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Influence of micro-structured core on characteristics of photonic crystal fibers

Zhang Mei-Yan Li Shu-Guang Yao Yan-Yan Zhang Lei Fu Bo Yin Guo-Bing

Influence of micro-structured core on characteristics of photonic crystal fibers

Zhang Mei-Yan, Li Shu-Guang, Yao Yan-Yan, Zhang Lei, Fu Bo, Yin Guo-Bing
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  • Photonic crystal fibers(PCFs)with rectangle core and elliptical core have been designed.Their fundamental characteristics are studied by electromagnetic scattering theory of multipole method.It is found that the fiber birefringence,dispersion and nonlinear characteristics can be flexibly adjusted by changing the radius of the air holes in the core.The PCFs have the following characteristics: With the increase of radius r1 of air holes in the core,the birefringence increases and the wavelength corresponding to the maximum birefringence shifts towards the longer wavelength region,the number of zero-dispersion-wavelengths increases from one to three and nonlinear coefficient of the short-wave band decreases while it increases in the longer wavelength region.The three zero-dispersion-wavelengths of elliptical core PCFs with r1 = 0.4 μm are located in visible,near-infrared and mid-infrared band,respectively.For similar structural parameters,elliptical core PCFs can achieve high birefringence and high nonlinearity more readily than rectangular core PCFs.
    • Funds:
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    [1]Birks T A, Knight J C, Russell P S J 1997 Opt. Lett. 22 961

    [2]

    [2] Knight J C, Birks T A, Russell P S J, Atkin D M 1996 Opt. Lett. 21 1547

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    [3] Knight J C, Broeng J, Birks T A, Russel P S J 1998 Sci. 282 1476

    [4]

    [4] Yang T J, Shen L F, Chau Y F, Sung M J, Chen D, Tsai D P 2008 Opt. Commun. 281 4334

    [5]

    [5] Wang J Y, Jiang C, Hu W S, Gao M Y, Ren H L 2007 Opt. Laser. Technol. 39 913

    [6]

    [6] Begum F, Namihira Y, Razzak S. M. A, Kaijage S, Hai N H, Kinjo T, Miyagi K, Zou N 2009 Opt. Commun. 282 1416

    [7]

    [7] Zhang F D, Liu X Y, Zhang M, Ye P D 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 6447 (in Chinese) [张方迪、刘小毅、张民、叶培大 2006 物理学报 55 6447]

    [8]

    [8] Lou S Q, Ren G B, Yan F P, Jian S S 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 1229 (in Chinese)[娄淑琴、任国斌、延凤平、简水生 2005 物理学报 54 1229]

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    [9] Wang Q Y, Hu M L, Chai L 2006 Chinese J. Lasers 33 57 (in Chinese) [王清月、胡明列、柴路 2006 中国激光 33 57]

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    ] Li S G, Liu X D, Hou L T 2004 Chinese J. Lasers 31 713 (in Chinese) [李曙光、刘晓东、侯蓝田 2004 中国激光 31 713]

    [11]

    ] Yan F P, Li Y F, Wang L, Gong T R, Liu P, Liu Y, Tao P L, Qu M X, Jian S S 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 5735 (in Chinese)[延凤平、李一凡、王琳、龚桃荣、刘鹏、刘洋、陶沛琳、曲美霞、简水生 2008 物理学报 57 5735]

    [12]

    ] Liu X Y, Zhang F D, Zhang M, Ye P D 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 301 (in Chinese) [刘毅、张方迪、张民、叶培大 2007 物理学报 56 301]

    [13]

    ] Suzuki K, Kubota H, Kawanishi S 2001 Opt. Express 9 676

    [14]

    ] Saitoh K, Koshiba M 2002 IEEE Photonic Techl. 14 1291

    [15]

    ] Koshiba M, Saitoh K 2003 Appl. Optics 42 6267

    [16]

    ] White T P, Kuhlmey B T, Mcphedran R C, Maystre D, Renversez G, Martijin C de S, Botten L C 2002 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19 2322

    [17]

    ] Kuhlmey B T, White T P, Renversez G, Maystre D, Botten L C, Martijin C de S, Mcphedran R C 2002 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19 2331

    [18]

    ] Fang H, Lou S Q, Guo T Y, Jian S S 2007 Acta Optica Sinca 27 202 (in Chinese) [方宏、娄淑琴、郭铁英、简水生 2007 光2学学报 27 202]

    [19]

    ] Zhang L, Li S G 2010 arXiv:20090838 [PCF]

    [20]

    ] Fu B, Li S G 2009 arXiv:20090260 [PCF]

    [21]

    ] Yang Q Q, Hou L T 2009 arXiv:20090523 [PCF]

    [22]

    ] Begum F, Namihira Y, Razzak S. M. A, Kaijage S, Hai N H, Kinjo T, Miyagi K, Zou N Y 2009 Opt Laser Technol. 2 001

    [23]

    ] Gundu K M, Kolesik M, Moloney J V 2006 Opt. Express 14 6870

    [24]

    ] Zhao X T, Hou L T, Liu Z L, Wang W, Wei H Y, Ma J R 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 2275 (in Chinese) [赵兴涛、侯蓝田、刘兆伦、王伟、魏红彦、马景瑞 2007 物理学报 56 2275]

    [25]

    ] Li S G, Ji Y L, Zhou G Y, Hou L T, Wang Q Y, Hu M L, Li Y F, Wei Z Y, Zhang J, Liu X D 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 478 (in Chinese) [李曙光、冀玉领、周桂耀、侯蓝田、王清月、胡明列、栗岩峰、魏志义、张军、刘晓东 2004 物理学报 53 478]

    [26]

    ] Gong T R, Yan F P, Wang L, Li Y F, Liu P, Jian S S 2008 Chinese J. Lasers 35 0559 (in Chinese) [龚桃荣、延凤平、王琳、李一凡、刘鹏、简水生 2008 中国激光 35 0559]

    [27]

    ] Li S G, Xing G L, Zhou G Y, Hou L T 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 0238 (in Chinese) [李曙光、邢光龙、周桂耀、侯蓝田 2006 物理学报中 55 0238]

    [28]

    ] Liu J, Yang C X, Claire G, Jin G F 2006 Acta Optica Sinca 26 1569 (in Chinese) [刘洁、杨昌喜、Claire Gu、金国藩 2006 光学学报 26 1569]

  • [1]

    [1]Birks T A, Knight J C, Russell P S J 1997 Opt. Lett. 22 961

    [2]

    [2] Knight J C, Birks T A, Russell P S J, Atkin D M 1996 Opt. Lett. 21 1547

    [3]

    [3] Knight J C, Broeng J, Birks T A, Russel P S J 1998 Sci. 282 1476

    [4]

    [4] Yang T J, Shen L F, Chau Y F, Sung M J, Chen D, Tsai D P 2008 Opt. Commun. 281 4334

    [5]

    [5] Wang J Y, Jiang C, Hu W S, Gao M Y, Ren H L 2007 Opt. Laser. Technol. 39 913

    [6]

    [6] Begum F, Namihira Y, Razzak S. M. A, Kaijage S, Hai N H, Kinjo T, Miyagi K, Zou N 2009 Opt. Commun. 282 1416

    [7]

    [7] Zhang F D, Liu X Y, Zhang M, Ye P D 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 6447 (in Chinese) [张方迪、刘小毅、张民、叶培大 2006 物理学报 55 6447]

    [8]

    [8] Lou S Q, Ren G B, Yan F P, Jian S S 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 1229 (in Chinese)[娄淑琴、任国斌、延凤平、简水生 2005 物理学报 54 1229]

    [9]

    [9] Wang Q Y, Hu M L, Chai L 2006 Chinese J. Lasers 33 57 (in Chinese) [王清月、胡明列、柴路 2006 中国激光 33 57]

    [10]

    ] Li S G, Liu X D, Hou L T 2004 Chinese J. Lasers 31 713 (in Chinese) [李曙光、刘晓东、侯蓝田 2004 中国激光 31 713]

    [11]

    ] Yan F P, Li Y F, Wang L, Gong T R, Liu P, Liu Y, Tao P L, Qu M X, Jian S S 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 5735 (in Chinese)[延凤平、李一凡、王琳、龚桃荣、刘鹏、刘洋、陶沛琳、曲美霞、简水生 2008 物理学报 57 5735]

    [12]

    ] Liu X Y, Zhang F D, Zhang M, Ye P D 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 301 (in Chinese) [刘毅、张方迪、张民、叶培大 2007 物理学报 56 301]

    [13]

    ] Suzuki K, Kubota H, Kawanishi S 2001 Opt. Express 9 676

    [14]

    ] Saitoh K, Koshiba M 2002 IEEE Photonic Techl. 14 1291

    [15]

    ] Koshiba M, Saitoh K 2003 Appl. Optics 42 6267

    [16]

    ] White T P, Kuhlmey B T, Mcphedran R C, Maystre D, Renversez G, Martijin C de S, Botten L C 2002 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19 2322

    [17]

    ] Kuhlmey B T, White T P, Renversez G, Maystre D, Botten L C, Martijin C de S, Mcphedran R C 2002 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19 2331

    [18]

    ] Fang H, Lou S Q, Guo T Y, Jian S S 2007 Acta Optica Sinca 27 202 (in Chinese) [方宏、娄淑琴、郭铁英、简水生 2007 光2学学报 27 202]

    [19]

    ] Zhang L, Li S G 2010 arXiv:20090838 [PCF]

    [20]

    ] Fu B, Li S G 2009 arXiv:20090260 [PCF]

    [21]

    ] Yang Q Q, Hou L T 2009 arXiv:20090523 [PCF]

    [22]

    ] Begum F, Namihira Y, Razzak S. M. A, Kaijage S, Hai N H, Kinjo T, Miyagi K, Zou N Y 2009 Opt Laser Technol. 2 001

    [23]

    ] Gundu K M, Kolesik M, Moloney J V 2006 Opt. Express 14 6870

    [24]

    ] Zhao X T, Hou L T, Liu Z L, Wang W, Wei H Y, Ma J R 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 2275 (in Chinese) [赵兴涛、侯蓝田、刘兆伦、王伟、魏红彦、马景瑞 2007 物理学报 56 2275]

    [25]

    ] Li S G, Ji Y L, Zhou G Y, Hou L T, Wang Q Y, Hu M L, Li Y F, Wei Z Y, Zhang J, Liu X D 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 478 (in Chinese) [李曙光、冀玉领、周桂耀、侯蓝田、王清月、胡明列、栗岩峰、魏志义、张军、刘晓东 2004 物理学报 53 478]

    [26]

    ] Gong T R, Yan F P, Wang L, Li Y F, Liu P, Jian S S 2008 Chinese J. Lasers 35 0559 (in Chinese) [龚桃荣、延凤平、王琳、李一凡、刘鹏、简水生 2008 中国激光 35 0559]

    [27]

    ] Li S G, Xing G L, Zhou G Y, Hou L T 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 0238 (in Chinese) [李曙光、邢光龙、周桂耀、侯蓝田 2006 物理学报中 55 0238]

    [28]

    ] Liu J, Yang C X, Claire G, Jin G F 2006 Acta Optica Sinca 26 1569 (in Chinese) [刘洁、杨昌喜、Claire Gu、金国藩 2006 光学学报 26 1569]

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  • Received Date:  11 May 2009
  • Accepted Date:  26 August 2009
  • Published Online:  15 May 2010

Influence of micro-structured core on characteristics of photonic crystal fibers

  • 1. 燕山大学理学院,亚稳材料制备技术与科学国家重点实验室,秦皇岛 066004

Abstract: Photonic crystal fibers(PCFs)with rectangle core and elliptical core have been designed.Their fundamental characteristics are studied by electromagnetic scattering theory of multipole method.It is found that the fiber birefringence,dispersion and nonlinear characteristics can be flexibly adjusted by changing the radius of the air holes in the core.The PCFs have the following characteristics: With the increase of radius r1 of air holes in the core,the birefringence increases and the wavelength corresponding to the maximum birefringence shifts towards the longer wavelength region,the number of zero-dispersion-wavelengths increases from one to three and nonlinear coefficient of the short-wave band decreases while it increases in the longer wavelength region.The three zero-dispersion-wavelengths of elliptical core PCFs with r1 = 0.4 μm are located in visible,near-infrared and mid-infrared band,respectively.For similar structural parameters,elliptical core PCFs can achieve high birefringence and high nonlinearity more readily than rectangular core PCFs.

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