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Influence of fluorination time on surface charge accumulation on epoxy resin insulation

Liu Ya-Qiang An Zhen-Lian Cang Jun Zhang Ye-Wen Zheng Fei-Hu

Influence of fluorination time on surface charge accumulation on epoxy resin insulation

Liu Ya-Qiang, An Zhen-Lian, Cang Jun, Zhang Ye-Wen, Zheng Fei-Hu
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  • Received Date:  27 October 2011
  • Accepted Date:  05 January 2012
  • Published Online:  05 August 2012

Influence of fluorination time on surface charge accumulation on epoxy resin insulation

  • 1. Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Advanced Microstructure Materials, Department of Physics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;
  • 2. State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50977065), and the State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment (Grant No. EIPE11210).

Abstract: In order to suppress surface charge accumulation on the epoxy resin insulation and to investigate the influence of treatment time on the charge accumulation, epoxy samples are surface fluorinated for the different times of 10 min, 30 min and 60 min in a laboratory vessel using an F2/N2 mixture. Attenuated total reflection infrared analyses and the observations of the cross section and the surface of the samples by SEM indicate the increases in degree of fluorination, thickness and compactness of the fluorinated layer, and the decrease in surface roughness, with treatment time increasing. Compared with the deep surface charge traps and stable surface charge of the unfluorinated (original) sample, as indicated by the open-circuit thermally stimulated discharge current measurement, the fluorinated surface cannot store the charge. The corona charges deposited on the sample surfaces fluorinated for 10 min, 30 min or 60 min rapidly decay to zero in about 2 min, 10 min or 15 mi at room temperature respectively, showing a slowed-down release of charge with fluorination time. The measurements of surface conductivity and contact angle and the calculation of surface energy reveal that fluorination gives rise to dramatic increases in surface conductivity, surface wettability and polarity, while they decrease with treatment time. The significant increase in surface conductivity of the fluorinated sample is attributed to a very likely substantial decrease in trap depth and the adsorbed water on the fluorinated surfac. Surface charging current measurements further show that large steady state current flows along the fluorinated surface during corona charging, in comparison with the almost zero steady state current for the original sample. This implies that the fluorinated sample has much lower surface charge accumulation in the period of charging, than the original sample.

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