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基于电磁超表面的透镜成像技术研究进展

范庆斌 徐挺

基于电磁超表面的透镜成像技术研究进展

范庆斌, 徐挺
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  • 电磁超表面属于超材料的一种,是由许多亚波长纳米结构单元组成的二维功能性平面结构.根据惠更斯原理,超表面阵列可以任意调控光波的相位、振幅和偏振.与传统器件相比,基于这种超材料设计的光学功能器件最大的优势是其具有极薄的厚度.本文首先介绍了广义斯涅耳定律以及纳米单元结构调控相位的基本原理,重点归纳了电磁超表面在透镜成像技术方面的研究进展,包括等离子体超表面、全介质超表面以及金属/介质混合式超表面在成像方面的应用,最后指出了超表面在成像方面尚未解决的前沿问题以及与实际应用接轨的重要问题,希望能为以后的深入研究提供一定的参考和借鉴.
      通信作者: 徐挺, xuting@nju.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:61575092)和国家重点研发计划(批准号:2016YFA0202100)资助的课题.
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  • [1]

    Veselago V G 1968 Sov. Phys. Usp. 10 509

    [2]

    Pendry J B 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 3966

    [3]

    Vodo P, Lu W T, Sridhar S 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 201108

    [4]

    Parazzoli C G, Grcegor R B, Niclsen J A, Thompson M A, Li K, Vetter A M, Vier D C 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 3232

    [5]

    Xu T, Agrawal A, Abashin M, Chau K J, Lezec H J 2013 Nature 497 470

    [6]

    Yu N, Genevet P, Kats M A, Aieta F, Tetienne J P, Capasso F, Gaburro Z 2011 Science 334 6054

    [7]

    Ni X, Emani N K, Kildishev A V, Boltasseva A, Shalaev V M 2012 Science 335 6067

    [8]

    Sun S, Yang K Y, Wang C M, Juan T K, Chen W T, Liao C Y, He Q, Xiao S, Kung W T, Guo G Y, Zhou L, Tsai D P 2012 Nano Lett. 12 6223

    [9]

    Ni X, Kildishev A V, Shalaev V M 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2807

    [10]

    Wen D D, Yue F Y, Li G X, Zheng G X, Chan K L, Chen S M, Chen M, Li K F, Wong P W H, Cheah K W, Yue Bun Pun E, Zhang S, Chen X Z 2015 Nat. Commun. 6 8241

    [11]

    Pu M B, Li X, Ma X L, Wang Y Q, Zhao Z Y, Wang C T, Hu C G, Gao P, Huang C, Ren H R, Li X P, Qin F, Yang J, Gu M, Hong M H, Luo X G 2015 Sci. Adv. 1 e1500396

    [12]

    Guo Y H, Pu M B, Zhao Z Y, Wang Y Q, Jin J J, Gao P, Li X, Ma X L, Luo X G 2016 ACS Photon. 3 2022

    [13]

    Zhang X Q, Tian Z, Yue W S, Gu J Q, Zhang S, Han J G, Zhang W L 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 4567

    [14]

    Xu T, Wang C T, Du C L, Luo X G 2008 Opt. Express 16 4753

    [15]

    Aieta F, Genevet P, Kats M A, Yu N, Blanchard R, Gaburro Z, Capasso F 2012 Nano Lett. 12 1702

    [16]

    Bosiljevac M, Casaletti M, Caminita F, Sipus Z, Maci S 2012 IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 60 4065

    [17]

    Wan X, Jiang W X, Ma H F, Cui T J 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 151601

    [18]

    Khorasaninejad M, Chen W T, Devlin R C, Oh J, Zhu A Y, Capasso F 2016 Science 352 6290

    [19]

    Chen X Z, Huang L L, Mhlenbernd H, Li G X, Bai B F, Tan Q F, Jin G F, Qiu C W, Zhang S, Zentgraf T 2012 Nat. Commun. 3 1198

    [20]

    Farmahini-Farahani M, Mosallaei H 2013 Opt. Lett. 38 462

    [21]

    Roxworthy B J, Bhuiya A M, Yu X, Chow E K, Toussaint Jr K C 2014 Nat. Commun. 5 4427

    [22]

    Pfeiffer C, Grbic A 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 197401

    [23]

    Kats M A, Yu N, Genevet P, Gaburro Z, Capasso F 2011 Opt. Express 19 21748

    [24]

    Hardy W N, Whitehead L A 1981 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52 213

    [25]

    Genevet P, Capasso F, Aieta F, Khorasaninejad M, Devlin R 2017 Optica 4 139

    [26]

    Decker M, Staude I, Falkner M, Dominguez J, Neshev D N, Brener I, Pertsch T, Kivshar Y S 2015 Adv. Opt. Mater. 3 813

    [27]

    Aieta F,Kats M A, Genevet P, Capasso F 2015 Science 347 6228

    [28]

    Chen W, Zhu A, Khorasaninejad M, Shi Z, Sanjeev V, Capasso F 2017 Nano Lett. 17 3188

    [29]

    Zheng G, Mhlenbernd H, Kenney M, Li G, Zentgraf T, Zhang S 2015 Nat. Nanotechnol. 10 308

    [30]

    Zhao W Y, Jiang H, Liu B Y, Song J, Jiang Y 2016 Appl. Phys. Lett. 108 181102

    [31]

    Liu C B, Bai Y, Zhao Q, Yang Y, Chen H S, Zhou J, Qiao L J 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 34819

    [32]

    Mueller J P B, Rubin N A, Devlin R C, Groever B, Capasso F 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 113901

    [33]

    Arbabi A, Horie Y, Bagheri M, Faraon A 2015 Nat. Nanotechnol. 10 937

    [34]

    Byrnes S J, Lenef A, Aieta F, Capasso F 2015 Opt. Express 24 5110

    [35]

    Yang Q, Gu J, Wang D, Zhang X, Tian Z, Ouyang C, Singh R, Han J, Zhang W 2014 Opt. Express 22 25931

    [36]

    Zhang S, Kim M H, Aieta F, Yu N, Capasso F 2016 Opt. Express 24 18024

    [37]

    Mohammadreza K, Francesco A, Pritpal K, Kats M A, Genevet P, Rousso D, Capasso F 2015 Nano Lett. 15 5358

    [38]

    Aieta F, Genevet P, Kats M, Capasso F 2013 Opt. Express 21 31530

    [39]

    West P R, Stewart J L, Kildishev A V, Shalaev V M, Shkunov V V, Strohkendl Y A, Dodds R K, Byren R 2014 Opt. Express 22 26212

    [40]

    Cheng J, Jafarzanjani S, Mosallaei H 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 38440

    [41]

    Li X, Xiao S Y, Cai B G, He Q, Cui T J, Zhou L 2012 Opt. Lett. 37 4940

    [42]

    Li T, Wang S S, Zhang X L, Deng Z L, Hang Z H, Sun H B, Wang G P 2015 Appl. Phys. Lett. 107 251107

    [43]

    Ma W, Jia D L, Yu X M, Feng Y, Zhao Y J 2016 Appl. Phys. Lett. 108 071111

    [44]

    Pors A, Nielsen M G, Eriksen R L, Bozhevolnyi S I 2013 Nano Lett. 13 829

    [45]

    Mehmood M Q, Mei S, Hussain S, Huang K, Siew S, Zhang T, Ling X, Liu H, Teng J, Danner A, Zhang S, Qiu C W 2015 Adv. Mater. 28 2533

    [46]

    Zhao Z Y, Pu M B, Gao H, Jin J J, Li X, Ma X, Wang Y, Gao P, Luo X G 2015 Sci. Rep. 5 15781

    [47]

    Ni X, Ishii S, Kildishev A V, Shalaev V M 2013 Light: Sci. Appl. 2 e72

    [48]

    Sun S L, He Q, Xiao S Y, Xu Q, Li X, Zhou L 2012 Nat. Mater. 11 426

    [49]

    Yang Y, Wang W, Moitra P, Kravchenko I I, Briggs D P, Valentine J 2014 Nano Lett. 14 1394

    [50]

    Ni X, Wong Z J, Mrejen M, Wang Y, Zhang X 2015 Science 349 6254

    [51]

    Wang J F, Qu S B, Ma H, Xu Z, Zhang A X, Zhou H, Chen H Y, Li Y F 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 201104

    [52]

    Liu Y M, Zhang X 2013 Appl. Phys. Lett. 103 141101

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    [54]

    Zhao Y, Al A 2011 Phys. Rev. B 84 205428

    [55]

    Pors A, Bozhevolnyi S I 2013 Opt. Express 21 27438

    [56]

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    [57]

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    [58]

    Chen K, Feng Y, Monticone F, Zhao J, Zhu B, Jiang T, Zhang L, Kim Y, Ding X, Zhang S, Al A, Qiu C W 2017 Adv. Mater. 160 6422

    [59]

    Fan Q B, Wang D P, Huo P C, Zhang Z J, Liang Y Z, Xu T 2017 Opt. Express 25 9285

    [60]

    Sautter J, Staude I, Decker M, Rusak E, Neshev D N, Brener I, Kivshar Y S 2015 ACS Nano 9 4308

    [61]

    Zhan A, Colburn S, Trivedi R, Fryeet T K, Dodson C M, Majumdar A 2016 ACS Photon. 3 209

    [62]

    Devlin R C, Khorasaninejad M, Chen W T, Oh J, Capasso F 2016 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113 10473

    [63]

    Chen W T, Yang K Y, Wang C M, Huang Y W, Sun G, Chiang I D, Liao C Y, Hsu W L, Lin H T, Sun S, Zhou L, Liu A Q, Tsai D P 2014 Nano Lett. 14 225

    [64]

    Yu Y F, Zhu A Y, Fu Y H 2015 Laser Photon. Rev. 9 412

    [65]

    Luo X G 2015 Sci. China: Phys. Mech. Astron. 58 594201

    [66]

    Kamali S M, Arbabi A, Arbabi E, Horie Y, Faraon A 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 11618

    [67]

    Khorasaninejad M, Chen W T, Zhu A Y, Oh J, Devlin R C, Rousso D, Capasso F 2016 Nano Lett. 16 7229

    [68]

    Lin D, Fan P, Hasman E, Brongersma M L 2014 Science 345 6194

    [69]

    Arbabi A, Horie Y, Ball A J, Bagheri M, Faraon A 2015 Nat. Commun. 6 7069

    [70]

    Arbabi E, Arbabi A, Kamali S M, Yu H, Faraon A 2016 Optica 3 628

    [71]

    Arbabi A, Arbabi E, Kamali S M, Horie Y, Han S, Faraon A 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 13682

    [72]

    Khorasaninejad M, Shi Z, Zhu A, Chen W T, Sanjeev V, Capasso F 2017 Nano Lett. 17 1819

    [73]

    Fan Q B, Huo P C, Wang D P, Liang Y Z, Yan F, Xu T 2017 Sci. Rep. 7 45044

    [74]

    Bokor N, Davidson N 2001 Appl. Opt. 40 5906

    [75]

    Buralli D A, Morris G M 1989 Appl. Opt. 28 3950

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  • 收稿日期:  2017-03-31
  • 修回日期:  2017-05-09
  • 刊出日期:  2017-07-20

基于电磁超表面的透镜成像技术研究进展

  • 1. 南京大学, 固体微结构物理国家重点实验室, 南京 210093
  • 通信作者: 徐挺, xuting@nju.edu.cn
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:61575092)和国家重点研发计划(批准号:2016YFA0202100)资助的课题.

摘要: 电磁超表面属于超材料的一种,是由许多亚波长纳米结构单元组成的二维功能性平面结构.根据惠更斯原理,超表面阵列可以任意调控光波的相位、振幅和偏振.与传统器件相比,基于这种超材料设计的光学功能器件最大的优势是其具有极薄的厚度.本文首先介绍了广义斯涅耳定律以及纳米单元结构调控相位的基本原理,重点归纳了电磁超表面在透镜成像技术方面的研究进展,包括等离子体超表面、全介质超表面以及金属/介质混合式超表面在成像方面的应用,最后指出了超表面在成像方面尚未解决的前沿问题以及与实际应用接轨的重要问题,希望能为以后的深入研究提供一定的参考和借鉴.

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