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锂离子电池SnSb/C复合负极材料的热碳还原法制备及电化学性能研究

李娟 汝强 胡社军 郭凌云

锂离子电池SnSb/C复合负极材料的热碳还原法制备及电化学性能研究

李娟, 汝强, 胡社军, 郭凌云
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  • 采用高温还原技术,以SnO2,SbO3为原料,分别以葡萄糖、中间相碳微球(MCMB)作为还原剂,制备了两种结构的SnSb/C复合材料,并对比了它们的形貌和电化学性能.采用X射线衍射技术、拉曼技术、扫描电子显微镜技术对材料的结构和形貌进行了表征,并且通过测试恒电流充放电曲线、循环伏安曲线和交流阻抗谱分析了材料的电化学性能.实验结果表明:葡萄糖作为还原剂时,形成以合金颗粒为内核,絮状碳壳均匀包裹的微米球状结构,首次放电比容量为793.379 mA·h·g-1,循环50周后仍维持在449.987 mA·h·g-1;而以MCMB作为还原剂时,形成合金颗粒与MCMB混合共存并部分包覆的结构,首次放电比容 量为1164.938 mA·h·g-1,50周后的比容量仅有290.807 mA·h·g-1.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:51101062,51171065)、广东省自然科学基金重点项目(批准号:S2012020010937,10351063101000001)、广州市科技计划(批准号:2011J4100075)、广东省高等学校优秀青年培养基金(批准号:LYM09052)和华南师范大学学生课外科研基金(批准号:13WDGB02)资助的课题.
    [1]

    Scrosati B 1995 Nature 373 557

    [2]

    Wang Y X, Chou S L, Kim J H, Liu H K, Dou S X 2013 Electrochim. Acta 93 213

    [3]

    Chen Z X, Xie K, Hong X B 2013 Electrochim. Acta 108 674

    [4]

    Derrien G, Hassoun J, Panero S, Scrosati B 2007 Adv. Mater. 19 2336

    [5]

    Gnanamuthu R M, Mohan S, Lee C W 2012 Mater. Lett. 84 101

    [6]

    Fang G Q, Kaneko S, Liu W W, Xia B B, Sun H D, Zhang R X, Zheng J W, Li D C 2013 Electrochim. Acta 111 627

    [7]

    Hou X H, Hu S J, Li W S, Ru Q, Yu H W, Huang Z W 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 3422

    [8]

    Huang Z W, Hu S J, Hou X H, Zhao L Z, Ru Q, Li W S, Zhang Z W 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 117101

    [9]

    Hassoun J, Derrien G, Panero S, Scrosati B 2008 J. Power Sources 183 339

    [10]

    Morcrette M, Larcher D, Tarascon J M, Edström K, Vaughey J T, Thackeray M M 2007 Electrochim. Acta 52 5339

    [11]

    Zheng Y X, Xie J, Liu S Y, Song W T, Cao G S, Zhu T J, Zhao X B 2012 J. Power Sources 202 276

    [12]

    Wang J L, Li Z H, Yang J, Tang J J, Yu J J, Nie W B, Lei G T, Xiao Q Z 2012 Electrochim. Acta 75 115

    [13]

    Lu X H, Zhao W X, Li G R, Hong H E, Tong Y X 2008 Mater. Lett. 62 4280

    [14]

    Wang F, Xu S H, Zhu S S, Peng H, Huang R, Wang L W, Xie X H, Chu P K 2013 Electrochim. Acta 87 250

    [15]

    Si Q, Hanai K, Imanishi N, Kubo M, Hirano A, Takeda Y, Yamamoto O 2009 J. Power Sources 189 761

    [16]

    Jo Y N, Kim Y, Kim J S, Song J H, Kim K J, Kwag C Y, Lee D J, Park C W, Kim Y J 2010 J. Power Sources 195 6031

    [17]

    Ru Q, Hu S J, Zhang Z W, Peng W, Hou X H, Huang Z W 2010 Chin. Sci. Bull. 55 3113

    [18]

    Hou X H, Yu H W, Hu S J 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 8226 (in Chinese) [侯贤华, 余洪文, 胡社军 2010 物理学报 59 8226]

    [19]

    Park C M, Sohn H J 2009 Electrochim. Acta 54 6367

    [20]

    Chang C C 2008 J. Power Sources 175 874

    [21]

    Simonin L, Lafont U, Kelder E M 2008 J. Power Sources 180 859

    [22]

    Zhang S C, Xing Y L, Jiang T, Du Z J, Li F, He L, Liu W B 2011 J. Power Sources 196 6915

    [23]

    Mukaibo H, Momma T, Osaka T 2005 J. Power Sources 146 457

    [24]

    Wachtler M, Winter M, Besenhard J O 2002 J. Power Sources 105 151

    [25]

    Liu Y, Xie J Y, Yang J 2003 J. Power Sources 119-121 572

    [26]

    Wu X D, Wang Z X, Chen L Q, Huang X J 2004 Carbon 42 1965

    [27]

    Fan S F, Sun T, Rui X H, Yan Q Y, Hng H H 2012 J. Power Sources 201 288

    [28]

    Li H, Wang Q, Shi L H, Chen L Q, Huang X J 2002 Chem. Mater. 14 103

    [29]

    Shi L H, Li H, Wang Z X, Huang X J, Chen L Q 2001 J. Mater. Chem. 11 1502

    [30]

    Wang Z, Tian W H, Liu X H, Yang R, Li X G 2007 J. Solid State Chem. 180 3360

    [31]

    Liu S, Li Q, Chen Y X, Zhang F J 2009 J. Alloys Compd. 478 694

    [32]

    Lai J, Guo H J, Wang Z X, Li X H, Zhang X P, Wu F X, Yue P 2012 J. Alloys Compd. 530 30

    [33]

    Li J, Ru Q, Sun D W, Zhang B B, Hu S J, Hou X H 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 098201 (in Chinese) [李娟, 汝强, 孙大伟, 张贝贝, 胡社军, 侯贤华 2013 物理学报 62 098201]

    [34]

    McCann J T, Lim B, Ostermann R, Rycenga M, Marquez M, Xia Y N 2007 Nano Lett. 7 2470

    [35]

    Guo J C, Chen X L, Wang C S 2010 J. Mater. Chem. 20 5035

    [36]

    Li J, Ru Q, Hu S J, Sun D W, Zhang B B, Hou X H 2013 Electrochim. Acta 113 505

    [37]

    Ru Q, Tian Q, Hu S J, Zhao L Z 2011 Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater. 18 216

    [38]

    Balan L, Schneider R, Billaud D, Lambert J, Ghanbaja J 2005 Mater. Lett. 59 2898

    [39]

    Trifonova A, Wachtler M, Wagner M R, Schroettner H, Mitterbauer C, Hofer F, Möller K C, Winter M, Besenhard J O 2004 Solid State Ionics 168 51

    [40]

    Hassoun J, Derrien G, Panero S, Scrosati B 2009 Electrochim. Acta 54 4441

    [41]

    Suo L M, Hu Y S, Li H, Armand M, Chen L Q 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 1481

    [42]

    Suo L M, Hu Y S, Li H, Wang Z X, Chen L Q, Huang X J 2013 Chin. Sci. Bull. 58 3172 (in Chinese) [索鎏敏, 胡勇胜, 李泓, 王兆翔, 陈立泉, 黄学杰 2013 科学通报 58 3172]

  • [1]

    Scrosati B 1995 Nature 373 557

    [2]

    Wang Y X, Chou S L, Kim J H, Liu H K, Dou S X 2013 Electrochim. Acta 93 213

    [3]

    Chen Z X, Xie K, Hong X B 2013 Electrochim. Acta 108 674

    [4]

    Derrien G, Hassoun J, Panero S, Scrosati B 2007 Adv. Mater. 19 2336

    [5]

    Gnanamuthu R M, Mohan S, Lee C W 2012 Mater. Lett. 84 101

    [6]

    Fang G Q, Kaneko S, Liu W W, Xia B B, Sun H D, Zhang R X, Zheng J W, Li D C 2013 Electrochim. Acta 111 627

    [7]

    Hou X H, Hu S J, Li W S, Ru Q, Yu H W, Huang Z W 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 3422

    [8]

    Huang Z W, Hu S J, Hou X H, Zhao L Z, Ru Q, Li W S, Zhang Z W 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 117101

    [9]

    Hassoun J, Derrien G, Panero S, Scrosati B 2008 J. Power Sources 183 339

    [10]

    Morcrette M, Larcher D, Tarascon J M, Edström K, Vaughey J T, Thackeray M M 2007 Electrochim. Acta 52 5339

    [11]

    Zheng Y X, Xie J, Liu S Y, Song W T, Cao G S, Zhu T J, Zhao X B 2012 J. Power Sources 202 276

    [12]

    Wang J L, Li Z H, Yang J, Tang J J, Yu J J, Nie W B, Lei G T, Xiao Q Z 2012 Electrochim. Acta 75 115

    [13]

    Lu X H, Zhao W X, Li G R, Hong H E, Tong Y X 2008 Mater. Lett. 62 4280

    [14]

    Wang F, Xu S H, Zhu S S, Peng H, Huang R, Wang L W, Xie X H, Chu P K 2013 Electrochim. Acta 87 250

    [15]

    Si Q, Hanai K, Imanishi N, Kubo M, Hirano A, Takeda Y, Yamamoto O 2009 J. Power Sources 189 761

    [16]

    Jo Y N, Kim Y, Kim J S, Song J H, Kim K J, Kwag C Y, Lee D J, Park C W, Kim Y J 2010 J. Power Sources 195 6031

    [17]

    Ru Q, Hu S J, Zhang Z W, Peng W, Hou X H, Huang Z W 2010 Chin. Sci. Bull. 55 3113

    [18]

    Hou X H, Yu H W, Hu S J 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 8226 (in Chinese) [侯贤华, 余洪文, 胡社军 2010 物理学报 59 8226]

    [19]

    Park C M, Sohn H J 2009 Electrochim. Acta 54 6367

    [20]

    Chang C C 2008 J. Power Sources 175 874

    [21]

    Simonin L, Lafont U, Kelder E M 2008 J. Power Sources 180 859

    [22]

    Zhang S C, Xing Y L, Jiang T, Du Z J, Li F, He L, Liu W B 2011 J. Power Sources 196 6915

    [23]

    Mukaibo H, Momma T, Osaka T 2005 J. Power Sources 146 457

    [24]

    Wachtler M, Winter M, Besenhard J O 2002 J. Power Sources 105 151

    [25]

    Liu Y, Xie J Y, Yang J 2003 J. Power Sources 119-121 572

    [26]

    Wu X D, Wang Z X, Chen L Q, Huang X J 2004 Carbon 42 1965

    [27]

    Fan S F, Sun T, Rui X H, Yan Q Y, Hng H H 2012 J. Power Sources 201 288

    [28]

    Li H, Wang Q, Shi L H, Chen L Q, Huang X J 2002 Chem. Mater. 14 103

    [29]

    Shi L H, Li H, Wang Z X, Huang X J, Chen L Q 2001 J. Mater. Chem. 11 1502

    [30]

    Wang Z, Tian W H, Liu X H, Yang R, Li X G 2007 J. Solid State Chem. 180 3360

    [31]

    Liu S, Li Q, Chen Y X, Zhang F J 2009 J. Alloys Compd. 478 694

    [32]

    Lai J, Guo H J, Wang Z X, Li X H, Zhang X P, Wu F X, Yue P 2012 J. Alloys Compd. 530 30

    [33]

    Li J, Ru Q, Sun D W, Zhang B B, Hu S J, Hou X H 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 098201 (in Chinese) [李娟, 汝强, 孙大伟, 张贝贝, 胡社军, 侯贤华 2013 物理学报 62 098201]

    [34]

    McCann J T, Lim B, Ostermann R, Rycenga M, Marquez M, Xia Y N 2007 Nano Lett. 7 2470

    [35]

    Guo J C, Chen X L, Wang C S 2010 J. Mater. Chem. 20 5035

    [36]

    Li J, Ru Q, Hu S J, Sun D W, Zhang B B, Hou X H 2013 Electrochim. Acta 113 505

    [37]

    Ru Q, Tian Q, Hu S J, Zhao L Z 2011 Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater. 18 216

    [38]

    Balan L, Schneider R, Billaud D, Lambert J, Ghanbaja J 2005 Mater. Lett. 59 2898

    [39]

    Trifonova A, Wachtler M, Wagner M R, Schroettner H, Mitterbauer C, Hofer F, Möller K C, Winter M, Besenhard J O 2004 Solid State Ionics 168 51

    [40]

    Hassoun J, Derrien G, Panero S, Scrosati B 2009 Electrochim. Acta 54 4441

    [41]

    Suo L M, Hu Y S, Li H, Armand M, Chen L Q 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 1481

    [42]

    Suo L M, Hu Y S, Li H, Wang Z X, Chen L Q, Huang X J 2013 Chin. Sci. Bull. 58 3172 (in Chinese) [索鎏敏, 胡勇胜, 李泓, 王兆翔, 陈立泉, 黄学杰 2013 科学通报 58 3172]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-12-27
  • 修回日期:  2014-04-22
  • 刊出日期:  2014-08-05

锂离子电池SnSb/C复合负极材料的热碳还原法制备及电化学性能研究

  • 1. 广东省量子调控工程及量子材料重点实验室, 华南师范大学物理与电信工程学院, 广州 510006;
  • 2. 电化学储能材料与技术教育部工程研究中心, 广州 510006
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:51101062,51171065)、广东省自然科学基金重点项目(批准号:S2012020010937,10351063101000001)、广州市科技计划(批准号:2011J4100075)、广东省高等学校优秀青年培养基金(批准号:LYM09052)和华南师范大学学生课外科研基金(批准号:13WDGB02)资助的课题.

摘要: 采用高温还原技术,以SnO2,SbO3为原料,分别以葡萄糖、中间相碳微球(MCMB)作为还原剂,制备了两种结构的SnSb/C复合材料,并对比了它们的形貌和电化学性能.采用X射线衍射技术、拉曼技术、扫描电子显微镜技术对材料的结构和形貌进行了表征,并且通过测试恒电流充放电曲线、循环伏安曲线和交流阻抗谱分析了材料的电化学性能.实验结果表明:葡萄糖作为还原剂时,形成以合金颗粒为内核,絮状碳壳均匀包裹的微米球状结构,首次放电比容量为793.379 mA·h·g-1,循环50周后仍维持在449.987 mA·h·g-1;而以MCMB作为还原剂时,形成合金颗粒与MCMB混合共存并部分包覆的结构,首次放电比容 量为1164.938 mA·h·g-1,50周后的比容量仅有290.807 mA·h·g-1.

English Abstract

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