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单线态分裂的超快光谱学研究

张博 张春峰 李希友 王睿 肖敏

单线态分裂的超快光谱学研究

张博, 张春峰, 李希友, 王睿, 肖敏
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  • 有机分子中的单线态分裂过程能将单个光激发的单线态激子转化成两个三线态激子. 借助此载流子倍增效应, 太阳能电池可以更有效地利用太阳光谱中的高能光子, 进而突破单结太阳能电池效率的理论极限. 因此, 单线态分裂备受关注. 本文回顾学术界对单线态分裂物理图像的认识以及争议, 结合课题组近年来的一些结果, 重点总结此领域中运用瞬态光谱学方法取得的实验进展, 讨论有关多激子中间暗态机理的不同观点, 并介绍单线态分裂材料的发展以及器件应用.
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2013CB932903, 2012CB921801)和国家自然科学基金(批准号: 91233103, 61108001, 11227406, 11321063)资助的课题.
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  • [1]

    Shockley W, Queisser H J 1961 J. Appl. Phys. 32 510

    [2]

    Wrfel P 1997 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 46 43

    [3]

    O’Dwyer M F, Humphrey T, Lewis R A, Zhang C 2008 Microelectron. J. 39 656

    [4]

    Conibeer G, Jiang C W, König D, Shrestha S, Walsh T, Green M 2008 Thin Solid Films 516 6968

    [5]

    Ellingson R J, Beard M C, Johnson J C, Yu P R, Micic O I, Nozik A J, Shabaev A, Efros A L 2005 Nano Lett. 5 865

    [6]

    Beard M C, Knutsen K P, Yu P R, Luther J M, Song Q, Metzger W K, Ellingson R J, Nozik A J 2007 Nano Lett. 7 2506

    [7]

    Nozik A J, Beard M C, Luther J M, Law M, Ellingson R J, Johnson J C 2010 Chem. Rev. 110 6873

    [8]

    Hanna M, Nozik A 2006 J. Appl. Phys. 100 074510

    [9]

    Zhang B, Zhang C F, Wang R, Tan Z A, Liu Y L, Guo W, Zhai X L, Cao Y, Wang X Y, Xiao M 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5 3462

    [10]

    Schaller R D, Klimov V I 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 186601

    [11]

    Xiao J, Wang Y, Hua Z, Wang X Y, Zhang C F, Xiao M 2012 Nat. Commun. 3 1170

    [12]

    Smith M B, Michl J 2010 Chem. Rev. 110 6891

    [13]

    Smith M B, Michl J 2013 Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 64 361

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    [15]

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    [16]

    Merrifield R, Avakian P, Groff R 1969 Chem. Phys. Lett. 3 155

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    [18]

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    [20]

    Mller A M, Avlasevich Y S, Schoeller W W, Mllen K, Bardeen C J 2007 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129 14240

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    [22]

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-02-09
  • 修回日期:  2015-03-18
  • 刊出日期:  2015-05-05

单线态分裂的超快光谱学研究

  • 1. 南京大学固体微结构物理国家重点实验室, 物理学院, 南京 210093;
  • 2. 中国石油大学(华东), 理学院, 青岛 266580;
  • 3. 阿肯色大学物理系, 费耶特维尔市, 美国 72701
    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2013CB932903, 2012CB921801)和国家自然科学基金(批准号: 91233103, 61108001, 11227406, 11321063)资助的课题.

摘要: 有机分子中的单线态分裂过程能将单个光激发的单线态激子转化成两个三线态激子. 借助此载流子倍增效应, 太阳能电池可以更有效地利用太阳光谱中的高能光子, 进而突破单结太阳能电池效率的理论极限. 因此, 单线态分裂备受关注. 本文回顾学术界对单线态分裂物理图像的认识以及争议, 结合课题组近年来的一些结果, 重点总结此领域中运用瞬态光谱学方法取得的实验进展, 讨论有关多激子中间暗态机理的不同观点, 并介绍单线态分裂材料的发展以及器件应用.

English Abstract

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