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Progress of converse magnetoelectric coupling effect in multiferroic heterostructures

Chen Ai-Tian Zhao Yong-Gang

Progress of converse magnetoelectric coupling effect in multiferroic heterostructures

Chen Ai-Tian, Zhao Yong-Gang
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  • Electric-field control of magnetism has recently received much attention because of low-power consumption, which has potential applications in low-power multifunction devices. Ferromagnetic/ferroelectric multiferroic heterostructure is a useful way to realize the electric-field control of magnetism. Strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling with large magnetoelectric coupling coefficient at room temperature is one of the current research hotspot. In this paper, we give an overview of recent progress of strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling in multiferroic heterostructures.This review paper consists of five parts:introduction of multiferroics, electric-field control of magnetism in multiferroic heterostructures, electrical control of magnetization reversal, electric-field control of magnetic tunnel junctions, and the future prospects of multiferroic heterostructures. The basic concepts of multiferroics and background of magnetoelectric coupling effect are introduced in the first part.In the second part, a brief review of the recent work on the Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.7Ti0.3O3 (PMN-PT) based multiferroic heterostructures is given. The PMN-PT has a FE domain structure, which plays a vital role in electric-field control of magnetism, especially the 109 domain switching. For PMN-PT (001), the importance of 109 domain switching on the nonvolatile electrical control of magnetism is discussed. For PMN-PT (011), it is shown how to obtain nonvolatile strain which induces magnetic easy axis to be rotated by 90. The work on electric-field modulation of ferromagnetic material with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is also mentioned.Electric-field control of magnetization reversal is still a challenge and remains elusive. Combination of strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling and exchanging bias is a promising method to reverse magnetization by electric field, and the exchange-biased system/ferroelectric structures are given in the third part. There are also some theoretical attempts and proposals to realize the electrical control of 180 magnetization reversal. Then the method to manipulate magnetic tunnel junctions by electric field is given through integrating multiferroics and spintronics. Further outlook of the multiferroic heterostructures is also presented finally.
      Corresponding author: Chen Ai-Tian, aitian.chen@kaust.edu.sa;ygzhao@tsinghua.edu.cn ; Zhao Yong-Gang, aitian.chen@kaust.edu.sa;ygzhao@tsinghua.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2015CB921402) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51788104, 51572150).
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  • [1]

    Stamps R L, Breitkreutz S, Akerman J, Chumak A V, Otani Y, Bauer G E W, Thiele J, Bowen M, Majetich S A, Klaeui M, Prejbeanu I L, Dieny B, Dempsey N M, Hillebrands B 2014 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 47 333001

    [2]

    Brataas A, Kent A D, Ohno H 2012 Nat. Mater. 11 372

    [3]

    Chappert C, Fert A, van Dau F N 2007 Nat. Mater. 6 813

    [4]

    Spaldin N A, Fiebig M 2005 Science 309 391

    [5]

    Fiebig M 2005 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38 R123

    [6]

    Fiebig M, Lottermoser T, Meier D, Trassin M 2016 Nat. Rev. Mater. 1 16046

    [7]

    Dong S, Liu J, Cheong S, Ren Z 2015 Adv. Phys. 64 519

    [8]

    Eerenstein W, Mathur N D, Scott J F 2006 Nature 442 759

    [9]

    Schmid H 2008 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20 434201

    [10]

    Bibes M 2012 Nat. Mater. 11 354

    [11]

    Tokura Y 2007 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 310 1145

    [12]

    Matsukura F, Tokura Y, Ohno H 2015 Nat. Nanotechnol. 10 209

    [13]

    Vaz C A F 2012 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 24 333201

    [14]

    Sun N X, Srinivasan G 2012 SPIN 2 1240004

    [15]

    Song C, Cui B, Li F, Zhou X, Pan F 2017 Prog. Mater. Sci. 87 33

    [16]

    Hill N A 2000 J. Phys. Chem. B 104 6694

    [17]

    Ma J, Hu J, Li Z, Nan C 2011 Adv. Mater. 23 1062

    [18]

    Nan C, Bichurin M I, Dong S, Viehland D, Srinivasan G 2008 J. Appl. Phys. 103 031101

    [19]

    Chen A T, Zhao Y G 2016 APL Mater. 4 032303

    [20]

    Hu J, Chen L, Nan C 2016 Adv. Mater. 28 15

    [21]

    Fusil S, Garcia V, Barthlmy A, Bibes M 2014 Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 44 91

    [22]

    Park S E, Shrout T R 1997 J. Appl. Phys. 82 1804

    [23]

    Wu T, Bur A, Zhao P, Mohanchandra K P, Wong K, Wang K L, Lynch C S, Carman G P 2011 Appl. Phys. Lett. 98 012504

    [24]

    Yang S, Peng R, Jiang T, Liu Y, Feng L, Wang J, Chen L, Li X, Nan C 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 7091

    [25]

    Zhang S, Zhao Y, Xiao X, Wu Y, Rizwan S, Yang L, Li P, Wang J, Zhu M, Zhang H, Jin X, Han X 2014 Sci. Rep. 4 3727

    [26]

    Zhang S, Zhao Y G, Li P S, Yang J J, Rizwan S, Zhang J X, Seidel J, Qu T L, Yang Y J, Luo Z L, He Q, Zou T, Chen Q P, Wang J W, Yang L F, Sun Y, Wu Y Z, Xiao X, Jin X F, Huang J, Gao C, Han X F, Ramesh R 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 137203

    [27]

    Yang J J, Zhao Y G, Tian H F, Luo L B, Zhang H Y, He Y J, Luo H S 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 212504

    [28]

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    [29]

    Nan T, Zhou Z, Liu M, Yang X, Gao Y, Assaf B A, Lin H, Velu S, Wang X, Luo H, Chen J, Akhtar S, Hu E, Rajiv R, Krishnan K, Sreedhar S, Heiman D, Howe B M, Brown G J, Sun N X 2014 Sci. Rep. 4 3688

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    Yang L, Zhao Y, Zhang S, Li P, Gao Y, Yang Y, Huang H, Miao P, Liu Y, Chen A, Nan C W, Gao C 2014 Sci. Rep. 4 4591

    [32]

    Zhang S, Chen Q, Liu Y, Chen A, Yang L, Li P, Ming Z S, Yu Y, Sun W, Zhang X, Zhao Y, Sun Y, Zhao Y 2017 ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9 20637

    [33]

    Liu Y, Zhao Y, Li P, Zhang S, Li D, Wu H, Chen A, Xu Y, Han X F, Li S, Ling D, Luo H 2016 ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 8 3784

    [34]

    Li P, Zhao Y, Zhang S, Chen A, Li D, Ma J, Liu Y, Pierce D T, Unguris J, Piao H, Zhang H, Zhu M, Zhang X, Han X, Pan M, Nan C 2017 ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 9 2642

    [35]

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    [37]

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    [38]

    Nan T, Liu M, Ren W, Ye Z, Sun N X 2014 Sci. Rep. 4 5931

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    Kim J, Ryu K, Jeong J, Shin S 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 97 252508

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    Xue X, Zhou Z, Peng B, Zhu M, Zhang Y, Ren W, Ren T, Yang X, Nan T, Sun N X, Liu M 2015 Sci. Rep. 5 16480

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    Huong Giang D T, Duc N H, Agnus G, Maroutian T, Lecoeur P 2013 Adv. Nat. Sci.: Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 4 025017

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    Cui J, Hockel J L, Nordeen P K, Pisani D M, Liang C, Carman G P, Lynch C S 2013 Appl. Phys. Lett. 103 232905

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    Biswas A K, Ahmad H, Atulasimha J, Bandyopadhyay S 2017 Nano Lett. 17 3478

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  • Received Date:  02 July 2018
  • Accepted Date:  15 July 2018
  • Published Online:  05 August 2018

Progress of converse magnetoelectric coupling effect in multiferroic heterostructures

    Corresponding author: Chen Ai-Tian, aitian.chen@kaust.edu.sa;ygzhao@tsinghua.edu.cn
    Corresponding author: Zhao Yong-Gang, aitian.chen@kaust.edu.sa;ygzhao@tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 1. Department of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
  • 2. Physical Science and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia;
  • 3. Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing 100084, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2015CB921402) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51788104, 51572150).

Abstract: Electric-field control of magnetism has recently received much attention because of low-power consumption, which has potential applications in low-power multifunction devices. Ferromagnetic/ferroelectric multiferroic heterostructure is a useful way to realize the electric-field control of magnetism. Strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling with large magnetoelectric coupling coefficient at room temperature is one of the current research hotspot. In this paper, we give an overview of recent progress of strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling in multiferroic heterostructures.This review paper consists of five parts:introduction of multiferroics, electric-field control of magnetism in multiferroic heterostructures, electrical control of magnetization reversal, electric-field control of magnetic tunnel junctions, and the future prospects of multiferroic heterostructures. The basic concepts of multiferroics and background of magnetoelectric coupling effect are introduced in the first part.In the second part, a brief review of the recent work on the Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.7Ti0.3O3 (PMN-PT) based multiferroic heterostructures is given. The PMN-PT has a FE domain structure, which plays a vital role in electric-field control of magnetism, especially the 109 domain switching. For PMN-PT (001), the importance of 109 domain switching on the nonvolatile electrical control of magnetism is discussed. For PMN-PT (011), it is shown how to obtain nonvolatile strain which induces magnetic easy axis to be rotated by 90. The work on electric-field modulation of ferromagnetic material with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is also mentioned.Electric-field control of magnetization reversal is still a challenge and remains elusive. Combination of strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling and exchanging bias is a promising method to reverse magnetization by electric field, and the exchange-biased system/ferroelectric structures are given in the third part. There are also some theoretical attempts and proposals to realize the electrical control of 180 magnetization reversal. Then the method to manipulate magnetic tunnel junctions by electric field is given through integrating multiferroics and spintronics. Further outlook of the multiferroic heterostructures is also presented finally.

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