[1] Eisaman M D, Fan J, Migdall A, Polyakov S V 2011 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82 202
[2] Hadfield R H 2009 Nat. Photon. 3 696
[3] Fujiwara M, Tanaka A, Takahashi S, Yoshino K, Nambu Y, Tajima A, Miki S, Yamashita T, Wang Z, Tomita A, Sasaki M 2011 Opt. Express 19 19562
[4] Ma L, Slattery O, Mink A 2009 Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging Naples, Italy, October 26-30, 2009 p7465
[5] Diamanti E, Takesue H, Honjo T, Inoue K, Yamamoto Y 2005 Phys. Rev. A 72 052311
[6] Gisin N, Ribordy G, Tittel W, Zbinden H 2002 Rev. Mod. Phys. 74 145
[7] Liao S K, Cai W Q, Liu W Y, Zhang L, Li Y, Ren J G, Yin J, Shen Q, Cao Y, Li Z P, Li F Z, Chen X W, Sun L H, Jia J J, Wu J C, Jiang X J, Wang J F, Huang Y M, Wang Q, Zhou Y L, Deng L, Xi T, Ma L, Hu T, Zhang Q, Chen Y A, Liu N L, Wang X B, Zhu Z C, Lu C Y, Shu R, Peng C Z, Wang J Y, Pan J W 2017 Nature 549 43
[8] Ren J G, Xu P, Yong H L, Zhang L, Liao S K, Yin J, Liu W Y, Cai W Q, Yang M, Li L, Yang K X, Han X, Yao Y Q, Li J, Wu H Y, Wan S, Liu L, Liu D Q, Kuang Y W, He Z P, Shang P, Guo C, Zheng R H, Tian K, Zhu Z C, Liu N L, Lu C Y, Shu R, Chen Y A, Peng C Z, Wang J Y, Pan J W 2017 Nature 549 70
[9] Ji L, Gao J, Yang A L, Feng Z, Lin X F, Li Z G, Jin X M 2017 Opt. Express 25 19795
[10] Marsili F, Verma V B, Stern J A, Harrington S, Lita A E, Gerrits T, Vayshenker, Baek B, Shaw M D, Mirin R P, Nam S W 2013 Nat. Photon. 7 210
[11] Zhang J, Itzler M A, Zbinden H, Pan J W 2015 Light-Sci. Appl. 4 286
[12] Albota M A, Wong F N 2004 Opt. Lett. 29 1449
[13] Vandevender A P, Kwiat P G 2004 J. Mod. Opt. 51 1433
[14] Gu X R, Huang K, Li Y, Pan H F, Wu E, Zeng H P 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 96 131111
[15] Huang K, Gu X R, Ren M, Jian Y, Pan H F, Wu G, Wu E, Zeng H P 2011 Opt. Lett. 36 1722
[16] Huang K, Gu X R, Pan H F, Wu E, Zeng H P 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 151102
[17] Pan H F, Wu E, Dong H, Zeng H P 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 33815
[18] Langrock C, Diamanti E, Roussev R V, Yamamoto Y, Fejer M M, Takesue H 2005 Opt. Lett. 30 1725
[19] Shentu G L, Pelc J S, Wang X D, Sun Q C, Zheng M Y, Fejer M M, Zhang Q, Pan J W 2013 Opt. Express 21 13986
[20] Renker D, Lorenz E 2009 J. Instrum. 4 4004
[21] Thomas O, Yuan Z L, Dynes J F, Sharpe A W, Shields A J 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 97 031102
[22] Comandar L C, Fröhlich B, Dynes J F, Sharpe A W, Lucamarini M, Yuan Z L, Penty R V, Shields A J 2015 J. Appl. Phys. 117 083109
[23] Korzh B, Walenta N, Lunghi T, Gisin N, Zbinden H 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 145
[24] Lunghi T, Barreiro C, Guinnard O, Houlmann R, Jiang X, Itzler M A, Zbinden H 2012 J. Mod. Opt. 59 1481
[25] Hawkins A R, Reynolds T E, England D R, Babic D I, Mondry M J, Streubel K, Bowers J E 1996 Appl. Phys. Lett. 68 3692
[26] Kang Y, Mages P, Clawson A R, Lau S S, Lo Y H, Yu P K L, Pauchard A, Zhu Z, Zhou Y 2001 Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 970
[27] Kang Y, Lo Y H, Bitter M, Kristjansson S, Pan Z, Pauchard A 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 1668
[28] Allard L B, Liu H C, Buchanan M, Wasilewski Z R 1997 Appl. Phys. Lett. 70 2784
[29] Luo H, Ban D, Liu H C, SpringThorpe A J, Wasilewski Z R, Buchanan M, Glew R 2004 J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 22 788
[30] Ban D, Luo H, Liu H C, Wasilewski Z R, Buchanan M 2005 IEEE Photon. Tech. L. 17 1477
[31] Chen J, Tao J, Ban D, Helander M G, Wang Z, Qiu J, Lu Z 2012 Adv. Mater. 24 3138
[32] Liu H C, Allard L B, Buchanan M, Wasilewski Z R 1997 Electron. Lett. 33 379
[33] Liu H C, Li J, Wasilewski Z R, Buchanan M 1995 Electron. Lett. 31 832
[34] Ban D, Luo H, Liu H C, Wasilewski Z R, SpringThorpe A J, Glew R, Buchanan M 2004 J. Appl. Phys. 96 5243
[35] Bai P, Zhang Y H, Shen W Z 2017 Sci. Rep. 7 15341
[36] Balkanski M, Wallis R F 2000 Semiconductor Physics and Applications (Oxford: Oxford University Press) pp26-36
[37] Cova S, Longoni A, Andreoni A, Cubeddu R 1983 IEEE J. Quantum Elect. 19 630
[38] Renker D 2006 Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 567 48
[39] Cova S, Ghioni M, Zappa F, Rech I, Gulinatti A 2006 In Advanced Photon Counting Techniques Boston, USA, October 3-4 2006 p63720
[40] Savuskan V, Javitt M, Visokolov G, Brouk I, Nemirovsky Y 2013 IEEE Sens. J. 13 2322
[41] Cova S, Ghioni M, Lotito A, Rech I, Zappa F 2004 J. Mod. Opt. 51 1267
[42] Michalet X, Colyer R A, Scalia G, Ingargiola A, Lin R, Millaud J E, Weiss S, Siegmund O H W, Tremsin A S, Vallerga J V, Cheng A, Levi M, Aharoni D, Arisaka K, Villa F, Guerrieri F, Panzeri F, Rech I, Gulinatti A, Zappa F, Ghioni F, Cova S 2013 Philos. T. R. Soc. B 368 20120035
[43] Ghioni M, Gulinatti A, Rech I, Zappa F, Cova S 2007 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 13 852
[44] Michalet X, Ingargiola A, Colyer R A, Scalia G, Weiss S, Maccagnani P, Gulinatti A, Rech I, Ghioni M 2014 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20 248
[45] Felekyan S, Khnemuth R, Kudryavtsev V, Sandhagen C, Becker W, Seidel C A M 2005 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76 968
[46] Rech I, Labanca I, Ghioni M, Cova S 2006 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77 1524
[47] Dautet H, Deschamps P, Dion B, MacGregor A D, MacSween D, McIntyre R J, Trottie C, Webb P P 1993 Appl. Opt. 32 3894
[48] Itzler M A, Ben-Michael R, Hsu C F, Slomkowski K, Tosi A, Cova S, Zappa F, Ispasoiu R 2007 J. Mod. Opt. 54 283
[49] Tosi A, Mora A D, Zappa F, Cova S 2009 J. Mod. Opt. 56 299
[50] Rowe M A, Gansen E J, Greene M, Hadfield R H, Harvey T E, Su M Y, Nam S W, Mirin R P, Rosenberg D 2006 Appl. Phys. Lett. 89 253505
[51] Gansen E J, Rowe M A, Greene M B, Rosenberg D, Harvey T E, Su M Y, Nam S W, Hadfield R H, Mirin R P 2007 Nat. Photon. 1 585
[52] Ban D, Luo H, Liu H C, Wasilewski Z R, Paltiel Y, Raizman A, Sher A 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 151
[53] Li B, L Q Q, Cui R, Yin W H, Yang X H, Han Q 2015 IEEE Photon. Tech. L. 27 34137
[54] Wang X D, Hu W D, Chen X S, Lu W, Tang H J, Li T, Gong H M 2008 IEEE NUSOD 40 14
[55] Shi M, Shao X M, Tang H J, Li T, Huang X, Cao G Q, Wang R, Li P, Li X, Gong H M 2016 J. Infrared Millim. Wave 35 47 (in Chinese) [石铭, 邵秀梅, 唐恒敬, 李淘, 黄星, 曹高奇, 王瑞, 李平, 李雪, 龚海梅 2016 红外与毫米波学报 35 47]
[56] Li X, Tang H J, Li T, Wei P, Gong H M, Fang J X 2013 International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection & Imaging Beijing, China, June 2-6, 2013 p890703
[57] Cao G, Tang H J, Shao X, Wang R, Li X, Gong H M 2015 AOPC 2015 Optical and Optoelectronic Sensing and Imaging Technology Beijing, China, May 7-9, 2015 p967411
[58] Li X, Gong H M, Fang J, Shao X, Tang H J, Huang S, Li T, Huang Z C 2016 Infrared Phys. Techn. 80 112
[59] Fu Z L, Gu L L, Guo X G, Tan Z Y, Wan W J, Zhou T, Shao D X, Zhang R, Cao J C 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 25383
[60] Tien P K, Ulrich R 1970 J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60 1325
[61] Ren M, Gu X, Liang Y, Kong W, Wu E, Wu G, Zeng H P 2011 Opt. Express 19 13497
[62] Tosi A, Calandri N, Sanzaro M, Acerbi F 2014 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20 192
[63] Warburton R E, Itzler M A, Buller G S 2009 Electron. Lett. 45 996
[64] Warburton R E, Itzler M A, Buller G S 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 397
[65] Korzh B, Zbinden H 2014 In Advanced Photon Counting Techniques Orlando, United States, April 7-8, 2014 p91140
[66] Xu L, Wu E, Gu X, Jian Y, Wu G, Zeng H P 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 1396
[67] Ma L, Bienfang J C, Slattery O, Tang X 2011 Opt. Express 19 5470
[68] Shentu G L, Sun Q C, Jiang X, Wang X D, Pelc J S, Fejer M M, Zhang Q, Pan J W 2013 Opt. Express 21 24674
[69] Chiu S, Scott A 2000 QWIP-LED/CCD Coupling Study (Ottawa: Defence Research Establishment) pp39-41
[70] Chu X, Guan M, Li L, Zhang Y, Zhang F, Li Y, Zhu Z, Wang B, Zeng Y 2012 ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 4 4976
[71] Yu H, Kim D, Lee J, Baek S, Lee J, Singh R, Lee J, Singh R, So F 2016 Nat. Photon. 10 129