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基于压缩光的量子精密测量

孙恒信 刘奎 张俊香 郜江瑞

基于压缩光的量子精密测量

孙恒信, 刘奎, 张俊香, 郜江瑞
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  • 对任何物理量的测量都有一定的噪声, 经典测量所能达到的最小噪声一般称为散粒噪声, 对应着测量的标准量子极限. 利用压缩光可以突破标准量子极限, 从而提高测量精度. 本文介绍了压缩态光场用于突破标准量子极限的基本原理, 以及压缩态光场在相位测量、光学横向小位移及倾斜测量、磁场测量以及时钟同步等精密测量领域的应用和最新进展.
      通信作者: 郜江瑞, jrgao@sxu.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2010CB923102)和国家自然科学基金(批准号: 61121064, 11274212, 61405108)资助的课题.
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  • [1]

    Caves C 1981 Phys. Rev. D 23 1693

    [2]

    Xiao M, Wu L A, Kimble H 1987 Phys. Rev. Lett. 59 278

    [3]

    Goda K, Miyakawa O, Mikhailov E E, Saraf S, Adhikari R, McKenzie K, Ward R, Vass S, Weinstein A J, Mavalvala N 2008 Nat. Phys. 4 472

    [4]

    The LIGO Scientific Collaboration 2011 Nat. Phys. 7 962

    [5]

    Dwyer S, Barsotti L, Chua S S Y, Evans M, Factourovich M, Gustafson D, Isogai T, Kawabe K, Khalaidovski A, Lam P K, Landry M, Mavalvala N, Mcclelland D E, Meadors G D, Schnabel R, Schofield R M S, Stefszky M, Vorvick C, Sigg D 2013 Opt. Express 21 19047

    [6]

    The LIGO Scientific Collaboration 2013 Nat. Photonics 7 613

    [7]

    Grangier P, Slusher R, Yurke B, LaPorta A 1987 Phys. Rev. Lett. 59 2153

    [8]

    Boto A, Kok P, Abrams D, Braunstein S, Williams C, Dowling J 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 2733

    [9]

    Rarity J, Tapster P, Jakeman E, Larchuk T, Campos R, Teich M, Saleh B 1990 Phys. Rev. Lett. 65 1348

    [10]

    Kuzmich A, Mandel L 1999 Quantum Semiclassical Opt. J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Part B 10 493

    [11]

    Nagata T, Okamoto R, O'brien J L, Sasaki K, Takeuchi S 2007 Science 316 726

    [12]

    Ou Z Y 1997 Phys. Rev. A 55 2598

    [13]

    D'Ariano G, Sacchi M 1995 Phys. Rev. A 52 R4309

    [14]

    Steuernagel O, Scheel S 2004 J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6 S66

    [15]

    Holland M, Burnett K 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 71 1355

    [16]

    Higgins B L, Berry D W, Bartlett S D, Wiseman H M, Pryde G J 2007 Nature 450 393

    [17]

    Yurke B, McCall S, Klauder J 1986 Phys. Rev. A 33 4033

    [18]

    Jing J, Liu C, Zhou Z, Ou Z Y, Zhang W 2011 Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 011110

    [19]

    Ou Z Y 2012 Phys. Rev. A 85 023815

    [20]

    Kong J, Ou Z Y, Zhang W 2013 Phys. Rev. A 87 023825

    [21]

    Li D, Yuan C H, Ou Z Y, Zhang W 2014 New J. Phys. 16 073020

    [22]

    Hudelist F, Kong J, Liu C, Jing J, Ou Z Y, Zhang W 2014 Nat. Commun. 5 3049

    [23]

    Beltrán J, Luis A 2005 Phys. Rev. A 72 045801

    [24]

    Luis A 2004 Phys. Lett. Sect. A Gen. At. Solid State Phys. 329 8

    [25]

    Boixo S, Flammia S T, Caves C M, Geremia J M 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 090401

    [26]

    Napolitano M, Koschorreck M, Dubost B, Behbood N, Sewell R J, Mitchell M W 2011 Nature 471 486

    [27]

    Yuan C H, Zhang K Y, Zhang W P 2014 Sci. Sin. Informationis 44 345 (in Chinese) [袁春华, 张可烨, 张卫平 2014 中国科学: 信息科学 44 345]

    [28]

    Zwierz M, Pérez-Delgado C A, Kok P 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 180402

    [29]

    Zwierz M, Pérez-Delgado C A, Kok P 2012 Phys. Rev. A 85 042112

    [30]

    Kimble H, Dagenais M, Mandel L 1977 Phys. Rev. Lett. 39 691

    [31]

    Zou H, Zhai S, Guo J, Yang R, Gao J 2006 Opt. Lett. 31 1735

    [32]

    Slusher R, Hollberg L, Yurke B, Mertz J, Valley J 1985 Phys. Rev. Lett. 55 2409

    [33]

    Wu L-A, Kimble H, Hall J, Wu H 1986 Phys. Rev. Lett. 57 2520

    [34]

    Gao J, Cui F, Xue C, Xie C, Kunchi P 1998 Opt. Lett. 23 870

    [35]

    Vahlbruch H, Mehmet M, Chelkowski S, Hage B, Franzen A, Lastzka N, Goßler S, Danzmann K, Schnabel R 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 033602

    [36]

    Mehmet M, Vahlbruch H, Lastzka N, Danzmann K, Schnabel R 2010 Phys. Rev. A 81 013814

    [37]

    Eberle T, Steinlechner S, Bauchrowitz J, Händchen V, Vahlbruch H, Mehmet M, Mller-Ebhardt H, Schnabel R 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 251102

    [38]

    Lassen M, Delaubert V, Harb C C, Lam P K, Treps N, Bachor H-A 2006 J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Publ. 1 6003

    [39]

    Treps N, Andersen U, Buchler B, Lam P, Maître A, Bachor H A, Fabre C 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 88 203601

    [40]

    Treps N, Grosse N, Bowen W P, Fabre C, Bachor H-A, Lam P K 2003 Science 301 940

    [41]

    Lassen M, Leuchs G, Andersen U 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 163602

    [42]

    Janousek J, Wagner K, Morizur J, Treps N, Lam P K, Harb C C, Bachor H 2009 Nat. Photonics 3 399

    [43]

    Chalopin B, Scazza F, Fabre C, Treps N 2010 Phys. Rev. A 81 061804

    [44]

    Chalopin B, Scazza F, Fabre C, Treps N 2011 Opt. Express 19 4405

    [45]

    Pinel O, Jian P, de Araújo R, Feng J, Chalopin B, Fabre C, Treps N 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 083601

    [46]

    Roslund J, de Araújo R M, Jiang S, Fabre C, Treps N 2013 Nat. Photonics 8 109

    [47]

    Liu K, Cui S Z, Yang R G, Zhang J X, Gao J R 2012 Chin. Phys. Lett. 29 060304

    [48]

    Liu K, Guo J, Cai C, Guo S, Gao J 2014 Phys. Rev. Lett. 113 170501

    [49]

    Wolfgramm F, Cerè A, Beduini F A, Predojević A, Koschorreck M, Mitchell M W 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 053601

    [50]

    Horrom T, Singh R, Dowling J P, Mikhailov E E 2012 Phys. Rev. A 86 023803

    [51]

    Otterstrom N, Pooser R C, Lawrie B J 2014 Opt. Lett. 39 6533

    [52]

    Liu H Y, Chen L, Liu L, Ming Y, Liu K, Zhang J X, Gao J R 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 164206 (in Chinese) [刘洪雨, 陈立, 刘灵, 明莹, 刘奎, 张俊香, 郜江瑞 2013 物理学报 62 164206]

    [53]

    Fox A, Baumberg J, Dabbicco M, Huttner B, Ryan J 1995 Phys. Rev. Lett. 74 1728

    [54]

    Karr J P, Bass A, Houdré R, Giacobino E 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 031802

    [55]

    Boulier T, Bamba M, Amo A, Adrados C, Lemaitre A, Galopin E, Sagnes I, Bloch J, Ciuti C, Giacobino E, Bramati A 2014 Nat. Commun. 5 3260

    [56]

    Safavi-Naeini A H, Gröblacher S, Hill J T, Chan J, Aspelmeyer M, Painter O 2013 Nature 500 185

    [57]

    Purdy T P, Yu P L, Peterson R W, Kampel N S, Regal C A 2013 Phys. Rev. X 3 031012

    [58]

    Dirac P A M 1927 Proc. R. Soc. A: Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 114 243

    [59]

    Bachor H A, Ralph T C 2004 A Guide to Experiments in Quantum Optics Optics (2nd Ed.) (Berlin: Wiley-VCH.) p113

    [60]

    Barnett S M, Fabre C, Maître A 2003 Eur. Phys. J. D 22 513

    [61]

    Scully M O, Zubairy M S 1997 Quantum Optics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p130

    [62]

    Lang M D, Caves C M 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 173601

    [63]

    Bondurant R S, Shapiro J H 1984 Phys. Rev. D 30 2548

    [64]

    Pezzé L, Smerzi A 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 073601

    [65]

    Zhai Z, Gao J 2012 Opt. Express 20 18173

    [66]

    Yonezawa H, Nakane D, Wheatley T A, Iwasawa K, Takeda S, Arao H, Ohki K, Tsumura K, Berry D W, Ralph T C, Wiseman H M, Huntington E H, Furusawa A 2012 Science 337 1514

    [67]

    Xiang G Y, Higgins B L, Berry D W, Wiseman H M, Pryde G J 2010 Nat. Photonics 5 43

    [68]

    Iwasawa K, Makino K, Yonezawa H, Tsang M, Davidovic A, Huntington E, Furusawa A 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 163602

    [69]

    Meyer G, Amer N M 1988 Appl. Phys. Lett. 53 1045

    [70]

    Putman C A J, De Grooth B G, Van Hulst N F, Greve J 1992 J. Appl. Phys. 72 6

    [71]

    Kolobov M 1999 Rev. Mod. Phys. 71 1539

    [72]

    Delaubert V, Treps N, Fabre C, Bachor H A, Réfrégier P 2008 EPL 81 44001

    [73]

    Lugiato L, Gatti A, Brambilla E 2002 J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclass. Opt 4 S176

    [74]

    Simmons R M, Finer J T, Chu S, Spudich J A 1996 Biophys. J. 70 1813

    [75]

    Gittes F, Schmidt C F 1998 Opt. Lett. 23 7

    [76]

    Grier D G 2003 Nature 424 810

    [77]

    Taylor M A, Janousek J, Daria V, Knittel J, Hage B, Bachor H, Bowen W P 2013 Nat. Photonics 7 229

    [78]

    Willke B 2005 in Proceedings of the IEEE Quantum Electronics, Laser Science Conference (QELS '05) Maryland, USA 22-27 May, 2005 pp773-775

    [79]

    Hsu M T L, Delaubert V, Lam P K, Bowen W P 2004 J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6 495

    [80]

    Delaubert V, Treps N, Lassen M, Harb C C, Fabre C, Lam P K, Bachor H A 2006 Phys. Rev. A 74 53823

    [81]

    Li R, Zhai Z H, Zhao S J, Gao J R 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 7724 (in Chinese) [李睿, 翟泽辉, 赵姝瑾, 郜江瑞 2010 物理学报 59 7724]

    [82]

    Bowen W P, Treps N, Schnabel R, Lam P K 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 253601

    [83]

    Delaubert V, Treps N, Harb C C, Lam P K, Bachor H A 2006 Opt. Lett. 31 1537

    [84]

    Sun H X, Liu Z L, Liu K, Yang R G, Zhang J X, Gao J R 2014 Chin. Phys. Lett. 31 084202

    [85]

    Sun H, Liu K, Liu Z, Guo P, Zhang J, Gao J 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 121908

    [86]

    Korolkova N, Leuchs G, Loudon R, Ralph T C, Silberhorn C 2002 Phys. Rev. A 65 052306

    [87]

    Bowen W P, Schnabel R, Bachor H A, Lam P K 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 88 093601

    [88]

    Foreman S M 2007 Ph. D. Dissertation (Colorado: University of Colorado)

    [89]

    Ma L, Bi Z, Bartels A, Robertsson L, Zucco M, Windeler R S, Wilpers G, Oates C, Hollberg L, Diddams S A 2004 Science 303 1843

    [90]

    Udem T, Riehle F 2007 Riv. del Nuovo Cim. 30 563

    [91]

    Margolis H S 2010 Contemp. Phys. 51 37

    [92]

    Lamine B, Fabre C, Treps N 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 123601

    [93]

    Goda K, Mikhailov E E, Miyakawa O, Saraf S, Vass S, Weinstein A, Mavalvala N 2008 Opt. Lett. 33 92

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-06-02
  • 修回日期:  2015-10-10
  • 刊出日期:  2015-12-05

基于压缩光的量子精密测量

  • 1. 山西大学光电研究所, 量子光学与光量子器件国家重点实验室, 太原 030006
  • 通信作者: 郜江瑞, jrgao@sxu.edu.cn
    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2010CB923102)和国家自然科学基金(批准号: 61121064, 11274212, 61405108)资助的课题.

摘要: 对任何物理量的测量都有一定的噪声, 经典测量所能达到的最小噪声一般称为散粒噪声, 对应着测量的标准量子极限. 利用压缩光可以突破标准量子极限, 从而提高测量精度. 本文介绍了压缩态光场用于突破标准量子极限的基本原理, 以及压缩态光场在相位测量、光学横向小位移及倾斜测量、磁场测量以及时钟同步等精密测量领域的应用和最新进展.

English Abstract

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