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相干X射线衍射成像技术及在材料学和生物学中的应用

范家东 江怀东

相干X射线衍射成像技术及在材料学和生物学中的应用

范家东, 江怀东
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  • 无损获取高分辨率、高衬度微纳米材料结构图像, 并能够原位、 定量分析是X射线成像技术发展方向之一. 最新发展起来的相干X射线衍射成像技术, 也称为无透镜成像技术, 为实现这一目标提供了可能. 本文介绍了相干X射线衍射成像技术的成像原理和发展过程, 以及在材料学和生物学中的一些典型应用和最新进展, 例如掺杂铋元素在硅晶体中的分布成像, GaN量子点壳层结构的三维高分辨成像, 染色大肠杆菌的二维成像, 鱼骨的二维成像及矿化机理研究, 单个未染色疱疹病毒的二维高衬度成像, 未染色酵母菌细胞的三维高分辨成像及原位定量分析. 最后对相干X射线衍射成像技术的发展方向做了展望. 随着X射线自由电子激光的应用和冷冻技术与相干X射线衍射成像技术的结合, 相干X射线衍射成像技术将得到快速的发展和广泛的应用.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51002089)、山东省自然科学杰出青年基金 (批准号: JQ201117)、教育部高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金 (批准号: 20110131110016)、山东大学自主创新基金(批准号: 2010JQ004)和山东大学优秀研究生科研创新基金(批准号: yyx10104)资助的课题.
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  • 收稿日期:  2012-04-19
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相干X射线衍射成像技术及在材料学和生物学中的应用

  • 1. 山东大学晶体材料国家重点实验室, 济南 250100
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51002089)、山东省自然科学杰出青年基金 (批准号: JQ201117)、教育部高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金 (批准号: 20110131110016)、山东大学自主创新基金(批准号: 2010JQ004)和山东大学优秀研究生科研创新基金(批准号: yyx10104)资助的课题.

摘要: 无损获取高分辨率、高衬度微纳米材料结构图像, 并能够原位、 定量分析是X射线成像技术发展方向之一. 最新发展起来的相干X射线衍射成像技术, 也称为无透镜成像技术, 为实现这一目标提供了可能. 本文介绍了相干X射线衍射成像技术的成像原理和发展过程, 以及在材料学和生物学中的一些典型应用和最新进展, 例如掺杂铋元素在硅晶体中的分布成像, GaN量子点壳层结构的三维高分辨成像, 染色大肠杆菌的二维成像, 鱼骨的二维成像及矿化机理研究, 单个未染色疱疹病毒的二维高衬度成像, 未染色酵母菌细胞的三维高分辨成像及原位定量分析. 最后对相干X射线衍射成像技术的发展方向做了展望. 随着X射线自由电子激光的应用和冷冻技术与相干X射线衍射成像技术的结合, 相干X射线衍射成像技术将得到快速的发展和广泛的应用.

English Abstract

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