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Electric field driven magnetic switching in nanoscale multiferroic heterostructures

Song Xiao Gao Xing-Sen Liu Jun-Ming

Electric field driven magnetic switching in nanoscale multiferroic heterostructures

Song Xiao, Gao Xing-Sen, Liu Jun-Ming
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  • Recently, there has been a surge of research interest in the electric field control of magnetism due to its promising application in spintronic and memory devices, which has become a hot topic in the field of multiferroic research. In current spintronic technology, magnetic reversal is usually driven by a large electric current via current generated magnetic field or spin-torque effect to write/erase a magnetic bit, and thus producing large power consumption and heat dissipation. While using insulating multiferroic materials, the reversal of magnetization can be triggered by applying an electric field instead of current, hence dramatically reducing the energy consumption and heat dissipation. With the current miniature trend in microelectronic technology, it is very essential to explore the electric field driven magnetic reversal (EFMS) behaviours in a micro/nanometer scale. In this article we briefly review the new progress in the field of EFMS based on multiferroic heterostructures, including some new features arising from size reduction, as well as some recent experimental and theoretical advances towards nanoscale EFMS, e.g. strain-mediated coupling, or spin exchange coupling in BiFeO3-based heterostructures, and their associated mechanisms. Finally, some key challenges in developing future EFMS based magnetoelectric devices, and some prospects for future research are also discussed.
      Corresponding author: Gao Xing-Sen, xingsengao@scnu.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0201002), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2015CB921202), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11674108, 51272078), the Project for Guangdong Province Universities and Colleges Pearl River Scholar Funded Scheme, China (2014), the Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province, China (Grant No. 2015B090927006), and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (Grant No. 2016A030308019).
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  • [1]

    Fiebig M 2005 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38 R123

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    [3]

    Ramesh R, Spaldin N A 2007 Nature Mater. 6 20

    [4]

    Vaz C A F, Hoffman J, Ahn C H, Ramesh R 2010 Adv. Mater. 22 2900

    [5]

    Hu J M, Chen L Q, Nan C W 2016 Adv. Mater. 28 15

    [6]

    Song C, Cui B, Li F, Zhou X, Pan F 2017 Prog. Mater. Sci. 87 33

    [7]

    Ma J, Hu J, Li Z, Nan C W 2011 Adv. Mater. 23 1062

    [8]

    Wang K F, Liu J M, Ren Z F 2009 Adv. Phys. 58 321

    [9]

    Dong S, Liu J M, Cheong S W, Ren Z F 2015 Adv. Phys. 64 519

    [10]

    Vaz C A F 2012 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 24 333201

    [11]

    Sun N X, Srinivasan G 2012 Spin (Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Company) 2(03) 1240004

    [12]

    Taniyama T 2015 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 27 504001

    [13]

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    [14]

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    [16]

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    [18]

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    [19]

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    [20]

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    [23]

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  • Received Date:  24 June 2018
  • Accepted Date:  10 July 2018
  • Published Online:  05 August 2018

Electric field driven magnetic switching in nanoscale multiferroic heterostructures

    Corresponding author: Gao Xing-Sen, xingsengao@scnu.edu.cn
  • 1. Institute for Advanced Materials and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Quantum Engineering and Quantum Materials, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China;
  • 2. National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0201002), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2015CB921202), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11674108, 51272078), the Project for Guangdong Province Universities and Colleges Pearl River Scholar Funded Scheme, China (2014), the Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province, China (Grant No. 2015B090927006), and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (Grant No. 2016A030308019).

Abstract: Recently, there has been a surge of research interest in the electric field control of magnetism due to its promising application in spintronic and memory devices, which has become a hot topic in the field of multiferroic research. In current spintronic technology, magnetic reversal is usually driven by a large electric current via current generated magnetic field or spin-torque effect to write/erase a magnetic bit, and thus producing large power consumption and heat dissipation. While using insulating multiferroic materials, the reversal of magnetization can be triggered by applying an electric field instead of current, hence dramatically reducing the energy consumption and heat dissipation. With the current miniature trend in microelectronic technology, it is very essential to explore the electric field driven magnetic reversal (EFMS) behaviours in a micro/nanometer scale. In this article we briefly review the new progress in the field of EFMS based on multiferroic heterostructures, including some new features arising from size reduction, as well as some recent experimental and theoretical advances towards nanoscale EFMS, e.g. strain-mediated coupling, or spin exchange coupling in BiFeO3-based heterostructures, and their associated mechanisms. Finally, some key challenges in developing future EFMS based magnetoelectric devices, and some prospects for future research are also discussed.

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