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THE ULTRAVIOLET AND GREEN LUMINESCENCE CENTERS IN UNDOPED ZINC OXIDE FILMS

JIA YUN-BO LIN BI-XIA FU ZHU-XI LIAO GUI-HONG

THE ULTRAVIOLET AND GREEN LUMINESCENCE CENTERS IN UNDOPED ZINC OXIDE FILMS

JIA YUN-BO, LIN BI-XIA, FU ZHU-XI, LIAO GUI-HONG
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  • Received Date:  20 April 2001
  • Published Online:  20 November 2001

THE ULTRAVIOLET AND GREEN LUMINESCENCE CENTERS IN UNDOPED ZINC OXIDE FILMS

  • 1. (1)中国科学技术大学结构分析开放实验室,合肥230026; (2)中国科学技术大学结构分析开放实验室,合肥230026,中国科学技术大学物理系,合肥230026; (3)中国科学技术大学物理系,合肥230026

Abstract: Undoped ZnO films were deposited on Si substrates by DC reactive sputtering. The samples were annealed in air, pure O2 (1atm) and pure N2 (1atm) at 850℃,950℃,1000℃ for 1h. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the as-deposited and annealed samples all have a widened diffraction peak of ZnO (002). It is evident that all the films we used are ZnO films with [001] orientation. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra of these samples include two emission peaks, centered at 3.18eV (ultraviolet, UV) and 2.38eV (green). It is fount that the intensities of these peaks vary with annealing temperature and atmosphere. At same annealing temperature, the intensity of green peak increases evidently with the increase of oxygen partial pressure, and the intensity of UV peak is also increased somewhat. In the same atmosphere, the intensity of green peak enhances sharply with the increase of annealing temperature, but the intensity of UV peak increases slowly and approaches a maximum value at 950℃, then decreases as the annealing temperature increases.; We investigated the dependence of the crystallization and also the intrinsic defects in ZnO film, such as zinc vacancy VZn, oxygen vacancy VO, interstitial zinc Zni, interstitial oxygen Oi and anti-sited oxygen OZn on the annealing conditions. Compared with the calculated data of these intrinsic defects, it is suggested that the UV radiation of ZnO is due to band-edge exciton transition, and the green emission corresponds to the transition from the bottom of the conduction band to the local level composed of oxide misplaced defects.

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