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Far-field super-resolution imaging based on wideband stereo-metalens

Gao Qiang Wang Xiao-Hua Wang Bing-Zhong

Far-field super-resolution imaging based on wideband stereo-metalens

Gao Qiang, Wang Xiao-Hua, Wang Bing-Zhong
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  • Abstract views:  734
  • PDF Downloads:  165
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Publishing process
  • Received Date:  07 December 2017
  • Accepted Date:  04 January 2018
  • Published Online:  05 May 2018

Far-field super-resolution imaging based on wideband stereo-metalens

    Corresponding author: Wang Xiao-Hua, xhwang@uestc.edu.cn
  • 1. Institute of Applied Physics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61571085, 61331007, 6160187, 61301271).

Abstract: The resolution of traditional far-field imaging system is generally restricted by half of wavelength of incident light due to the diffraction limit. The reason is that evanescent waves carrying subwavelength information cannot propagate in the far-field and make no contribution to the imaging. To realize the far-field super-resolution imaging, the imaging system should be able to collect both propagation and evanescent waves. Many ideas were presented to provide feasible alternatives but with narrow frequency band. In this paper, a wideband metalens is proposed to realize far-field super-resolution based on stereometamaterials. A typical model of stereometamaterials is studied, which consist of a stack of two identical spiral resonators in each cell, with various twist angles. For each case, there are two observable resonances (-and +), obviously. The phenomenon can be explained as the plasmon hybridization between the two resonators due to their close proximity. The case with a twist angle of 90 is chosen as the basic cell to constitute the stereo-metalens (S-ML). The last S-ML can work in a frequency range from 1.06 to 1.53 GHz, which is much wider than the planar-metalens. Simulations of near-and far-field spectra are conducted to validate the conversion between evanescent waves and propagation waves. Then with the help of antennas in the far-field to receive the information, sub-wavelength image can be reconstructed. The simulations in frequency-and time-domain are performed to verify the super-resolution characteristics of the S-ML. In frequency-domain, an imaging simulation of L-shaped extended target is combined with multiple signal classification imaging method. The resolution defined by full width at half maximum is 19 mm, corresponding to /12. For comparison, a similar simulation without the S-ML is performed, indicating a resolution of 1.5. It shows the ability of the S-ML to enhance the imaging resolution. In time-domain, by using time reversal technique, the spatial super-resolution characteristic of the S-ML is validated. Compared with the planar-metalens, the S-ML has good spatial super-resolution characteristic. All results show that the S-ML has a good potential application in imaging.

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