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Co2+-Ti4+和Cu2+-Nb5+离子取代BaFe12O19单晶体中Fe3+离子的研究

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## STUDY OF SUBSTITUTION OF Fe3+ IONS IN BaFe12O19 CRYSTAL BY Co2+-Ti4+ AND Cu2+-Nb5+ IONS

LIU JI-ZHE, LU MU, HAN SHI-YING, ZHAI HONG-RU
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• #### 摘要

本文对用Co2+-Ti4+和Cu2+-Nb5+离子取代BaFe12O19单晶体中Fe3+离子进行了研究,以Bi2O3作为助熔剂生长出了BaFe12-2xCox2+Tix4+O19(x=0;0.04;0.09;0.13;0.27和0.68)以及BaFe12-x[Nb1/35+Cu2/32+]xO19(x=0;0.28;0.44和0.60)这两系列的单晶体,测定了100—300K温度范围内样品的磁化强度σ与单轴各向异性常数K1,我们发现,对Co2+-Ti4+取代的样品,当x≤0.09时,其σ与K1随x的增加而缓慢增加;当x>0.09时,其σ与K1随x的增加而迅速降低,至x=1.1时,K1变为零,对Nb5+-Cu2+取代的样品,其σ值在整个成份范围内基本保持不变,且有缓慢增加趋势;而K1值则随x增加而单调下降,提出了取代离子在M型六角铁氧体中可能的分布模型来解释我们的结果。

#### Abstract

In this paper, we studied the substitution of Fe3+ ions in BaFe12O19 crystal by Co2+-Ti4+ and Cu2+-Nb5+ ions. Two systems of single cry stals of BaFe12-2xCoxTixO19(with x=0, 0.04, 0.09, 0.13, 0.27, 0.68) and BaFe12-x(Nb1/3Cu2/3)xO19(with x = 0, 0.28, 0.44, 0.60) were grown from Bi2O3 melts. Magnetization a and anisotropy constant K1 of the above samples were measured in the temperature range of 100-300K. For the substitution with Co2+-Ti4+ ions, it was found that when x = 0.09 σ and K1 increased slightly with x at the beginning and decreased rapidly when x > 0.09 until K1→ O at x≈ 1.1. In the case of substitutions with Cu2+-Nb5+, the σ value was nearly the same in the studied compositions and showed a slightly increasing trend with increasing x; while K1 decreased monotonously with x. Our results were qualitatively discussed with the model of site occupation of substitution ions in the M-type hexagonal ferrite.

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##### 出版历程
• 收稿日期:  1982-09-20
• 刊出日期:  2005-07-21

• 1. 南京大学物理系

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