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Modelling and structure optimization of flat-panel thermal concentrated solar thermoelectric device

Liu Lei Zhang Suo-Liang Ma Ya-Kun Wu Guo-Hao Zheng Shu-Kai Wang Yong-Qing

Modelling and structure optimization of flat-panel thermal concentrated solar thermoelectric device

Liu Lei, Zhang Suo-Liang, Ma Ya-Kun, Wu Guo-Hao, Zheng Shu-Kai, Wang Yong-Qing
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  • Solar thermoelectric conversion is another way to convert solar radiation directly into electricity besides photovoltaic technology, and has become a new hot spot of solar energy utilization in recent years. In this paper a model of flat-panel thermal concentrated solar thermoelectric device is built based on the material of Bi2Te3. And finite element analysis is used to analyze the temperature distribution of the device under AM1.5 illumination. Furthermore, the influences of thermal concentration, cross section area and length of thermal legs on open voltage, maximum output power and conversion efficiency of the device are calculated based on temperature-dependent physical parameters. The results indicate that thermal concentration and length of thermal legs haved a significant influence on device performance, while the cross section area changes the conversion efficiency of device relatively weakly, and the conversion efficiency of the device reaches 1.56% in this model.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61204079), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, China (Grant No. F2011201045), the Research Project of Education Bureau of Hebei Province, China (Grant No. Z2010119) and the Natural Science Research Project of Hebei University, China (Grant No. 2009-171).
    [1]

    Rowe D M 2006 Thermoelectrics Handbook Nano to Macro (1st Edn.) (New York: Taylor & Francis: CRC Press) p512

    [2]

    Snyder G J, Toberer E S 2008 Nature Materials 7 105

    [3]

    Mills D 2004 Solar Energy 76 19

    [4]

    Luque A, Hegedus S 2003 Handbook of Phovoltaic Science and Engineering (Chichester: Wiley) p11

    [5]

    Roeb M, Muller-Steinhagen H 2010 Science 329 773

    [6]

    Telkes M 1954 J. Appl. Phys. 25 765

    [7]

    Amatya R, Ram R 2010 J. Electron. Mater. 39 1735

    [8]

    Mgbemene C A, Duffy J, Sun H W, Onyegegbu S O 2008 ASME 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the Heat Transfer Jacksonville, USA, August 10-14, 2008 p423

    [9]

    Li P, Cai L L, Zhai P C, Tang X, Zhang Q Z, Niino M 2010 J. Electron. Mater. 39 1522

    [10]

    Zhao Z L, Xu L Z, Yang T Q, Cui Q H 2010 Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica 31 620 (in Chinese) [赵在理, 徐林志, 杨天麒, 崔清华 2010 太阳能学报 31 620 ]

    [11]

    Kraemer D, Poudel B, Feng H P, Caylor C J, Yu B, Yan X, Ma Y, Wang X W, Wang D Z, Muto A, Menneth M, Mcenaney K, Chiesa M, Ren Z F, Chen G 2011 Nature Material 10 532

    [12]

    Dheepa J, Sathyamoorthy R, Velumani S 2007 J. New Mater. Electrochem Sys. 10 3

    [13]

    McEnaney K 2010 M. S. Dissertation (Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

    [14]

    Fan P, Cai Z K, Zheng Z H, Zhang D P, Cai X M, Chen T B 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 098402 (in Chinese) [范平, 蔡兆坤, 郑壮豪, 张东平, 蔡兴民, 陈天宝 2011 物理学报 60 098402]

    [15]

    Rowe D M 1995 Handbook of Thermoelectrics (1st Edn.) ( New York: CRC Press) p191

    [16]

    Jiang M B, Wu Z X, Zhou M, Huang R J, Li L F 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 7314 (in Chinese) [蒋明波, 吴智雄, 周敏, 黄荣进, 李来风 2010 物理学报 59 7314]

    [17]

    Liu Y S, Gu M A, Yang J J, Shi Q G, Gao T, Yang J H, Yang Z L 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 7369 (in Chinese) [刘永生, 谷民安, 杨晶晶, 石奇光, 高湉, 杨金焕, 杨正龙 2010 物理学报 59 7369]

    [18]

    Yang M J, Shen Q, Zhang L M 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 106202

    [19]

    Zhang X, Ma X Y, Zhang F P, Wu P X, Lu Q M, Liu Y Q, Zhang J X 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 047201 (in Chinese) [张忻, 马旭颐, 张飞鹏, 武鹏旭, 路清梅, 刘燕琴, 张久兴 2012 物理学报 61 047201]

    [20]

    Chen S S, Wang S F, Liu F Q, Yan G Y, Chen J C, Wang J L, Yu W, Fu G S 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 087306

    [21]

    Peranio N, Eibl O, Nurnus J 2006 J. Appl. Phys. 100 114306

    [22]

    Du B L, Xu J J, Yan Y G, Tang X F 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 018403 (in Chinese) [杜保立, 徐静静, 鄢永高, 唐新峰 2012 物理学报 61 098402]

    [23]

    Fan P, Zheng Z H, Liang G X, Zhang D P, Cai X M 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 1243 (in Chinese) [范平, 郑壮豪, 梁广兴, 张东平, 蔡兴民 2010 物理学报 59 1243]

    [24]

    Zhang Y Q, Shi Y, Pu L, Zhang R, Zheng Y D 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 5198 (in Chinese) [张轶群, 施 毅, 濮 林, 张 荣, 郑有炓 2008 物理学报 57 5198]

    [25]

    Ren G Z, Liu Y, Ma H A, Su T C, Lin L J, Deng L, Jing Y P, Zheng S Z, Jia X P 2011 Chin. Phys. Lett. 28 048401

    [26]

    Zhu P W, ImaiI Y, Isoda Y, Shinohara Y, Jia X P, Zou G T 2005 Chin. Phys. Lett. 22 2103

    [27]

    Zhang Y, Wang X L, Yeoh W K, Zeng R K, Zhang C 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 031909

    [28]

    Zhang Y L, Mehta R J, Belley M, Liang H, Ganpati R, Theodorian B T 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 193113

    [29]

    Wang W, Huang Q H, Jia F L, Zhu J 2004 J. Appl. Phys. 96 615

  • [1]

    Rowe D M 2006 Thermoelectrics Handbook Nano to Macro (1st Edn.) (New York: Taylor & Francis: CRC Press) p512

    [2]

    Snyder G J, Toberer E S 2008 Nature Materials 7 105

    [3]

    Mills D 2004 Solar Energy 76 19

    [4]

    Luque A, Hegedus S 2003 Handbook of Phovoltaic Science and Engineering (Chichester: Wiley) p11

    [5]

    Roeb M, Muller-Steinhagen H 2010 Science 329 773

    [6]

    Telkes M 1954 J. Appl. Phys. 25 765

    [7]

    Amatya R, Ram R 2010 J. Electron. Mater. 39 1735

    [8]

    Mgbemene C A, Duffy J, Sun H W, Onyegegbu S O 2008 ASME 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the Heat Transfer Jacksonville, USA, August 10-14, 2008 p423

    [9]

    Li P, Cai L L, Zhai P C, Tang X, Zhang Q Z, Niino M 2010 J. Electron. Mater. 39 1522

    [10]

    Zhao Z L, Xu L Z, Yang T Q, Cui Q H 2010 Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica 31 620 (in Chinese) [赵在理, 徐林志, 杨天麒, 崔清华 2010 太阳能学报 31 620 ]

    [11]

    Kraemer D, Poudel B, Feng H P, Caylor C J, Yu B, Yan X, Ma Y, Wang X W, Wang D Z, Muto A, Menneth M, Mcenaney K, Chiesa M, Ren Z F, Chen G 2011 Nature Material 10 532

    [12]

    Dheepa J, Sathyamoorthy R, Velumani S 2007 J. New Mater. Electrochem Sys. 10 3

    [13]

    McEnaney K 2010 M. S. Dissertation (Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

    [14]

    Fan P, Cai Z K, Zheng Z H, Zhang D P, Cai X M, Chen T B 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 098402 (in Chinese) [范平, 蔡兆坤, 郑壮豪, 张东平, 蔡兴民, 陈天宝 2011 物理学报 60 098402]

    [15]

    Rowe D M 1995 Handbook of Thermoelectrics (1st Edn.) ( New York: CRC Press) p191

    [16]

    Jiang M B, Wu Z X, Zhou M, Huang R J, Li L F 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 7314 (in Chinese) [蒋明波, 吴智雄, 周敏, 黄荣进, 李来风 2010 物理学报 59 7314]

    [17]

    Liu Y S, Gu M A, Yang J J, Shi Q G, Gao T, Yang J H, Yang Z L 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 7369 (in Chinese) [刘永生, 谷民安, 杨晶晶, 石奇光, 高湉, 杨金焕, 杨正龙 2010 物理学报 59 7369]

    [18]

    Yang M J, Shen Q, Zhang L M 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 106202

    [19]

    Zhang X, Ma X Y, Zhang F P, Wu P X, Lu Q M, Liu Y Q, Zhang J X 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 047201 (in Chinese) [张忻, 马旭颐, 张飞鹏, 武鹏旭, 路清梅, 刘燕琴, 张久兴 2012 物理学报 61 047201]

    [20]

    Chen S S, Wang S F, Liu F Q, Yan G Y, Chen J C, Wang J L, Yu W, Fu G S 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 087306

    [21]

    Peranio N, Eibl O, Nurnus J 2006 J. Appl. Phys. 100 114306

    [22]

    Du B L, Xu J J, Yan Y G, Tang X F 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 018403 (in Chinese) [杜保立, 徐静静, 鄢永高, 唐新峰 2012 物理学报 61 098402]

    [23]

    Fan P, Zheng Z H, Liang G X, Zhang D P, Cai X M 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 1243 (in Chinese) [范平, 郑壮豪, 梁广兴, 张东平, 蔡兴民 2010 物理学报 59 1243]

    [24]

    Zhang Y Q, Shi Y, Pu L, Zhang R, Zheng Y D 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 5198 (in Chinese) [张轶群, 施 毅, 濮 林, 张 荣, 郑有炓 2008 物理学报 57 5198]

    [25]

    Ren G Z, Liu Y, Ma H A, Su T C, Lin L J, Deng L, Jing Y P, Zheng S Z, Jia X P 2011 Chin. Phys. Lett. 28 048401

    [26]

    Zhu P W, ImaiI Y, Isoda Y, Shinohara Y, Jia X P, Zou G T 2005 Chin. Phys. Lett. 22 2103

    [27]

    Zhang Y, Wang X L, Yeoh W K, Zeng R K, Zhang C 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 031909

    [28]

    Zhang Y L, Mehta R J, Belley M, Liang H, Ganpati R, Theodorian B T 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 193113

    [29]

    Wang W, Huang Q H, Jia F L, Zhu J 2004 J. Appl. Phys. 96 615

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  • Received Date:  11 July 2012
  • Accepted Date:  04 September 2012
  • Published Online:  05 February 2013

Modelling and structure optimization of flat-panel thermal concentrated solar thermoelectric device

  • 1. College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61204079), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, China (Grant No. F2011201045), the Research Project of Education Bureau of Hebei Province, China (Grant No. Z2010119) and the Natural Science Research Project of Hebei University, China (Grant No. 2009-171).

Abstract: Solar thermoelectric conversion is another way to convert solar radiation directly into electricity besides photovoltaic technology, and has become a new hot spot of solar energy utilization in recent years. In this paper a model of flat-panel thermal concentrated solar thermoelectric device is built based on the material of Bi2Te3. And finite element analysis is used to analyze the temperature distribution of the device under AM1.5 illumination. Furthermore, the influences of thermal concentration, cross section area and length of thermal legs on open voltage, maximum output power and conversion efficiency of the device are calculated based on temperature-dependent physical parameters. The results indicate that thermal concentration and length of thermal legs haved a significant influence on device performance, while the cross section area changes the conversion efficiency of device relatively weakly, and the conversion efficiency of the device reaches 1.56% in this model.

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