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Calculation of field enhancement factor of gated nanowire

Wang Wei-Biao Lei Da Zeng Le-Yong Liang Jing-Qiu

Calculation of field enhancement factor of gated nanowire

Wang Wei-Biao, Lei Da, Zeng Le-Yong, Liang Jing-Qiu
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  • Received Date:  21 August 2008
  • Accepted Date:  16 September 2008
  • Published Online:  20 May 2009

Calculation of field enhancement factor of gated nanowire

  • 1. (1)中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所激发态物理重点实验室,长春 130033; (2)中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所激发态物理重点实验室,长春 130033;中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049; (3)中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所应用光学国家重点实验室,长春 130033

Abstract: To estimate the field enhancement factor of the gated nanowire, the image charge model of floating sphere between parallel gate and cathode plates is proposed. The field enhancement factor of the gated nanowire is expressed by β=1/2(3.5+L/r0+W), where L and r0 are the length and tip radius of nanowire, respectively, and W is a function of the gate-hole radius R, gate-cathode distance d and the geometrical parameters of the nanowire. The calculation results show that the influence of the aspect ratio of the nanowire on the enhancement factor is remarkable, i.e., the enhancement factor increases rapidly with the increase of the length and top curvature of the nanowire. Furthermore, the enhancement factor decreases with the increase of the gate-cathode distance and is equal to β0=3.5+L/r0 when the gate-cathode distance tends to infinite. The smaller the gate-hole radius, the larger the enhancement factor, and the enhancement factor will be equal to β=β0+1.202(L/d)3 when the gate-hole radius tends to zero.

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