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spin-Peierls系统低能量激发谱的理论研究

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## THEORETICAL STUDY OF LOW-ENERGY ELEMENTARY EXCITATIONS IN SPIN-PEIERLS SYSTEM

XU JING, CHEN HONG, ZHANG YU-MEI, FENG WEI-GUO
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• #### 摘要

用玻色化技术和量子自洽方法研究了spin-Peierls系统的低能量激发谱，计算了二聚化相的基态、单粒子激发态和双粒子束缚态的能量、阻挫对其低能量行为的影响及其各自的自旋-自旋关联函数.结果表明，随着阻挫的增大，spin-Peierls系统中的基态能会逐渐减小，单粒子激发态能隙和双粒子束缚态能隙却会增大.双粒子束缚态和基态的关联函数具有类似的短程关联，而单粒子激发态的关联函数具有长程关联.因此导出，单粒子激发态为自旋三重态，双粒子束缚态与基态类似为自旋单态，它存在于双粒子连续激发态的下边.该结果与Ain等

#### Abstract

By using bosonization technique and quantum self-consistent theory, we study the low-energy excitations of a spin-Peierls system. The ground state, one-particle excited state, two-particle bound state are calculated, and it is shown, as the frustration increases, the energy of the ground state decreases while the energy gap of the one- and two-particle states increases. By analysing the asymototic behavior of the longitudinal spin correlation function, we obtain that the two-particle bound state has similar spin structures as those of the singlet ground state. Thus, we regard the bound state as a singlet state, which exists between the ground state and the two-particle continuous excited state. Our results are qualitatively in agreement with the experimental phenomena observed by Ain et al. It is shown that the existence of bound state is one of the spin-Peierls system's characteristic features.

#### 作者及机构信息

###### 1. 同济大学波耳固体物理研究所，上海 200092
• 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号：19725416)资助的课题.

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##### 出版历程
• 收稿日期:  2000-01-21
• 刊出日期:  2000-04-05

## spin-Peierls系统低能量激发谱的理论研究

• 1. 同济大学波耳固体物理研究所，上海 200092
基金项目:

国家自然科学基金(批准号：19725416)资助的课题.

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