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时间非对称外力驱动分数阶布朗马达的定向输运

任芮彬 刘德浩 王传毅 罗懋康

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时间非对称外力驱动分数阶布朗马达的定向输运

任芮彬, 刘德浩, 王传毅, 罗懋康

Directed transport of fractional Brownian motor driven by a temporal asymmetry force

Ren Rui-Bin, Liu De-Hao, Wang Chuan-Yi, Luo Mao-Kang
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  • 本文研究了周期对称势中时间非对称外力驱动的布朗粒子输运现象, 建立了分数阶布朗马达输运模型. 其中外力是零均值的, 而分数阶阶数则刻画了客观环境的非均匀性程度. 通过将模型离散化进行数值模拟, 讨论了分数阶阶数、系统参量和外部参量与定向流之间的依赖关系. 研究表明, 即使没有倾斜势场的作用, 时间非对称外力也可以诱导系统产生定向输运; 输运速度随分数阶阶数的增大而单调递增; 当阶数固定时, 系统的输运速度会随着势垒高度、噪声强度非单调变化, 表现出广义随机共振现象. 分析指出, 分数阶郎之万方程所刻画的输运现象是在整数阶模型基础上的一个推广, 进而为输运现象提供了一个可能更为真实的模型.
    The directed transport of a Brownian particle in a spatially periodic symmetric field under a temporal asymmetric force is studied. Based on the Caputo’s fractional derivatives theory, we establish a differential aquation for an overdamped fractional Brownian motor as the system’s mathematic model, where the external force is zero-mean and the fractional order is used to describe the inhomogeneity of the real environment. Using the fractional differential algorithm, we analyze the relationships between transport velocity and model parameters. It is worth mentioning that the impact of fractional order is discussed in detail. According to the reflearch we find that a temporal asymmetric force can induce a net current without the application of a ratchet potential, even a noise. We also find that the velocity of the current increases monotonically with the increase in fractional order. Moreover with certain fractional orders, a generalized resonance phenomenon is reflealed since the velocity of the current varies non-monotonically with the system parameters, such as the height of the potential barrier and the noise strength etc. Research shows that the fractional system is a generalization of the traditional dynamic systems, which could probably give a more reasonable explanation of the directed transport as a consequence.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:11171238)和电子信息控制重点实验室项目(批准号:2013035)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11171238) and the Science and Technology on Electronic Information Control Laboratory Program (Grant No. 2013035).
    [1]

    Reimann P 2002 Phys. Rep 361 57

    [2]

    Charles R D, Werner H, Jason R 1994 Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 19

    [3]

    Astumian R, Bier M 1994 Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 1766

    [4]

    Magnasco M 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 71 1477

    [5]

    Li F Z, Jiang L C 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 02503

    [6]

    Bouzat S 2014 Phys. Rev. E 89 062707

    [7]

    Kula J, Czernik T, Luczka J 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 1377

    [8]

    Astumian R D 1997 Science 277 917

    [9]

    Fendrik A J, Romanelli L 2012 Phys. Rev. E 85 041149

    [10]

    Zheng Z G 2004 Spatiotemporal Dynamics and Collective Behaviors in Coupled Nonlinear Systems (Beijing:Higher Education Presss) pp279-286 (in Chinese) [郑志刚 2004 耦合非线性系统的时空动力学与合作行为 (北京: 高等教育出版社) 第279-286页]

    [11]

    Hu G, Daffertshofer A, Haken H 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 26

    [12]

    Vale R D 2003 Cell 112 467

    [13]

    De Waele A, de Bruyn Ouboter R 1969 Physica A 41 225

    [14]

    Mateos J L 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 20 364

    [15]

    Xie T T, Zhang L, Wang F, Luo M K 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 230503 (in Chinese) [谢天婷, 张路, 王飞, 罗懋康 2014 物理学报 63 230503]

    [16]

    Savel’ev S, Marchesoni F, Hannggi P, Nori F 2004 Euro. phys. Lett. 67 179

    [17]

    Ai B Q, He Y F, Zhong W R 2011 Phys. Rev. E 83 051106

    [18]

    Li C P, Han Y R, Zhan Y, Hu J J, Zhang L G, Qu J 2013 Acta. Phys. Sin. 62 230051 (in Chinese) [李晨璞, 韩英荣, 展永, 胡金江, 张礼刚, 曲蛟 2013 物理学报 62 230051]

    [19]

    Podlubny I 1998 Fractional Differential Equations (San Diego: Academic Press) pp78-81

    [20]

    Ellis R J, Minton A P 2003 Nature 425 27

    [21]

    Bhat D, Goalakrishnan M 2013 Phys. Rev. E 88 042702

    [22]

    Yang J H, Liu X B 2011 Phys. Scr. 83 065008

    [23]

    Bai W S M, Peng H, Tu Z, Ma H 2012 Acta Phys. Sin 61 210501 (in Chinese) [白文斯密, 彭浩, 屠浙, 马洪 2012 物理学报 61 210501]

    [24]

    Zheng Z G, Li X W 2001 Commun. Theor. Phys. 36 151

    [25]

    Bao J D 2009 Stochastic Simulation Method of Classic and Quantum Dissipative System (Beijing:Science Press) p13 (in Chinese) [包景东2009经典和量子耗散系统的随机模拟方法(北京: 科学出版社)第13页]

  • [1]

    Reimann P 2002 Phys. Rep 361 57

    [2]

    Charles R D, Werner H, Jason R 1994 Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 19

    [3]

    Astumian R, Bier M 1994 Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 1766

    [4]

    Magnasco M 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 71 1477

    [5]

    Li F Z, Jiang L C 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 02503

    [6]

    Bouzat S 2014 Phys. Rev. E 89 062707

    [7]

    Kula J, Czernik T, Luczka J 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 1377

    [8]

    Astumian R D 1997 Science 277 917

    [9]

    Fendrik A J, Romanelli L 2012 Phys. Rev. E 85 041149

    [10]

    Zheng Z G 2004 Spatiotemporal Dynamics and Collective Behaviors in Coupled Nonlinear Systems (Beijing:Higher Education Presss) pp279-286 (in Chinese) [郑志刚 2004 耦合非线性系统的时空动力学与合作行为 (北京: 高等教育出版社) 第279-286页]

    [11]

    Hu G, Daffertshofer A, Haken H 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 26

    [12]

    Vale R D 2003 Cell 112 467

    [13]

    De Waele A, de Bruyn Ouboter R 1969 Physica A 41 225

    [14]

    Mateos J L 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 20 364

    [15]

    Xie T T, Zhang L, Wang F, Luo M K 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 230503 (in Chinese) [谢天婷, 张路, 王飞, 罗懋康 2014 物理学报 63 230503]

    [16]

    Savel’ev S, Marchesoni F, Hannggi P, Nori F 2004 Euro. phys. Lett. 67 179

    [17]

    Ai B Q, He Y F, Zhong W R 2011 Phys. Rev. E 83 051106

    [18]

    Li C P, Han Y R, Zhan Y, Hu J J, Zhang L G, Qu J 2013 Acta. Phys. Sin. 62 230051 (in Chinese) [李晨璞, 韩英荣, 展永, 胡金江, 张礼刚, 曲蛟 2013 物理学报 62 230051]

    [19]

    Podlubny I 1998 Fractional Differential Equations (San Diego: Academic Press) pp78-81

    [20]

    Ellis R J, Minton A P 2003 Nature 425 27

    [21]

    Bhat D, Goalakrishnan M 2013 Phys. Rev. E 88 042702

    [22]

    Yang J H, Liu X B 2011 Phys. Scr. 83 065008

    [23]

    Bai W S M, Peng H, Tu Z, Ma H 2012 Acta Phys. Sin 61 210501 (in Chinese) [白文斯密, 彭浩, 屠浙, 马洪 2012 物理学报 61 210501]

    [24]

    Zheng Z G, Li X W 2001 Commun. Theor. Phys. 36 151

    [25]

    Bao J D 2009 Stochastic Simulation Method of Classic and Quantum Dissipative System (Beijing:Science Press) p13 (in Chinese) [包景东2009经典和量子耗散系统的随机模拟方法(北京: 科学出版社)第13页]

计量
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  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-10-28
  • 修回日期:  2014-12-09
  • 刊出日期:  2015-05-05

时间非对称外力驱动分数阶布朗马达的定向输运

  • 1. 四川大学数学学院, 成都 610064
    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:11171238)和电子信息控制重点实验室项目(批准号:2013035)资助的课题.

摘要: 本文研究了周期对称势中时间非对称外力驱动的布朗粒子输运现象, 建立了分数阶布朗马达输运模型. 其中外力是零均值的, 而分数阶阶数则刻画了客观环境的非均匀性程度. 通过将模型离散化进行数值模拟, 讨论了分数阶阶数、系统参量和外部参量与定向流之间的依赖关系. 研究表明, 即使没有倾斜势场的作用, 时间非对称外力也可以诱导系统产生定向输运; 输运速度随分数阶阶数的增大而单调递增; 当阶数固定时, 系统的输运速度会随着势垒高度、噪声强度非单调变化, 表现出广义随机共振现象. 分析指出, 分数阶郎之万方程所刻画的输运现象是在整数阶模型基础上的一个推广, 进而为输运现象提供了一个可能更为真实的模型.

English Abstract

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