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太赫兹表面极化激元

张学进 陆延青 陈延峰 朱永元 祝世宁

太赫兹表面极化激元

张学进, 陆延青, 陈延峰, 朱永元, 祝世宁
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  • 作为束缚于表面或界面的电磁波与极性元激发的耦合模量子,表面极化激元是克服衍射极限的核心物理.在紫外、可见以及近红外波段,表面等离子极化激元展现出了亚波长特性,具有高分辨成像等应用,并发展成为表面等离子极化激元亚波长光学学科;在中红外波段,表面声子极化激元发挥着同样的作用.太赫兹波段曾是人类认识的空白区域,近三十年来得以高速发展,其战略意义重大.具有克服衍射极限能力的太赫兹表面极化激元同样是小型化与集成化太赫兹器件,以及太赫兹超高分辨成像的重要物理基础.近几年来,对以石墨烯为代表的二维材料的研究突飞猛进,诞生了石墨烯表面等离子极化激元亚波长光学这门学科,并贡献于太赫兹领域.本文对可在太赫兹波段工作的人工超构材料、掺杂半导体、二维电子气、二维材料、拓扑绝缘体等结构材料的表面极化激元进行了较为全面的总结与介绍,为研制克服衍射极限的太赫兹集成光子学器件提供可资借鉴的物理基础.
      通信作者: 张学进, xuejinzh@nju.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(批准号:2017YFA0303700)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:11621091,11374150,11274159)资助的课题.
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-06-28
  • 修回日期:  2017-07-13
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太赫兹表面极化激元

  • 1. 南京大学现代工程与应用科学学院, 固体微结构物理国家重点实验室, 人工微结构科学与技术协同创新中心, 南京 210093
  • 通信作者: 张学进, xuejinzh@nju.edu.cn
    基金项目: 

    国家重点研发计划(批准号:2017YFA0303700)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:11621091,11374150,11274159)资助的课题.

摘要: 作为束缚于表面或界面的电磁波与极性元激发的耦合模量子,表面极化激元是克服衍射极限的核心物理.在紫外、可见以及近红外波段,表面等离子极化激元展现出了亚波长特性,具有高分辨成像等应用,并发展成为表面等离子极化激元亚波长光学学科;在中红外波段,表面声子极化激元发挥着同样的作用.太赫兹波段曾是人类认识的空白区域,近三十年来得以高速发展,其战略意义重大.具有克服衍射极限能力的太赫兹表面极化激元同样是小型化与集成化太赫兹器件,以及太赫兹超高分辨成像的重要物理基础.近几年来,对以石墨烯为代表的二维材料的研究突飞猛进,诞生了石墨烯表面等离子极化激元亚波长光学这门学科,并贡献于太赫兹领域.本文对可在太赫兹波段工作的人工超构材料、掺杂半导体、二维电子气、二维材料、拓扑绝缘体等结构材料的表面极化激元进行了较为全面的总结与介绍,为研制克服衍射极限的太赫兹集成光子学器件提供可资借鉴的物理基础.

English Abstract

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