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量子直接通信

李熙涵

量子直接通信

李熙涵
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  • 量子直接通信是量子通信中的一个重要分支, 它是一种不需要事先建立密钥而直接传输机密信息的新型通信模式. 本综述将介绍量子直接通信的基本原理, 回顾量子直接通信的发展历程, 从最早的高效量子直接通信协议、两步量子直接通信模型、量子一次一密直接通信模型等, 到抗噪声的量子直接通信模型以及基于单光子多自由度量子态及超纠缠态的量子直接通信模型, 最后介绍量子直接通信的研究现状并展望其发展未来.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11004258)和中央高校基本科研业务费(批准号: CQDXWL-2012-014)资助的课题.
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    Wang T J, Song S Y, Long G L 2012 Phys. Rev. A 85 062311

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    Deng F G, Li X H, Zhou H Y Li X H, Duan X J 2011 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44 065503

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    Li X H, Ghose S 2014 Laser Phys. Lett. 11 125201

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    Li X H, Ghose S 2015 Opt. Express 23 3550

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    Pan J W, Simon C, Brukner C, Zellinger A 2001 Nature 410 1067

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    Bennett C H, Brassard G 1984 Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, System and Signal Processing (Bangalore: IEEE) p175

    [2]

    Ekert A K 1991 Phys. Rev. Lett. 67 661

    [3]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G, Mermin N D 1992 Phys. Rev. Lett. 68 557

    [4]

    Deng F G, Long G L 2003 Phys. Rev. A 68 042315

    [5]

    Deng F G, Long G L 2004 Phys. Rev. A 70 012311

    [6]

    Li X H, Deng F G, Zhou H Y 2008 Phys. Rev. A 78 022321

    [7]

    Beige A, Englert B G, Kurtsiefer C, Weinfurter H 2002 Acta Phys. Pol. A 101 357

    [8]

    Yan F L, Zhang X 2004 Eur. Phys. J. B 41 75

    [9]

    Gao T, Fan F L, Wang Z X 2005 J. Phys. A 38 5761

    [10]

    Man Z X, Zhang Z J, Li Y 2005 Chin. Phys. Lett. 22 18

    [11]

    Man Z X, Zhang Z J, Li Y 2005 Chin. Phys. Lett. 22 22

    [12]

    Zhu A D, Xia Y, Fan Q B, Zhang S 2006 Phys. Rev. A 73 022338

    [13]

    Lee H, Lim J, Yang H 2006 Phys. Rev. A 73 042305

    [14]

    Wang J, Zhang Q, Tang C J 2006 Int. J. Quantum Inf. 4 925

    [15]

    Wang J, Zhang Q, Tang C J 2006 Int. J. Mod. Phys. C 17 685

    [16]

    Wang H F, Zhang S, Yeon K H, Um C I 2006 J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49 459

    [17]

    Chang Y, Zhang S B, Yan L L, Li J 2014 Chin. Sci. Bull. 59 2835

    [18]

    Li X H, Deng F G, Li C Y, Liang Y J, Zhou P, Zhou H Y 2006 J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49 1354

    [19]

    Gao G, Fang M, Yang R M 2011 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 50 882

    [20]

    Wu Y H, Zhai W D, Cao W Z, Li C 2011 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 50 325

    [21]

    Zhang Q N, Li C C, Li Y H, Nie Y Y 2013 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 52 22

    [22]

    Chang Y, Xu C X, Zhang S B, Yan L L 2013 Chin. Sci. Bull. 58 4571

    [23]

    Quan D X, Pei C X, Liu D, Zhao N 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 2493 (in Chinese) [权东晓, 裴昌幸, 刘丹, 赵楠 2010 物理学报 59 2493]

    [24]

    Tsai C W, Hwang T 2013 Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 56 1903

    [25]

    Hillery M, Bužek V, Berthiaume A 1999 Phys. Rev. A 59 1829

    [26]

    Karlsson A, Koashi M, Imoto N 1999 Phys. Rev. A 59 162

    [27]

    Xiao L, Long G L, Deng F G, Pan J W 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 052307

    [28]

    Deng F G, Zhou H Y, Long G L 2006 J. Phys. A 39 14089

    [29]

    Long G L, Liu X S 2002 Phys. Rev. A 65 032302

    [30]

    Deng F G, Long G L, Liu X S 2003 Phys. Rev. A 68 042317

    [31]

    Deng F G, Long G L 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 052319

    [32]

    Wang C, Deng F G, Li Y S, Liu X S, Long G L 2005 Phys. Rev. A 71 044305

    [33]

    Wang C, Deng F G, Long G L 2005 Opt. Commun. 253 15

    [34]

    Li X H, Li C Y, Deng F G, Zhou P, Liang Y J, Zhou H Y 2007 Chin. Phys. 16 2149

    [35]

    Lin S, Wen Q Y, Gao F, Zhu F C 2008 Phys. Rev. A 78 064304

    [36]

    Gu B, Zhang C Y, Cheng G S, Huang Y G 2011 Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 54 942

    [37]

    Wang T J, Li T, Du F F, Deng F G 2011 Chin. Phys. Lett. 28 040305

    [38]

    Gu B, Huang Y G, Fang X, Zhang C Y 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 100309

    [39]

    Shi J, Gong Y X, Xu P, Zhu S N, Zhan Y B 2011 Commun. Theor. Phys. 56 831

    [40]

    Liu D, Chen J L, Jiang W 2012 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 51 2923

    [41]

    Sun Z W, Du R G, Long D Y 2012 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 51 1946

    [42]

    Ren B C, Wei H R, Hua M, Li T, Deng F G 2013 Eur. Phys. J. D 67 30

    [43]

    Gu B, Huang Y G, Fang X, Chen Y L 2013 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 52 4461

    [44]

    Banerjee A, Pathak A 2012 Phys. Lett. A 376 2944

    [45]

    Pirandola S, Braunstein S L, Mancini S, Lloyd S 2008 Eur. Phys. Lett. 84 20013

    [46]

    Meslouhi A, Hassouni Y 2013 Quantum Inf. Process. 12 2603

    [47]

    Zheng C, Long G F 2014 Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 57 1238

    [48]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G, Crepeau C, Jozsa R, Peres A, Wootters W K 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 1895

    [49]

    Karlsson A, Bourennane M 1998 Phys. Rev. A 58 4394

    [50]

    Li X H, Ghose S 2015 Phys. Rev. A 91 012320

    [51]

    Bennett C H, Wiesner S J 1992 Phys. Rev. Lett. 69 2881

    [52]

    Liu X S, Long G L, Tong D M, Li F 2002 Phys. Rev. A 65 022304

    [53]

    Li X H, Zhou P, Liang Y J, Li C Y, Zhou H Y, Deng F G 2006 Chin. Phys. Lett. 23 1080

    [54]

    Deng F G, Li X H, Li C Y, Zhou P, Zhou H Y 2006 Phys. Lett. A 359 359

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    Deng F G, Li X H, Li C Y, Zhou P, Zhou H Y 2007 Phys. Scr. 76 25

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    Deng F G, Li X H, Li C Y, Zhou P, Zhou H Y 2007 Chin. Phys. 16 3553

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    Inagaki T, Matsuda N, Tadanaga O, Asobe M, Takesue H 2013 Opt. Express 21 23241

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    Tang Y L, Yin H L, Chen S J, Liu Y, Zhang W J, Jiang X, Zhang L, Wang J, You L X, Guan J Y, Yang D X, Wang Z, Liang H, Zhang Z, Zhou N, Ma X F, Chen T Y, Zhang Q, Pan J W 2014 Phys. Rev. Lett. 113 190501

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    Long G L, Qin G Q 2014 Physics and Engineering 24 3 (in Chinese) [龙桂鲁, 秦国卿 2014 物理与工程 24 3]

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    Deng F G, Li X H, Li C Y, Zhou P, Zhou H Y 2007 Chin. Phys. 16 277

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    Cai Q Y, Li B W 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 054301

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    Cai Q Y, Li B W 2004 Chin. Phys. Lett. 21 601

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    Long G L, Deng F G, Wang C, Li X H 2007 Front. Phys. China 2 251

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    Li X H, Deng F G, Zhou H Y 2006 Phys. Rev. A 74 054302

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    Li C Y, Zhou H Y, Wang Y, Deng F G 2005 Chin. Phys. Lett. 22 1049

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    Li C Y, Li X H, Deng F G, Zhou P, Liang Y J, Zhou H Y 2006 Chin. Phys. Lett. 23 2896

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    Cerè A, Lucamarini M, Giuseppe G D, Tombesi P 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 200501

    [73]

    Hu J Y, Yu B, Jing M Y, Xiao L T, Jia S T 2015 arXiv:1503.00451

    [74]

    Deng F G, Long G L 2006 Commun. Theor. Phys. 46 443

    [75]

    Deng F G, Li X H, Zhou H Y, Zhang Z J 2005 Phys. Rev. A 72 044302

    [76]

    Wen K, Long G L 2005 Phys. Rev. A 72 022336

    [77]

    Wen K, Long G L 2010 Int. J. Quantum Inf. 8 697

    [78]

    Briegel H J, Dür W, Cirac J I, Zoller P 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 5932

    [79]

    Dür W, Briegel H J, Cirac J I, Zoller P 1999 Phys. Rev. A 59 169

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    Duan L M, Lukin M D, Cirac J I, Zoller P 2001 Nature 414 413

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    Chen S, Chen Y A, Zhao B, Yuan Z S, Schmiedmayer J, Pan J W 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 180505

    [82]

    Wang T J, Song S Y, Long G L 2012 Phys. Rev. A 85 062311

    [83]

    Li X H, Deng F G, Zhou H Y 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 91 144101

    [84]

    Deng F G, Li X H, Zhou H Y Li X H, Duan X J 2011 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44 065503

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    Li X H, Zeng Z, Wang C 2014 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31 2334

    [86]

    Bennett C H, Bernstein H J, Popescu S, Schumacher B 1996 Phys. Rev. A 53 2046

    [87]

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    [88]

    Yamamoto T, Koashi M, Imoto N 2001 Phys. Rev. A 64 012304

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    Sheng Y B, Deng F G, Zhou H Y 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 062325

    [90]

    Ren B C, Du F F, Deng F G 2013 Phys. Rev. A 88 012302

    [91]

    Li X H, Ghose S 2014 Laser Phys. Lett. 11 125201

    [92]

    Li X H, Ghose S 2015 Opt. Express 23 3550

    [93]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G, Popescu S, Schumacher B, Smolin J A, Wootters W K 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 722

    [94]

    Pan J W, Simon C, Brukner C, Zellinger A 2001 Nature 410 1067

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    Simon C, Pan J W 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 257901

    [96]

    Sheng Y B, Deng F G, Zhou H Y 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 042308

    [97]

    98 Ren B C, Du F F, Deng F G 2014 Phys. Rev. A 90 052309

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    Sheng Y B, Deng F G 2010 Phys. Rev. A 81 032307

    [99]

    Li X H 2010 Phys. Rev. A 82 044304

    [100]

    Sheng Y B, Deng F G 2010 Phys. Rev. A 82 044305

    [101]

    Deng F G 2011 Phys. Rev. A 83 062316

    [102]

    Yoon C S, Kang M S, Lim J I, Yang H J 2015 Phys. Scr. 90 015103

    [103]

    Shi G F, Xi X Q, Hu M L, Yue R H 2010 Opt. Commun. 283 1984

    [104]

    Chang Y, Xu C X, Zhang S B, Yan L L 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 010305

    [105]

    Fatahi N, Naseri M 2012 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 51 2094

    [106]

    Huang W, Wen Q Y, Liu B, Su Q, Qin S J, Gao F 2014 Phys. Rev. A 89 032325

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-05-12
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  • 刊出日期:  2015-08-20

量子直接通信

  • 1. 重庆大学物理学院, 重庆 401331;Department of Physics and Computer Science, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo N2L3C5, Canada
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11004258)和中央高校基本科研业务费(批准号: CQDXWL-2012-014)资助的课题.

摘要: 量子直接通信是量子通信中的一个重要分支, 它是一种不需要事先建立密钥而直接传输机密信息的新型通信模式. 本综述将介绍量子直接通信的基本原理, 回顾量子直接通信的发展历程, 从最早的高效量子直接通信协议、两步量子直接通信模型、量子一次一密直接通信模型等, 到抗噪声的量子直接通信模型以及基于单光子多自由度量子态及超纠缠态的量子直接通信模型, 最后介绍量子直接通信的研究现状并展望其发展未来.

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