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电极感应熔化气雾化制粉技术中非限制式喷嘴雾化过程模拟

夏敏 汪鹏 张晓虎 葛昌纯

电极感应熔化气雾化制粉技术中非限制式喷嘴雾化过程模拟

夏敏, 汪鹏, 张晓虎, 葛昌纯
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  • 电极感应熔化气雾化(electrode induction melting gas atomization,EIGA)是一种制备超洁净无夹杂物的先进制粉技术,本文以粉末高温合金的氩气雾化过程为研究示例,对现有用于实际生产的国内某厂家提供的EIGA用非限制式喷嘴进行建模,采用商用计算流体力学软件FLUENT,分布采用欧拉-欧拉VOF (volume of fluid)多相流方法与欧拉-拉格朗日DPM (discrete phase model)离散相方法,对非限制式环缝喷嘴主雾化与二次雾化过程进行了数值模拟.通过对主雾化过程中多相流大涡模拟速度流场,主雾化过程中不同阶段高温熔体云图模拟以及二次雾化过程中TAB (Taylor analogy breakup)模型速度流场及TAB模型粒度分布的模拟研究,实现了对EIGA制粉技术中非限制式喷嘴雾化过程的全过程模拟,并预测了雾化后的粉末粒度分布.在此基础上,采用本文模拟使用的非限制式环缝喷嘴,设定与模拟条件一致(进气压力4 MPa,液流直径约4 mm)的实验条件,制备的粉末大部分颗粒的直径大小在100 μm左右,该实验结果与模拟得到的粉末直径D50=100 μm大小一致,进一步验证了模拟数据的合理性.该方法也适用于非限制式喷嘴里,其他金属或合金的雾化过的模拟研究.
    [1]

    Chandrasekhar S B, Wasekar N P, Ramakrishna M, Suresh Babu P, Rao T N, Kashyap B P 2016 J. Alloys Compd. 656 423

    [2]

    Li S, Su Y, Ouyang Q, Zhang D 2016 Mater. Lett. 167 118

    [3]

    Chou D, Wells D, Hong D, Lee B, Kuhn H, Kumta P N 2013 Acta Biomater. 9 8593

    [4]

    Si C, Tang X, Zhang X, Wang J, Wu W 2017 Mater. Design 118 66

    [5]

    Ashgriz N 2011 Handbook of Atomization and Sprays (New York:Springer Verlag) p339

    [6]

    Kourmatzis A, Lowe A, Masri A R 2016 Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 75 66

    [7]

    Motaman S, Mullis A M, Cochrane R F, Borman D J 2015 Metall. Mater. Trans. B 46 1990

    [8]

    Zhang L N, Zhang M C, Li X, Xie X S 2001 Ordnance Material Science and Engineering 3 64 (in Chinese)[张丽娜, 张麦仓, 李晓, 谢锡善 2001 兵器材料科学与工程 3 64]

    [9]

    Guo K, Liu C, Chen S, Li J, Fu Q 2017 IOP Conference Series:Materials Science and Engineering 207 012046

    [10]

    Wei M W, Chen S Y, Guo K K, Liang J, Liu C S 2017 Materials Review 12 64 (in Chinese)[魏明炜, 陈岁元, 郭快快, 梁京, 刘常升 2017 材料导报 12 64]

    [11]

    Franz H, Plochl L, Schimansky F P 2008 Titanium 2008 September 21-24, 2008, Las vegas, USA, pp1-4

    [12]

    Guo K K, Liu C S, Chen S Y, Fu Q 2017 Materials Science and Technology 01 16 (in Chinese)[郭快快, 刘常升, 陈岁元, 付骞 2017 材料科学与工艺 01 16]

    [13]

    Feng S, Ge C C, Xia M 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 1

    [14]

    Ting J, Anderson I E 2004 Mat. Sci. Eng. A:Struct. 379 264

    [15]

    Motaman S, Mullis A M, Cochrane R F, McCarthy I N, Borman D J 2013 Comput. Fluids 88 1

    [16]

    Zhao W, Cao F, Ning Z, Zhang G, Li Z, Sun J 2012 Comput. Chem. Eng. 40 58

    [17]

    Zeoli N, Gu S 2008 Comp. Mater. Sci. 43 268

    [18]

    Zeoli N, Gu S 2006 Comp. Mater. Sci. 38 282

    [19]

    Mi J, Figliola R S, Anderson I E 1996 Mat. Sci. Eng. A:Struct. 8 20

    [20]

    Antipas G S E 2009 Comp. Mater. Sci. 46 955

    [21]

    Ting J, Peretti M W, Eisen W B 2002 Mat. Sci. Eng. A:Struct. 326 110

    [22]

    Zeoli N, Tabbara H, Gu S 2011 Chem. Eng. Sci. 66 6498

    [23]

    Liu Y, Li Z, Zhang G Q, Xu W Y, Yuan H, Liu N 2015 J. Aeronautical Materials. 5 63 (in Chinese)[刘杨, 李周, 张国庆, 许文勇, 袁华, 刘娜 2015 航空材料学报 5 63]

    [24]

    Fritsching U 2004 Spray Simulation (Cambridge:Cambridge University Press) p11

    [25]

    Thompson J S, Hassan O, Rolland S A, Sienz J 2016 Powder Technol. 291 75

    [26]

    Firmansyah D A, Kaiser R, Zahaf R, Coker Z, Choi T, Lee D 2014 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53 05HA09

    [27]

    Beale J C, Reitz R D 1999 Atomization Sprays 9 623

    [28]

    Fritsching U 2006 Spray Simulation:Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Sprayforming Metals (New York:American Society of Mechanical Engineers)

    [29]

    Versteeg H K, Malalasekera W 1995 An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics (New York:Longman Scientific and Technical) p11

    [30]

    Markus S, Fritsching U, Bauckhage K 2002 Mat. Sci. Eng. A:Struct. 326 122

    [31]

    nal A 1989 Metall. Trans. B 20 61

    [32]

    Li X G, Fritsching U 2017 J. Mater. Process. Technol. 239 1

    [33]

    Borée J, Ishima T, Flour I 2001 J. Fluid Mech. 443 129

  • [1]

    Chandrasekhar S B, Wasekar N P, Ramakrishna M, Suresh Babu P, Rao T N, Kashyap B P 2016 J. Alloys Compd. 656 423

    [2]

    Li S, Su Y, Ouyang Q, Zhang D 2016 Mater. Lett. 167 118

    [3]

    Chou D, Wells D, Hong D, Lee B, Kuhn H, Kumta P N 2013 Acta Biomater. 9 8593

    [4]

    Si C, Tang X, Zhang X, Wang J, Wu W 2017 Mater. Design 118 66

    [5]

    Ashgriz N 2011 Handbook of Atomization and Sprays (New York:Springer Verlag) p339

    [6]

    Kourmatzis A, Lowe A, Masri A R 2016 Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 75 66

    [7]

    Motaman S, Mullis A M, Cochrane R F, Borman D J 2015 Metall. Mater. Trans. B 46 1990

    [8]

    Zhang L N, Zhang M C, Li X, Xie X S 2001 Ordnance Material Science and Engineering 3 64 (in Chinese)[张丽娜, 张麦仓, 李晓, 谢锡善 2001 兵器材料科学与工程 3 64]

    [9]

    Guo K, Liu C, Chen S, Li J, Fu Q 2017 IOP Conference Series:Materials Science and Engineering 207 012046

    [10]

    Wei M W, Chen S Y, Guo K K, Liang J, Liu C S 2017 Materials Review 12 64 (in Chinese)[魏明炜, 陈岁元, 郭快快, 梁京, 刘常升 2017 材料导报 12 64]

    [11]

    Franz H, Plochl L, Schimansky F P 2008 Titanium 2008 September 21-24, 2008, Las vegas, USA, pp1-4

    [12]

    Guo K K, Liu C S, Chen S Y, Fu Q 2017 Materials Science and Technology 01 16 (in Chinese)[郭快快, 刘常升, 陈岁元, 付骞 2017 材料科学与工艺 01 16]

    [13]

    Feng S, Ge C C, Xia M 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 1

    [14]

    Ting J, Anderson I E 2004 Mat. Sci. Eng. A:Struct. 379 264

    [15]

    Motaman S, Mullis A M, Cochrane R F, McCarthy I N, Borman D J 2013 Comput. Fluids 88 1

    [16]

    Zhao W, Cao F, Ning Z, Zhang G, Li Z, Sun J 2012 Comput. Chem. Eng. 40 58

    [17]

    Zeoli N, Gu S 2008 Comp. Mater. Sci. 43 268

    [18]

    Zeoli N, Gu S 2006 Comp. Mater. Sci. 38 282

    [19]

    Mi J, Figliola R S, Anderson I E 1996 Mat. Sci. Eng. A:Struct. 8 20

    [20]

    Antipas G S E 2009 Comp. Mater. Sci. 46 955

    [21]

    Ting J, Peretti M W, Eisen W B 2002 Mat. Sci. Eng. A:Struct. 326 110

    [22]

    Zeoli N, Tabbara H, Gu S 2011 Chem. Eng. Sci. 66 6498

    [23]

    Liu Y, Li Z, Zhang G Q, Xu W Y, Yuan H, Liu N 2015 J. Aeronautical Materials. 5 63 (in Chinese)[刘杨, 李周, 张国庆, 许文勇, 袁华, 刘娜 2015 航空材料学报 5 63]

    [24]

    Fritsching U 2004 Spray Simulation (Cambridge:Cambridge University Press) p11

    [25]

    Thompson J S, Hassan O, Rolland S A, Sienz J 2016 Powder Technol. 291 75

    [26]

    Firmansyah D A, Kaiser R, Zahaf R, Coker Z, Choi T, Lee D 2014 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53 05HA09

    [27]

    Beale J C, Reitz R D 1999 Atomization Sprays 9 623

    [28]

    Fritsching U 2006 Spray Simulation:Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Sprayforming Metals (New York:American Society of Mechanical Engineers)

    [29]

    Versteeg H K, Malalasekera W 1995 An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics (New York:Longman Scientific and Technical) p11

    [30]

    Markus S, Fritsching U, Bauckhage K 2002 Mat. Sci. Eng. A:Struct. 326 122

    [31]

    nal A 1989 Metall. Trans. B 20 61

    [32]

    Li X G, Fritsching U 2017 J. Mater. Process. Technol. 239 1

    [33]

    Borée J, Ishima T, Flour I 2001 J. Fluid Mech. 443 129

  • 引用本文:
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-04-02
  • 修回日期:  2018-05-10
  • 刊出日期:  2018-09-05

电极感应熔化气雾化制粉技术中非限制式喷嘴雾化过程模拟

摘要: 电极感应熔化气雾化(electrode induction melting gas atomization,EIGA)是一种制备超洁净无夹杂物的先进制粉技术,本文以粉末高温合金的氩气雾化过程为研究示例,对现有用于实际生产的国内某厂家提供的EIGA用非限制式喷嘴进行建模,采用商用计算流体力学软件FLUENT,分布采用欧拉-欧拉VOF (volume of fluid)多相流方法与欧拉-拉格朗日DPM (discrete phase model)离散相方法,对非限制式环缝喷嘴主雾化与二次雾化过程进行了数值模拟.通过对主雾化过程中多相流大涡模拟速度流场,主雾化过程中不同阶段高温熔体云图模拟以及二次雾化过程中TAB (Taylor analogy breakup)模型速度流场及TAB模型粒度分布的模拟研究,实现了对EIGA制粉技术中非限制式喷嘴雾化过程的全过程模拟,并预测了雾化后的粉末粒度分布.在此基础上,采用本文模拟使用的非限制式环缝喷嘴,设定与模拟条件一致(进气压力4 MPa,液流直径约4 mm)的实验条件,制备的粉末大部分颗粒的直径大小在100 μm左右,该实验结果与模拟得到的粉末直径D50=100 μm大小一致,进一步验证了模拟数据的合理性.该方法也适用于非限制式喷嘴里,其他金属或合金的雾化过的模拟研究.

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