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金属玻璃的热塑性成型

马将 杨灿 龚峰 伍晓宇 梁雄

金属玻璃的热塑性成型

马将, 杨灿, 龚峰, 伍晓宇, 梁雄
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  • 金属玻璃在其过冷液相区内表现出随着温度升高黏度逐渐降低的特性,因此可以对其进行热塑性加工.该性质颠覆了传统金属的加工成型方式,使得其在远低于传统金属材料加工的温度和应力作用下可以按照人们的要求进行成型.因此,一些具有低玻璃转变温度的金属玻璃又被称作金属塑料.另外,由于金属玻璃是一种无序结构材料,不存在位错、晶界等晶体缺陷,且热膨胀系数小,在热塑性成型中具有优异的尺寸精度,因此被认为是理想的微成型材料,有广阔的应用前景.本文系统介绍了金属玻璃的热塑性成型性质及其应用,从热塑性成型的基本概念出发,阐述了金属玻璃热塑性成型能力的评估指标、热塑性成型技术、热塑性微成型及其理论、热塑性微成型的应用等,对认识金属玻璃的热塑性及扩展其应用有重要的意义.
      通信作者: 马将, majiang@szu.edu.cn;xliang@szu.edu.cn ; 梁雄, majiang@szu.edu.cn;xliang@szu.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:51501116,51605304,51575360)、广东省自然科学基金博士启动项目(批准号:2016A030310036,2016A030310043)、中国博士后科学基金(批准号:2016M601423)和深圳大学青年教师科研启动项目(批准号:2017034)资助的课题.
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    Klement W, Willens R H, Duwez P 1960 Nature 187 869

    [2]

    Inoue A, Shen B L, Koshiba H, Kato H, Yavari A R 2003 Nat. Mater. 2 661

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    Wang W H 2011 Physics 40 701 (in Chinese) [汪卫华 2011 物理 40 701]

    [4]

    Busch R, Schroers J, Wang W H 2007 MRS Bull. 32 620

    [5]

    Sekol R C, Kumar G, Carmo M, Gittleson F, Dyck N H, Mukherjee S, Schroers J, Taylor A D 2013 Small 9 2081

    [6]

    Kumar G, Schroers J 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 92 031901

    [7]

    Saotome Y, Imai K, Shioda S, Shimizu S, Zhang T, Inoue A 2002 Intermetallics 10 1241

    [8]

    Ma J, Zhang X, Wang W H 2012 J. Appl. Phys. 112 024506

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    Ma J, Yi J, Zhao D Q, Pan M X, Wang W H 2012 J. Appl. Phys. 112 064505

    [10]

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    [11]

    Chu J, Wijaya H, Wu C, Tsai T, Wei C, Nieh T, Wadsworth J 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 90 034101

    [12]

    Schroers J 2005 Jom-Us 57 35

    [13]

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    [14]

    Diego J, Clavaguera-Mora M, Clavaguera N 1994 Mater. Sci. Eng. A 179 526

    [15]

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    [16]

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    [17]

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    [18]

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    [19]

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    [20]

    Schroers J, Johnson W L 2000 Mater. Trans. JIM 41 1530

    [21]

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    [22]

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    [23]

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    [24]

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    [25]

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    [26]

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    [27]

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    [28]

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    [29]

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    [30]

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    [31]

    Lu I R, Wilde G, Görler G P, Willnecker R 1999 J. Non-Cryst. Solids 250 577

    [32]

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    [33]

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    [34]

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    [35]

    Ma J, Chan K C, Xia L, Chen S H, Wu F F, Li W H, Wang W H 2013 Mater. Sci. Eng. A 587 240

    [36]

    Wiest A, Harmon J S, Demetriou M D, Conner R D, Johnson W L 2009 Scripta Mater. 60 160

    [37]

    Duan G, Wiest A, Lind M L, Li J, Rhim W K, Johnson W L 2007 Adv. Mater. 19 4272

    [38]

    Takagi M, Kawamura Y, Imura T, Nishigaki J, Saka H 1992 J. Mater. Sci. 27 817

    [39]

    Kato A, Suganuma T, Horikiri H, Kawamura Y, Inoue A, Masumoto T 1994 Mater. Sci. Eng. A 179 112

    [40]

    Kawamura Y, Kato H, Inoue A, Masumoto T 1995 Appl. Phys. Lett. 67 2008

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    Verho T, Bower C, Andrew P, Franssila S, Ikkala O, Ras R H 2011 Adv. Mater. 23 673

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  • 收稿日期:  2017-06-02
  • 修回日期:  2017-06-15
  • 刊出日期:  2017-09-05

金属玻璃的热塑性成型

    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:51501116,51605304,51575360)、广东省自然科学基金博士启动项目(批准号:2016A030310036,2016A030310043)、中国博士后科学基金(批准号:2016M601423)和深圳大学青年教师科研启动项目(批准号:2017034)资助的课题.

摘要: 金属玻璃在其过冷液相区内表现出随着温度升高黏度逐渐降低的特性,因此可以对其进行热塑性加工.该性质颠覆了传统金属的加工成型方式,使得其在远低于传统金属材料加工的温度和应力作用下可以按照人们的要求进行成型.因此,一些具有低玻璃转变温度的金属玻璃又被称作金属塑料.另外,由于金属玻璃是一种无序结构材料,不存在位错、晶界等晶体缺陷,且热膨胀系数小,在热塑性成型中具有优异的尺寸精度,因此被认为是理想的微成型材料,有广阔的应用前景.本文系统介绍了金属玻璃的热塑性成型性质及其应用,从热塑性成型的基本概念出发,阐述了金属玻璃热塑性成型能力的评估指标、热塑性成型技术、热塑性微成型及其理论、热塑性微成型的应用等,对认识金属玻璃的热塑性及扩展其应用有重要的意义.

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