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扭转双层石墨烯物理性质、制备方法及其应用的研究进展

林奎鑫 李多生 叶寅 江五贵 叶志国 Qinghua Qin 邹伟

扭转双层石墨烯物理性质、制备方法及其应用的研究进展

林奎鑫, 李多生, 叶寅, 江五贵, 叶志国, Qinghua Qin, 邹伟
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  • 石墨烯是一种准二维蜂窝网状结构新型纳米材料,石墨烯的层数和构型对其性能产生重要影响.固体中准粒子的量子状态由其本身的对称性质所决定,扭转双层石墨烯打破了对称性,引起了强烈的层间耦合作用,改变了扭转双层石墨烯的电子能带、声子色散、形成能垒等物性,产生了独特的性能,如可以连续调控带隙0–250 meV,光电效应的响应度相比于单层石墨烯提高了80倍,因此对扭转双层石墨烯功能化研究有重大意义.本文同时还论述了扭转双层石墨烯向类金刚石转变的理论与实验研究进展,发现扭转双层石墨烯呈现出具有类金刚石结构与性能特征.进一步阐述调控扭转双层石墨烯的扭转角度对其内在性能的影响,揭示这种新型纳米结构在原子层次的行为特征.最后介绍了如何调控制备扭转双层石墨,分析其调控机理,讨论了各种制备工艺的不足与发展趋势.因此本文从扭转双层石墨烯的输运性质、晶体结构转变、制备三个方面展开阐述,并对其在先进电子器件领域的潜在应用进行了展望.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:51562027,11772145)、江西省优势科技创新团队计划(批准号:20181BCB24007)、江西省教育厅科学技术研究项目(批准号:GJJ170586)、和江苏省精密与微细制造技术重点实验室开放基金(批准号:JKL2015001)资助的课题.
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  • [1]

    Li D S, Ye Y, Liao X J, Qin Q H 2018 Nano Res. 11 1642

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    [5]

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    [6]

    Novoselov K S, Jiang Z, Zhang Y, Morozov S V, Stormer H L, Zeitler U, Geim A K 2007 Science 315 1379

    [7]

    Qiao Z, Ren W, Chen H, Bellaiche L, Zhang Z, MacDonald A H, Niu Q 2014 Phys. Rev. Lett. 112 116404

    [8]

    Peng Y, Lu B, Chen S https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.201801995 [2018-9-17]

    [9]

    Ding R, Li W H, Wang X, Gui T J, Li B J, Han P, Tian H W, Liu A, Wang X, Liu X J, Gao X, Wang W, Song L Y 2018 J. Alloy. Compd. 764 1039

    [10]

    Dai S, Xiang Y, Srolovitz D J 2016 Nano Lett. 16 5923

    [11]

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    [12]

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    [13]

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    [14]

    Gao Y, Cao T, Cellini F, Berger C, de Heer W A, Tosatti E, Bongiorno A 2018 Nature Nanotech. 13 133

    [15]

    Liu M, Artyukhov V I, Lee H, Xu F, Yakobson B I 2013 ACS Nano 7 10075

    [16]

    Martins L G P, Matos M J, Paschoal A R, Freire P T, Andrade N F, Aguiar A L, Kong J, Neves Bernardo R A, Oliveira do A B, Souza Filho A G 2017 Nat. Commun. 8 96

    [17]

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    [18]

    Cao Y, Fatemi V, Fang S, Watanabe K, Taniguchi T, Kaxiras E, Jarillo-Herrero P 2018 Nature 556 43

    [19]

    Cao Y, Fatemi V, Demir A, Fang S, Tomarken S L, Luo J Y, Ashoori R C 2018 Nature 556 80

    [20]

    Xu X, Dou S X, Wang X L, Kim J H, Stride J A, Choucair M, Ringer S P 2010 Supercond. Sci. Tech. 23 085003

    [21]

    Uchoa B, Castro Neto A H 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 146801

    [22]

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    [23]

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    [24]

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    [36]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-07-26
  • 修回日期:  2018-10-14
  • 刊出日期:  2019-12-20

扭转双层石墨烯物理性质、制备方法及其应用的研究进展

  • 1. 南昌航空大学材料科学与工程学院, 南昌 330063;
  • 2. 南昌航空大学航空制造与工程学院, 南昌 330063;
  • 3. Research School of Engineering, Australian National University, Acton ACT 2601, Australia
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:51562027,11772145)、江西省优势科技创新团队计划(批准号:20181BCB24007)、江西省教育厅科学技术研究项目(批准号:GJJ170586)和江苏省精密与微细制造技术重点实验室开放基金(批准号:JKL2015001)资助的课题.

摘要: 石墨烯是一种准二维蜂窝网状结构新型纳米材料,石墨烯的层数和构型对其性能产生重要影响.固体中准粒子的量子状态由其本身的对称性质所决定,扭转双层石墨烯打破了对称性,引起了强烈的层间耦合作用,改变了扭转双层石墨烯的电子能带、声子色散、形成能垒等物性,产生了独特的性能,如可以连续调控带隙0–250 meV,光电效应的响应度相比于单层石墨烯提高了80倍,因此对扭转双层石墨烯功能化研究有重大意义.本文同时还论述了扭转双层石墨烯向类金刚石转变的理论与实验研究进展,发现扭转双层石墨烯呈现出具有类金刚石结构与性能特征.进一步阐述调控扭转双层石墨烯的扭转角度对其内在性能的影响,揭示这种新型纳米结构在原子层次的行为特征.最后介绍了如何调控制备扭转双层石墨,分析其调控机理,讨论了各种制备工艺的不足与发展趋势.因此本文从扭转双层石墨烯的输运性质、晶体结构转变、制备三个方面展开阐述,并对其在先进电子器件领域的潜在应用进行了展望.

English Abstract

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