A E, Liu Z, Ajayan P M, de Abajo F J G, Nordlander P, Zhu X, Halas N J 2013 Nano Lett. 14 299

    [50]

    Fang Z Y, Thongrattanasiri S, Schlather A, Liu Z, Ma L L, Wang Y M, Ajayan P M, Nordlander P, Halas N J, de Abajo F J G 2013 ACS Nano 7 2388

    [51]

    Yan H G, Li X S, Chandra B, Tulevski G, Wu Y Q, Freitag M, Zhu W J, Avouris P, Xia F N 2012 Nat. Nanotechnol. 7 330

    [52]

    Adato R, Yanik A A, Amsden J J, Kaplan D L, Omenetto F G, Hong M K, Erramilli S, Altug H 2009 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106 19227

    [53]

    Yan H, Low T, Guinea F, Xia F, Avouris P 2014 Nano Lett. 14 4581

    [54]

    Li Y, Yan H, Farmer D B, Meng X, Zhu W, Osgood R M, Heinz T F, Avouris P 2014 Nano Lett. 14 1573

    [55]

    Brar V W, Jang M S, Sherrott M, Kim S, Lopez J J, Kim L B, Choi M, Atwater H 2014 Nano Lett. 14 3876

    [56]

    Liu F, Cubukcu E 2013 Phys. Rev. B 88 115439

  • 引用本文:
    Citation:
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  • PDF下载量:  2121
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-12-26
  • 修回日期:  2015-01-06
  • 刊出日期:  2015-05-05

石墨烯等离激元的光学性质及其应用前景

  • 1. 国家纳米科学中心, 北京 100190
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51372045)资助的课题.

摘要: 石墨烯等离激元由于其独特的电学可调性、本征低衰减以及局域光场高度增强等特性, 引起了广泛的关注并迅速成长为一门新的学科分支--石墨烯表面等离激元光子学. 本文介绍了石墨烯等离激元的一些基本性质, 包括色散关系、局域的等离激元和传导的等离激元以及石墨烯等离激元对其周边介电环境的敏感性等. 在此基础上, 进一步介绍了石墨烯等离激元在太赫兹到中红外频段的应用, 比如有源光调制器的一些功能器件和增强的红外光谱探测等.

English Abstract

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