- 1. 华北电力大学
- 2. 华北电力大学可再生能源学院
- 3. 华北电力大学能源动力与机械工程学院
摘要: 研究超临界流体在不同压力和温度的结构特征有助于深刻理解并有效利用超临界流体。本文采用分子动力学方法模拟超临界压力、拟临界温度附近流体的结构及密度波动曲线的排列熵，分析状态参数变化的影响。结果表明，定压下，径向分布函数随温度升高，第一峰值位置逐渐向右移动，但右移幅度随着压力偏离临界点距离的增大而减弱，近临界压力时，出现峰值最高点的工况和等温压缩系数的极值点位置一致，压力增大，该现象消失。低压力拟临界点时易出现面积大、相对集中且分布稳定的高/低密度区，无明显嵌套现象。静态结构因子存在一定发散行为，发散的最大值和等温压缩系数极值点所处工况吻合。低压力时密度时间序列的波动幅度最大，类周期现象较明显。在分子间势能、等温压缩系数和热运动效应的共同作用下，当压力( )为1.1倍的临界压力( )时，排列熵在0.99倍的拟临界温度( )达到最小值， 和 时，最小排列熵与等温压缩系数的最大值工况点保持一致，压力继续增大，各模拟工况密度和排列熵的波动减弱，流体均匀性增强。
Molecular dynamics study on structural characteristics of Lennard-Jones supercritical fluids
- Received Date:
21 October 2019
Abstract: Supercritical fluids (SCF) have been widely utilized in the industrial processes, such as extraction, cleaning, drying, foaming and power generation driven by primary energy. Therefore, SCF have attracted more and more attention in recent years. At supercritical state, liquid, and gas phase are not clearly distinguished, but the thermal-physical properties of fluid show an interesting characteristic, especially near the pseudo-critical temperature. Thus, it is of great significant to study the structure and density time series evolution of SCF. Due to high pressure and temperature for SCF, it can be challenging to collect experimental data of SCF. However, the advantage of molecular dynamics simulation in convenience, safty and cost over experiments. Therefore, in this paper, molecular dynamics simulation was performed to investigate the fluid structure and density series fluctuation curves at supercritical state, and the influence of parameters varitation including pressure and temperature on structural characteristics was analyzed. In the simulation system, more than 104 atoms and simple Lennard-Jones (LJ) supercritical fluids were contained. The radial distribution function (RDF), coordination number (CN), density time series curve and permutation entropy of fluids at different pressures and temperatures were calculated. At specified pressure, the position of the first peak value of RDF gradually moves to the right with the increase of temperature, and the trend weakens with the increase of pressure. CN shows a downward trend with the increase of pressure and the CN difference at different temperatures gradually decreases. Simultaneously, the CN distribution area becomes narrow with the increase of pressure. The high/low density region calibrated by CN is stable, concentrated and large area distribution at low pressure, and the average density region is small, with the increase of pressure, the area of high/low density region is only a size of a few molecular and fluctuates sharply with time, and the area of average region is constantly expanding. At relatively low pressure, the density time series curve shows the characteristic that both the fluctuation range and quasi-period are large at pseudo-critical temperature. Simultaneously, the permutation entropy obtained from the time series curve shows three cases: (i) at low pressure ( ), the minimum permutation entropy is obtained under the temperature that is lower than pseudo-critical temperature, and the system has higher orderliness; (ii) at moderate pressure ( and ), the state points corresponding to minimum permutation entropy is consistent with that corresponding to the maximum of isothermal compression coefficient and (iii) at high pressure ( ), the permutation entropy curve fluctuates slightly and remains basically on the horizontal line. The results provide reliable support for revealing the characteristics of SCF from the microscale, and also provide useful inspiration for the practical application of SCF.