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Analysis of thermal effect and its influence on output power of thin disk laser

Zhao Jian-Tao Feng Guo-Ying Yang Huo-Mu Tang Chun Chen Nian-Jiang Zhou Shou-Huan

Analysis of thermal effect and its influence on output power of thin disk laser

Zhao Jian-Tao, Feng Guo-Ying, Yang Huo-Mu, Tang Chun, Chen Nian-Jiang, Zhou Shou-Huan,
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  • A temperature model for a end-pumped thin disk laser with Gaussian beam intensity distribution and single pass absorption performance is built up according to the actual working state. Using infrared thermal image, temperature distribution, temperature variation with time and the temperature difference of the surface laser medium are measured at different pump powers. Experiment on thermal lens focal length of the thin disk laser medium is performed by utilizing Hartmann-Shack wave-front sensor. Considering the fact that thermal lens focal length of the laser medium changes with pump power, the model for analyzing the influence of thermal effect on output power of thin disk laser is presented, according to rate equations. The simulation results obtained in this paper show satisfactory agreement with experimental results. The research has the guiding significance for designing and optimizing thin disk lasers
      Corresponding author: , guoing_feng@scu.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 60890200, 10876022, 10976017) and the Foundation of National Key Laboratory of Solid-State Laser Technology, China.
    [1]

    Giesen A, Hügel H, Voss A, Wittig K, Brauch U, Opower H 1994 Appl. Phys. B 58 365

    [2]

    Erhard S, Karszewski M, Stewen C, Giesen A 2000 Advanced Solid State Lasers (Davos: Optical Socity of American) p78

    [3]

    Speiser J, Giesen A 2007 Advanced Solid State Photonics (Vancouver: Optical Socity of American) WB19

    [4]

    Mende J, Speiser J, Spindler G, Bohn W L, Giesen A 2008 Proc. SPIE 6871 68710M-1

    [5]

    Mende J, Schmid E, Speiser J, Spindler G, Giesen A 2009 Proc. SPIE 7193 71931V-1

    [6]

    Shan X Y, Wei X Y, Wu N L, Li S Q 2004 Chin. J. Quantum Electron. 21 587 (in Chinese) [单欣岩, 魏晓羽, 吴念乐, 李师群 2004 量子电子学报 21 587]

    [7]

    Yao Z Y, Jiang J F, Tu B, Zhou T J, Pei Z P, Lei J, Lü W Q, Wu D Y 2007 Chin. J. Lasers 34 37 (in Chinese) [姚震宇, 蒋建锋, 涂波, 周唐建, 裴正平, 雷军, 吕文强, 武德勇 2007 中国激光 34 37]

    [8]

    Wang X J, Cai Z, Jiang J F, Tang C, To B, Jin Q W 2010 Opt. Lett. 35 3381

    [9]

    Liu Q, Gong M L, Pan Y Y, Li C 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 2159 (in Chinese) [柳强, 巩马理, 潘圆圆, 李晨 2004 物理学报 53 2159]

    [10]

    Yan X W, Yu H W, Cao D X, Li M Z, Jiang D B, Jiang X Y, Duan W T, Xu M J 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 4230 (in Chinese) [严雄伟, 於海武, 曹丁象, 李明中, 蒋东镔, 蒋新颖, 段文涛, 徐美健 2009 物理学报 58 4230]

    [11]

    Giesen A, Speiser J 2007 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13 598

    [12]

    Yang Y M, Xu Q M, Guo Z 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 223 (in Chinese) [杨永明, 许启明, 过振 2008 物理学报 57 223]

    [13]

    Gan A S, Li L, Shi P 2008 Acta Photon. Sin. 37 631 (in Chinese) [甘安生, 李隆, 史彭 2008 光子学报 37 631]

    [14]

    Li X L, Shi X C, Shi P, Guo M X, Zhang G F, Lu Y T, Hu Q Q 2001 Acta Opt. Sin. 21 1268 (in Chinese) [李小莉, 施翔春, 石鹏, 郭明秀, 张贵芬, 陆雨田, 胡企铨 2001 光学学报 21 1268]

    [15]

    Qiu H Q, Zhang B, Zhu S J 2008 Laser J. 29 8 (in Chinese) [邱海齐, 张彬, 祝颂军 2008 激光杂志 29 8]

    [16]

    Liu Q X, Zhong M 2010 Appl. Opt. 31 636 (in Chinese) [刘全喜, 钟鸣 2010 应用光学 31 636]

    [17]

    Wang S, Wang X, Kallmeyer F, Chen J, Elchler H J 2008 Appl. Phys. B 92 43

    [18]

    Fan T, Byer R L 1987 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23 605

    [19]

    Wang S, Chen J, Liu C, Hu M, Ge J H, Zhao G J, Xu J 2009 Chin. J. Lasers 36 23 (in Chinese) [汪莎, 陈军, 刘崇, 胡淼, 葛剑虹, 赵广军, 徐军 2009 中国激光 36 23]

    [20]

    Innocenzi M E, Yura H T, Fincher C L, Fields R A 1990 Appl. Phys. Lett. 56 1831

    [21]

    Blows J L, Omatsu T, Dawes J, Pask H, Tateda M 1998 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10 1727

    [22]

    Song F, Zhang C B, Ding X, Xu J J, Zhang G Y 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. 81 2145

    [23]

    Guan J, Li J P, Cheng G H, Chen G F, Hou X 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 1804 (in Chinese) [关俊, 李金萍, 程光华, 陈国夫, 侯洵 2004 物理学报 53 1804]

    [24]

    Wu D E, Zhou R, Zhang X H, Ding X, Yao J Q, Yan C F, Zhang G Y 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 1196 (in Chinese) [武丁二, 周睿, 张晓华, 丁欣, 姚建铨, 颜彩繁, 张光寅 2006 物理学报 55 1196]

    [25]

    Yu J, Tan H M, Qian L S, Liu W R 2000 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 12 27 (in Chinese) [余锦, 檀慧明, 钱龙生, 刘伟仁 2000 强激光与粒子束 12 27]

    [26]

    Chenais S, Druon F, Forget S, Balembois F, Georges P 2006 Prog. Quanlum Electron. 30 89

    [27]

    Magni V 1986 Appl. Opt. 25 107

  • [1]

    Giesen A, Hügel H, Voss A, Wittig K, Brauch U, Opower H 1994 Appl. Phys. B 58 365

    [2]

    Erhard S, Karszewski M, Stewen C, Giesen A 2000 Advanced Solid State Lasers (Davos: Optical Socity of American) p78

    [3]

    Speiser J, Giesen A 2007 Advanced Solid State Photonics (Vancouver: Optical Socity of American) WB19

    [4]

    Mende J, Speiser J, Spindler G, Bohn W L, Giesen A 2008 Proc. SPIE 6871 68710M-1

    [5]

    Mende J, Schmid E, Speiser J, Spindler G, Giesen A 2009 Proc. SPIE 7193 71931V-1

    [6]

    Shan X Y, Wei X Y, Wu N L, Li S Q 2004 Chin. J. Quantum Electron. 21 587 (in Chinese) [单欣岩, 魏晓羽, 吴念乐, 李师群 2004 量子电子学报 21 587]

    [7]

    Yao Z Y, Jiang J F, Tu B, Zhou T J, Pei Z P, Lei J, Lü W Q, Wu D Y 2007 Chin. J. Lasers 34 37 (in Chinese) [姚震宇, 蒋建锋, 涂波, 周唐建, 裴正平, 雷军, 吕文强, 武德勇 2007 中国激光 34 37]

    [8]

    Wang X J, Cai Z, Jiang J F, Tang C, To B, Jin Q W 2010 Opt. Lett. 35 3381

    [9]

    Liu Q, Gong M L, Pan Y Y, Li C 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 2159 (in Chinese) [柳强, 巩马理, 潘圆圆, 李晨 2004 物理学报 53 2159]

    [10]

    Yan X W, Yu H W, Cao D X, Li M Z, Jiang D B, Jiang X Y, Duan W T, Xu M J 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 4230 (in Chinese) [严雄伟, 於海武, 曹丁象, 李明中, 蒋东镔, 蒋新颖, 段文涛, 徐美健 2009 物理学报 58 4230]

    [11]

    Giesen A, Speiser J 2007 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13 598

    [12]

    Yang Y M, Xu Q M, Guo Z 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 223 (in Chinese) [杨永明, 许启明, 过振 2008 物理学报 57 223]

    [13]

    Gan A S, Li L, Shi P 2008 Acta Photon. Sin. 37 631 (in Chinese) [甘安生, 李隆, 史彭 2008 光子学报 37 631]

    [14]

    Li X L, Shi X C, Shi P, Guo M X, Zhang G F, Lu Y T, Hu Q Q 2001 Acta Opt. Sin. 21 1268 (in Chinese) [李小莉, 施翔春, 石鹏, 郭明秀, 张贵芬, 陆雨田, 胡企铨 2001 光学学报 21 1268]

    [15]

    Qiu H Q, Zhang B, Zhu S J 2008 Laser J. 29 8 (in Chinese) [邱海齐, 张彬, 祝颂军 2008 激光杂志 29 8]

    [16]

    Liu Q X, Zhong M 2010 Appl. Opt. 31 636 (in Chinese) [刘全喜, 钟鸣 2010 应用光学 31 636]

    [17]

    Wang S, Wang X, Kallmeyer F, Chen J, Elchler H J 2008 Appl. Phys. B 92 43

    [18]

    Fan T, Byer R L 1987 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23 605

    [19]

    Wang S, Chen J, Liu C, Hu M, Ge J H, Zhao G J, Xu J 2009 Chin. J. Lasers 36 23 (in Chinese) [汪莎, 陈军, 刘崇, 胡淼, 葛剑虹, 赵广军, 徐军 2009 中国激光 36 23]

    [20]

    Innocenzi M E, Yura H T, Fincher C L, Fields R A 1990 Appl. Phys. Lett. 56 1831

    [21]

    Blows J L, Omatsu T, Dawes J, Pask H, Tateda M 1998 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10 1727

    [22]

    Song F, Zhang C B, Ding X, Xu J J, Zhang G Y 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. 81 2145

    [23]

    Guan J, Li J P, Cheng G H, Chen G F, Hou X 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 1804 (in Chinese) [关俊, 李金萍, 程光华, 陈国夫, 侯洵 2004 物理学报 53 1804]

    [24]

    Wu D E, Zhou R, Zhang X H, Ding X, Yao J Q, Yan C F, Zhang G Y 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 1196 (in Chinese) [武丁二, 周睿, 张晓华, 丁欣, 姚建铨, 颜彩繁, 张光寅 2006 物理学报 55 1196]

    [25]

    Yu J, Tan H M, Qian L S, Liu W R 2000 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 12 27 (in Chinese) [余锦, 檀慧明, 钱龙生, 刘伟仁 2000 强激光与粒子束 12 27]

    [26]

    Chenais S, Druon F, Forget S, Balembois F, Georges P 2006 Prog. Quanlum Electron. 30 89

    [27]

    Magni V 1986 Appl. Opt. 25 107

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  • Received Date:  01 June 2011
  • Accepted Date:  28 April 2012
  • Published Online:  20 April 2012

Analysis of thermal effect and its influence on output power of thin disk laser

    Corresponding author: guoing_feng@scu.edu.cn
  • 1. College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China;
  • 2. Institute of Applied Electronics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China;
  • 3. North China Research Institute of Electro-Optics, Beijing 100015, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 60890200, 10876022, 10976017) and the Foundation of National Key Laboratory of Solid-State Laser Technology, China.

Abstract: A temperature model for a end-pumped thin disk laser with Gaussian beam intensity distribution and single pass absorption performance is built up according to the actual working state. Using infrared thermal image, temperature distribution, temperature variation with time and the temperature difference of the surface laser medium are measured at different pump powers. Experiment on thermal lens focal length of the thin disk laser medium is performed by utilizing Hartmann-Shack wave-front sensor. Considering the fact that thermal lens focal length of the laser medium changes with pump power, the model for analyzing the influence of thermal effect on output power of thin disk laser is presented, according to rate equations. The simulation results obtained in this paper show satisfactory agreement with experimental results. The research has the guiding significance for designing and optimizing thin disk lasers

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